Historical Events on 12th January

Events 1 - 200 of 208

  • 475 Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.
  • 1493 Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
  • 1528 Gustav I of Sweden "father of the nation" crowned King of Sweden. Rules 37 years
  • 1552 Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, 100s killed
  • 1554 Bayinnaung is crowned King of Burma. He would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
  • 1583 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
  • 1598 Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso
  • 1616 Brazilian city Belem (the entrance gate to the Amazon) founded by Captain Major Francisco Branco
  • 1701 Frisia & Groningen (Netherlands) begin use of Gregorian calendar

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1723 George Frideric Handel's opera "Ottone" premieres at the King's Theatre London

  • 1755 Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
  • 1773 1st US public museum established (Charlestown SC)
  • 1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in Calif
  • 1806 French evacuate Vienna
  • 1807 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die
  • 1808 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1809 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 1812 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
  • 1816 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1820 Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • 1836 Battle of Wetumka, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Sydney Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 1842 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • 1848 Palermo rising against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies takes place in Sicily
  • 1861 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
  • 1863 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 1865 -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
  • 1866 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Novelist
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1872 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • 1875 Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
  • 1879 British Zulu War begins: Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
  • 1895 The National Trust is founded in Britain.
  • 1896 1st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
  • 1898 Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1899 Lynmouth Lifeboat rescues 18 people from the stricken schooner Forest Hall off the coast of Devon
  • 1900 Freeland Colony founded in US
  • 1902 Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formally dissolved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1903 Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown Pa, killing 170
  • 1904 Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison
  • 1906 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • 1906 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass
  • 1906 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included amongst its members H.H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.
  • 1907 Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal
  • 1908 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • 1911 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.
  • 1912 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the paper, Social Democrat

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1915 US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • 1916 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • 1916 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • 1918 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • 1920 Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
  • 1921 Kenesaw Mountain Landis becomes 1st commissioner of baseball
  • 1924 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • 1925 John Howard Lawson's "Processional" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 Philip Barry & Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
  • 1932 France's Laval government falls
  • 1932 Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)
  • 1932 Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom" premieres in NYC
  • 1933 US Congress recognize independence Philippines
  • 1933 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
  • 1937 Plow for laying submarine cable patented
  • 1940 World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1942 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • 1942 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • 1942 National War Labor Board created
  • 1943 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)
  • 1944 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • 1944 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd
  • 1945 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • 1945 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • 1945 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • 1946 "Polonaise" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 113 performances
  • 1946 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • 1946 NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to LA
  • 1948 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1948 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • 1949 "Arthur Godfrey & His Friends" premieres on CBS TV
  • 1949 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
  • 1950 Swedish tanker rams British submarine Truculent in Thames, 64 die
  • 1950 USSR re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage & sabotage

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1951 Ezzard Charles TKOs Lee Oma in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard Charles
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Ezzard Charles
  • 1952 NFL Pro Bowl: National Conference beats American Conference 30-13
  • 1952 University of Tennessee admits it's 1st black student
  • 1953 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • 1954 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Queen Elizabeth II opens NZ parliament

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1957 Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded
  • 1958 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
  • 1958 NCAA adds 2 point conversion to football scoring
  • 1958 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-7

Sports record brokenNBA Record

1958 Syracuse National Dolph Schayes sets NBA record at 11,770 points

NBA Power Forward and Coach Dolph Schayes
NBA Power Forward and Coach
Dolph Schayes
  • 1959 KOED TV channel 11 in Tulsa, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Rediscovery of the Caves of Nerja in Spain
  • 1960 Sobers & Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt v England
  • 1960 Syracuse National Dolph Schayes is 1st NBA'er to score 15,000 points
  • 1961 "Show Girl" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 100 performances
  • 1961 UN genocide pact goes into effect
  • 1962 Operation Chopper begins, America's first combat mission in the Vietnam War
  • 1963 "Go Away Little Girl" by Steve Lawrence peaks at #1
  • 1963 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia v England
  • 1964 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 31-17
  • 1964 Revolution overthrows Sultan of Zanzibar, 1 month after independence
  • 1965 "Hullabaloo" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1965 At 10:58 am PST burn up a nuclear rocket in Nevada
  • 1966 12 day NYC transit strike ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Red Auerbach wins his 1,000th game as coach of NBA Boston Celtics

NBA Head Coach Red Auerbach
NBA Head Coach
Red Auerbach

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1966 "Batman", starring Adam West as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Cesar Romero as The Joker, debuts on ABC

  • 1966 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Louisville, Ky, draft board refuses exemption for boxer Muhammad Ali

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1967 Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.
  • 1967 NBC premiers the colorized remake of "Dragnet"
  • 1968 Beatles Film Production Ltd changes name to Apple Film Production Ltd
  • 1968 Nighttime version of "Hollywood Squares" premieres on NBC TV
  • 1969 "Golden Rainbow" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 355 performances
  • 1969 Super Bowl III: NY Jets beat Balt Colts, 16-7 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Joe Namath, NY Jets, QB
  • 1970 Biafran War ends, Biafra surrenders to Nigeria
  • 1970 Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage
  • 1970 Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war.
  • 1971 "All in the Family" premieres on CBS featuring 1st toilet flush on TV
  • 1971 "Soon" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 3 performances
  • 1971 Congressional Black Caucus organizes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US Federal grand jury indicts Rev Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1971 Negotiations over price of petroleum begin in Tehran between 6 OPEC Persian Gulf states and 22 oil companies
  • 1971 2 bombs explode at UK Employment Secretary Robert Carr's home
  • 1971 21st NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 108-107 at San Diego
  • 1972 Tigers sign a lease to build a $126M domed stadium (doesn't happen)
  • 1974 "Joker" by Steve Miller Band peaks at #1
  • 1974 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
  • 1975 Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates
  • 1975 Super Bowl IX: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Minnesota Vikings, 16-6 in New Orleans Super Bowl MVP: Franco Harris, Pittsburgh, RB
  • 1976 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organisation
  • 1977 "Ipi Tombi" opens at Harkness Theater NYC for 39 performances
  • 1977 Anti-French demonstrations takes place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes

