Historical Events on 2nd January

Events 1 - 200 of 246

  • 69 Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, emperor
  • 366 The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
  • 533 John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1235 Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names
  • 1492 Muhammad XII. (Boabdil) last Nasird ruler of Moorish fortress Alhambra surrenders to the Catholic Monarchs

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1585 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1602 Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale
  • 1678 Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
  • 1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1776 1st revolutionary flag displayed
  • 1776 Austria ends interregation torture

Person-of-interestConstitution of the United States

1788 Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution

  • 1791 Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1800 Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade
  • 1811 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)
  • 1814 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
  • 1818 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
  • 1818 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • 1831 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 1832 1st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens
  • 1833 Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1839 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1842 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • 1843 Wagner's opera "Der Fliegende Holländer" premieres, Dresden
  • 1861 SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 1861 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 1863 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • 1871 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1879 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Cricketer
Fred Spofforth
  • 1879 British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • 1879 Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
  • 1879 Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Ill
  • 1881 Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
  • 1882 Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 1883 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • 1885 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • 1890 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • 1890 Record 19'2" alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny
  • 1893 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • 1893 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • 1896 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
  • 1900 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • 1900 Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris
  • 1900 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
  • 1903 Pres T Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black
  • 1905 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • 1905 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • 1905 The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1906 Willis Carrier recieves a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • 1908 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • 1909 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • 1910 1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley California)
  • 1911 Bkln Dodgers pres Charles Ebbets announces purchase of grounds to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 30,000
  • 1913 National Woman's Party forms

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1913 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1914 Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven
  • 1917 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
  • 1918 Dodgers trade Casey Stengel & Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes & Mamaux
  • 1918 NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
  • 1919 Anti-British uprising in Ireland
  • 1919 Lithuania gains independence
  • 1920 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1921 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • 1921 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • 1922 8th Rose Bowl: California ties Washington & Jefferson, 0-0
  • 1923 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • 1925 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
  • 1928 14th Rose Bowl: Stanford beats Pittsburgh, 7-6
  • 1929 US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
  • 1932 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1933 Bradman scores 103* against the Bodyline attack in the 2nd Test

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1933 Bruins beat Rangers in NY 13-3
  • 1933 Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th)
  • 1933 US troops leave Nicaragua
  • 1933 19th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Pittsburgh, 35-0
  • 1934 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Bradman scores 253 NSW v Queensland, 204 mins, 29 fours 4 sixes
  • 1935 Bruno R Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Lindbergh baby
  • 1936 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Mo
  • 1936 Bradman scores 357 for SA v Vic, 424 minutes, 40 fours
  • 1938 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • 1939 Bradman scores 107 SA v Victoria, his 4th consecutive century
  • 1939 5th Sugar Bowl: #1 TCU beats #6 Carnegie Tech, 15-7
  • 1939 5th Orange Bowl: #2 Tennessee beats #4 Oklahoma, 17-0
  • 1941 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
  • 1941 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • 1942 WWII: 28 nations at war with Axis powers, pledge no separate peace deals
  • 1942 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines
  • 1942 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
  • 1944 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1945 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945 Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • 1945 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • 1947 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
  • 1948 WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
  • 1949 KDKA TV channel 2 in Pittsburgh, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1950 36th Rose Bowl: #6 Ohio State beats #3 California, 17-14
  • 1950 16th Sugar Bowl: #2 Oklahoma beats #9 LSU, 35-0
  • 1950 16th Orange Bowl: #15 Santa Clara beats #11 Kentucky, 21-13
  • 1951 Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
  • 1952 "Pal Joey" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 542 performances
  • 1953 NBA Baltimore Bullets begin a 32 game road losing streak
  • 1954 Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in NYC
  • 1955 1st "Bob Cummings Show" premieres on NBC (later on CBS)
  • 1955 Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • 1956 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • 1956 42nd Rose Bowl: #2 Michigan State beats #4 UCLA, 17-14
  • 1956 22nd Sugar Bowl: #7 Georgia Tech beats #11 Pittsburgh, 7-0
  • 1956 22nd Orange Bowl: #1 Oklahoma beats #3 Maryland, 20-6
  • 1958 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 2nd Piano concert, premieres in NY
  • 1959 USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
  • 1960 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
  • 1960 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years
  • 1960 Roger Sessions' 4th Symphony, premieres
  • 1960 Senator John F Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency
  • 1961 1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16
  • 1961 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale
  • 1961 47th Rose Bowl: #6 Washington beats #1 Minnesota, 17-7
  • 1961 27th Sugar Bowl: #2 Mississippi beats Rice, 14-6
  • 1961 27th Orange Bowl: #5 Missouri beats #4 Navy, 21-14
  • 1962 Nighttime version of "Password" with Allen Ludden premieres on CBS
  • 1964 Failed assassination attempt on president Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1965 Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters

Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 NY Jets sign quarterback Joe Namath
  • 1965 Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict present-day
  • 1966 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion
  • 1966 Green Bay Packers beat Cleveland Browns 23-12 in NFL championship game
  • 1967 53rd Rose Bowl: #7 Purdue beats Southern California, 14-13
  • 1967 33rd Sugar Bowl: #6 Alabama beats #3 Nebraska, 34-7
  • 1967 33rd Orange Bowl: Florida beats #8 Georgia Tech, 27-12
  • 1968 "Zizi" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1968 Christian Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant
  • 1968 KBHK TV channel 44 in San Francisco, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 "Fig Leaves Are Falling" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1969 "Soviet Sport" calls Emile Zatopek a public enemy
  • 1969 Lorraine Hansberry's "To be Young, Gifted & Black," premieres in NYC
  • 1969 Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1969 Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1969 Australian Rupert Murdoch gains control of the 'News of the World'

