Historical Events on 20th January

Events 1 - 200 of 201

250 - St Fabian ends his reign as Catholic Pope (236-50)
820 - Book of mother, published
1045 - Giovanni di Sabina elected Pope Sylvester III
1156 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland
1265 - The first Parliament of England summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) met in Westminster Hall
1320 - Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland
1356 - Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots.
1502 - The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.
1503 - Casa Contratacion (Board of Trade) found (Spain) to deal with American affairs
1513 - Christian II succeeds Johan I as Danish/Norwegian king
1523 - Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
1576 - The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almansa.
1613 - Peace of Knarodends War of Kalmar between Denmark & Sweden
1648 - Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
1667 - Treaty of Andrussovo-ends 13 year war between Poland & Russia
1778 - 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass
1781 - 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
1785 - Samuel Ellis advertises to sell Oyster Island (Ellis Is), no takers
1788 - Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah, Ga
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John MarshallChief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall 1801 - John Marshall appointed US chief justice
1807 - Napoleon convenes great Sanhedrin, Paris
1809 - 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
1839 - In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats a Peruvian and Bolivian alliance.
1840 - Dumont D'Urville discovers Adélie Land, Antarctica
1840 - Dutch King Willem II crowned
1841 - China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War
1850 - Investigator, first ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
1860 - Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
1866 - Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
1868 - Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
1869 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress
1870 - "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
1870 - Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis as US Senator for Mississippi
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels 1872 - California Stock Exchange Board organized
1879 - British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
1883 - Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
1887 - US Senate approves naval base lease of Pearl Harbor
1892 - 1st basketball game played (Mass)
1905 - The US begins supervision of the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing Roosevelt's 'Corollary' to the Monroe Doctrine
1910 - Ottawa Senators sweep Edmonton in 2 for Stanley Cup (2nd of 1910)
1914 - The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
1920 - Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
1920 - The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
1921 - British submarine HMS K5 (which was unusually equipped with steam turbines) sank with 57 crew during exercises in the Bay of Biscay
1921 - Dagestan ASSR forms in RSFSR
1921 - Mountain Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR
1921 - Republic of Turkey declared in remnants of Ottoman Empire
1922 - Arthur Honegger's ballet "Skating Rink" premieres, Paris
1925 - The Soviet and Japan sign a convention resuming relations: Russia agrees to limit revolutionary activity of the Third Communist International, while Japan agrees to leave the Sakhalin
1926 - 2nd German government of Luther begins
1929 - 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
1930 - 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit)
1934 - Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria
King of Great Britain Edward VIIIKing of Great Britain Edward VIII 1936 - Edward VIII succeeds British king George V
1937 - -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
1937 - 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)
1939 - Charles Ives' 1st Sonata "Concord" premieres
1941 - Bela Bartok's 6th string quartet, premieres in NYC
1942 - Japanese invade Burma
1942 - Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin to organise the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews
1943 - Lead, South Dakota, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F
1943 - Operation Weiss: German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian troops attempt to retake land liberated by Tito's partisans
1944 - RAF drops 2,300 ton bombs on Berlin
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President
1945 - The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
1946 - F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
1947 - Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
1949 - J. Edgar Hoover gives Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen
1949 - US President Harry Truman announces his four point program
1950 - "Dance Me a Song" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 35 performances
1950 - Suriname becomes independent part in Realm of Netherlands
1950 - 1950 NFL Draft: Leon Hart from University of Notre Dame first pick by Detroit Lions
1952 - British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise SuggsGolfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs 1952 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1953 - 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY
1953 - 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)
1954 - -70°F (-57°C), Rogers Pass, Montana (US 48 state record)
1954 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's' "Concertino opus 94" premieres
1954 - The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
1955 - The first nuclear powered submarine, USS Nautilus, launched at Groton, Connecticut
1956 - Buddy Holly records "Blue Days Black Night" in Nashville
1957 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1957 - Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
1957 - Morton Gould's "Declaration" premieres in Washington, D.C.
