Historical Events on July 16

  • 463 Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius
  • 622 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 1054 Michael Caerularius excommunicated of Constantinople
  • 1054 Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia during liturgy. Often dated start of the East-West Schism.
  • 1099 Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
  • 1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Muslim power in Spain
  • 1251 The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stock a Brown Scapular (legend)
  • 1338 The six Electors of the Holy Roman Empire signed the Agreement of Rhense confirming Emperor Louis IV.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1429 Joan of Arc and the French army enter the city of Rheims

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1439 Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)
  • 1465 Battle at Montlhéry between Louis XI and the League of the Public Weal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519 Public debate between Martin Luther & theologist John Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, Luther denies the divine right of the Pope

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1548 La Paz, Bolivia, is founded
  • 1573 Alva demands submission of Zealand/Holland
  • 1618 Capt John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
  • 1661 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm
  • 1683 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • 1683 Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 John Adams graduates Harvard

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1769 Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego, 1st mission in California

Missionary Junípero Serra
Junípero Serra

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1782 Mozart's opera "Das Entfuhrung aus dem Serail" premieres in Vienna

Classical Musician and Composer Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
Classical Musician and Composer
Wolfang Amadeus Mozart
  • 1790 Congress declares the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, the permanent capital of the United States
  • 1798 US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1809 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
  • 1819 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen sets sail to explore Antarctica for Tsar Alexander I
  • 1845 NY Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
  • 1856 Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
  • 1857 Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • 1861 Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • 1861 Manassas Campaign [->JUL 22]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1863 Utrecht-Swells railway opens
  • 1867 Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
  • 1867 D R Averill patents ready-mixed paint
  • 1867 Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
  • 1879 3rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats V Goold (6-2 6-4 6-2)
  • 1880 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • 1883 7th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (2-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 6-3)
  • 1888 5th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley (6-3 6-3)
  • 1888 12th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Ernest Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-3 7-5 6-0)
  • 1894 Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
  • 1894 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England
  • 1895 Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs v Somerset at Taunton
  • 1897 The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal
  • 1900 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • 1900 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • 1901 The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
  • 1902 John McGraw named manager of NY Giants
  • 1902 Test Cricket debut of K S Ranjitsinhji v Australia, at Old Trafford
  • 1904 Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
  • 1909 Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
  • 1912 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
  • 1914 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family

  • 1920 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
  • 1920 China joins the League of Nations
  • 1920 Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
  • 1920 Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1924 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • 1924 NY Giants George Kelly is 1st to hit HRs in 6 cons games
  • 1925 The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
  • 1926 Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
  • 1926 National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
  • 1927 Augusto Sandino begins 5½ year war against US occupation of Nicaragua

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Bradman scores 140 Aust v Yorkshire, 120 mins, 22 fours 2 sixes

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1935 1st automatic parking meter in US installed (Oklahoma City, Ok)
  • 1936 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
  • 1936 NY Giants are 10½ games back in NL, & go on to win pennant
  • 1938 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee CC Shawnee-on-Del Pa
  • 1940 NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee
  • 1941 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle Wash

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Joe DiMaggio goes 3 for 4, hitting in his 56th straight game

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1942 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • 1942 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
  • 1944 Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 & break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
  • 1945 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • 1945 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • 1945 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • 1946 Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in SF history)
  • 1946 US court martial sentences 46 members of the SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
  • 1947 Bobo Newsom wins 200th game, 1st as a Yankee & Yanks 18th straight In nightcap Vic Rashi extends streak to 19

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Eddie Sawyer replaces Ben Chapman in Philadelphia, NY Giants Leo Durocher replaces Mel Ott & Burt Shotton replaces Durocher as Dodger manager

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • 1950 Single day 16 team HR record set at 37 (NL-25, AL-12)
  • 1950 FIFA World Cup: Uruguay beats Brazil 2-1 for soccer's 4th World Cup in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1951 King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates
  • 1951 Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Surrey at The Oval