Media Mogul Rupert Murdoch
Media Mogul
Rupert Murdoch
  • 1970 Dutch premiere of musical "Hair" in Amsterdam
  • 1970 US population is 293,200,000; Black population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)
  • 1971 A barrier collapses at Ibrox Park football ground at end of a soccer match in Glasgow Scotland, killing 66
  • 1972 "Rothschilds" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 505 performances
  • 1972 Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars
  • 1972 AFC Championship Game: Miami Dolphins beat Baltimore Colts 21-0
  • 1972 An anti-internment rally is held in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1972 NFC Championship Game: Dallas Cowboys beat San Francisco 49ers 14-3

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1974 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres
  • 1975 US Dept of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
  • 1977 Bowie Kuhn suspends Braves owner Ted Turner for one year due to tampering charges in Gary Matthews free-agency signing
  • 1978 Rhino Records releases their 1st album "Wildmania"
  • 1978 64th Rose Bowl: #13 Washington beats #4 Michigan, 27-20
  • 1978 44th Sugar Bowl: #3 Alabama beats #9 Ohio State, 35-6
  • 1978 44th Orange Bowl: #6 Arkansas beats #2 Oklahoma, 31-6
  • 1979 30th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 9-0 vs Vancouver
  • 1979 Gavaskar gets twin tons for India for the third time (v WI)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1979 Sid Vicious' trial for murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen begins

Musician Sid Vicious
Musician
Sid Vicious
  • 1980 British Steel workers go on a national strike

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1980 68th Men's Australian Open: Guillermo Vilas beats John Sadri (7-6, 6-3, 6-2)

Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Guillermo Vilas
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Guillermo Vilas
  • 1980 68th Women's Australian Open: Barbara Jordan beats Sharon Walsh (6-3, 6-3)
  • 1981 Mary Terstegge Meagher swims female record 200 m butterfly (2:05.65)
  • 1981 Sylvester Clarke knocks out spectator with brick, WI v Pakistan
  • 1982 "Camelot" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 48 performances
  • 1982 Islanders start 23 undefeated home streak (21-0-2) 14 straight wins
  • 1982 "The Epic in Miami", in 85 degree heat (Fahrenheit), the San Diego Chargers defeat the Miami Dolphins 41-38 in overtime in the AFC Divisional Playoff Game, a game that set numerous playoff scoring records
  • 1983 "Annie" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 2,377 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1983 Duke Ellington's musical "Sophisticated Ladies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne, NYC after 767 performances

Jazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist Duke Ellington
Jazz-orchestra leader, Composer, Pianist
Duke Ellington
  • 1983 Don Muraco beats Pedro Morales to become WWF Intercontinental Champ
  • 1983 Gary Trudeau takes a 20-month break from writing "Doonesbury"
  • 1983 Ken Anderson of Cincinnati completes record 20 consecutive passes
  • 1983 Several African National Congress(ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.
  • 1984 Darryl Cullinan, 16, scores his 1st first-class cricket century
  • 1984 Riot in Tunis kills over 100
  • 1984 Wilson Goode, sworn-in as Phila's 1st black mayor
  • 1984 Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is declared Head of State in Nigeria, following a military coup.
  • 1984 70th Rose Bowl: UCLA beats #4 Illinois, 45-9
  • 1984 50th Sugar Bowl: #3 Auburn beats #8 Michigan, 9-7
  • 1984 13th Fiesta Bowl: #14 Ohio State beats #15 Pittsburgh, 28-23
  • 1984 50th Orange Bowl: #5 Miami (FL) beats #1 Nebraska, 31-30
  • 1985 90th hat trick in Islander history-Brent Sutter
  • 1985 Australia beat WI by innings at SCG, Bob Holland 10 match wkts
  • 1985 Egyptian Pres Mubarak reappoints Coptic pope Shenuda III
  • 1985 Nevada-Las Vegas beats Utah 142-140, highest college basketball score
  • 1985 Undefeated BYU becomes college football champions
  • 1986 191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1986 NY Islander, Mike Bossy, scores his 500th goal

Ice Hockey Great Mike Bossy
Ice Hockey Great
Mike Bossy
  • 1987 Troops of Chad President Habré conquer Fada oasis
  • 1987 16th Fiesta Bowl: #2 Penn State beats #1 Miami, 14-10
  • 1988 Ashland Oil storage tank spills 3.8 million gallons, Penn

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1988 Mulroney & Reagan sign Canada-US free trade agreement

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1988 Right-wing guerrillas ambush a train near Mozambique's western border, killing at least 22 people and injuring 71.
  • 1989 Notre Dame beats West Virginia for college football championship
  • 1989 UCLA wins a record 7th consecutive bowl game
  • 1989 75th Rose Bowl: #11 Michigan beats #5 Southern California, 22-14
  • 1989 55th Sugar Bowl: #4 Florida State beats #7 Auburn, 13-7