1958 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
LPGA Golfer Betsy RawlsLPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls 1958 - KUED TV channel 7 in Salt Lake City, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - A group attempting the 1st surface crossing of Antarctic join up at the South Pole
1959 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's Moscow-Tsjerjomoesjki premieres in Moscow
1960 - Patrice Lumumba sentenced to 6 months in Belgian Congo
1961 - Francis Poulenc's "Gloria" premieres in Boston
1961 - Robert Frost recites "Gift Outright" at JFK's inauguration
1961 - Yugoslav ex-vice-president Milovan Djilas flees
1961 - The Democrat J.F. Kennedy is inaugurated as President of the United States, the youngest ever sworn in
1962 - "Kean" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
1964 - "Meet The Beatles" album released in US
1965 - The Beatles appear on Shindig (ABC-TV)
Poet Robert FrostPoet Robert Frost 1965 - The Byrds record "Mr Tambourine Man"
1965 - The US Jet Propulsion Laboratory proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return
1965 - Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain
1968 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
1968 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Tim Wood
1968 - Houston Cougars defeat the UCLA Bruins 71-69 to win basketball's Game of the Century and end UCLA's 47 game winning streak
1969 - Richard M Nixon inaugurated as US president
1969 - U of Az reports 1st optical id of pulsar (in Crab Nebula)
1970 - 20th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 142-135 at Philadelphia
1970 - 23rd NHL All-Star Game: East beat West 4-1 at St Louis
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1970 - Super Fight, computer mock championship between Ali & Marciano; Marciano won.
1971 - Ard Schenk skates world record 1000m (1:18.8)
1971 - John Lennon meets Yoko Ono's parents in Japan
1972 - Six oil exporting countries conclude meetings with Western oil companies; an agreement is reached to raise the price of crude
1972 - People out of work and claiming unemployment benifit in UK rises to over 1 million
1973 - A car bomb explodes in Sackville Place, Dublin, Republic of Ireland, killing 1 person and injuring 17 (no organisation claimed responsibility)
1974 - NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 15-13
1974 - 7th ABA All-Star Game: East 128 beats West 112 at Virginia
1974 - Essex Comm College beats Englewood Cliffs 210-67 in basketball
1975 - NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 17-10
Artist & Musician Yoko OnoArtist & Musician Yoko Ono 1975 - Terrence McNally's "Ritz" premieres in NYC
1976 - 29th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-5 at Phila
1977 - George H W Bush, ends term as 11th director of CIA
1977 - Mr Knoche, serves as acting director of CIA
1978 - Columbia Pictures pays $9.5 million for movie rights to "Annie"
1979 - 1 million Iranians march in Tehran in a show of support for the exiled Ayatollah Khomeini, fundamentalist Muslim leader
1980 - President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Olympics in Moscow
1980 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
1980 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
1980 - Super Bowl XIV: Pittsburgh Steelers beat LA Rams, 31-19 in Pasadena, MVP: Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, QB
1981 - 52 Americans held hostage in Iran for 444 days freed
39th US President Jimmy Carter39th US President Jimmy Carter 1981 - Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), ends term as 12th director of CIA
1981 - Frank C Carlucci, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1981 - Islander Glenn Resch's 25th & last shut-out opponent-Flames 5-0
1981 - Ronald Reagan inaugurated as 40th US President
1981 - The US diplomats and citizens held hostage at the US embassy in Tehran begin their journey home
1982 - 7 miners killed in an explosion in Craynor Ky
1982 - Honduras constitution goes into effect
1982 - Piet Dankert elected chairman of European Parliament
1982 - Darryl Sittler is traded by the Toronto Maple Leafs to the Philadelphia Flyers
1982 - Heavy metal musician Ozzy Osbourne bites the head off a bat on stage in Des Moines, Iowa
1983 - American gangster Roy DeMeo is found murdered in his car trunk after disappearing a few days earlier
Gangster Roy DeMeoGangster Roy DeMeo 1984 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
1985 - Cold front strikes US, at least 40 die (-27°F (-33°C) in Chicago)
1985 - Super Bowl XIX: SF 49ers beat Miami Dolphins, 38-16 in Stanford Super Bowl MVP: Joe Montana, San Francisco, QB
1986 - 1st federal holiday honoring Martin Luther King Jr
1986 - Chunnel announced (railroad tunnel under Canal)
1986 - Milt coup in Lesotho under gen-mjr Lekhanya & premier Leabua Jonathan
1987 - Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon by Islamic militia group
1987 - Rhino Records 1st #1-Billy Vera & Beaters' "At This Moment"
1987 - 8th ACE Cable Awards: Ted Turner wins the Golden CableACE
1987 - Bank robber Robert Alan Litchfield is arrested at Lake Tahoe
1987 - UK Police crackdown on soccer hooligans in biggest operation against violence around football stadiums
Bank Robber Robert Alan LitchfieldBank Robber Robert Alan Litchfield 1988 - Andre Hoffman skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)
1988 - Arizona committee opens hearing on impeachment of Gov Evan Mecham
1989 - George H W Bush inaugurated as 41st US President & Dan Quayle becomes 44th Vice President
1989 - Wayne Holdsworth takes a wicket 1st ball in 1st-class cricket
1989 - Reagan becomes 1st pres elected in a "0" year, since 1840, to leave office alive
1990 - 47th Golden Globes: Born on the Fouth of July, Tom Cruise, & Michelle Pfeiffer win
1990 - US 64th manned space mission STS 32 (Columbia 10) returns from space
1990 - Black January - crackdown of Azerbaijani pro-independence demonstrations by Soviet army in Baku.
