Historical Events on 1st January

Events 1 - 200 of 665

  • 153 BC Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 45 BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
  • 1 Origin of Christian Era
  • 69 Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
  • 89 Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome
  • 313 Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
  • 404 Last gladiator competition in Rome
  • 630 The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly.
  • 722 Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
  • 990 Russia adopts Julian calendar
  • 1259 Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
  • 1430 Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
  • 1438 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary
  • 1494 Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
  • 1502 Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro
  • 1504 King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta
  • 1515 Francis, Duke of Angouleme succeeds King Louis XII as Francis I of France
  • 1515 Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria
  • 1527 Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1573 Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem
  • 1583 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders
  • 1600 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1622 Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1651 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland

  • 1660 1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary
  • 1660 General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
  • 1660 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies York
  • 1672 Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris
  • 1673 Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston
  • 1675 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • 1689 Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
  • 1700 Protestant Western Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar
  • 1700 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1707 John V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal
  • 1710 Paris merchant Jean Marius obtains 5-year royal privilege for his invention of a folding umbrella - first in Europe
  • 1739 J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1758 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom. This naming system is based on the binomial nomenclature laid out in Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae.

Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus
Taxonomist, botanist, physician, and zoologist
Carolus Linnaeus
  • 1770 Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
  • 1772 First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1781 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1785 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • 1788 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • 1788 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
  • 1797 Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY
  • 1798 Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • 1800 Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
  • 1801 The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  • 1801 The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi.
  • 1803 Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804 Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 1807 Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
  • 1808 African Benevolent Society (education) forms
  • 1808 Congress prohibits importation of slaves
  • 1808 Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
  • 1809 Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • 1814 Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
  • 1818 Official reopening of the White House

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley
  • 1826 Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 1827 Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal

  • 1833 British government demands Falkland islands
  • 1833 Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people & 5,894 slaves
  • 1834 German Tolunie goes into effect
  • 1838 1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
  • 1840 1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC
  • 1842 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • 1844 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
  • 1845 The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
  • 1846 Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
  • 1847 Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
  • 1847 Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
  • 1848 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • 1851 City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • 1852 1st US public bath opens, in NYC
  • 1852 National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • 1852 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • 1853 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • 1854 Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
  • 1858 Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • 1860 Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
  • 1861 Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (US Civil War)

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1862 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
  • 1862 Battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina (US Civil War)
  • 1863 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
  • 1863 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • 1863 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • 1865 -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
  • 1871 Belgium disbands salt tax
  • 1873 Origin of Japanese Era
  • 1874 New York City annexes the Bronx
  • 1876 The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1879 John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
  • 1880 Building of Panama Canal, begins
  • 1881 Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
  • 1886 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California)
  • 1890 Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
  • 1891 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • 1891 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies
  • 1892 Ellis Island becomes reception center for new immigrants
  • 1893 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
  • 1893 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • 1893 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic.
  • 1894 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • 1894 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894 South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg.
  • 1895 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1897 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
  • 1898 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
  • 1898 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay
  • 1898 d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • 1899 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • 1900 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
  • 1900 British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established
  • 1900 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
  • 1900 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established.
  • 1901 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • 1902 Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn
  • 1902 1st Rose Bowl: Michigan beats Stanford 49-0
  • 1903 In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion
  • 1904 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • 1905 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • 1906 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • 1906 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 US President Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1908 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
  • 1908 Jack Hobbs makes his Test debut at the MCG (83 & 28)
  • 1909 Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4)
  • 1909 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • 1909 In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income
  • 1910 Simpson-Hayward (England) takes 6-43 on debut with underarm lobs
  • 1911 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
  • 1911 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
  • 1912 1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)
  • 1912 Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
  • 1912 The Republic of China is established.
  • 1913 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • 1913 8th Australasian Championships: James Cecil Parke beats Alfred Beamish (3-6, 6-3, 1-6, 6-1, 7-5)
  • 1914 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • 1914 Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1914 Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
  • 1915 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • 1915 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • 1916 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • 1916 2nd Rose Bowl: Washington State beats Brown 14-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 T. E. Lawrence joins the forces of the Arabian sheik Feisal al Husayn, beginning his adventures that will lead him to Damascus by October, 1918

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1917 3rd Rose Bowl: Oregon beats Pennsylvania 14-0
  • 1918 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • 1918 4th Rose Bowl: Mare Island - USMC beats Camp Lewis - US Army 19-7
  • 1919 Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1919 5th Rose Bowl: Great Lakes - US Navy beats Mare Island - USMC 17-0
  • 1920 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1920 6th Rose Bowl: Harvard beats Oregon 7-6
  • 1921 7th Rose Bowl: California beats Ohio State 28-0
  • 1922 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
  • 1922 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • 1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • 1923 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • 1923 9th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Penn State, 14-3
  • 1924 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • 1924 10th Rose Bowl: Washington ties Navy, 14-14
  • 1925 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
  • 1925 11th Rose Bowl: Notre Dame beats Stanford, 27-10
  • 1926 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • 1926 12th Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Washington, 20-19
  • 1927 Communist uprising in West Java
  • 1927 Dodgers announce release of future Hall of Fame Zack Wheat
  • 1927 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
  • 1927 13th Rose Bowl: Stanford ties Alabama, 7-7
  • 1928 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
  • 1928 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)
  • 1929 15th Rose Bowl: Georgia Tech beats California, 8-7 (Roy Riegels runs 60 yds the wrong way with fumble recovery)
  • 1930 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
  • 1930 Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
  • 1930 16th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Pittsburgh, 47-11
  • 1931 17th Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Washington State, 24-0
  • 1932 Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as mayor of Massillon Ohio
  • 1932 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws
  • 1932 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • 1932 18th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Tulane, 21-12
  • 1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
  • 1934 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
  • 1934 International Telecommunication Union established
  • 1934 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • 1934 20th Rose Bowl: Columbia beats Stanford, 7-0
  • 1935 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
  • 1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • 1935 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"
  • 1935 21st Rose Bowl: Alabama beats Stanford, 29-13
  • 1935 1st Sugar Bowl: Tulane beats Temple, 20-14
  • 1935 1st Orange Bowl: Bucknell beats Miami (FL), 26-0
  • 1936 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune