Historical Events on 12th January

Events 1 - 200 of 208

  • 475 Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople.
  • 1493 Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily
  • 1528 Gustav I of Sweden "father of the nation" crowned King of Sweden. Rules 37 years
  • 1552 Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, 100s killed
  • 1554 Bayinnaung is crowned King of Burma. He would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
  • 1583 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
  • 1598 Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso
  • 1616 Brazilian city Belem (the entrance gate to the Amazon) founded by Captain Major Francisco Branco
  • 1701 Frisia & Groningen (Netherlands) begin use of Gregorian calendar

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1723 Handel's opera "Ottone" premieres at the King's Theatre London

  • 1755 Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
  • 1773 1st US public museum established (Charlestown SC)
  • 1777 Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in Calif
  • 1806 French evacuate Vienna
  • 1807 Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die
  • 1808 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1809 British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 1812 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
  • 1816 France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
  • 1820 Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • 1836 Battle of Wetumka, Fla

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Sydney Australia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 1842 Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
  • 1848 Palermo rising against the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies takes place in Sicily
  • 1861 Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
  • 1863 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 1865 -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
  • 1866 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1867 Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo" premieres in St Petersburg

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • 1872 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • 1875 Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
  • 1879 British Zulu War begins: Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
  • 1895 The National Trust is founded in Britain.
  • 1896 1st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
  • 1898 Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 1899 Lynmouth Lifeboat rescues 18 people from the stricken schooner Forest Hall off the coast of Devon
  • 1900 Freeland Colony founded in US
  • 1902 Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formally dissolved

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1903 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1903 Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown Pa, killing 170
  • 1904 Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison
  • 1906 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • 1906 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass
  • 1906 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included amongst its members H.H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election.
  • 1907 Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal
  • 1908 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • 1911 The University of the Philippines College of Law is formally established; three future Philippine presidents are among the first enrollees.
  • 1912 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1913 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ('man of steel) in a letter to the the paper, Social Democrat

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1915 US House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
  • 1916 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • 1916 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircrafts

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1918 Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4

Ice Hockey Player Joe Malone
Ice Hockey Player
Joe Malone
  • 1918 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • 1920 Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
  • 1921 Kenesaw Mountain Landis becomes 1st commissioner of baseball
  • 1924 History of Science Society organized at Boston
  • 1925 John Howard Lawson's "Processional" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 Philip Barry & Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
  • 1932 France's Laval government falls
  • 1932 Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)
  • 1932 Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom" premieres in NYC
  • 1933 US Congress recognize independence Philippines
  • 1933 Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
  • 1937 Plow for laying submarine cable patented
  • 1940 World War II: Soviets bombs cities in Finland.
  • 1942 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • 1942 Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
  • 1942 National War Labor Board created
  • 1943 Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)
  • 1944 Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
  • 1944 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd
  • 1945 German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
  • 1945 US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
  • 1945 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
  • 1946 "Polonaise" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 113 performances
  • 1946 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • 1946 NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to LA
  • 1948 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1948 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1948 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • 1949 "Arthur Godfrey & His Friends" premieres on CBS TV
  • 1949 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
  • 1950 Swedish tanker rams British submarine Truculent in Thames, 64 die
  • 1950 USSR re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage & sabotage

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

1951 Ezzard Charles TKOs Lee Oma in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard Charles
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Ezzard Charles
  • 1952 NFL Pro Bowl: National Conference beats American Conference 30-13
  • 1952 University of Tennessee admits it's 1st black student
  • 1953 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
  • 1954 Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1954 Queen Elizabeth II opens NZ parliament

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1957 Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1958 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1958 NCAA adds 2 point conversion to football scoring
  • 1958 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-7

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1958 Syracuse National Dolph Schayes sets NBA record at 11,770 points

