Historical Events on 16th July

Events 1 - 187 of 187

463 - Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius
622 - Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
1054 - Michael Caerularius excommunicated of Constantinople
1054 - Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia during Saturday afternoon divine liturgy. Often dated as start of the East-West Schism.
1099 - Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
1212 - Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Muslim power in Spain
1251 - The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stock a Brown Scapular (legend)
1338 - German monarch signs Treaty of Rense
1429 - Army entered Reims
1429 - Joan of Arc and the French army enter the city of Rheims
1439 - Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)
1465 - Battle at Montlhéry
1519 - Public debate between Martin Luther & theologist John Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, Luther denies the divine right of the Pope
Founder of Protestanism Martin LutherFounder of Protestanism Martin Luther 1548 - La Paz, Bolivia is founded
1573 - Alva demands submission of Zealand/Holland
1618 - Capt John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
1661 - 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm
1683 - Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa attain Vienna
1683 - Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
1755 - John Adams graduates Harvard
1769 - Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego, 1st mission in California
1782 - Mozart's opera "Das Entfuhrung aus dem Serail," premieres in Vienna
1790 - US Congress establishes District of Columbia
1798 - US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized
1801 - Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1809 - La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
1819 - Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen sets sail to explore Antarctica for Tsar Alexander I
1845 - NY Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
1856 - Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
1857 - Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
1861 - Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
1861 - Manassas Campaign [->JUL 22]
1862 - David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy
1863 - Utrecht-Swells railway opens
1867 - Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
1867 - D R Averill patents ready-mixed paint
US Civil War Admiral David FarragutUS Civil War Admiral David Farragut 1867 - Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
1879 - 3rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John Hartley beats V Goold (6-2 6-4 6-2)
1880 - Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
1883 - 7th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (2-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 6-3)
1888 - 5th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley (6-3 6-3)
1888 - 12th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ernest Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-3 7-5 6-0)
1894 - Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
1894 - Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England
1895 - Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs v Somerset at Taunton
1897 - The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil John Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal
1900 - A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobolize support for relief of foreigners
1900 - Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
1901 - The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
1902 - John McGraw named manager of NY Giants
1902 - Test Cricket debut of K S Ranjitsinhji v Australia, at Old Trafford
1904 - Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
1909 - Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
1912 - Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
1914 - Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
Tsar Nicholas IITsar Nicholas II 1918 - A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family
1920 - 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
1920 - China joins the League of Nations
1920 - Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
1920 - Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
1921 - Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
1924 - Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
1924 - NY Giants George Kelly is 1st to hit HRs in 6 cons games
1925 - The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
1926 - Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
1926 - National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal AtatürkPresident and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk 1927 - Augusto Sandino begins 5½ year war against US occupation of Nicaragua
1934 - Bradman scores 140 Aust v Yorkshire, 120 mins, 22 fours 2 sixes
1935 - 1st automatic parking meter in US installed (Oklahoma City, Ok)
1936 - 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
1936 - NY Giants are 10½ games back in NL, & go on to win pennant
1938 - 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee CC Shawnee-on-Del Pa
1940 - NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee
1941 - 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle Wash
1941 - Joe DiMaggio goes 3 for 4, hitting in his 56th straight game
1942 - French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
1942 - Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
1944 - Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 & break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
1945 - 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhatten Project
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1945 - Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
1945 - Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
1946 - Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in SF history)
1946 - US court martials 46 SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
1947 - Bobo Newsom wins 200th game, 1st as a Yankee & Yanks 18th straight In nightcap Vic Rashi extends streak to 19
1948 - Eddie Sawyer replaces Ben Chapman in Phila, NY Giants Leo Durocher replaces Mel Ott & Burt Shotton replaces Durocher as Dodger manager
1950 - Single day 16 team HR record set at 37 (NL-25, AL-12)
1950 - FIFA World Cup: Uruguay beats Brazil 2-1 for soccer's 4th World Cup in Rio de Janeiro
1951 - King Leopold III, of Belgium, abdicates
1951 - Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorks v Surrey at The Oval
1951 - Novel "Catcher in Rye" by J. D. Salinger published
Novelist J. D. SalingerNovelist J. D. Salinger 1953 - KROC (now KTTC) TV channel 10 in Rochester, MN (NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 - "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland
1956 - Detroit Tigers & Briggs Stadium sold for then record $5.5 million
1956 - Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
1956 - King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
1956 - Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent
1957 - Marine Maj John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)
1960 - 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
1960 - George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
1961 - Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Tippecanoe Golf Open
1961 - Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 2"
1961 - 48th Tour de France won by Jacques Anquetil of France
1963 - Amazon river carries 190,000 m3/sec of water (record)
1964 - Republicans convention selects Barry Goldwater as pres candidate
1965 - Mount Blanc Road tunnel between France & Italy opens
1966 - "Half a Sixpence" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 512 perfs
1966 - Number of banned persons in South Africa totals 936; the individuals are banned under various laws, most prominently the Suppression of Communism and Riotous Assembly Acts
1966 - Nigeria becomes the first Anglophone independent state in Africa to become an associate member of European Economic Community
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1967 - Mickey Wright wins Lady Carling Golf Open
1967 - Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida)
Buzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the MoonBuzz Aldrin's bootprint, one of the first steps taken on the Moon

