Historical Events on July 18

  • 390 BC Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

64 Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
  • 1290 King Edward I of England orders expulsion of Jews
  • 1334 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
  • 1536 Pope's authority declared void in England
  • 1572 Willem of Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
  • 1630 Spanish troops occupy Mantua
  • 1656 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Karel X Gustaaf beats Johan II Kasimir and occupies Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1696 Tsar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1716 Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
  • 1737 Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 1743 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • 1753 Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham Mass
  • 1766 Society of the Dutch Literary forms
  • 1768 Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song", America's 1st patriotic song
  • 1814 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
  • 1853 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
  • 1857 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
  • 1861 Battle of Blackburn's Ford, VA US57 CS68 - Manassas -
  • 1862 Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
  • 1863 Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • 1864 President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service
  • 1870 Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
  • 1872 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.
  • 1882 Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
  • 1893 Australian Harry Graham scores 107 on cricket debut Australia v England, Lord's
  • 1894 11th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats E Austin (6-1 6-1)
  • 1894 18th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Joshua Pim beats Wilfred Baddeley (10-8 6-2 8-6)
  • 1896 2nd US Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
  • 1896 George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
  • 1896 Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut v Aust, Old Trafford
  • 1897 Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 French troops occupy Casablanca
  • 1912 Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
  • 1913 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • 1914 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins & ends with loss of 280,000 men
  • 1915 Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
  • 1918 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • 1921 Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
  • 1923 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • 1924 KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (original title was the catchy "Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice")

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1926 The South Africa author and journalist, Herman Charles Bosman, shoots and kills his stepbrother David Russell during a quarrel
  • 1926 20th Tour de France won by Lucien Buysse of Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Ty Cobb's 4,000th MLB career hit

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1930 SHO soccer team forms in Old Beijerland
  • 1931 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • 1932 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Ouchy Convention, a customs treaty
  • 1932 US & Canada sign a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
  • 1935 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Spanish Civil War : General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leds uprising with army in Morocco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

  • 1938 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Calif

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1940 Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • 1942 1st legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
  • 1942 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.
  • 1943 British assault on Catania Sicily
  • 1943 Giants & Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6
  • 1944 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 1944 Allies air raid railways at Vaires, Paris
  • 1944 Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
  • 1944 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne & Berlin
  • 1944 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • 1944 Polish troops under Gen Anders occupy Ancona Italy
  • 1944 US troop march into St Lo
  • 1947 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
  • 1947 King George VI signs Indian Independence Act
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
  • 1947 Tigers shut out Yanks 2-0, end 19 game win streak
  • 1947 US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
  • 1948 "Marinka" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 168 performances
  • 1948 Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits 4 HRs in an 11 inning game
  • 1951 Uruguay accepts its constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Jersey Joe Walcott at 37 becomes oldest to win heavyweight champion

World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jersey Joe
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jersey Joe
  • 1952 KWGN TV channel 2 in Denver, CO (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Inverness Four-Ball Golf Tournament
  • 1954 Cards losing 8-1 to Phillies begin stalling in 5th, they forfeit game
  • 1955 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • 1955 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • 1956 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
  • 1958 6th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1959 African American William 'Bill' Wright is the 1st coloured person to win a major golf tournament (U.S. Amateur Public Links Championships)
  • 1959 Los Angeles premiere of the film version of Kathryn Hulme's "The Nun's Story"
  • 1959 46th Tour de France won by Federico Bahamontes of Spain
  • 1960 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • 1960 Baseball's NL votes to add Houston & NY franchises
  • 1960 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • 1961 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
  • 1962 Minnesota Twins Bob Allison & Harmon Killebrew hit grand slams in 1st inn & Harmon Killebrew connect in a club-record, 11-run 1st inning
  • 1962 Minn is 1st AL team to hit 2 grand slams in an inning as Bob Allison
  • 1963 Failed military coup in Syria
  • 1963 The United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid releases its second interim report pressing for international sanctions against South Africa, particularly the supply of arms, ammunition and petroleum
  • 1964 Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bkln)
  • 1965 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Yankee Golf Open
  • 1965 Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
  • 1966 Carl Sagan turns 1 billion seconds old
  • 1966 Gemini 10 launched (John Young & Michael Collins)
  • 1967 Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in NY
  • 1968 The Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, California
  • 1969 Joe Namath agrees to sell interest in Bachelors 3, to stay in NFL
  • 1970 "Boy Friend" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 119 performances
  • 1970 Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo Sicily
  • 1970 Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time
  • 1970 WJCL TV channel 22 in Savannah, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1970 Willie Mays becomes 10th baseball player to get 3,000 hits

MLB Legend Willie Mays
MLB Legend
Willie Mays
  • 1971 58th Tour de France won by Eddy Merckx of Belgium
  • 1972 200,000 attend Mt Pocono rock festival in Penns
  • 1972 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat throws out 20,000 Russian military aids
  • 1972 Mike Procter 8-73 with hat-trick, plus 51 & 102, Gloucs v Essex
  • 1972 The 100th British soldier to die in the Northern Ireland "troubles" is shot by a sniper in Belfast
  • 1972 Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson holds meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army
  • 1974 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 World's tallest structure, 646 metre Polish radio mast, completed
  • 1975 Jury can't decide on trial of Dave Forbes of Boston Bruins (1st athlete indicted for excessive violence during play)
  • 1976 "Something's Afoot" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 61 performances
  • 1976 Judy Rankin wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
  • 1976 Stockhausens "Sirius" premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Thiokol conducts 2-min firing of space shuttle's SRB at Brigham, Ut
  • 1976 Nadia Comăneci became the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • 1976 63rd Tour de France won by Lucien Van Impe of Belgium
  • 1977 Hugh Leonard's "Da" premieres in London
  • 1977 Vietnam becomes member of UN
  • 1978 Egyptian & Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
  • 1979 Gold hits record $303.85 an ounce in London
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Billy Joel's Glass Houses album tops charts

