Historical Events on January 14

  • 378 General Siyaj K'ak', a Mayan warlord, conquers Tikal and increases the domain of Teotihuacan
  • 1129 Formal approval of the Order of Templars at the Council of Troyes.
  • 1301 Andrew III of Hungary (1290-1301) dies at 50, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.
  • 1343 Arnost of Pardubice becomes the first Archbishop of Prague (and the last bishop of Prague)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1501 Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt, aged 17.

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1514 Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.

Pope Leo X
Leo X
  • 1526 Charles V & Francis I sign Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy & Flanders
  • 1601 Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
  • 1639 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
  • 1641 United East Indian Company conquerors city of Malacca, 7,000 killed
  • 1659 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • 1690 Clarinet invented, in Nurnberg, Germany
  • 1699 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • 1717 German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1724 Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
  • 1739 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
  • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat between the Marathas and Afghans is fought in India
  • 1784 US Revolutionary War ends; US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Mozart completes "Dissonantenkwartet" (opus 10)

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1794 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1799 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1813 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 1814 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.
  • 1858 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
  • 1861 Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Cosby Creek, TN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • 1868 NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 1868 SC constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • 1873 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • 1873 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate
  • 1874 I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • 1878 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • 1897 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed
  • 1898 Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1900 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca" premieres in Rome

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini
  • 1905 Hubbell, Shubert & Smith's musical "Fontana" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica, kills more than 1,000.
  • 1908 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v Eng Adelaide (116)
  • 1909 Coöp. Far. Central Management forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France

CommunicationModel T

1914 Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1914 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • 1918 Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1919 John McGraw, Charles A Stoneham, & Judge MCQuade buy NY Giants
  • 1924 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • 1925 Alban Berg's atonale opera "Wozzeck" premieres in Berlin
  • 1927 Toronto Maple Leafs 1st hat trick (Hap Day) vs NY Rangers
  • 1929 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • 1932 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah
  • 1932 Horse racing legend Eddie Arcaro won his 1st race
  • 1935 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • 1935 28th Women's Australian Championships: Dorothy Round Little beats Nancy Lyle (1-6, 6-1, 6-3)
  • 1935 28th Men's Australian Championships: Jack Crawford beats Fred Perry (2-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-4)
  • 1936 L M (Mario) Giannini elected president of Bank of America
  • 1938 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • 1938 Norway claims Queen Maud Land
  • 1939 All commercial ferry service to East Bay ends
  • 1939 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
  • 1940 Commissioner Kenesaw Landis gives free agency to 91 Detroit Tigers
  • 1940 NFL Pro Bowl: Green Bay beats NFL All-Stars 16-7
  • 1942 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
  • 1943 Alex Smart (Mont) is 1st NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
  • 1943 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke
  • 1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel by airplane
  • 1943 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins (Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt)
  • 1944 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • 1945 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1946 2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed
  • 1946 1946 NFL Draft: Frank Dancewicz from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • 1949 Black/Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • 1950 "As the Girls Go" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 420 performances
  • 1950 US recalls all consular officials from China
  • 1951 NFL Pro Bowl: 1st since 1942, Americans beat Nationals 28-27
  • 1952 "Today Show" premieres with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV
  • 1952 Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
  • 1952 Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
  • 1953 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • 1953 WALA TV channel 10 in Mobile, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • 1954 Sandy Wilson's musical "Boyfriend" premieres in London
  • 1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
  • 1955 Heitor Villa-Lobos' 8th Symphony premieres in Philadelphia
  • 1956 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956 Little Richard releases "Tutti Frutti"
  • 1957 Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher)
  • 1960 Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded

CommunicationElvis Presley in the Army

1960 US Army promoted Elvis Presley to Sergeant

  • 1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia is established
  • 1961 Chic Bear Willard Dewveall becomes 1st NFLer to join AFL
  • 1962 NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 31-30

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1963 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Path is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later
  • 1964 14th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 111-107 at Boston
  • 1964 Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1964 Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since US President JFK's assassination

Music releaseMusic Single

1966 David Bowie releases his 1st single "Can't Help Thinking About Me"

Singer-Songwriter David Bowie
David Bowie
  • 1967 20,000 attend Human Be-In, SF
  • 1967 Earthquake in Sicily kills 231
  • 1967 NY Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Sonny & Cher release "Beat Goes On"

Goddess of Pop  Cher
Goddess of Pop
  • 1968 Super Bowl II: Green Bay Packers beat Oakland Raiders, 33-14 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, QB
  • 1969 25 members of US aircraft carrier Enterprise die during maneuvers
  • 1969 Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later
  • 1969 Matt Busby retires from Manchester United
  • 1969 19th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 123-112 at Baltimore
  • 1970 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers patrol the Falls Road area of Belfast for the first time since 1969
  • 1971 John Snow takes 7-40 for England to beat Australia by 299 runs
  • 1972 "Sanford & Son" starring Redd Foxx premieres on NBC TV
  • 1972 WMAH TV channel 19 in Biloxi, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 WMAU TV channel 17 in Bude, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 WMAW TV channel 14 in Meridian, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 Margrethe II of Denmark becomes the first Queen of Denmark since 1412
  • 1973 Grateful Dead bass player, Phil Lesh, busted on drugs in Calif
  • 1973 Super Bowl VII: Miami Dolphins beat Wash Red Skins, 14-7 in LA, MVP: Jake Scott, Miami, S
  • 1973 Dancer Roy Castle is measured at 1,440 taps/min on BBC TV
  • 1973 2 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed in Derry by a booby-trap bomb attached to their car by the Irish Republican Army

