Historical Events on July 2

Events 1 - 200 of 215

  • 311 St Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 626 Incident at Xuanwu Gate: in fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng
  • 706 Remains of Chinese Emperor Gaozong, his wife Empress Wu Zetian and family members interred in Qianling Mausoleum by Emperor Zhongzong, outside Chang'an on Mount Liangshan
  • 963 The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea
  • 1140 Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1214 Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England attempt to reclaim Normandy from France
  • 1298 Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf & Albrecht I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1505 After an encounter with a violent thunderstorm, Martin Luther declares that he will become a monk

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1555 Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
  • 1561 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
  • 1576 Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1578 Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
  • 1582 Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
  • 1600 Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1613 The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall.
  • 1644 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert
  • 1679 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
  • 1681 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high treason
  • 1687 King James II disbands English parliament
  • 1698 Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
  • 1776 NJ Jersey gives the right to vote to all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds
  • 1776 Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Marquis de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1794 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 1808 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • 1823 Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1839 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another

CommunicationThe Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

1843 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

  • 1847 Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1850 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 1858 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1861 Battle of Hoke's Run, WV - small Union victory
  • 1862 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • 1863 R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • 1864 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • 1865 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • 1867 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC
  • 1870 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
Assassin Charles J. Guiteau
Assassin
Charles J. Guiteau
  • 1885 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
  • 1890 Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1894 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • 1900 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

  • 1902 John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years)

Sport awardTennis Open

1902 19th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Muriel Robb beats Charlotte Cooper (7-5 6-1)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • 1902 26th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats A Gore (6-4 6-3 3-6 6-0)
  • 1903 AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
  • 1903 Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
  • 1906 Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time
  • 1907 21st U.S. Women's National Championship: Evelyn Sears beats Carrie Neely (6-3, 6-2)
  • 1915 Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1916 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1917 Riots in East St Louis Mo
  • 1921 41st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Brian Norton (4-6 2-6 6-1 6-0 7-5)

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1921 Jack Dempsey KOs George S Carpentier in 4 for heavyweight boxing title 1st million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Dempsey KOs Carpentier)

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1926 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized
  • 1927 40th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Moody beats Lilí Álvarez (6-2 6-4)
  • 1927 Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500
  • 1928 British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)
  • 1928 The Jenkins Television Corporation (owned by Charles Jenkins) goes on air with W3XK, the first television broadcasting station in the USA
  • 1932 52nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Ellsworth Vines beats H Austin (6-4 6-2 6-0)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk
  • 1934 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
  • 1935 Great Britain boxing team beat US team in 1st international Golden Gloves
  • 1937 57th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

  • 1937 50th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J Jędrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)
  • 1938 51st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-4 6-0)
  • 1940 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 British PM Churchill meets Major General Bernard Montgomery

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
  • 1941 DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56)
  • 1941 Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
  • 1941 Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London
  • 1943 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • 1943 Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning & beat Yankees 12-0
  • 1943 Lt Charles Hall becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • 1944 Field Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • 1946 Dutch Beel government forms
  • 1946 Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam & Amsterdam
  • 1947 Military coup discovered in France
  • 1948 62nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Falkenburg beats Bromwich (7-5 0-6 6-2 3-6 7-5)
  • 1948 77th British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 284 at Muirfield
  • 1949 "High Button Shoes" closes at Century Theater NYC after 727 performances
  • 1949 "Red Barber's Clubhouse" sports show premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV
  • 1949 56th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: L Brough beats M duPont (10-8 1-6 10-8)
  • 1950 Indian Bob Feller, wins his 200th game, 5-3 over Detroit
  • 1950 Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan, burns down.
  • 1950 Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic.
  • 1951 Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt
  • 1951 "Bob & Ray show" premieres on NBC radio
  • 1951 Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland
  • 1951 Island advisor of Curacao installed
  • 1951 Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
  • 1952 Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
  • 1954 68th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Jaroslav Drobný beats Ken Rosewall (13-11 4-6 6-2 9-7)
  • 1954 Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes v Pakistan
  • 1955 "7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
  • 1955 "Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • 1955 "Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC
  • 1955 10th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Fay Crocker
  • 1955 62nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats B Fleitz (7-5 8-6)

Music releaseMusic Recording

1956 Elvis Presley records "Hound Dog" & "Don't Be Cruel"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1956 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1957 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1959 "Plan 9 From Outer Space", one of the worse films ever, premieres
  • 1960 "Once Upon a Mattress" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 460 performances
  • 1961 Maris hits 29th & 30th en route to 61 homers
  • 1962 Cubans minister of Foreign affairs RaulCastro arrives in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Fidel Castro visits Moscow

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Giant Willie Mays' HR in 16th inning gives them a 1-0 win over Braves

MLB Legend Willie Mays
MLB Legend
Willie Mays
  • 1963 Juan Marichal (Giants) beats Warren Spahn (Braves), 1-0 in 16 innings

