Historical Events on July 31

Events 1 - 200 of 205

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

30 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian's invasion of Egypt

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 432 St Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 768 [Philip] begins & ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 781 The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
  • 1291 Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • 1423 Hundred Years' War: Battle of Cravant - the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
  • 1451 Jacques Cœur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Christopher Columbus on his third voyage discovers the island of Trinidad

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1620 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden for England before heading to America
  • 1653 Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
  • 1655 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1658 Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol emperor
  • 1664 Pierre Corneille's "Othon" premieres in Paris
  • 1667 Peace of Breda: 2nd English war-Suriname vs New-Netherlands ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1703 Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • 1737 Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court
  • 1741 Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • 1751 Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses
  • 1771 Paul Potters "Great ossendrift" sold for Ÿ9050 in Amsterdam
  • 1777 Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • 1790 1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
  • 1792 Cornerstone laid for 1st US government building: US Mint in Philadelphia
  • 1794 All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • 1809 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
  • 1813 British invade Plattsburgh NY
  • 1849 Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
  • 1852 Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg)
  • 1855 Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4°C avg)
  • 1856 Christchurch, New Zealand, is chartered as a city.
  • 1861 9,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1865 The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
  • 1874 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U
  • 1876 US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)
  • 1877 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • 1879 The first cable connection between South Africa and Europe is laid by the British electrical engineer Charles Tilston Bright as part of his project to link the British Empire with growing telecommunications technologies
  • 1893 Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
  • 1893 Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture
  • 1899 Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's
  • 1900 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin
  • 1901 Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
  • 1905 Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
  • 1909 Bill Burns pitching for White Sox has 2nd no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • 1910 Chic Cub King Cole no-hits St Louis, 4-0 in a 7 inning game
  • 1910 Clement van Maasdijk gives flying demonstration
  • 1910 8th Tour de France won by Octave Lapize of France
  • 1911 Hungarian education is only taught in German
  • 1912 RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
  • 1912 US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (censorship)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1914 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo
  • 1917 3rd battle of Ypres begins
  • 1919 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted
  • 1922 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minn)
  • 1922 General strike in Italy against fascist violence
  • 1923 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
  • 1925 Last allied occupying troops leave Ruhrgebied
  • 1925 Unemployment Insurance Act passed in Britain
  • 1928 1st woman to win a track and field olympic gold medal, Halina Konopacka of Poland
  • 1929 Aristide Briand becomes premier of France for the 6th time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Lou Gehrig grand slams as Yanks beat Red Sox 14-13

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1932 27th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (3-2)
  • 1932 Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens-Philadelphia A's beat Indians 1-0
  • 1932 George Washington quarter goes into circulation
  • 1932 German Election (NSDAP gets 37.3%)
  • 1932 26th Tour de France won by Andre Leducq of France
  • 1934 29th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats USA in Wimbledon (4-1)
  • 1934 St Louis Cards defeat Cincinnati Reds 8-6 in 18 innings, pitchers Dizzy Dean & Tony Freitos go the distant
  • 1935 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
  • 1936 Tokyo Japan is awarded the 1940 Olympics (later cancelled)
  • 1937 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • 1938 NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
  • 1938 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • 1938 32nd Tour de France won by Gino Bartali of Italy
  • 1940 38 U boats sinks this month (196,000 ton)
  • 1940 Riechskommissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals
  • 1941 U boats sink 21 allied ships this month: 94,000 ton
  • 1942 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942 U-boats sank 96 allied ships this month: 476,000 ton
  • 1943 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany
  • 1944 Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
  • 1944 Transport #77 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 US troops occupy Sansapor, New-Guinea
  • 1945 Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
  • 1948 "Brigadoon" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 581 performances
  • 1948 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • 1949 Lightning strikes a baseball field in Fla, kills SS & 3rd baseman
  • 1951 Japan Airlines is established.
  • 1954 Mil Braves' Joe Adcock sets record of 18 total bases (4 hrs, 1 double)
  • 1954 First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
  • 1955 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Battle Creek Golf Open
  • 1955 KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, WV (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1956 Laker takes 10-53 in Australia's 2nd innings, 19-90 for match
  • 1958 Anti-Chinese uprising in Tibet
  • 1959 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
  • 1960 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
  • 1960 KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1960 Patty Berg wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
  • 1961 31st All Star Baseball Game: 1-1 tie ends by rain at Fenway, Boston
  • 1961 Israel welcomes its 1,000,000th immigrant
  • 1962 Statham is Test cricket's leading wkt-taker (229), beating Lindwall
  • 1963 Arturo Illia elected President of Argentina
  • 1963 Cleve ties record of 4 consecutive HRs (Held, Ramos, Francona, Brown)
  • 1963 Indians' Woodie Held, Pedro Ramos, Tito Francona, & Larry Brown hit consecutive home runs in one inning (vs California Angels)
  • 1964 Al Parker glides 644 miles without a motor
  • 1964 Rolling Stone concert in Ireland halts after 12 minutes due to riot
  • 1964 US Ranger 7 takes 4,316 pictures before crashing on Moon
  • 1965 Cigarette advertsing banned on British TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Alabamans burn Beatle products due to John Lennon's anti-Jesus remark

