Historical Events on July 14

  • 1223 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II
  • 1420 Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia
  • 1535 Emperor Charles V conquers Tunis
  • 1581 English jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
  • 1682 Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London
  • 1698 The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
  • 1714 Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
  • 1769 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
  • 1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
  • 1789 Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
  • 1791 The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
  • 1798 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land & slaves
  • 1798 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government
  • 1822 Slave revolt in South Carolina under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas
  • 1823 Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
  • 1832 Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
  • 1845 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
  • 1850 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • 1853 1st US World's fair opens at New York's Crystal Palace
  • 1853 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 US President Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1853 New Zealand holds its first general election
  • 1861 Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • 1863 Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • 1863 Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • 1864 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • 1865 Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
  • 1868 Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1877 General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • 1891 John T Smith patents corkboard
  • 1902 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1909 Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
  • 1911 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912 Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1914 NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
  • 1916 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • 1916 St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
  • 1918 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • 1921 Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of killing their shoe company's paymaster
  • 1927 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
  • 1932 Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
  • 1933 Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
  • 1933 NSDAP (Nazis) becomes only political party in Germany
  • 1933 Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 & 9-44, at Leyton
  • 1934 116°F (47°C), Orogrande NM (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • 1934 NY Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
  • 1934 Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beats Cincinnati 18-0
  • 1934 Ruth hits 700th career home run
  • 1936 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • 1936 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1940 Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
  • 1940 Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
  • 1941 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
  • 1941 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • 1941 Jam rationed in Holland
  • 1942 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • 1942 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1944 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • 1944 US assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • 1945 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Benjamin Spock
  • 1946 Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Cleve Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • 1948 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
  • 1950 RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
  • 1951 "Courtin' Time" closes at National Theater NYC after 37 performances
  • 1951 "Make a Wish" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 performances
  • 1951 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)
  • 1951 Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
  • 1951 George Washington Carver monument unveiled
  • 1952 SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
  • 1953 1st US National monument dedicated to a Negro-George Washington Carver
  • 1953 20th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • 1954 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • 1954 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • 1955 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • 1956 Boston Red Sox Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0
  • 1957 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • 1958 General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq overthrowing the monarchy
  • 1958 Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th & last encyclical Meminisse juvat
  • 1959 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Mass
  • 1960 Barbara Romack wins LPGA Leesburg Pro-Am Golf Tournament
  • 1960 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • 1961 Astro's Eddie Matthews hits HR #500
  • 1961 Finland's Miettunen government forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et magistrate

  • 1962 Borehole for Mont Blanc tunnel finished
  • 1962 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sight Golf Open
  • 1963 50th Tour de France won by Jacques Anquetil of France
  • 1964 Oriole Bob Johnson's 6th straight hit as a pinch hitter
  • 1964 51st Tour de France won by Jacques Anquetil of France
  • 1965 Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
  • 1965 Israeli/Jordanian border fights
  • 1965 US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
  • 1965 52nd Tour de France won by Felice Gimondi of Italy
  • 1966 Richard Speck rapes & kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
  • 1966 53rd Tour de France won by Lucien Aimar of France
  • 1967 Astro Eddie Matthews hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Juan Marichal
  • 1967 Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
  • 1967 The Who begin a US tour opening for Herman's Hermits

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Brave Hank Aaron hits his 500th HR off SF Giant Mike McCormick

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron
  • 1968 Carol Mann wins LPGA Pabst Ladies' Golf Classic
  • 1968 Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes-out 18, beats Reds 6-1
  • 1968 WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 "Futbol War" between El Salvador & Honduras begins
  • 1969 Soccer war - Salvador-Honduras (1000 dead)
  • 1969 WMUL (now WPBY) TV channel 33 in Huntington, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1969 The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 1969 A 67-year-old Catholic civilian dies after being attacked by RUC officers in Dungiven; many consider this the first death of 'the Troubles'
  • 1969 Francis McCloskey, a Catholic civilian, dies one day after being hit on the head with a baton by an officer of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) during street disturbances in Dungiven, County Derry
  • 1970 41st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
  • 1970 All star MVP: Carl Yastremski (Boston Red Sox)
  • 1972 Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic National Committee
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1972 Plate ump & catcher in a game are brothers. Bill Haller is ump & Tom Haller is Tigers catcher, KC Royals win 1-0
  • 1973 102nd British Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf shoots a 276 at Royal Troon
  • 1973 Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to Everly Brothers
  • 1974 Billy Martin is 1st AL manager ejected by ump from 2 games in 1 day
  • 1974 Bundy victims Janice Ott & Denise Naslund disappear, Lk Sammamish, WA
  • 1974 Sharon Miller wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
  • 1975 EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1976 Jimmy Carter wins Democratic presidential nomination in NYC

