Historical Events on July 15

  • 1099 City of Jerusalem is captured and plundered by Christian forces during the First Crusade
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitudea and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus
  • 1207 King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1240 A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • 1307 Duke Henrik of Corinthia chosen as King of Bohemia
  • 1381 John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, is hung, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England.
  • 1410 Battle of Grunwald (2nd Battle of Tannenburg), one of the largest battles of medieval Europe, during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen
  • 1500 Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion
  • 1500 Baglione family massacre at the "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione & Lavinia Colonna in Perugia
  • 1501 Explorer Pedro Cabral back in Lisbon
  • 1524 Emperor Karel I bans German national synode
  • 1538 Peace talks between Karel & King Francois I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1662 King Charles II charters Royal Society in London

  • 1741 Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
  • 1755 French ambassador recalled from London
  • 1779 American troops under Gen A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, NY
  • 1783 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • 1787 Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
  • 1789 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, is named by acclamation colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris.
  • 1795 "Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1806 Zebulon Pike began his journey to explore the Southwest
  • 1808 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • 1815 Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • 1815 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • 1823 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
  • 1830 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, sign fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa & Missouri
  • 1840 Great Britain, Russia, Austria & Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1850 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • 1856 Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1862 CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
  • 1863 Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • 1864 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 & injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • 1867 San Francisco Merchants' Exchange opens
  • 1869 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
  • 1870 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • 1870 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created
  • 1870 Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • 1876 Baseball's 1st no-hitter, St Louis' George W Bradley no-hits Hartford
  • 1880 4th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats H Lawford (6-2 6-3 6-2 2-6 6-3)
  • 1888 Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years

Sport awardTennis Open

1895 12th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats H Jackson (7-5 8-6)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • 1895 19th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats W Eaves (4-6 2-6 8-6 6-2 6-3)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Camillo Golgi discovers the Golgi Apparatus (a delicate network inside cells essential for the transmission and reception of information between cells)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1900 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • 1901 NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0
  • 1902 Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex v Surrey
  • 1904 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles
  • 1906 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1909 Ty Cobb hits 2 inside-the-park HRs

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1911 46" of rain (begining 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
  • 1914 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • 1915 The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
  • 1915 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • 1916 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • 1916 Boeing Company (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash
  • 1918 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins
  • 1920 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • 1922 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at NY zoo
  • 1922 26th US Golf Open: Gene Sarazen shoots a 288 at Skokie CC in Ill

Sport awardGolf Major

1923 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in NY

Golfer Bobby Jones
Bobby Jones
  • 1923 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • 1926 VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
  • 1927 62nd British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 285 at St Andrews
  • 1927 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police
  • 1928 22nd Tour de France won by Nicolas Frantz of Luxembourg
  • 1929 1st airport hotel opens-Oakland, Ca

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 US President Hoover cuts own salary 15%

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1933 Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world
  • 1934 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • 1936 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • 1937 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • 1937 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • 1938 Arthur Fagg completes 244 & 202 in the same cricket game for Kent
  • 1939 Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight
  • 1940 1st betatron placed in operation, Urbana, Il
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
  • 1940 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • 1942 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • 1942 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • 1944 Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb

Sport awardGolf Major

1945 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • 1946 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown
  • 1948 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • 1948 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • 1948 US President Harry Truman nominated for another term (Philadelphia)
  • 1949 "Miss Liberty" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 308 performances
  • 1949 Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobny & Vladimir Cernik defect to US
  • 1949 WBTV TV channel 3 in Charlotte, NC (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1952 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins
  • 1953 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • 1954 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
  • 1954 1st commercial jet transport plane built in US tested (Boeing 707)
  • 1954 KOCO TV channel 5 in Oklahoma City, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 WBOC TV channel 16 in Salisbury, MD (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • 1956 Beverly Hanson/Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Hot Springs Golf Invitational
  • 1956 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1957 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 President Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • 1960 Balt Orioles' Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle
  • 1960 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • 1961 "Donnybrook!" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 68 performances

Sport awardGolf Major

1961 90th British Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots a 284 at Royal Birkdale

  • 1961 Spain accepts equal rights for men & women
  • 1962 Algeria becomes member of Arab League
  • 1962 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Milwaukee Golf Open
  • 1962 Netherlands & Indonesia reach agreement over New Guinea
  • 1962 49th Tour de France won by Jacques Anquetil of France
  • 1963 KAIT TV channel 8 in Jonesboro, AR (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1963 Paul McCartney is fined £17 for speeding
  • 1964 Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans
  • 1965 "Mariner IV" sends back 1st pictures of Mars
  • 1965 Athanassiades Novas succeeds Papandreo as premier of Greece
  • 1967 "Sweet Charity" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 608 performances
  • 1967 LA Wolves beat Wash Whips 6-5 in OT to be United Soccer Ass champs
  • 1967 Roberto DeVicenzo of Argentina wins golf's British Open
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 96th British Golf Open: Robert De Vicenzo shoots a 278 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club
  • 1968 "One Life to Live" premieres on TV
  • 1968 Commercial air travel begins between US & USSR
  • 1968 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1968 NJ Americans moved to Comack & become NY Nets (ABA)
  • 1968 Soap opera "One Life To Live" premieres
  • 1969 Cincinnati Red Lee May hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader
  • 1969 Rod Carew ties record with his 7th steal of home in a season
  • 1970 Denmark beats Italy 2-0 in 1st world female soccer championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon announces he would visit People's Republic of China