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Rolling Stone Mick Jagger & Keith Richards end 1 month jail sentence

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • 1968 Beatles close Apple Boutique, giving clothes away for free
  • 1969 KWIH TV channel 44 in Winona, MN (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 Mariner 6 makes its closest approach to planet Mars at 3410 km
  • 1969 National Guard mobilizes in racial disturbances in Baton Rouge, La
  • 1970 37th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Kansas City 24, All Stars 3 (69,940)
  • 1970 Chet Huntley retires from NBC, ends "Huntley-Brinkley Report"

CommunicationBlack Tot Day

1970 Black Tot Day: the last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy (started 1740)

  • 1970 Daniel O'Hagan (19), a Catholic civilian, is shot dead by the British Army during a serious riot in the New Lodge Road area of Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1971 Apollo 15 astronauts take 6½ hour electric car ride on Moon
  • 1971 Deventer Soccer team Go Ahead Eagles forms
  • 1971 Venezuela's Hydrocarbons Reversion Law mandates gradual transfer to government ownership of all "unexploited concession areas" by 1974 and "all their residual assets" by 1983
  • 1972 Dick Allen is 7th to hit 2 inside-the-park homers in a game
  • 1972 Thomas Eagleton withdraws as Democratic VP candidate
  • 1972 Operation Motorman: the British Army use 12,000 soldiers supported by tanks and bulldozers to re-take the "no-go areas" controlled by the Provisional Irish Republican Army
  • 1972 Claudy bombing: nine civilians were killed when three car bombs exploded in County Londonderry, North Ireland; no group has since claimed responsibility

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 ABA Virginia Squires trade Julius Erving to NY Nets

NBA Legend Julius Erving
NBA Legend
Julius Erving
  • 1973 Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 6 months later
  • 1973 Frank Hayes scores 106 on Test Cricket debut v WI as England lose
  • 1974 6th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
  • 1975 The Miami Showband killings: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a loyalist paramilitary group, shoot dead three members of an Irish showband at Buskhill, County Down, Ireland
  • 1976 Seychelles Independence (Independence day)
  • 1976 Waldemar Cierpinski runs Olympic marathon (2:09:55.0)
  • 1977 Debbie Austin wins LPGA Pocono Northeast Golf Classic
  • 1977 E Henry Knoche, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1977 John F Blake promoted from acting to deputy director of CIA
  • 1978 Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris
  • 1978 NY Yanks now 7½ out of 1st, picked up 7 games in previous 2 weeks

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1978 Pete Rose ties NL record hitting streak at 44