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1976 USSR banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands
  • 1977 North Korea shoots down US helicopter, killing 3
  • 1977 US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
  • 1978 Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
  • 1978 Ump Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
  • 1978 Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode" - blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • 1981 Kevin Wade's "Key Exchange," premieres in London
  • 1983 Crane (Rep-R-Il) & Studds (Rep-D-Mas) admit to sex with pages
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB for remanifest of payloads
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 40th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Baker
  • 1985 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
  • 1985 Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
  • 1986 10 killed & 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
  • 1986 2nd government of Lubbers sworn in

Sport awardGolf Major

1986 41st US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jane Geddes

LPGA Golfer Jane Geddes
LPGA Golfer
Jane Geddes
  • 1986 Motley Crue's Vince Neil begins 30 day sentence for vehicular homicide
  • 1986 NASA's plan to implement recommendations of Rogers commission
  • 1986 Paul McCartney releases "Press"
  • 1986 Richard Miller becomes the 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage
  • 1986 Shalamar's Howard Hewett acquitted in Miami of drug charges
  • 1987 58th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-0 in 13 at Oakland-Alameda Stad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 All star MVP: Tim Raines (Montreal Expos)

MLB Outfielder Tim Raines
MLB Outfielder
Tim Raines
  • 1987 Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million
  • 1987 Lt Col Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Rookie of the Year Award is renamed to honor Jackie Robinson

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • 1987 Steve Miller's star is unveiled on Hollywood's Walk of Fame
  • 1987 Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
  • 1988 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorporation of Nagorno-Karabak

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Mike Schmidt passes Mickey Mantle with his 537th HR into 7th place

MLB Third Baseman Mike Schmidt
MLB Third Baseman
Mike Schmidt
Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1988 WYHY radio offers $1M to anyone who can prove Elvis is still alive
  • 1990 "Howard Stern's Summer Show" premieres on WWOR-TV (NYC)
  • 1990 Sara Martin, of Illinois, crowned America's Junior Miss

Sport awardGolf Major

1991 46th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Meg Mallon

LPGA Golfer Meg Mallon
LPGA Golfer
Meg Mallon
  • 1991 Failed military coup in Mali
  • 1992 63rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium, SD
  • 1992 Actress Nell Carter undergoes brain surgery
  • 1992 All star MVP: Ken Griffey Jr (Seattle Mariners)
  • 1992 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz, starting the open source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds release "Linux" soon afterwards.
  • 1993 Aeroflot starts non-stop flights between Moscow & NY
  • 1994 Gas explosion at old age home in Milan, 27 killed
  • 1995 LA Dodger Ramon Martinez no-hits the Florida Marlins 7-0
  • 1996 "How To Succeed in Business..." closes at R Rodgers NYC after 548 perf
  • 1996 "Thousand Clowns" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 32 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 14th Seniors Players Golf Championship: raymond floyd

Golfer and Four-Time Major Championship Winner Ray Floyd
Golfer and Four-Time Major Championship Winner
Ray Floyd
  • 1996 Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1996 NY Yankee John Weteland sets record of 24 consecutive saves
  • 1996 NY Yanks sweep complete season series in Baltimore for 1st time
  • 1997 Bomb in Algiers kills 21 & wounds 40
  • 1998 Violence erupts in Richmond, South Africa, reflecting underlying political tensions between supporters of the ANC and Inkatha Freedom Party
  • 2002 French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
  • 2005 38th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2007 Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

Film release premierFilm Premier

2008 "The Dark Knight" directed by Christopher Nolan, starring Christian Bale and Heath Ledger, premieres in New York

  • 2009 80th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Busch Stadium, St Louis
  • 2009 Singapore experiences a seasonally adjusted and annualised growth of 20.4% in the second quarter as a result of increased pharmaceuticals production and construction, bringing the country out of the recession
  • 2010 18th ESPY Awards: Drew Brees, Lindsey Vonn win
  • 2012 Suicide bomber attacks a wedding reception and kills 22 people and inures 22 in northern Afghanistan
  • 2012 Floods on the Japanese island of Kyushu kill 20 and displace 250,000
  • 2014 The Church of England votes in favor of allowing women to become bishops
  • 2014 The death toll from the West African Ebola outbreak passes 500
  • 2014 The Egyptian government propose a cease fire in the Israel–Gaza conflict
  • 2014 After 7 days, Israel has struck Gaza 1320 times, while Gaza has fired 940 rockets at Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Harper Lee's 2nd novel "Go Set A Watchman", an early 1957 version of "To Kill A Mocking Bird" goes on sale in 70 countries

Author Harper Lee
Harper Lee
  • 2015 Scientists from the Large Hadron Collider announce the discovery of a new particle called the pentaquark
  • 2015 Arms deal agreed between 6 world powers and Iran limiting Iranian nuclear arms but ending sanctions
  • 2015 86th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-3 at Great American Ball Park, Cincinnati