Historical Events on July 22

  • 259 St Dionysius elected as Pope, succeeding Sixtus II
  • 1099 First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1298 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1306 King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France
  • 1456 Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats Sultan Murad II
  • 1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
  • 1489 "Tractate Niddah" a talmudic edition, 1st printed
  • 1489 Treaty of Frankfurt signed between Maximilian of Austria and King Charles VIII of France
  • 1515 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland & Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1535 Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
  • 1582 Willem of Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft
  • 1587 2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off NC
  • 1627 English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [OS=June 12]
  • 1632 Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro-palace for king Philip IV
  • 1648 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre during Khmelnytsky Uprising
  • 1686 City of Albany, NY chartered
  • 1691 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France
  • 1729 Diamonds found in Minas Geras, Brazil
  • 1731 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1739 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia & subsequently successfully laid siege to Belgrade

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 George Washington takes command of the Continental Army

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1793 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
  • 1796 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by Gen Moses Cleveland
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Smolny Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia is consecrated, originally commissioned by Elizabeth of Russia

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1859 V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England v Surrey
  • 1864 Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US soldiers die
  • 1865 V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancashire
  • 1893 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado
  • 1898 Crew of Belgium RV Belgica see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs - 1st expedition to endure Antarctic winter
  • 1901 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • 1901 British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case
  • 1905 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • 1912 5th Olympic games in Stockholm, Sweden closes
  • 1912 In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea
  • 1916 A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in SF killing 10
  • 1917 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • 1918 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • 1919 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London

Sport awardGolf Major

1921 25th US Golf Open: Jim Barnes shoots a 289 at Columbia CC in MD

Pioneering Golfer Jim Barnes
Pioneering Golfer
Jim Barnes
  • 1922 Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St Louis teams are on top

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1923 Walter Johnson becomes 1st to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508)

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • 1923 17th Tour de France won by Henri Pelissier of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Yankees purchase infielder Leo Durocher

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • 1926 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)
  • 1926 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record)
  • 1926 Cincinnati Red Curt Walker ties record of 2 triples in an inning
  • 1933 1st solo flight round the world 7d 19hrs (Wiley Post)
  • 1933 Caterina Jarboro sings "Aida", NYC-1st negro prima donna in US
  • 1934 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
  • 1935 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia

  • 1936 Phillies John Moore hits 3 consecutive HRs
  • 1937 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge (NY)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer meets Hitler seeking peace talks

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • 1942 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins
  • 1942 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • 1946 Militant Zionist organisation Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in the southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities and injuring 46.
  • 1947 -8°F (-13°C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)
  • 1950 Frank Worrell completes 261 v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1950 King Leopold returns to Belgium after 6 years in exile
  • 1951 General Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
  • 1952 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 1954 US Virgin Islands adopt constitution (Revised Organic Act)
  • 1954 WTHI TV channel 10 in Terre Haute, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1955 Phillies longest win streak since 1892 hits 11
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • 1959 Benjamin Britten's "Missa Brevis" in D premieres
  • 1959 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • 1961 WBNB TV channel 10 in Charlotte Amaile, VI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 1st US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off
  • 1962 44th PGA Championship: Gary Player shoots a 278 at Aronimink GC PA
  • 1962 Chicago White Sox Floyd Robinson goes 6 for 6 (all singles)
  • 1962 Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Tournament
  • 1963 The Beatles release "Introducing the Beatles"

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1963 Sonny Liston KOs Floyd Patterson in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Sonny Liston
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Sonny Liston
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson
  • 1963 Sarawak achieves independence from British colonial rule

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Edward Heath succeeds Alec Douglas-Home as leader of the British Conservative party