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Novel "Catcher in Rye" by J. D. Salinger published by Little Brown and Company

Novelist J. D. Salinger
J. D. Salinger
  • 1953 KROC (now KTTC) TV channel 10 in Rochester, MN (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland
  • 1956 Detroit Tigers & Briggs Stadium sold for then record $5.5 million
  • 1956 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • 1956 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • 1956 Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US Marine Major John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1960 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
  • 1960 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • 1961 Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Tippecanoe Golf Open
  • 1961 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 2"
  • 1961 48th Tour de France won by Jacques Anquetil of France
  • 1963 Amazon river carries 190,000 m3/sec of water (record)
  • 1964 Republican convention selects Barry Goldwater as presidential candidate
  • 1965 Mont Blanc Road tunnel between France & Italy opens
  • 1966 "Half a Sixpence" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 512 performances
  • 1966 Number of banned persons in South Africa totals 936; the individuals are banned under various laws, most prominently the Suppression of Communism and Riotous Assembly Acts
  • 1966 Nigeria becomes the first Anglophone independent state in Africa to become an associate member of European Economic Community

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Mickey Wright wins Lady Carling Golf Open

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1967 Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida)

1stApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 Apollo 11 launched, carrying 1st men to land on Moon

  • 1970 Iraq's constitution goes into effect
  • 1970 Reds spoil Pirates debut in Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium, 3-2
  • 1970 9th British Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Franco appoints prince Juan Carlos as deputy in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1971 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) withdraw from Stormont (North Ireland Parliament) after no inquiry is announced into the shooting dead of Seamus Cusack and Desmond Beattie
  • 1972 Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes 269th patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1972 Smokey Robinson & Miracles final live performance
  • 1973 During Watergate hearings, Butterfield reveals existence of tapes
  • 1975 Commissioner Bowie Kuhn is reelected for a 7-year term
  • 1976 Rock duo Loggins & Messina break-up after 6 years
  • 1977 Janelle Commissiong, of Trinidad & Tobago crowned 26th Miss Universe
  • 1978 Joanne Carner wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Premier/pres al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1980 Polish railway workers block railway to Russia

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1980 Ronald Reagan nominated for US President by Republicans in Detroit

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1981 India performs nuclear Test
  • 1981 Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously
  • 1982 George P. Shultz sworn in as US Secretary of State
  • 1982 NASA launches Landsat 4 to thematic map the Earth
  • 1982 Sun Myung Moon sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud
  • 1982 CDC report on AIDS symptoms in three hemophiliacs
  • 1983 20 killed in Britain's worst helicopter accident
  • 1983 Sikorsky S-61 disaster: A helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.
  • 1985 56th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-1 at Humphrey Metrodome, Minn
  • 1985 All star MVP: LaMarr Hoyt (SD Padres)
  • 1985 Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
  • 1987 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 Said Aouita runs world record 2000m (4:50.81)
  • 1987 Don Mattingly hits his 4th grand slam of season & ties AL record of homers in 6 straight games (on way to tie major league record of 8)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Carl Lewis runs a wind-assisted 100 m in 9.78 sec

Olympic Sprinter and Long jumper Carl Lewis
Olympic Sprinter and Long jumper
Carl Lewis
  • 1988 Florence Joyner runs 100 m in women's world record 10.49 seconds
  • 1988 Jackie Joyner-Kersee sets women's heptathlete record of 7,215 pts
  • 1988 San Antonio (Texas League) beats Jackson 1-0 in 26 innings
  • 1988 Wayne Gretzky (NHL) & Janet Jones (Police Acad 5) wed in Edmonton