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1979 "But Never Jam Today" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • 1980 John Phillips of Mamas & Papas is arrested on drug charges
  • 1980 Rangers snap Orioles pitcher Steve Stone's 14-game winning streak
  • 1980 Soyuz 37 crew returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 36
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 42 day old, 2nd major league baseball strike ends
  • 1981 Arnette Hubbard installed as 1st woman president of National Bar Association
  • 1982 46 kids & 7 adults die as 2 buses & several cars collide in France
  • 1982 Car/bus collision near Beaune, France, 53 die
  • 1982 Finland, Italy, Germany, Austria & France form American European Football Federation (AEFF)
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • 1983 38th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jan Stephenson
  • 1983 B Robinson, J Marichal, G Kell, & W Alston inducted into Hall of Fame
  • 1983 Dutch July avg temp is 20.1°C; warmest July since 1852
  • 1984 Leeza Gibbon's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight
  • 1984 US men's gymnastics team won team gold medal at LA Summer Olympics
  • 1984 Venz commandos terminate hijacking of an aircraft, 2 killed
  • 1986 19th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Hotel San Diego
  • 1987 Battle between Iranian pilgrims & Saudi-Arabian troops, 402 killed
  • 1987 Guns & Roses song "Appetite for Destruction" is released

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1987 Oriole Eddie Murray hits his 299th & 300th career home runs

MLB First Baseman Eddie Murray
MLB First Baseman
Eddie Murray
  • 1987 Rockwell International awarded contract to build a 5th shuttle
  • 1987 A rare, class F-4 tornado rips through Edmonton, Alberta, killing 27 people and causing $330 million in damage.
  • 1988 Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Greater Washington Golf Open
  • 1988 Jose Canseco is 1st to hit 30 HRs in 1st 3 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Last playboy club closes in Lansing, Michigan

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1988 Miami Dolphins beat SF 49ers 27-21 in London
  • 1988 Willie Stargell became 200th man inducted in Baseball's Hall of Fame
  • 1988 32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia.
  • 1989 Twins trade AL Cy Young Award winner Frank Viola to Mets
  • 1990 Bosnia-Hercegovina declares independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Nolan Ryan becomes 20th major league pitcher to win 300 games

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1991 Russia & US sign long range nuclear weapons reduction pact
  • 1991 Senate votes to allow women to fly combat aircraft
  • 1991 The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other.
  • 1992 Jeff Rouse swims world record/OR 100m backstroke (53.86 sec)
  • 1992 Kieren John Perkins swims world record/OR 1500m free style (14:43.4)
  • 1992 Tamas Darnyi swims world record/Olympics 200m backstroke (1:59.36)
  • 1992 Thai Airbus crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 113 die
  • 1992 Yang Wenyi swims world record/OR 50m freestyle (24.79 sec)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 A's trade Rickey Henderson to Blue Jays

MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson
MLB Outfielder
Rickey Henderson
  • 1993 Allman Bros guitarist Dickey Betts arrested for shoving 2 cops
  • 1993 Inkatha-arm forces killed 49 ANC-followers in Johannesburg
  • 1993 Prince Ronald "Ronnie" Mutebi crowned king of Uganda
  • 1994 102.7°F (39.3°C) in Pleschen, East-Germany
  • 1994 28th Curtis Cup: Draw, 9-9
  • 1994 Arcen Limburg averages 71.6°F (22.0°C) in July: record
  • 1994 Helen Alfredss wins LPGA Ping Welch's Golf Championship
  • 1994 Netherlands' warmest July since 1783 - average 21.4°C
  • 1994 Phil Rizzuto (Yanks) & Steve Carlton (Phils) enter the Hall of Fame
  • 1994 Sergei Bubka ploe vaults his 35th world record (6.14 m)
  • 1994 Stockholm averages 21.5°C; the warmest July since 1855
  • 1994 UN votes 12-0 (2 abstentions) to authorize use of force against Haiti

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 A's trade Mark McGwire to St Louis Cardinals

MLB First Baseman Mark McGwire
MLB First Baseman
Mark McGwire
  • 1999 Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector - NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon's surface.
  • 2002 Polaroid Corporation is purchased by One Equity Partners, creating a new company that now operates under the Polaroid Corporation name, launching a new era for Polaroid.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2006 Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro. This leads to a celebration in Little Havana (La Pequeña Habana in Spanish), Miami, Florida, where many Cuban Americans participated.

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro
  • 2007 Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end.
  • 2012 Two car bombs kill 21 people in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2012 A second power grid failure in two days leaves 670 million people in India without power
  • 2014 The US agree to resupply arms to Israel - including rocket launchers, mortar rounds, grenades - despite condemnation of civilian casualties in Gaza