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1967 1st major appearance by Vanilla Fudge (Village Theater NYC)
  • 1967 Atlanta Braves use a record 5 pitchers in 9th inning
  • 1967 Carol Mann wins LPGA Supertest Ladies' Golf Open
  • 1967 Jimi Hendrix quits as opening act of the Monkees' tour
  • 1968 Sir John Newsome recommends public schools should take 50% of their intake from the state school system
  • 1969 Aretha Franklin arrested for disturbing the peace in Detroit
  • 1969 USSR launches Sputnik 50 & Molniya 1-12 communications satellite
  • 1971 Sudanese military counter-coup under premier Numeiry
  • 1972 10.84" (27.53 cm) of rainfall, Fort Ripley, Mn (state 24-hr record)
  • 1972 Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus
  • 1972 2 Catholics are abducted, beaten, and shot dead in a Loyalist area of Belfast
  • 1972 59th Tour de France won by Eddy Merckx of Belgium
  • 1973 28th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning
  • 1973 60th Tour de France won by Luis Ocana of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US House of Representives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1976 "Let My People Come" opens at Morosco Theater NYC for 106 performances
  • 1979 Pat Meyers wins LPGA Greater Baltimore Golf Classic
  • 1979 66th Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
  • 1981 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced in a Rome, Italy court to life
  • 1982 Academic Text Processing Service forms in Seattle
  • 1983 -128.6°F (-89.2°C) recorded, Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • 1983 Angels OF Brian Downing error ends his record streak at 244 games
  • 1983 Dick Smith makes 1st solo helicopter flight around the world
  • 1983 Polish Prime Minister Wojciech Jaruzelski lifts martial law after 19 months
  • 1984 113th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots a 276 at St Andrews
  • 1984 22nd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats Australia in Sao Paulo Brazil (2-1)
  • 1984 Kathy Whitworth wins Rochester Golf International (her 85th win)
  • 1984 71st Tour de France won by Laurent Fignon of France
  • 1986 US House of Representatives impeaches Judge Harry E. Claiborne for tax evasion
  • 1987 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 5k record (12:58.39) in Rome
  • 1987 Soyuz TM-3 launched with 3 cosmonauts (1 Syrian)
  • 1987 US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf
  • 1988 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research
  • 1989 Kristin Huxhold, 18, of Missouri, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1990 119th British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots 270 at St Andrews Scotland

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1990 90th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Phil Mickelson

  • 1990 Beth Daniel wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament
  • 1990 77th Tour de France won by Greg LeMond of USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 men in 1978

Serial Killer Jeffrey Dahmer
Serial Killer
Jeffrey Dahmer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes prison

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1992 Soyuz TM-15 launches
  • 1993 NY Yankee Don Mattingly hits his 200th HR
  • 1993 Soyuz TM-17 lands
  • 1994 23rd & last part of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (since July 16th)
  • 1994 Doc Gooden admitted to Betty Ford Center
  • 1994 Mariners play Red Sox as home team at Fenway, as Kingdome is repaired
  • 1994 Military coup in Gambia: President Dawda Jawara flees

MurderMurder of Interest

1994 O.J. Simpson pleads "Absolutely 100% Not Guilty" of murder

NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal O.J. Simpson
NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal
O.J. Simpson
  • 1994 William Sigei runs world record 10k (26:52.53)
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), lands
  • 1995 Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her two children in South Carolina
  • 1997 Fire breaks out at Palais de Chaillot in Paris
  • 1997 The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Greg Maddux throws a complete game with just 76 pitches

MLB Pitching Legend Greg Maddux
MLB Pitching Legend
Greg Maddux
  • 1997 The first shipments of oil produced from Kazakhstan's Tengiz field arrive at terminals on the Black Sea for subsequent export through the Bosphoros Strait
  • 1999 Woodstock 99 music festival begins Griffiss Park, Rome NY (till 25th) attended by 200,000. Ended due to violence.
  • 2001 130th British Golf Open: David Duval shoots a 274 at Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club
  • 2002 Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.
  • 2003 Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.
  • 2004 37th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2005 Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings
  • 2007 136th British Golf Open: Pádraig Harrington shoots a 277 at Carnoustie Golf Links
  • 2010 43rd San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 2011 Norway is the victim of twin terror attacks, the first a bomb blast targeting government buildings in central Oslo, second a massacre at a youth camp on island of Utøya
  • 2012 Car bombs kills 20 people and injures 80 in Madaen and Najaf, Iraq
  • 2012 At least 77 people are killed by torrential rain in Beijing, China
  • 2012 Pranab Mukherjee is elected President of India
  • 2012 141st British Golf Open: Ernie Els shoots a 273 at Royal Lytham & St Annes Golf Club
  • 2012 99th Tour de France won by Bradley Wiggins of Great Britain
  • 2013 89 people are killed and 500 are injured by earthquakes in Gansu province, China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Mike Babcock is again named head coach of Team Canada, this time for the 2014 Winter Olympics (they would repeat as gold medalists)

NHL Coach Mike Babcock
NHL Coach
Mike Babcock
  • 2014 Both the United Arab Emirates and the USA announce aid packages to besieged Gaza
  • 2014 News broadcaster Al Jazeera claim that its office in Gaza is under attack by the Israeli Defence Force
  • 2014 European Union claim that Israel 'has the right to defend itself', but say civilian casualties in Gaza are unacceptable
  • 2015 'Oldest' Qur'an fragments discovered in collection of Birmingham University, radiocarbon testing dates to AD568 - AD645

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 Hillary Clinton announces Virginia Senator Tim Kaine as her Vice Presidential running mate

Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
  • 2016 Japan’s Funai Electric announce they will manufacture world's last videocassette this month
  • 2017 10 die in over-heated tractor-trailer in San Antonio, Texas in human-trafficking incident
  • 2017 South African golfer Branden Grace records lowest round for a men's major championship - 62 in 3rd round at British Open, Royal Birkdale, England