1991 - "Black & Blue" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 829 performances
1991 - "Les Miserables" opens at Pantages Theatre, LA
Actor Tom CruiseActor Tom Cruise 1991 - "Peter Pan" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC or 45 performances
1991 - "Shogun - The Musical" closes at Marquis Theater NYC after 72 perfs
1991 - 13th UCP Telethon
1991 - Buffalo Bills beat LA Raiders 51-3 for AFC title
1991 - Jane Geddes wins LPGA Jamaica Golf Classic
1991 - US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles
1991 - Matt Barr's field goal with no time left gives NY Giant 15-13 Victory over defending champs SF 49ers, for NFC title
1991 - Sudan's government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country's Muslim north and Christian south.
1991 - AFC Championship Game: Buffalo Bills beat Los Angeles Raiders 51-3
1991 - NFC Championship Game: New York Giants beat San Francisco 49ers 15-13
1992 - Australia beat India 2-0 to win cricket's World Series Cup
LPGA Golfer Jane GeddesLPGA Golfer Jane Geddes 1992 - Score begins selling international soccer cards
1993 - Adm Studeman, serves as acting director of CIA
1993 - Bill Clinton inaugurated as 42nd US President
1995 - "Love! Valor! Compassion!" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 276 perfs
1995 - 1994-95 NHL Season begin after a lengthy strike
1995 - Russian ruble drops to 3,947 per dollar (record)
1996 - 46th NHL All-Star Game: East beat West 5-4 at Fleet Center Boston
1996 - Australia defeat Sri Lanka 2-0 to win cricket's World Series Cup
1996 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan
1996 - WPAT FM NYC radio station switches to English-Spanish format
1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars' orbit
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in New Orleans LA on KKND 106.7 FM
1997 - Pakistan defeat West Indies 2-0 to win Aust one-day Series
42nd US President Bill Clinton42nd US President Bill Clinton 1997 - 2nd Critics' Choice Movie Awards: Fargo wins Best Film
1998 - Rock & Roll Hall of Fame inducts Mama & Papas & Eagles
1998 - Warner Brothers TV Network begins Tueday night programming
1998 - 3rd Critics' Choice Movie Awards: L.A. Confidential wins Best Film
1999 - The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use aimed especially at Internet cafés.
2001 - President of the Philippines Joseph Estrada is ousted in the EDSA II Revolution and succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
2002 - Photographs showing al-Qaeda and Taliban suspects shackled and masked are published by the United States military
2002 - 59th Golden Globes: A Beautiful Mind, Russell Crowe, & Sissy Spacek win
2002 - 18th Sundance Film Festival: "Personal Velocity: Three Portraits", directed by Rebecca Miller, wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
2007 - 12th Critics' Choice Movie Awards: The Departed wins Best Film
Film Director Martin ScorseseFilm Director Martin Scorsese 2008 - AFC Championship Game: New England Patriots beat San Diego Chargers 21-12
2008 - NFC Championship Game: New York Giants beat Green Bay Packers 23-20 (OT)
2009 - Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becomes the United States' first African-American president
2009 - Joe Biden assumes the office of the Vice President of the United States
2013 - Austria votes to maintain compulsory military service in a referendum
2013 - AFC Championship Game: Baltimore Ravens beat New England Patriots 28-13
2013 - NFC Championship Game: San Francisco 49ers beat Atlanta Falcons 28-24

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