Sport awardGolf Major

1989 44th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy King

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King
  • 1989 South Africa's largest labour federation, the Congress of South African Trade Unions, holds its third annual congress and intensifies its campaign against apartheid
  • 1990 400 die in a (7.7) earthquake in Philippines
  • 1990 Bridgette LeAnn Wilson, 17, of Oregon, 8th crowned Miss Teen USA
  • 1990 Civil trial by parents of Suicide victims against Judas Priest begins
  • 1990 NYC's Empire State Building catches fire-no fatalities
  • 1990 Rick Dee's "Into the Night" premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1990 Ukraine declares independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 The ANC send a report on police violence to President F. W. de Klerk and demanded an end to "the shocking inhumanity" of police action in rural areas of South Africa

South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk
  • 1993 President Lissouba calls emergency rule in Congo-Brazzaville
  • 1993 S van Ruysdael's "Winter Landscape" sold for £705,500 in London
  • 1993 SF outfielder Darren Lewis sets record of 267 consecutive errorless games
  • 1994 "Sisters Rosensweig" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 556 performances
  • 1994 1st parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hits Jupiter (until July 22nd)
  • 1994 3 tenors-Placid Domingo, Luciano Parvoti, Jose Carreras, perform in LA
  • 1994 Baseball Night in America premieres (no Saturday day games)
  • 1994 Comet Shoemaker-Levy 1st collides with Jupiter (collisions continue until 22 July)
  • 1994 Shreveport Pirates 1st CFL home game (vs Toronto Argonauts)
  • 1994 Spanish fishing boats sink a French fishing boat over fishing rights
  • 1994 FIFA World Cup: Sweden shuts out Bulgaria 4-0, to finish 3rd in the World Cup
  • 1995 "Buttons on Broadway" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 40 performances
  • 1995 "Chronicles of a Death Foretold" closes at Plymouth NYC after 55 performances
  • 1995 13th Seniors Players Golf Championship: J C Snead
  • 1995 50th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Annika Sorenstam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette are killed in a plane crash off the coast of Martha's Vineyard. The Piper Saratoga aircraft was piloted by Kennedy.

Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.
Publisher and Lawyer
John F. Kennedy Jr.

Film release premierFilm Premier

2001 "Jurassic Park III", starring Sam Neill and William H Macy, premieres in the US

Actor Sam Neill
Sam Neill

Sport awardSports Awards

2003 11th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Serena Williams win

Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor
Lance Armstrong
Tennis Player Serena Williams
Tennis Player
Serena Williams
  • 2004 Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2005 "Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince", the 6th book in the series by J. K. Rowling, is published worldwide. 9 million copies sell in 24 hrs

Novelist J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
  • 2006 14th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Annika Sorenstam win
  • 2007 An earthquake of magnitude 6.8 and aftershock of 6.6 occurs off the Niigata coast, Japan, killing 8 people with at least 800 injured and damaging a nuclear power plant. See 2007 Chūetsu offshore earthquake.
  • 2008 79th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-3 at Yankee Stadium, New York

Film release premierFilm Premier

2012 "The Dark Knight Rises", directed by Christopher Nolan, starring Christian Bale and Anne Hathaway, premieres in New York

  • 2013 27 children are killed and 25 are hospitalized after eating lunch contaminated with insecticide in India
  • 2013 84th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-0 at Citi Field, New York
  • 2014 Bashar Assad is sworn in for a third term as President of Syria
  • 2014 Death toll within Gaza surpasses 200 people following air strikes by Israel
  • 2014 Hamas and Islamic Jihad offer Israel a 10-year truce with 10 conditions, which include lifting the blockade and the release of prisoners; it is rejected
  • 2014 Israel intensifies strikes on Gaza
  • 2015 Scientists reveal 1st close-up pictures of Pluto, sent by the New Horizons probe
  • 2015 Shootings in Chattanooga at a US military recruitment centre and a naval reserve training center kill 5 and injure others

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump announces Indiana governor Mike Pence as his Vice Presidential running mate

48th Vice President of the United States Mike Pence
48th Vice President of the United States
Mike Pence
Businessman, TV Personality and 45th US President Donald Trump
Businessman, TV Personality and 45th US President
Donald Trump