Pianist, songwriter, and composer Billy Joel
Pianist, songwriter, and composer
Billy Joel
  • 1980 Failed attack on Iran ex-premier Bakhtiar in Neuilly, France
  • 1980 Federal court voids Selective Service Act as it doesn't include women
  • 1980 Quett Masire installed as president of Botswana
  • 1980 Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit
  • 1981 Part of Hyatt Regency Hotel KC caves in (113 killed)
  • 1981 Polish communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek
  • 1982 "Blues in the Night" closes at Rialto Theater NYC after 53 performances

Sport awardGolf Major

1982 111th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 284 at Royal Troon

Golfer Tom Watson
Tom Watson
  • 1982 Sally Little wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
  • 1983 Despite being in 1st place in NL East, Phils fire manager Pat Corrales
  • 1984 James Huberty kills 21 McDonald's patrons in San Ysidro Calif
  • 1984 Walter F Mondale wins Democratic presidential nomination in SF
  • 1984 21 people are killed and 19 are injured in a massacre in a McDonalds restaurant in San Ysidro, California; it ends with the shooting of its perpetrator, James Oliver Huberty
  • 1985 USSR performs underground nuclear Test

Sport awardGolf Major

1986 115th British Golf Open: Greg Norman shoots a 280 at Turnberry Scotld

Golfer Greg Norman
Greg Norman
  • 1986 Royals announce that manager Dick Howser, 50, has a brain tumor
  • 1986 Videotapes released showing Titanic's sunken remains
  • 1987 Molly Yard elected new President of National Organization for Women
  • 1987 NY Yanks Don Mattingly ties record of HRs in 8 cons games
  • 1988 Abu Nidal terrorists kill 9 on City of Poros cruise ship
  • 1988 Shooting begins on "License to Kill"
  • 1989 48 cm rainfall at Rockport, West Virginia (state record)
  • 1991 Florida Marlins' logo unveiled

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1991 Mike Tyson meets Miss Black America contestants

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1992 Sharon Belden, of Florida, 25, crowned Miss World USA
  • 1992 The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappear from their university in Lima, Peru.
  • 1993 122nd British Golf Open: Greg Norman shoots a 267 at Royal St George
  • 1993 Afghan president Ishaq Khan & prime minister Nawaz Sharif resign
  • 1993 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (51,596 K)
  • 1993 Hiromi Kobayash wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
  • 1993 Liberal-Democratic Party loses Japan's parliamentary election
  • 1994 Bomb attack on Jewish center AMIA in Buenos Aires, 86 killed
  • 1994 Comet Shoemaker-Levy's largest collision with Jupiter leaves black spot 12,000 km across
  • 1994 Court upholds NBA salary cap and draft rights
  • 1994 Crayola announces introduction of scented crayons
  • 1994 Houston Astros tie NL comeback record, trailing 10-0, beat Cards 15-12
  • 1994 NY Jets sign USA soccer goalkeeper Tony Miola as a place kicker
  • 1995 DC3 crashes at Antananarivo, Madagascar, 34 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 "Dreams from My Father", a memoir by Barack Obama is published by Times Books

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 1996 Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Québec's costliest natural disasters ever.
  • 1996 The UN approves an Iraqi aid distribution plan, a major step forward in the direction of allowing Iraq to sell oil under Resolution 986
  • 1999 128th British Golf Open: at Carnoustie; Scot Paul Lawrie wins after play off
  • 1999 New York Yankees' David Cone becomes 15th pitcher to throw a perfect game (6-0 vs Montreal)
  • 2004 133rd British Golf Open: Todd Hamilton shoots a 274 at Royal Troon Golf Club

Sport awardSports Awards

2004 12th ESPY Awards: Lance Armstrong, Diana Taurasi win

Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor
Lance Armstrong
  • 2009 Five members of one family are found murdered at Epping, New South Wales.
  • 2010 139th British Golf Open: Louis Oosthuizen shoots a 272 at St Andrews
  • 2012 6 Israeli tourists are killed and 30 injured after a bomb explodes on a tourist bus at Burgas Airport, Bulgaria
  • 2012 14 people are killed after a bomb explosion at Pakistan's Orakzai Agency
  • 2012 Violence across Syria results in 97 deaths
  • 2012 Syrian suicide bombing kills three high profile government officials, including Syria's Minister of Defence
  • 2012 24 people are killed after a ferry sinks off the coast of Zanzibar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Kim Jong-un is officially appointed Supreme Leader of North Korea and given the rank of Marshal in the Korean People's Army

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-un
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-un
  • 2013 Detroit, Michigan, files for bankruptcy to become the largest US municipal bankruptcy at $18.5 Billion
  • 2013 46th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2014 The Israeli Defense Force (IDF) call 18,000 additional reserves soldiers in campaign against Gaza
  • 2015 "The Sun" newspaper in Britain controversially publishes old picture and video of Queen Elizabeth giving Nazi salute in 1933
  • 2015 PayPal is spun off from eBay as a separate publicly traded company on the NASDAQ