NBA Power Forward and Coach Dolph Schayes
NBA Power Forward and Coach
Dolph Schayes
  • 1959 KOED TV channel 11 in Tulsa, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Rediscovery of the Caves of Nerja in Spain
  • 1960 Sobers & Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt v England
  • 1960 Syracuse National Dolph Schayes is 1st NBA'er to score 15,000 points
  • 1961 "Show Girl" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 100 performances
  • 1961 UN genocide pact goes into effect
  • 1962 Operation Chopper begins, America's first combat mission in the Vietnam War
  • 1963 "Go Away Little Girl" by Steve Lawrence peaks at #1
  • 1963 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia v England
  • 1964 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 31-17
  • 1964 Revolution overthrows Sultan of Zanzibar, 1 month after independence
  • 1965 "Hullabaloo" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1965 At 10:58 am PST burn up a nuclear rocket in Nevada
  • 1966 12 day NYC transit strike ends

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1966 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1966 Red Auerbach wins his 1,000th game as coach of NBA Boston Celtics

NBA Head Coach Red Auerbach
NBA Head Coach
Red Auerbach

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1966 "Batman", starring Adam West as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Cesar Romero as The Joker, debuts on ABC

  • 1966 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1967 Louisville, Ky, draft board refuses exemption for boxer Muhammad Ali

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1967 Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with intent of future resuscitation.
  • 1967 NBC premiers the colorized remake of "Dragnet"
  • 1968 Beatles Film Production Ltd changes name to Apple Film Production Ltd
  • 1968 Nighttime version of "Hollywood Squares" premieres on NBC TV
  • 1969 "Golden Rainbow" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 355 performances
  • 1969 Super Bowl III: NY Jets beat Balt Colts, 16-7 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Joe Namath, NY Jets, QB
  • 1970 Biafran War ends, Biafra surrenders to Nigeria
  • 1970 Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage
  • 1970 Biafra capitulates, ending the Nigerian civil war.
  • 1971 "All in the Family" premieres on CBS featuring 1st toilet flush on TV
  • 1971 "Soon" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 3 performances
  • 1971 Congressional Black Caucus organizes

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1971 US Federal grand jury indicts Rev Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1971 Negotiations over price of petroleum begin in Tehran between 6 OPEC Persian Gulf states and 22 oil companies
  • 1971 2 bombs explode at UK Employment Secretary Robert Carr's home
  • 1971 21st NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 108-107 at San Diego
  • 1972 Tigers sign a lease to build a $126M domed stadium (doesn't happen)
  • 1974 "Joker" by Steve Miller Band peaks at #1
  • 1974 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
  • 1975 Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates
  • 1975 Super Bowl IX: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Minnesota Vikings, 16-6 in New Orleans Super Bowl MVP: Franco Harris, Pittsburgh, RB
  • 1976 UN Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Organisation
  • 1977 "Ipi Tombi" opens at Harkness Theater NYC for 39 performances
  • 1977 Anti-French demonstrations takes place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes

Music-awardsMusic Awards

1979 6th American Music Awards: Barry Manilow, Linda Ronstadt win

Musician Barry Manilow
Barry Manilow
  • 1979 LA's Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, arrested in Bellingham
  • 1979 Record blizzard struck midwest killing over 100
  • 1980 Mike Bratz (Phoenix) begins NBA free throw streak of 57 games
  • 1981 Soap opera "Dynasty" produced by Aaron Spelling and starring John Forsythe, Linda Evans and Joan Collins premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1981 -35°F (-37°C), Chester, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 1983 Brooks Robinson & Juan Marichal elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1983 NCAA creates football Kickoff Classic to begin in August
  • 1986 24th space shuttle (61-C) mission-Columbia 7-launched
  • 1986 Chic Blackhawk Denis Savard scores at 4 seconds of 3rd period
  • 1986 AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat Miami Dolphins 31-14
  • 1986 NFC Championship Game: Chicago Bears beat Los Angeles Rams 24-0

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1987 Britain's Prince Edward resigns from his Royal Marines training

Earl of Wessex Prince Edward
Earl of Wessex
Prince Edward
  • 1988 Willie Stargell (Pitts Pirate), elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1989 6 claim to survive in rubble, 35 days after Armenian quake (hoax)
  • 1989 Idi Amin expelled from Zaire

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1990 Civil Rights activist Rev Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Bkln

