Historical Events on 2nd January

Events 1 - 199 of 199

69 - Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, emperor
366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
533 - John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1235 - Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names
1492 - Muhammad XII. (Boabdil) last Nasird ruler of Moorish fortress Alhambra surrenders to the Catholic Monarchs
1570 - Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins
1585 - Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
1602 - Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale
1678 - Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
1757 - British troops occupy Calcutta India
1776 - 1st revolutionary flag displayed
1776 - Austria ends interregation torture
1788 - Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution
1791 - Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United StatesPage one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States 1800 - Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade
1811 - US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)
1814 - Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
1818 - Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
1818 - The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
1831 - Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
1832 - 1st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens
1833 - Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.
Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques DaguerrePhotographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre 1839 - 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)
1842 - 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
1843 - Wagner's opera "Der Fliegende Holländer" premieres, Dresden
1861 - SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
1861 - Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
1863 - Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
1871 - King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
1879 - 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG
1879 - British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
1879 - Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
1879 - Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Ill
1881 - Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
1882 - Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
1883 - Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
Cricketer Fred SpofforthCricketer Fred Spofforth 1885 - Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of Gen Gordon in Khartoum
1890 - Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
1890 - Record 19'2" alligator shot in Louisiana by E A McIlhenny
1893 - 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
1893 - World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
1896 - Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
1900 - E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
1900 - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris
1900 - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
1903 - Pres T Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black
1905 - Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
1905 - Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
1905 - The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.
Engineer Willis CarrierEngineer Willis Carrier 1906 - Willis Carrier recieves a US patent for the world's first air conditioner
1908 - Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
1909 - 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
1910 - 1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley California)
1911 - Bkln Dodgers pres Charles Ebbets announces purchase of grounds to build a new concrete-and-steel stadium to seat 30,000
1913 - National Woman's Party forms
1913 - Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.
1914 - Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven
1917 - Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
1918 - Dodgers trade Casey Stengel & Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes & Mamaux
1918 - NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1919 - Anti-British uprising in Ireland
1919 - Lithuania gains independence
1920 - Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
1921 - 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
1921 - DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
1923 - Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
1925 - Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
1929 - US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
1932 - Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri
1933 - Bradman scores 103* against the Bodyline attack in the 2nd Test
1933 - Bruins beat Rangers in NY 13-3
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman 1933 - Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th)
1933 - US troops leave Nicaragua
1934 - 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania
1934 - Bradman scores 253 NSW v Queensland, 204 mins, 29 fours 4 sixes
1935 - Bruno R Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Lindbergh baby
1936 - 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Mo
1936 - Bradman scores 357 for SA v Vic, 424 minutes, 40 fours
1938 - Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
1939 - Bradman scores 107 SA v Victoria, his 4th consecutive century
1941 - World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales.
1941 - World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
1942 - WWII: 28 nations at war with Axis powers, pledge no separate peace deals
1942 - German troops in Bardia surrender
1942 - Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines
1942 - The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
1944 - 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
1945 - Allied air raid on Nuremberg
1945 - Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
1945 - Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
1947 - Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
1948 - WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
1949 - KDKA TV channel 2 in Pittsburgh, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1949 - Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico.
1951 - Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
1952 - "Pal Joey" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 542 performances
1953 - NBA Baltimore Bullets begin a 32 game road losing streak
1954 - Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in NYC
1955 - 1st "Bob Cummings Show" premieres on NBC (later on CBS)
1955 - Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
1956 - Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
1958 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' 2nd Piano concert, premieres in NY
1959 - USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
1960 - 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
1960 - John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years
1960 - Roger Sessions' 4th Symphony, premieres
1960 - Senator John F Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency
1961 - 1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16
1961 - Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale
1962 - Nighttime version of "Password" with Allen Ludden premieres on CBS
1964 - Failed assassination attempt on president Nkrumah of Ghana
