Historical Events on July 11

  • 911 Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy
  • 1156 Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
  • 1244 Chwarizneense Turken defeats Jerusalem
  • 1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium. Flemish coalition defeat French army
  • 1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1347 Heir to the Bohemian throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
  • 1376 English "Good Parliament" meets
  • 1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time
  • 1423 Arnold van Egmont becomes Duke of Gelre
  • 1476 Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances
  • 1525 Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicates England's King Henry VIII

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1576 Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
  • 1588 French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1635 Armies of Savoye/Mantua/Parma occupy Milan
  • 1673 Netherlands & Denmark sign defense treaty
  • 1690 Battle of Drogheda Boyne (William III beat deposed James II)
  • 1708 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 1735 Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
  • 1740 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Tsarina Anne
  • 1750 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is almost completely destroyed by fire.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Captain James Cook begins his third voyage

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1781 Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • 1792 Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1798 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • 1801 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1811 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Scientist
Amedeo Avogadro
  • 1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
  • 1818 Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born," "Lines Written in the Highlands," & "Gadfly"
  • 1848 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • 1848 London's Waterloo Station opens
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Mountain VA - Gen Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • 1861 Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • 1862 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • 1863 Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • 1863 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1864 Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
  • 1864 Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C.
  • 1877 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • 1882 British fleet bombs Alexandria
  • 1888 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)
  • 1888 Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • 1889 Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892 US Patent Office says J W Swan, rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1893 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • 1893 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • 1895 First ever automobile race: Paris to Bordeaux 1,178 km in 48 hours, 48 minutes
  • 1895 Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as the 7th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1897 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
  • 1900 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury resigns

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1905 Black intellectuals & activists lead by WEB Dubois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement
  • 1906 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1915 German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • 1916 Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • 1916 Germany launches final offensive in the Battle of Verdun
  • 1919 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
  • 1920 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1921 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
  • 1922 The Hollywood Bowl opens.
  • 1923 Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
  • 1924 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1925 Queen Wilhelmina names H Colijn head of government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Bradman scores 309 in a day vs England at Leeds, goes on to 334

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1931 NY Giants beat Phillies 23-8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR became 1st US president to travel through Panama Canal

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opens
  • 1939 7th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Yankee Stadium, New York NY Yankee/AL maanager Joe McCarthy starts 6 Yankees
  • 1940 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay
  • 1940 Marshall Henri Petain, French hero of World War One, becomes head of the collaborative Vichy government of France.
  • 1941 German troops attack Dnjepr
  • 1943 7th day of battle at Kursk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • 1943 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • 1943 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • 1944 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • 1944 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • 1946 Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1948 1st air bombing of Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 17th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-3 in 14 at Comiskey Park, Chic Ted Williams breaks his elbow; 1st extra inning All Star Game

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1952 Gen Eisenhower nominated as Republican US presidential candidate

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1952 81st British Golf Open: Bobby Locke shoots a 287 at Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club
  • 1954 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Miss
  • 1955 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • 1955 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • 1960 28th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, KC
  • 1960 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1960 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta & Niger declare independence
  • 1960 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • 1961 30th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 in 10 at Candlestick Pk, SF
  • 1961 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)
  • 1962 Brothers Hank & Tommie Aaron homer in same inning
  • 1962 Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - 4 days
  • 1962 Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 South-African ANC Walter Sisulu/Andrew Mlangeni/Govan Mbeki arrested

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 Israeli Mapai-party nominates David Ben-Gurion

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1965 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Midwest Golf Open
  • 1967 38th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 15 at Anaheim Stadium, CA
  • 1967 All star MVP: Tony Perez (Cincinnati Reds)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Kenny Rogers forms 1st Edition

Country Singer Kenny Rogers
Country Singer
Kenny Rogers
  • 1968 Earl Weaver replaces Hank Bauer as manager of Orioles
  • 1968 Start of Colin Cowdrey's 100th Test, 1st person to do so

