Historical Events on July 21

  • 356 BC Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
  • 230 St Pontianus begins his reign as Catholic Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

285 Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler.

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
  • 365 Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria
  • 866 John appointed bishop of the kingdom
  • 905 Holy Roman Catholic emperor Louis III captured
  • 976 Emperor Otto II gives earl Leopold I, East Bavaria
  • 1403 Battle of Shrewsbury fought by Percys against King Henry IV
  • 1542 Pope Paul III begins inquisition against Protestants (Sactum Officium)
  • 1545 The first landing of French troops onto the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight occurs.
  • 1568 Battle at Jemmingen: Alva's troops beat Dutch rebellion
  • 1579 Mechelen surrenders to Duke of Parma
  • 1588 First engagement between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada off the Eddystone Rocks
  • 1595 Alvara Mendana discovers Marquesas Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1669 John Locke's Constitution of English colony Carolina is approved

Philosopher John Locke
John Locke
  • 1718 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
  • 1730 States of Holland put death penalty on "sodomy"
  • 1749 Pieter Steyn becomes pension advisor of Holland
  • 1773 Pope Clemens XIV bans Jesuits
  • 1774 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798 Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1825 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1831 Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king
  • 1836 1st Canadian RR opens, between Laprairie & St John, Quebec
  • 1846 Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)
  • 1861 1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va - South wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • 1866 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • 1867 City Gardens on Folsom in San Francisco opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1877 -27] US army breaks railroad strike
  • 1880 Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
  • 1884 1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's
  • 1896 National Federation of Afro-American Women & Colored Women's

Sport awardTennis Open

1896 13th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats A Pickering (6-2 6-3)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • 1896 20th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Harold Mahony beats W Baddeley (6-2 6-8 5-7 8-6 6-3)
  • 1897 Tate Gallery opens in England
  • 1898 Spain cedes Guam to USA
  • 1900 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
  • 1904 After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
  • 1904 Camille Jenatzy sets world auto speed record at 65.79 MPH
  • 1913 The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
  • 1915 Wilson sends the third Lusitania note, warning Germany that future infringement of American rights will be deemed 'deliberately unfriendly'
  • 1917 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • 1918 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • 1919 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg & Amsterdam
  • 1919 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill)
  • 1920 Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
  • 1921 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) hit a record 16 doubles
  • 1921 To prove his contention that air power is superior to sea power, US Colonel William Mitchell demonstrates how bombs from planes can sink a captured German battleship
  • 1923 Phillies score 12 in 6th & beat Cubs 17-4
  • 1925 "Monkey Trial" ends - John Scopes found guilty of teaching Darwinism
  • 1930 110°F (43°C) at Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • 1930 US Veterans Administration forms
  • 1931 Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
  • 1933 Haifa Harbor in Palestine opens
  • 1934 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)
  • 1938 Paul Hindemith & Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London
  • 1940 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
  • 1940 VARA-management accepts Rost of Tonningens demands
  • 1941 200 Jewish Torahs are burned in Ukraine
  • 1941 Himmler orders building of Majdanek concentration camp
  • 1942 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Va

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 General Koiso becomes premier of Japan
  • 1944 US forces land on Guam during its recapture from the Japanese (Operation Forager)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 Detroit Tigers & Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
  • 1946 Jesus T Pinerol becomes 1st native born Puerto Rican governor
  • 1947 Indonesia begins 1st political election
  • 1948 WSPD TV channel 13 in Toledo, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Dalai Lama returns to Tibet