1965 - Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr. 1965 - Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters
1965 - NY Jets sign quarterback Joe Namath
1965 - Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict present-day
1966 - 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion
1966 - Green Bay Packers beat Cleveland Browns 23-12 in NFL championship game
1968 - "Zizi" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 49 performances
1968 - Christian Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant
1968 - KBHK TV channel 44 in San Francisco, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
1969 - "Fig Leaves Are Falling" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 4 perfs
1969 - "Soviet Sport" calls Emile Zatopek a public enemy
1969 - Lorraine Hansberry's "To be Young, Gifted & Black," premieres in NYC
1969 - Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico.
1969 - Operation Barrier Reef begins in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.
1969 - Australian Rupert Murdoch gains control of the 'News of the World'
1970 - Dutch premiere of musical "Hair" in Amsterdam
Media Mogul Rupert MurdochMedia Mogul Rupert Murdoch 1970 - US population is 293,200,000; Black population: 22,600,000 (11.1%)
1971 - A barrier collapses at Ibrox Park football ground at end of a soccer match in Glasgow Scotland, killing 66
1972 - "Rothschilds" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 505 perfs
1972 - Mariner 9 begins mapping Mars
1972 - AFC Championship Game: Miami Dolphins beat Baltimore Colts 21-0
1972 - An anti-internment rally is held in Belfast, North Ireland
1972 - NFC Championship Game: Dallas Cowboys beat San Francisco 49ers 14-3
1974 - 55 MPH speed limit imposed by Richard Nixon
1974 - Worst fire in Argentine history destroys 1.2 million acres
1975 - US Dept of Interior designates grizzly bear a threatened species
1977 - Bowie Kuhn suspends Braves owner Ted Turner for one year due to tampering charges in Gary Matthews free-agency signing
37th US President Richard Nixon37th US President Richard Nixon 1978 - Bulent Ecevit forms government in Turkey
1978 - Rhino Records releases their 1st album "Wildmania"
1979 - 30th Islander shut-out opponent-Glenn Resch 9-0 vs Vancouver
1979 - Gavaskar gets twin tons for India for the third time (v WI)
1979 - Sid Vicious' trial for murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen begins
1980 - British Steel workers go on a national strike
1980 - 68th Australian Open: Guillermo Vilas beats John Sadri (7-6, 6-3, 6-2)
1980 - 68th Australian Open: Barbara Jordan beats Sharon Walsh (6-3, 6-3)
1981 - Mary Terstegge Meagher swims female record 200 m butterfly (2:05.65)
1981 - Sylvester Clarke knocks out spectator with brick, WI v Pakistan
1982 - "Camelot" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 48 performances
1982 - 70th Australian Mens Tennis: Johan Kriek beats S Denton (62 76 67 64)
1982 - Islanders start 23 undefeated home streak (21-0-2) 14 straight wins
1982 - "The Epic in Miami", in 85 degree heat (Fahrenheit), the San Diego Chargers defeat the Miami Dolphins 41-38 in overtime in the AFC Divisional Playoff Game, a game that set numerous playoff scoring records
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Guillermo VilasTennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Guillermo Vilas 1983 - "Annie" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 2,377 performances
1983 - "Sophisticated Ladies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 767 perfs
1983 - Don Muraco beats Pedro Morales to become WWF Intercontinental Champ
1983 - Gary Trudeau takes a 20-month break from writing "Doonesbury"
1983 - Ken Anderson of Cincinnati completes record 20 consecutive passes
1983 - Several African National Congress(ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.
1984 - Darryl Cullinan, 16, scores his 1st first-class cricket century
1984 - Miami beats Nebraska in Orange Bowl for college football championship
1984 - Riot in Tunis kills over 100
1984 - Wilson Goode, sworn-in as Phila's 1st black mayor
1984 - Major-General Muhammadu Buhari is declared Head of State in Nigeria, following a military coup.
1985 - 90th hat trick in Islander history-Brent Sutter
1985 - Australia beat WI by innings at SCG, Bob Holland 10 match wkts
1985 - Egyptian Pres Mubarak reappoints Coptic pope Shenuda III
1985 - Nevada-Las Vegas beats Utah 142-140, highest college basketball score
1985 - Undefeated BYU becomes college football champions
1986 - 191.66 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
NHL Right Winger Mike BossyNHL Right Winger Mike Bossy 1986 - NY Islander, Mike Bossy, scores his 500th goal
1987 - Penn State upsets Miami in Fiesta Bowl for college football champ
1987 - Troops of Chad President Habré conquer Fada oasis
1988 - Ashland Oil storage tank spills 3.8 million gallons, Penn
1988 - Mulroney & Reagan sign Canada-US free trade agreement
1988 - Right-wing guerrillas ambush a train near Mozambique's western border, killing at least 22 people and injuring 71.
1989 - Notre Dame beats West Virginia for college football championship
1989 - UCLA wins a record 7th consecutive bowl game
1990 - Dow Jones hits record 2,800 (2,810.15)
1990 - Sting joins wrestlings 4 Horsemen (Flair, Arn Anderson, Ole Anderson)
1991 - Colorado wins its 1st AP national title poll
1992 - Test debut of Shane Warne, v India at Sydney
US President & Actor Ronald ReaganUS President & Actor Ronald Reagan 1993 - "Gypsy Passion" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 55 performances
1993 - The 3 opposing factions in the Bosnian conflict hold meetings with the aim of ending the 9-month conflict
1994 - "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" closes at Beaumont NYC after 40 perfs
1994 - "Shakespeare after My Father" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 266 perf
1994 - Battles between army & rebellious indians in South Mexico, kill 57
1995 - Bus crashes in Luzon Philippines, 29 killed
1995 - Carquest Bowl 5: South Carolina beats West Virginia, 24-21
1995 - Most distant galaxy yet discovered found by scientists using Keck telescope in Hawaii (est 15 billion light years away)
1996 - The US deploys troops in Northern Bosnia with the intention of maintaining order and peace between Bosnian Serbs and Muslims
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Columbus OH on WBZX 99.7 FM
1998 - Autopsy of Chris Farley shows he overdosed of opiates & cocaine
1999 - A brutal snowstorm smashes into the Midwestern United States, causing 14 inches (359 mm) of snow in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and 19 inches (487 mm) in Chicago, where temperatures plunge to -13°F (-25°C); 68 deaths are reported.
2001 - Sila Calderón becomes the first female Governor of Puerto Rico.
2002 - Eduardo Duhalde is appointed interim President of Argentina by the Legislative Assembly.
2004 - Stardust successfully flies past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples that it will return to Earth two years later.
NFL Legend Ray LewisNFL Legend Ray Lewis 2013 - Ray Lewis announces he will retire at the end of the playoffs
2014 - 30 people are killed after a bus plunges off a cliff and falls 400 ft in Malshej Ghat, India
2014 - Raul Castro gives a speech commemorating the 55th anniversary of the Cuban revolution and warns of "neo-liberal and neo-colonial thinking" entering the country

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