Historical Events on January 20

  • 250 St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)
  • 820 Book of mother, published
  • 1045 Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
  • 1156 According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland
  • 1265 The first Parliament of England summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) met in Westminster Hall
  • 1320 Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland
  • 1356 Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.
  • 1502 The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.
  • 1503 Casa Contratacion (Board of Trade) found (Spain) to deal with American affairs
  • 1513 Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish/Norwegian king
  • 1523 Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
  • 1576 The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almansa.
  • 1613 Peace of Knarod ends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden
  • 1648 Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
  • 1667 Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
  • 1778 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass
  • 1781 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
  • 1785 Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
  • 1788 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Ga

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 John Marshall appointed US chief justice

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1809 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • 1839 In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
  • 1840 Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica
  • 1840 Dutch King Willem II crowned
  • 1841 China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War
  • 1850 Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • 1860 Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
  • 1866 Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
  • 1868 Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • 1870 "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1870 Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis as US Senator for Mississippi

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1872 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • 1879 British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
  • 1883 Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
  • 1887 US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor
  • 1892 1st basketball game played (Mass)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1910 Ottawa Senators sweep Edmonton in 2 for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1910)
  • 1914 The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • 1920 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • 1920 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
  • 1921 British submarine HMS K5 (which was unusually equipped with steam turbines) sank with 57 crew during exercises in the Bay of Biscay
  • 1921 Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
  • 1921 Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
  • 1921 Republic of Turkey declared in remnants of Ottoman Empire
  • 1922 Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres, Paris
  • 1925 The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
  • 1926 2nd German government of Luther begins
  • 1929 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
  • 1930 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
  • 1934 Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Edward VIII succeeds British king George V

King of Great Britain Edward VIII
King of Great Britain
Edward VIII
  • 1937 -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
  • 1937 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)
  • 1939 Charles Ives' 1st Sonata "Concord" premieres
  • 1941 Bela Bartok's 6th string quartet, premieres in NYC
  • 1942 Japanese invade Burma
  • 1942 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin to organise the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews
  • 1943 Lead, South Dakota, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F
  • 1943 Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans
  • 1944 RAF drops 2,300 ton bombs on Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1945 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1946 F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
  • 1947 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 J. Edgar Hoover gives Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
Actress and Diplomat Shirley Temple
Actress and Diplomat
Shirley Temple

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 US President Harry Truman announces his four point program

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 "Dance Me a Song" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 35 performances
  • 1950 Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
  • 1950 1950 NFL Draft: Leon Hart from University of Notre Dame first pick by Detroit Lions
  • 1952 British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
  • 1952 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
  • 1953 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)
  • 1954 Dmitri Shostakovitch's' "Concertino opus 94" premieres
  • 1954 The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • 1955 The first nuclear powered submarine, USS Nautilus, launched at Groton, Connecticut

Music releaseMusic Recording

1956 Buddy Holly records "Blue Days Black Night" in Nashville

Singer-songwriter Buddy Holly
Singer-songwriter
Buddy Holly
  • 1957 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
  • 1957 Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
  • 1957 Morton Gould's "Declaration" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • 1958 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
  • 1958 KUED TV channel 7 in Salt Lake City, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 A group attempting the 1st surface crossing of Antarctic join up at the South Pole
  • 1959 Dmitri Shostakovitch's Moscow-Tsjerjomoesjki premieres in Moscow
  • 1960 Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo
  • 1961 Francis Poulenc's "Gloria" premieres in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright" at JFK's inauguration