1969 - Apollo 11, carrying 1st men to land on Moon, launched
1970 - Iraq's constitution goes into effect
1970 - Reds spoil Pirates debut in Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium, 3-2
1970 - 9th British Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1971 - Franco appoints prince Juan Carlos as deputy in Spain
1971 - The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) withdraw from Stormont (North Ireland Parliament) after no inquiry is announced into the shooting dead of Seamus Cusack and Desmond Beattie
1972 - Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes 269th patriarch of Constantinople
1972 - Smokey Robinson & Miracles final live performance
1973 - During Watergate hearings, Butterfield reveals existence of tapes
1975 - Commissioner Bowie Kuhn is reelected for a 7-year term
1976 - Rock duo Loggins & Messina break-up after 6 years
1977 - Janelle Commissiong, of Trinidad & Tobago, crowned 26th Miss Universe
1978 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1979 - Premier/pres al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein
1980 - Polish railway workers block railway to Russia
1980 - Ronald Reagan nominated for US President by Republicans in Detroit
US President & Actor Ronald ReaganUS President & Actor Ronald Reagan 1981 - India performs nuclear Test
1981 - Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously
1982 - George P. Shultz sworn in as US Secretary of State
1982 - NASA launches Landsat 4 to thematic map the Earth
1982 - Sun Myung Moon sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud
1982 - CDC report on AIDS symptoms in three hemophiliacs
1983 - 20 killed in Britain's worst helicopter accident
1983 - Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
1985 - 56th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-1 at Humphrey Metrodome, Minn
1985 - All star MVP: LaMarr Hoyt (SD Padres)
1985 - Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
1985 - F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1152 kph (716 mph)
1987 - Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1987 - Said Aouita runs world record 2000m (4:50.81)
1987 - Don Mattingly hits his 4th grand slam of season & ties AL record of homers in 6 straight games (on way to tie major league record of 8)
Olympic Sprinter and Long jumper Carl LewisOlympic Sprinter and Long jumper Carl Lewis 1988 - Carl Lewis runs a wind-assisted 100 m in 9.78 sec
1988 - Florence Joyner runs 100 m in women's world record 10.49 seconds
1988 - Jackie Joyner-Kersee sets women's heptathlete record of 7,215 pts
1988 - San Antonio (Texas League) beats Jackson 1-0 in 26 innings
1988 - Wayne Gretzky (NHL) & Janet Jones (Police Acad 5) wed in Edmonton
1989 - 44th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy King
1989 - South Africa's largest labour federation, the Congress of South African Trade Unions, holds its third annual congress and intensifies its campaign against apartheid
1990 - 400 die in a (7.7) earthquake in Philippines
1990 - Bridgette LeAnn Wilson, 17, of Oregon, 8th crowned Miss Teen USA
1990 - Civil trial by parents of Suicide victims against Judas Priest begins
1990 - NYC's Empire State Building catches fire-No fatalities
1990 - Rick Dee's "Into the Night," premieres on ABC-TV
LPGA Golfer Betsy KingLPGA Golfer Betsy King 1990 - Ukraine declares independence
1990 - The ANC send a report on police violence to President F. W. de Klerk and demanded an end to "the shocking inhumanity" of police action in rural areas of South Africa
1993 - President Lissouba calls emergency rule in Congo-Brazzaville
1993 - S van Ruysdael's "Winter Landscape" sold for £705,500 in London
1993 - SF outfielder Darren Lewis sets record of 267 consec errorless games
1994 - "Sisters Rosensweig" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 556 perfs
1994 - 1st parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hits Jupiter (until July 22nd)
1994 - 3 tenors-Placid Domingo, Luciano Parvoti, Jose Carreras, perform in LA
1994 - Baseball Night in America premieres (no Saturday day games)
1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy 1st collides with Jupiter (collisions continue until 22 July)
1994 - Shreveport Pirates 1st CFL home game (vs Toronto Argonauts)
1994 - Spanish fishing boats sink a French fishing boat over fishing rights
1994 - FIFA World Cup: Sweden shuts out Bulgaria 4-0, to finish 3rd in the World Cup
1995 - "Buttons on Broadway" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 40 perfs
1995 - "Chronicles of a Death Foretold" closes at Plymouth NYC after 55 perfs
1995 - 13th Seniors Players Golf Championship: J C Snead
1995 - 50th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Annika Sorenstam
Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr. 1999 - John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha's Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy.
2001 - "Jurassic Park III", starring Sam Neill and William H Macy, premieres in the US
2003 - 11th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Serena Williams win
2004 - Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.
2005 - "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" the 6th book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide. 9 million copies sell in 24 hrs
2006 - 14th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Annika Sorenstam win
2007 - An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occurs off the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured and damaging a nuclear power plant. See 2007 Chūetsu offshore earthquake.
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance ArmstrongProfessional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong 2008 - 79th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Yankee Stadium, New York
2012 - "The Dark Knight Rises", directed by Christopher Nolan, starring Christian Bale and Anne Hathaway, premieres in New York
2013 - 27 children are killed and 25 are hospitalized after eating lunch contaminated with insecticide in India
2013 - 84th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-0 at Citi Field, New York
2014 - Israel intensifies strikes on Gaza
2014 - Bashar Assad is sworn in for a third term as President of Syria
2014 - Death toll within Gaza surpasses 200 people following air strikes by Israel
2014 - Hamas and Islamic Jihad offer Israel a 10-year truce with 10 conditions, which include lifting the blockade and the release of prisoners; it is rejected
2015 - Scientists reveal 1st close-up pictures of Pluto, sent by the New Horizons probe
Actress Anne HathawayActress Anne Hathaway 2015 - Shootings in Chattanooga at a US military recruitment centre and a naval reserve training center kill 5 and injure others

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