Music awardsMusic Awards

1979 6th American Music Awards: Barry Manilow, Linda Ronstadt win

Musician Barry Manilow
Musician
Barry Manilow
  • 1979 LA's Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, arrested in Bellingham
  • 1979 Record blizzard struck midwest killing over 100
  • 1980 Mike Bratz (Phoenix) begins NBA free throw streak of 57 games
  • 1981 Soap opera "Dynasty" produced by Aaron Spelling and starring John Forsythe, Linda Evans and Joan Collins premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1981 -35°F (-37°C), Chester, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 1983 Brooks Robinson & Juan Marichal elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1983 NCAA creates football Kickoff Classic to begin in August
  • 1986 24th space shuttle (61-C) mission-Columbia 7-launched
  • 1986 Chic Blackhawk Denis Savard scores at 4 seconds of 3rd period
  • 1986 AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat Miami Dolphins 31-14
  • 1986 NFC Championship Game: Chicago Bears beat Los Angeles Rams 24-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Britain's Prince Edward resigns from his Royal Marines training

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 1988 Willie Stargell (Pitts Pirate), elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1989 6 claim to survive in rubble, 35 days after Armenian quake (hoax)
  • 1989 Idi Amin expelled from Zaire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Civil Rights activist Rev Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Bkln

Minister and Civil Rights Activist Al Sharpton
Minister and Civil Rights Activist
Al Sharpton
  • 1990 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
  • 1991 Largest crowd to watch Atlantic Coast Womens Basketball game (11,520)
  • 1991 Melvin Stewart swims world record 200 m butterfly (1:55.69)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 US Congress gives George H. W. Bush authority to wage war against Iraq

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 13th ACE Cable Awards: CNN wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the Persian Gulf War
  • 1992 Last building in Gateway area in Cleveland is demolished
  • 1992 US male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman
  • 1992 Algeria's general elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the 1st round
  • 1992 A new constitution, providing for freedom to form political parties, is approved by a referendum in Mali.
  • 1992 AFC Championship Game: Buffalo Bills beat Denver Broncos 10-7
  • 1992 NFC Championship Game: Washington Redskins beat Detroit Lions 41-10
  • 1993 Doctors announce Pitts Penguin Mario Limeux has Hodgkin's disease

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 NHL great Mario Lemieux announces that he has been diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma

NHL Legend and Owner Mario Lemieux
NHL Legend and Owner
Mario Lemieux

MurderMurder of Interest

1994 Malcolm X's daughter arrested for plotting Louis Farrakham's murder

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1994 Steve Carlton (Phillies) elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1995 Major earthquake kills 5,092 in Kobe Japan

MurderMurder of Interest

1995 Murder trial against OJ Simpson, begins in LA

NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal OJ Simpson
NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal
OJ Simpson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Pope John Paul II begins visit to SE Asia

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1996 Russian troops arrived in Bosnia (joint operation with US)

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1997 23rd People's Choice Awards: Mel Gibson & Sandra Bullock win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Tim Allen & Oprah Winfrey win (TV)

Talk show host Oprah Winfrey
Talk show host
Oprah Winfrey
Actress Sandra Bullock
Actress
Sandra Bullock
Actor Tim Allen
Actor
Tim Allen
  • 1997 17th United Negro College Fund raises
  • 1997 Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Champions
  • 1997 HAL became operational (2001: A Space Odyssey)
  • 1997 Ice skater Oksana Baiul injured slightly whiled driving intoxicated
  • 1997 Space Shuttle STS 81 (Atlantis 18), launches into space

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Tiger Woods wins Mercedes Championships

Golfer Tiger Woods
Golfer
Tiger Woods
  • 1997 AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat Jacksonville Jaguars 20-6
  • 1997 NFC Championship Game: Green Bay Packers beat Carolina Panthers 30-13
  • 1998 Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.
  • 2001 Downtown Disney opens to the public in Anaheim

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

2003 29th People's Choice Awards: Mel Gibson & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Ray Romano & Jennifer Aniston win (TV)

Actress Jennifer Aniston
Actress
Jennifer Aniston
Actress Julia Roberts
Actress
Julia Roberts
Actor and Film Director Mel Gibson
Actor and Film Director
Mel Gibson
  • 2004 The world's largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.
  • 2005 Deep Impact (space mission) launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket.
  • 2006 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.
  • 2006 Turkey releases Mehmet Ali Ağca from jail after he served 25 years for shooting Pope John Paul II.
  • 2006 The French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.
  • 2006 The foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, France, and Germany declare that negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program have reached a dead end and recommend that Iran be referred to the United Nations Security Council.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 During an emotional ceremony, Mark Messier's #11 jersey is retired by the New York Rangers

NHL Legend Mark Messier
NHL Legend
Mark Messier
  • 2007 Comet McNaught reaches perihelion becoming the brightest comet in more than 40 years.
  • 2010 Earthquake occurs in Haiti killing 230,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince
  • 2010 Colombia officially leaves the recession after achieving 2% economic growth in the last quarter of 2009
  • 2012 17th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Artist wins Best Film