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1972 101st British Golf Open: Lee Trevino shoots 278 at Muirfield Gullane
  • 1972 Sandra Palmer/Jane Blalock wins Angelo's Four-Ball Golf Championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 California Angel Nolan Ryan 2nd no-hitter beats Detroit Tigers, 6-0

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1973 Carole Jo Skala wins LPGA George Washington Golf Classic
  • 1973 Paul Getty III kidnapped
  • 1973 Ray Davies announces retirement from Kinks then attempts suicide
  • 1973 Willie McCovey becomes 15th to hit 400 HRs
  • 1974 Military coup on Cyprus: archbishop/president Makarios flees
  • 1975 46th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-3 at County Stadium, Milwaukee
  • 1975 All star MVP: Bill Madlock (Pittsburgh Pirates) & John Matlock (NY Mets)
  • 1975 Soyuz 19 & Apollo 18 launched; will rendezvous 2 days later
  • 1976 36-hr kidnap of 26 school children & their bus driver in Calif

Sport awardGolf Major

1978 107th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 281 at St Andrews

  • 1979 34th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jerilyn Britz
  • 1979 Morarji Desai resigns as premier of India

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1980 Johnny Bench hits his 314th HR as a catcher which breaks Yogi Berra's record

MLB Catcher Johnny Bench
MLB Catcher
Johnny Bench
MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra
MLB Catcher and Manager
Yogi Berra
  • 1982 Body of Wendy Caulfield, 1st Green River victim, found near Seattle
  • 1982 Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via Dyess AFB, Texas
  • 1982 Senate confirms George Shultz as 60th sec of state by vote of 97-0
  • 1983 8 killed, 54 wounded, by Armenian extremists bomb at Orly, France
  • 1983 Linda Ronstadt debuts as Mabel in "Pirates of Penzance"
  • 1984 39th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy
  • 1984 John Lennon's "I'm Stepping Out" released posthumously
  • 1985 Deborah Carthy-Deu, of Puerto Rico, crowned 34th Miss Universe
  • 1986 57th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-2 at Astrodome, Houston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 All star MVP: Roger Clemens (Boston Red Sox)

MLB Pitching Legend Roger Clemens
MLB Pitching Legend
Roger Clemens
  • 1987 Boy George barred from British TV show, he may be a bad influence
  • 1987 John Poindexter testifies at Iran-Contra hearings
  • 1987 State of siege ends in Taiwan

Film release premierFilm Release

1988 "Die Hard" directed by John McTiernan and starring Bruce Willis and Alan Rickman is released in the US

Sport awardGolf Major

1990 45th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy King

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King
  • 1991 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1991 US troops leave northern Iraq
  • 1991 Sandhi Ortiz-DelValle is 1st woman to officiate a men's pro basketball (USBL) game, game between New Haven Skyhawks & Philadelphia Spirit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 3 weeks to have tumor removed

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1992 The Security Council of the UN examine violence in South Africa
  • 1994 Gyula Horn sworn in as premier of Hungary
  • 1994 Israel & Jordan agree to talks in Wash DC on July 25th
  • 1994 NJ Nets Derrek Coleman accused of rape in Detroit
  • 1994 Sonia O'Sullivan runs 3K (8:21.64)
  • 1994 Hundreds of thousands of Hutus flee to Zaire in the Congo near the end of the Rwandan Genocide
  • 1995 Birmingham Barracudas 1st CFL home game (vs Hamilton)
  • 1995 Northern Virginia begins using new area code 540
  • 1996 After 2,216 consecutive games at shortstop, Cal Ripkin goes to 3rd
  • 1996 MSNBC begins Microsoft internet-NBC TV
  • 1996 Southern Mexico hit with 6.5 earthquake
  • 1996 A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport.
  • 1997 Jerold Mackenzie awarded $26.6M (later reduced to $625,000) for being fired from Miller Brewing for sexual harassment for relaying a Seinfeld episode to a co worker
  • 1999 The inaugural game at the Seattle Mariners' Safeco Field was held in Seattle, Washington.
  • 1999 Scientists uncover possible reason for SS Waratah's disappearance 100 years later; The SS Waratah was a luxury steamer which did not reach its destination in 1909, and no trace of the wreckage was ever found
  • 2002 "American Taliban" John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
  • 2002 Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2003 AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.
  • 2003 74th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-6 at U.S. Cellular Field, Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2005 After declining an offer to remain with the Anaheim Mighty Ducks, Mike Babcock is named head coach of the Detroit Red Wings

NHL Coach Mike Babcock
NHL Coach
Mike Babcock

Film release premierFilm Premier

2005 "Wedding Crashers", starring Owen Wilson and Vince Vaughn, premieres

  • 2009 A 7.9 Magnitude earthquake registers 160km west of Invercargill, New Zealand, creating a small tsunami.

Film release premierFilm Release

2009 "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", the 6th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released worldwide

Novelist J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
  • 2012 39 pilgrims are killed in a bus crash in Parasi, Nepal
  • 2012 A Russian Soyuz rocket with an international team launches for a mission to the International Space Station
  • 2013 13 people are killed by a car bomb in Deir Atiyah, Syria
  • 2013 18 people are killed and 47 are injured in a riot following a boxing match in Indonesia
  • 2014 20 people are killed & 100 are injured after a train derails in Moscow
  • 2014 Israel announces it has officially voted to accept the ceasefire proposed by Egypt; Hamas reject, saying they were not consulted
  • 2014 85th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Target Field, Minnesota
  • 2016 Attempted military coup in Turkey fails, nearly 300 killed, 6,000 then arrested