Music concertMusic Concert

1973 "Aloha from Hawaii", an Elvis Presley concert, becomes the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1974 World Football League founded
  • 1975 Anita Wold (Norway) sets women's ski jump distance record-98 m
  • 1975 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • 1975 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England
  • 1975 25th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 108-102 at Phoenix
  • 1976 "The Bionic Woman" with Lindsay Wagner debuts on ABC (later NBC)
  • 1976 Ted Turner becomes CEO of Atlanta Braves
  • 1977 "Fantasy Island" starring Ricardo Montalban premieres on ABC TV
  • 1978 Sex Pistols' final concert held in Winterland, San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter proposes Martin Luther King's birthday be a holiday

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1980 Shakuntala Devi, mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • 1981 US Federal Communications Commission frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Madonna 1st sings "Holiday" on American Bandstand

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
  • 1985 16 indicted by US for granting sanctuary to Central American refugees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Martina Navratilova is 3rd to win 100 tennis tournaments (Connors & Evert)

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • 1985 British pound sinks to record low $US1.11
  • 1986 Constitution of Guatemala takes effect
  • 1986 Vinicio Cerezo becomes only 2nd freely elected president of Guatemala since CIA-sponsored coup in 1954
  • 1987 Catfish Hunter & Billy Williams are elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • 1989 "Romance/Romance" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 297 performances
  • 1989 1,000 muslims burn Salman Rushdies' "Satanic Verses" in Bradford, England
  • 1989 29 year old French woman gives birth to sextuplets in Paris
  • 1989 Former Belgian premier Paul Vanden Boeynants kidnapped
  • 1990 "Simpsons" premiered on Fox-TV
  • 1990 11th ACE Cable Awards: CNN wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the events in Beijing, China
  • 1990 Perez de Cuellar says he has lost all hope for peace in Gulf
  • 1990 AFC Championship Game: Denver Broncos beat Cleveland Browns 37-21
  • 1990 NFC Championship Game: San Francisco 49ers beat Los Angeles Rams 30-3
  • 1991 "Barbara DeAngelis Show" premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1991 Jorge Serrano Elias sworn in as president of Guatemala
  • 1991 Tyne Daly arrested for drunk driving in Van Nuys, Calif
  • 1991 Valentin Pavlov become new premier of USSR
  • 1993 "Anna Christie" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 54 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 David Letterman announces his show is moving from NBC to CBS

Comedian and Television Host David Letterman
Comedian and Television Host
David Letterman
  • 1993 Polish ferry boat capsizes in storm, 50 die
  • 1994 Inna Lassovskaya triple-jumps ladies world record (14.61m)
  • 1994 Russian manned space craft TM-17, lands
  • 1994 The Duchess of Kent converts to Catholicism, the first member of the Royal Family to do so in more than 300 years
  • 1995 10,000s South Africans attend state funeral of Joe Slovo
  • 1995 16th ACE Cable Awards: John Malone wins the Golden CableACE for outstanding achievements in advancing the development of cable programming

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Mexico pledges profits from state-owned Pemex's $7-billion-per-year oil revenues in an effort to secure US congressional approval of loan guarantees; President Clinton approves a $20-billion U.S. aid package for Mexico

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1996 "Holiday" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1996 "Swinging On a Star" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 97 performances
  • 1996 Liselotte Neumann wins Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Champions
  • 1996 AFC Championship Game: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Indianapolis Colts 20-16
  • 1996 NFC Championship Game: Dallas Cowboys beat Green Bay Packers 38-27
  • 1998 100th episode of "Ellen" airs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Charles Barkley pleads not guilty to an assault charge

NBA Power Forward Charles Barkley
NBA Power Forward
Charles Barkley
  • 1998 Researchers in Dallas, Texas present findings about an enzyme that slows aging and cell death (apoptosis).
  • 1999 Mel Lastman, Mayor of Toronto, calls in the Army to help with snow removal and emergency medical evacuations after major snowstorm hits the city
  • 2000 A United Nations tribunal sentences five Bosnian Croats to up to 25 years for the 1993 killing of over 100 Muslims in a Bosnian village.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 Jennifer Lopez scored her first UK No.1 single with 'Love Don't Cost A Thing.'

Singer and Actress Jennifer Lopez
Singer and Actress
Jennifer Lopez
  • 2001 AFC Championship Game: Baltimore Ravens beats Oakland Raiders 16-3
  • 2001 NFC Championship Game: New York Giants beat Minnesota Vikings 41-0
  • 2002 UK declared free of foot-and-mouth cattle disease
  • 2004 The national flag of Georgia, the so-called "five cross flag", was restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
  • 2005 Landing of the Huygens probe on Saturn's moon Titan.
  • 2010 Yemen declares war on al-Qaeda
  • 2011 Stampede near Sabarimala in Kerala, India kills 104 devotees and injures 100 more
  • 2011 Ben Ali, former Tunisian president, fled the country to Saudi Arabia after popular protests (dubbed as Jasmine Revolution) requesting his departure.
  • 2011 16th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Social Network wins Best Film
  • 2012 Suicide bomber kills 53 and injures 130 in Basra, Iraq
  • 2012 Ma Ying-jeou wins re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote
  • 2014 American journalist David Satter is expelled from Russia
  • 2015 63 people are killed & 70,000 are left homeless after floods devastate Mozambique and Malawi
  • 2016 Sixth republican presidential candidates debate hosted by Fox, held in North Charleston, South Carolina