Music releaseMusic Single

1969 David Bowie releases the single "Space Oddity" 9 days before Apollo 11 lands on the moon

Singer-Songwriter David Bowie
Singer-Songwriter
David Bowie
  • 1969 Rolling Stones release "Honky Tonk Woman"
  • 1971 Chilean parliament nationalizes US copper mines
  • 1971 Jane Blalock wins LPGA George Washington Golf Classic
  • 1971 Phillies Deron Johnson 3 HRs caps his 4 in a row
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army set off a number of bombs in the centre of Belfast injuring a number of people
  • 1973 Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris, 122 killed
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
  • 1974 World Football League plays 1st games
  • 1976 1st US football club in Austria forms (FAAFC-1st Austrian American)
  • 1976 31st US Women's Open Golf Championship won by JoAnne Carner
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1976 In pre-game promo at Atlanta County Stadium, 34 couples wed at home plate followed by Championship Wrestling "Headlocks & Wedlocks"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 US Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1978 49th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at San Diego Stadium
  • 1978 All star MVP: Steve Garvey (LA Dodgers) collects his second award
  • 1978 Auto with liquid gas crashes & explodes in Spain, 160 killed
  • 1979 US Skylab enters atmosphere over Australia & disintegrates
  • 1980 American hostage Richard Queen freed by Iran militants due to illness
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1981 Neva Rockefeller is 1st woman ordered to pay her husband alimony
  • 1981 Sebastian Coe of UK sets record for 1K (2:12.18)
  • 1982 "7 Brides for 7 Brothers" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1982 3rd U.S. Senior Golf Open: Miller Barber
  • 1982 Hollis Stacy wins West Virginia LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1982 FIFA World Cup: Italy beats West Germany 3-1 for football's 12th World Cup in Madrid
  • 1983 Lorraine Elizabeth Downes, 19, of NZ, crowned 32nd Miss Universe
  • 1984 55th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-1 at Candlestick Park, SF
  • 1984 All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos) awarded for 2nd time
  • 1984 Britain's MusicBox begins satellite transmission to Europe
  • 1984 Government orders air bags or seat belts would be required in cars by 1989
  • 1984 Lucas Mangope re-elected president of Bophuthatswana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Astros' Nolan Ryan, 1st to strike out 4000 (Mets' Danny Heep)

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1985 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1986 Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway runs 10,000 m in world record 30:13.74
  • 1986 Maricica Puica of Romania runs 2,000 m in 5:28.69 (record for women)
  • 1986 Mary Beth Whitehead christens surrogate Baby M, Sara
  • 1987 Heart's "Alone" single goes #1 for 3 weeks
  • 1987 Orioles' Cal Ripkin becomes 1st to manage 2 sons, as Billy joins Cal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Mike Tyson hires Donald Trump as an advisor

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1989 60th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Anaheim Stadium, Anaheim All star MVP: Bo Jackson (KC Royals)
  • 1989 President Ronald Reagan sportscasts All Star Game
  • 1990 NYC police arrest "Dartman" (stabbed over 50 women with darts)
  • 1990 Oka Crisis: First Nations land dispute in Quebec, Canada begins.
  • 1991 Calumet Farm, home to 8 Kentucky Derby winners, files bankruptcy
  • 1991 Total solar eclipse is seen in Hawaii
  • 1991 Nigeria Airways DC-8 crashes at Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 261 passengers and crew on board
  • 1992 Presidential candidate Ross Perot at NAACP speech calls them "you people"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 14th U.S. Senior Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus

  • 1993 Nancy Lopez wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1994 Suriname guilder devalued: NŸ1 = SŸ105
  • 1995 66th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 at Ballpark at Arlington Tx
  • 1995 All star MVP: Jeff Conine (Fla Marlins)
  • 1995 7,000 Bosnian Muslim men are massacred when Bosnian Serbs overrun the UN 'safe haven' of Srebrenica.
  • 1999 20th U.S. Senior Golf Open: Dave Eichelberger
  • 2000 71st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-3 at Turner Field, Atlanta
  • 2001 Iraq resumes oil exports, ending a 5-week halt in protest of a US and British-sponsored UN Security Council resolution
  • 2006 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai, India.
  • 2006 77th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-2 at PNC Park, Pittsburgh
  • 2007 15th ESPY Awards: LaDainian Tomlinson, Taryne Mowatt win

Film release premierFilm Release

2007 "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix", the 5th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released.

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 2010 FIFA World Cup: Spain beats the Netherlands 1-0 for football's 19th World Cup in Johannesburg (Spain's 1st title)
  • 2011 Neptune completes its first orbit since its discovery on September 23, 1846.
  • 2012 Police academy suicide bombing kills 20 in Sana'a, Yemen
  • 2012 S/2012 P 1, the fifth moon of Pluto is discovered

Sport awardSports Awards

2012 20th ESPY Awards: LeBron James, Brittney Griner win

Basketball Player LeBron James
Basketball Player
LeBron James

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Steve Nash is traded by the Phoenix Suns to the Los Angeles Lakers

Basketball Player Steve Nash
Basketball Player
Steve Nash
  • 2013 30 people are killed in a wave of bomb and gun attacks across Iraq
  • 2014 The UN Security Council calls for a special meeting to discuss the current Israel–Palestinian conflict; Israel continue attacks on Gaza

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Mexican drug lord Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán escapes from Altiplano maximum-security prison west of Mexico City via a specially constructed 1.5 km tunnel from his cell to a nearby house

Sport awardTennis Open

2015 122nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Serena Williams beats Garbine Muguruza (6-4 6-4)

Tennis Player Serena Williams
Tennis Player
Serena Williams