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1952 7.8 earthquake shakes Kern County California, 14 killed
  • 1952 Premier Ghavam es-Sultaneh of Persia, resigns
  • 1954 At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North & South Vietnam
  • 1955 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor
  • 1956 Cincinnati Reds pitcher Brooks Lawrence loses after 13 straight wins
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak
  • 1957 1st black to win a major US tennis tournament (Althea Gibson)
  • 1957 39th PGA Championship: Lionel Hebert at Miami Valley GC Dayton Ohio
  • 1957 Marilynn Smith/Fay Crocker wins Hot Springs 4-Ball Golf Tournament
  • 1959 1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, named, Camden NJ
  • 1959 Red Sox are last team to use a black player (Pumpsie Green)
  • 1960 Country of Katanga forms in Africa
  • 1960 In Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) Sirima Bandaranaike is world's 1st woman PM
  • 1960 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
  • 1961 Launch of Mercury 4 (Liberty Bell) with Grissom
  • 1962 160 civil right activists jailed after demonstration in Albany Ga
  • 1962 Battles on Chinese & Indies boundary

Sport awardGolf Major

1963 45th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 279 at Dallas AC Dallas

  • 1964 Arnold Long takes 11 catches in the match for Surrey v Sussex
  • 1964 Mildred Simpson runs female world record marathon (3:19:33)
  • 1964 Last Dutch whaling ship Willem Barents Sea sold to Japan
  • 1964 Race riots in Singapore between Chinese and Malay groups, 23 killed, 454 injured
  • 1965 Pakistan, Iran & Turkey sign Regional Co-Operation pact
  • 1966 Gemini X returns to Earth
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 50th PGA Championship: Julius Boros shoots a 281 at Pecan Valley TX
  • 1968 Carol Mann wins LPGA Buckeye Savings Golf Invitational
  • 1968 55th Tour de France won by Jan Janssen of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step on the Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT)

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1969 Russia's Luna 15 impacts moon after 52 lunar orbits
  • 1970 Aswan Dam opens in Egypt, enables human control of the flooding of the Nile
  • 1970 Libya orders confiscation of all Jewish property
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Clay Kirby has a no-hitter going for 8 inn, but is lifted for a pinch hitter, Reliever Jack Baldschun gives up 3 hits & Padres lose, 3-0
  • 1971 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Sam Giancana returns to the United States after spending seven years of exile in Mexico

Gangster Sam Giancana
Sam Giancana
  • 1972 2 passenger trains collide head-on killing 76 (Seville, Spain)
  • 1972 27.5 cm rainfall at Fort Ripley, Minnesota (state record)
  • 1972 Dodgers release & end career of pitcher Hoyt Wilhelm
  • 1972 In New York 57 murders occur in 24 hours
  • 1972 Bloody Friday: within the space of seventy-five minutes, the Provisional Irish Republican Army explode twenty-two bombs in Belfast; six civilians, two British Army soldiers and one UDA volunteer were killed, 130 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Braves Hank Aaron hits Ken Brett's fastball for his 700th HR

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron
  • 1973 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Atoll un the Pacific
  • 1973 USSR launches Mars 4 for fly-by (2600 km) of red planet
  • 1974 29th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Sandra Haynie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 US House Judiciary approves two Articles of Impeachment against President Richard Nixon

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1974 61st Tour de France won by Eddy Merckx of Belgium
  • 1975 Billy Martin fired as Texas Rangers manager
  • 1975 NY Met Félix Millán hits 4 singles; erased by Joe Torres 4 double plays
  • 1976 "Guys & Dolls" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 239 performances
  • 1976 1st outbreak of "Legionnaire's Disease" kills 29 in Philadelphia
  • 1976 Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, and his secretary Judith Cook are assassinated by a bomb planted by the Provisional IRA in his car in Dublin
  • 1976 9th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
  • 1977 Libyan-Egyptian border fights
  • 1977 Sri Lanka premier Bandaranaike loses election
  • 1978 Bolivian military coup under general Juan Pereda, president Hugo Banzer flees
  • 1978 US Postal Service & unions agree on a contract averting mail strike
  • 1978 World's strongest dog, 80-kg St Bernard, pulls 2909-kg load 27 m

Sport awardGolf Major

1979 108th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots a 283 at Royal Lytham

Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Seve Ballesteros
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner
Seve Ballesteros
  • 1979 National Women's Hall of Fame (Seneca Falls, NY) dedicated
  • 1980 Jean-Claude Droyer climbs Eiffel Tower in 2 hrs 18 mins
  • 1981 Australia set 130 to win, all out 111 at Headingley Willis 8-43
  • 1982 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1983 Polish government ends 19 months of martial law
  • 1983 Storm cuts short Diana Ross' free concert in NY's Central Park
  • 1983 US announces Lebanon freed American hostage David Dodge
  • 1984 Marita Koch of E Germany sets world women's mark for 200m, 21.71s
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1985 "Leader of the Pack" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 120 performances
  • 1985 114th British Golf Open: Sandy Lyle shoots a 282 at Royal St George
  • 1985 Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America
  • 1985 Judy Clark wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
  • 1985 72nd Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
  • 1986 Barbara Palacios Teyde, 22, of Venezuela, crowned 35th Miss Universe
  • 1986 Pleasure Island plans unveiled
  • 1987 Kristi Addis, of Mississippi, crowned 5th Miss Teen USA
  • 1988 ESA's Ariane-3 launches 2 communications satellites (1 Indian)
  • 1988 Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis accepts Democratic nomination for president
  • 1989 Eastern Airlines submits a reorganization plan to creditors

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1989 Mike Tyson KOs Carl Williams in 1:33 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1990 Goodwill Games opens in Seattle Wash
  • 1990 Pink Floyds' "Wall" is performed where Berlin Wall once stood
  • 1991 120th British Golf Open: Ian Baker-Finch shoots 272 at Royal Birkdale
  • 1991 Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
  • 1991 Sharmell Sullivan (Gary Indiana), 20, crowned 23rd Miss Black America
  • 1991 Ferguson Jenkins, Gaylord Perry, Rod Carew, Tony Lazzeri, & Bill Veeck are elected into the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY
  • 1993 Angela Kennedy swims world record 50 m butterfly stroke (26.93)
  • 1994 Tony Blair is declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way for him to become Prime Minister in 1997.
  • 1995 Brian Lara completes a pair for West Indians v Kent
  • 1995 KC Royals set club-record of 22 singles in 15 innings
  • 1996 125th British Golf Open: Tom Lehman shoots a 271 at Royal Lytham
  • 1996 Dottie Pepper wins LPGA Friendly's Golf Classic
  • 1996 Wayne Gretzky signs a 2 year deal with NY Rangers
  • 1996 "The Daily Show" hosted by Craig Kilborn premieres on Comedy Central in the US
  • 1996 83rd Tour de France won by Bjarne Riis of Denmark
  • 1997 NY Yank Mike Whiton held in Milwaukee on charges of sexual assault
  • 1997 The fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") celebrates her 200th birthday, setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
  • 2002 Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history.
  • 2002 131st British Golf Open: Ernie Els shoots a 278 at Muirfield Golf Links
  • 2004 The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country's armed forces.
  • 2005 Four terrorist bomber target London's public transportation system, exactly two weeks after the July 7 bombings, All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide. 11 million copies sell in 24 hrs

Novelist J. K. Rowling
J. K. Rowling
  • 2008 Bosnian-Serb war criminal Radovan Karadžić is arrested in Serbia and is indicted by the UN's ICTY tribunal.
  • 2011 NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.
  • 2011 44th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2013 15 Egyptian Army soldiers are killed after their bus crashes into a truck on the Mediterranean Coast Highway
  • 2013 12 people are killed in a clash between two Muslim families in Lanao del Sur, Philippines

Sport awardGolf Major

2013 142nd British Golf Open: Phil Mickelson shoots a 281 at Muirfield Golf Links

  • 2013 100th Tour de France won by Chris Froome of Great Britain
  • 2014 After 3 weeks, the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) has struck about 2,800 targets in Gaza, while Gaza has fired 1,497 rockets at Israel
  • 2015 HistoryOrb.com becomes OnThisDay.com