Poet Robert Frost
Poet
Robert Frost
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees
  • 1961 The Democrat J.F. Kennedy is inaugurated as President of the United States, the youngest ever sworn in
  • 1962 "Kean" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • 1964 "Meet The Beatles" album released in US
  • 1965 The Beatles appear on Shindig (ABC-TV)
  • 1965 The Byrds record "Mr Tambourine Man"
  • 1965 The US Jet Propulsion Laboratory proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1965 Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1968 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
  • 1968 US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood
  • 1968 Houston Cougars defeat the UCLA Bruins 71-69 to win basketball's Game of the Century and end UCLA's 47 game winning streak
  • 1969 Richard M Nixon inaugurated as US president
  • 1969 U of Az reports 1st optical id of pulsar (in Crab Nebula)
  • 1970 20th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 142-135 at Philadelphia
  • 1970 23rd NHL All-Star Game: East beat West 4-1 at St Louis
  • 1970 Super Fight, computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano; Marciano won.
  • 1971 Ard Schenk skates world record 1000m (1:18.8)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1971 John Lennon meets Yoko Ono's parents in Japan

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1972 Six oil exporting countries conclude meetings with Western oil companies; an agreement is reached to raise the price of crude
  • 1972 Number of people out of work and claiming unemployment benefit in UK rises to over 1 million
  • 1973 A car bomb explodes in Sackville Place, Dublin, Republic of Ireland, killing 1 person and injuring 17 (no organisation claimed responsibility)
  • 1974 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 15-13
  • 1974 7th ABA All-Star Game: East 128 beats West 112 at Virginia
  • 1974 Essex Comm College beats Englewood Cliffs 210-67 in basketball
  • 1975 NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 17-10
  • 1975 Terrence McNally's "Ritz" premieres in NYC
  • 1976 29th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-5 at Philadelphia
  • 1977 George H. W. Bush ends term as 11th director of CIA
  • 1977 Mr Knoche, serves as acting director of CIA
  • 1978 Columbia Pictures pays $9.5 million for movie rights to "Annie"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Olympics in Moscow

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1980 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • 1980 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
  • 1980 Super Bowl XIV: Pittsburgh Steelers beat LA Rams, 31-19 in Pasadena, MVP: Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, QB
  • 1981 52 Americans held hostage in Iran for 444 days freed
  • 1981 Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), ends term as 12th director of CIA
  • 1981 Frank C Carlucci, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1981 Islander Glenn Resch's 25th & last shut-out opponent-Flames 5-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Ronald Reagan inaugurated as 40th US President

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1981 The US diplomats and citizens held hostage at the US embassy in Tehran begin their journey home
  • 1982 7 miners killed in an explosion in Craynor Ky
  • 1982 Honduras constitution goes into effect
  • 1982 Piet Dankert elected chairman of European Parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Darryl Sittler is traded by the Toronto Maple Leafs to the Philadelphia Flyers

NHL Legend Darryl Sittler
NHL Legend
Darryl Sittler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Heavy metal musician Ozzy Osbourne bites the head off a bat on stage in Des Moines, Iowa

Rock Vocalist Ozzy Osbourne
Rock Vocalist
Ozzy Osbourne

MurderMurder of Interest

1983 American gangster Roy DeMeo is found murdered in his car trunk after disappearing a few days earlier

Gangster Roy DeMeo
Gangster
Roy DeMeo
  • 1984 US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
  • 1985 Cold front strikes US, at least 40 die (-27°F (-33°C) in Chicago)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Super Bowl XIX: SF 49ers beat Miami Dolphins, 38-16 in Stanford Super Bowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB

NFL Quarterback Joe Montana
NFL Quarterback
Joe Montana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 1st federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King Jr

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1986 Chunnel announced (railroad tunnel under Canal)
  • 1986 Milt coup in Lesotho under gen-mjr Lekhanya & premier Leabua Jonathan
  • 1987 Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon by Islamic militia group
  • 1987 Rhino Records 1st #1, Billy Vera & Beaters' "At This Moment"
  • 1987 8th ACE Cable Awards: Ted Turner wins the Golden CableACE

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Bank robber Robert A. Litchfield is arrested at Lake Tahoe

  • 1987 UK Police crackdown on soccer hooligans in biggest operation against violence around football stadiums
  • 1988 Andre Hoffman skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)
  • 1988 Arizona committee opens hearing on impeachment of Gov Evan Mecham