Music releaseMusic Recording

1964 Cilla Black records Beatle's "Its For You", Paul McCartney plays piano

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • 1964 Grand jury indicts Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 79th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle (62 64 64)
  • 1966 1st France nuclear test on Mururoa atoll
  • 1966 73rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis Singles: Billie Jean King (Miss Moffat) beats Maria Bueno (6-3 3-6 6-1)
  • 1967 22nd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Catherine Lacoste
  • 1967 Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) & 1st amateur to US Women's open golf tournament
  • 1968 An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
  • 1969 Ireland bowl out West Indies for 25 at Londonderry, win by 9 wkts
  • 1969 Leslie West & Felix Pappalardi form rock group Mountain
  • 1970 1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam & Brussels
  • 1970 NY Yankees Horace Clarke breaks up a no-hitter in the 9th for 3rd time in 28 days
  • 1970 The Prevention of Incitement to Hatred Act (Northern Ireland) is introduced; it proved difficult to secure convictions under its provisions and was seldom enforced
  • 1970 Neil Blaney is found not guilty of illegal arms importation to the Irish Republican Army by a Dublin jury
  • 1971 78th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Evonne Goolagong beats Margaret Smith (64 61)
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1972 "Fiddler on the Roof" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 3242 performances
  • 1972 27th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning
  • 1972 Bob Seagren pole vaults world record 5.63m
  • 1972 India & Pakistan sign Simla Agreement peace accord
  • 1972 Two Catholic civilians are shot and killed in Belfast by Loyalist paramilitaries, probably the Ulster Defence Association (UDA)
  • 1973 James R Schlesinger ends term as 9th director of CIA
  • 1973 Nation Black Network begins operation on radio
  • 1974 Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81)
  • 1976 83rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Chris Evert beats Evonne Goolagong (63 46 86)
  • 1976 Formal reunification of North & South Vietnam
  • 1976 Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual
  • 1976 Ramble Inn attack: the Ulster Volunteer Force killed 6 civilians (5 Protestants, 1 Catholic) in a gun attack at a pub near Antrim; the pub was targeted because it was owned by Catholics
  • 1977 91st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Connors (36 62 61 57 64)
  • 1978 Pitcher Ron Guidry sets Yankee record of 13-0 start

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Susan B. Anthony dollar is issued, 1st US coin to honor a woman

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1980 Grateful Dead's Bob Weir & Mickey Hart are arrested for incitement
  • 1980 Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Yr
  • 1980 Comedy film "Airplane!" written and directed by David Zucker, Jim Abrahams, and Jerry Zucker and starring Robert Hays and Julie Hagerty premieres
  • 1982 Larry Walters using lawn chair & 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000'
  • 1982 Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth
  • 1982 In South Africa, the Internal Security Act is passed, giving massive powers to the authorities to investigate any organization or publication
  • 1983 90th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats A Jaeger (60 63)
  • 1985 Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
  • 1985 European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 After 14 wins, Roger Clemens suffer his 1st loss of year

MLB Pitching Legend Roger Clemens
MLB Pitching Legend
Roger Clemens
  • 1986 General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile
  • 1986 US Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in 2 rulings
  • 1987 Jim Eisenreich's comeback after nervous disorder in 1984
  • 1987 Nilde Iotti is named as the first female President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
  • 1988 95th Wimbledon Women's Tennis Open: Steffi Graf beats Navratilova (5-7 6-2 6-1)
  • 1988 Lester Dumakude, commander of an Umkhonto we Sizwe special operations unit, detonate a car bomb by remote control outside Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1989 10th U.S. Senior Golf Open: Orville Moody
  • 1989 17th du Maurier Golf Classic: Tammie Green

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Imelda Marcos & Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering

First Lady and Politican Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politican
Imelda Marcos
  • 1990 Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death
  • 1991 Riot at Guns N' Roses concert in St Louis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Donald Trump proposes to Marla Maples and gives her a 7.5 carat diamond ring

Businessman, TV Personality and 45th US President Donald Trump
Businessman, TV Personality and 45th US President
Donald Trump
  • 1992 Braniff Airlines goes out of business
  • 1993 Boat sinks at Bocaue Philippines, 325 die
  • 1993 F-28 crashes at Sorong Irian Barat, 41 die
  • 1993 Kansas Royals rename stadium Ewing Kaufman Stadium after founder
  • 1993 Muslim fundamentalists in Sivas, Turkey, set hotel on fire, kill 36
  • 1993 NY Met Anthony Young loses a record 25th straight game (goes to 27)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for Cat Scan test

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1994 101st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Conchita Martínez beats Martina Navratilova (64 36 63)
  • 1994 John Wayne Bobbitt & Kristina Elliot arrested for domestic battery
  • 1994 Richard Johnson takes 10-45 for Middlesex against Derbyshire
  • 1994 US Air DC-9 crash in North Carolina, 37 killed
  • 1995 "Rose Tattoo" closes at Circle in the Square NYC after 80 performances
  • 1995 16th U.S. Senior Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf
  • 1995 Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1995 Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa's party wins election
  • 1998 "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets" the 2nd book in the series is published by Bloomsbury in the UK
  • 2000 Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
  • 2000 UEFA European Championship: France defeat Italy 2-1 in Rotterdam
  • 2001 AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.
  • 2001 Bush Administration announce that it will seek to let oil companies drill on about 1,500,000 acres of the Gulf of Mexico
  • 2001 UN Security Council, facing an almost certain Russian veto, agrees to postpone indefinitely a vote on the US-led "smart sanctions" package for Iraq