Minister and Civil Rights Activist Al Sharpton
Minister and Civil Rights Activist
Al Sharpton
  • 1990 Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
  • 1991 Largest crowd to watch Atlantic Coast Womens Basketball game (11,520)
  • 1991 Melvin Stewart swims world record 200 m butterfly (1:55.69)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1991 US Congress gives George Bush authority to wage war against Iraq

US President George H. W. Bush
US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 13th ACE Cable Awards: CNN wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the Persian Gulf War
  • 1992 Last building in Gateway area in Cleveland is demolished
  • 1992 US male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman
  • 1992 Algeria's general elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the 1st round
  • 1992 A new constitution, providing for freedom to form political parties, is approved by a referendum in Mali.
  • 1992 AFC Championship Game: Buffalo Bills beat Denver Broncos 10-7
  • 1992 NFC Championship Game: Washington Redskins beat Detroit Lions 41-10
  • 1993 Doctors announce Pitts Penguin Mario Limeux has Hodgkin's disease

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1993 NHL great Mario Lemieux announces that he has been diagnosed with Hodgkin's lymphoma

NHL Legend and Owner Mario Lemieux
NHL Legend and Owner
Mario Lemieux

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1994 Malcolm X's daughter arrested for plotting Louis Farrakham's murder

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X
  • 1994 Steve Carlton (Phillies) elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1995 Major earthquake kills 5,092 in Kobe Japan

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1995 Murder trial against OJ Simpson, begins in LA

NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal OJ Simpson
NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal
OJ Simpson

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1995 Pope John Paul II begins visit to SE Asia

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1996 Russian troops arrived in Bosnia (joint operation with US)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 23rd People's Choice Awards: Mel Gibson & Sandra Bullock win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Tim Allen & Oprah Winfrey win (TV)

Talk show host Oprah Winfrey
Talk show host
Oprah Winfrey
Actress Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
Actor Tim Allen
Tim Allen
  • 1997 17th United Negro College Fund raises
  • 1997 Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Champions
  • 1997 HAL became operational (2001: A Space Odyssey)
  • 1997 Ice skater Oksana Baiul injured slightly whiled driving intoxicated
  • 1997 Space Shuttle STS 81 (Atlantis 18), launches into space

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 Tiger Woods wins Mercedes Championships

Golfer Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
  • 1997 AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat Jacksonville Jaguars 20-6
  • 1997 NFC Championship Game: Green Bay Packers beat Carolina Panthers 30-13
  • 1998 Nineteen European nations agree to forbid human cloning.
  • 2001 Downtown Disney opens to the public in Anaheim

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2003 29th People's Choice Awards: Mel Gibson & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Ray Romano & Jennifer Aniston win (TV)

Actress Jennifer Aniston
Jennifer Aniston
Actress Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
Actor and Film Director Mel Gibson
Actor and Film Director
Mel Gibson
  • 2004 The world's largest ocean liner, RMS Queen Mary 2, makes its maiden voyage.
  • 2005 Deep Impact (space mission) launches from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket.
  • 2006 A stampede during the Stoning the Devil ritual on the last day at the Hajj in Mina, Saudi Arabia, kills at least 362 Muslim pilgrims.
  • 2006 Turkey releases Mehmet Ali Ağca from jail after he served 25 years for shooting Pope John Paul II.
  • 2006 The French warship Clemenceau reaches Egypt and is barred access to the Suez Canal. Greenpeace activists board the ship.
  • 2006 The foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, France, and Germany declare that negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program have reached a dead end and recommend that Iran be referred to the United Nations Security Council.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2006 During an emotional ceremony, Mark Messier's #11 jersey is retired by the New York Rangers

NHL Legend Mark Messier
NHL Legend
Mark Messier
  • 2007 Comet McNaught reaches perihelion becoming the brightest comet in more than 40 years.
  • 2010 Earthquake occurs in Haiti killing 230,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince
  • 2010 Colombia officially leaves the recession after achieving 2% economic growth in the last quarter of 2009
  • 2012 17th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Artist wins Best Film