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 George H. W. Bush inaugurated as 41st US President & Dan Quayle becomes 44th Vice President

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1989 Wayne Holdsworth takes a wicket 1st ball in 1st-class cricket
  • 1989 Reagan becomes 1st pres elected in a "0" year, since 1840, to leave office alive

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1990 47th Golden Globes: Born on the Fouth of July, Tom Cruise, & Michelle Pfeiffer win

Actor Tom Cruise
Actor
Tom Cruise
  • 1990 US 64th manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) returns from space
  • 1990 Black January - crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.
  • 1991 "Black & Blue" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 829 performances
  • 1991 "Les Miserables" opens at Pantages Theatre, LA
  • 1991 "Peter Pan" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC or 45 performances
  • 1991 "Shogun - The Musical" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 72 performances
  • 1991 13th UCP Telethon
  • 1991 Buffalo Bills beat LA Raiders 51-3 for AFC title
  • 1991 Jane Geddes wins LPGA Jamaica Golf Classic
  • 1991 US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles
  • 1991 Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.
  • 1991 AFC Championship Game: Buffalo Bills beat Los Angeles Raiders 51-3
  • 1991 NFC Championship Game: New York Giants with a field goal by Matt Barr's with no time left beat San Francisco 49ers 15-13
  • 1992 Australia beat India 2-0 to win cricket's World Series Cup, David Boon scores the most runs in the series (432)
  • 1992 Score begins selling international soccer cards
  • 1993 Adm Studeman, serves as acting director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Bill Clinton inaugurated as 42nd US President

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1995 "Love! Valor! Compassion!" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 276 performances
  • 1995 1994-95 NHL Season begin after a lengthy strike
  • 1995 Russian ruble drops to 3,947 per dollar (record)
  • 1996 46th NHL All-Star Game: East beat West 5-4 at Fleet Center Boston
  • 1996 Australia defeat Sri Lanka 2-0 to win cricket's World Series Cup
  • 1996 US female Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan
  • 1996 WPAT FM NYC radio station switches to English-Spanish format
  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars' orbit
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in New Orleans LA on KKND 106.7 FM
  • 1997 Pakistan defeat West Indies 2-0 to win Aust one-day Series
  • 1997 2nd Critics' Choice Movie Awards: Fargo wins Best Film
  • 1998 Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducts Mama & Papas & Eagles
  • 1998 Warner Brothers TV Network begins Tueday night programming
  • 1998 3rd Critics' Choice Movie Awards: L.A. Confidential wins Best Film
  • 1999 The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 President of the Philippines Joseph Estrada is ousted in the EDSA II Revolution and succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

President of the Philippines Joseph Estrada
President of the Philippines
Joseph Estrada
14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  • 2002 Photographs showing al-Qaeda and Taliban suspects shackled and masked are published by the United States military

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

2002 59th Golden Globes: A Beautiful Mind, Russell Crowe, & Sissy Spacek win

  • 2002 18th Sundance Film Festival: "Personal Velocity: Three Portraits", directed by Rebecca Miller, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

2007 12th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Departed wins Best Film

Film Director Martin Scorsese
Film Director
Martin Scorsese
  • 2008 AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat San Diego Chargers 21-12
  • 2008 NFC Championship Game: New York Giants beat Green Bay Packers 23-20 (OT)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009 Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becomes the United States' first African-American president

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009 Joe Biden assumes the office of the Vice President of the United States

47th Vice President of the United States Joe Biden
47th Vice President of the United States
Joe Biden
  • 2013 Austria votes to maintain compulsory military service in a referendum
  • 2013 AFC Championship Game: Baltimore Ravens beat New England Patriots 28-13
  • 2013 NFC Championship Game: San Francisco 49ers beat Atlanta Falcons 28-24
  • 2014 Credit cards of at least 20 million South Koreans are hacked