Historical Events on June 1

Events 1 - 200 of 286

  • 4000 BC Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)
  • 193 Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.
  • 794 Charles the Great opens general synod in Frankfurt
  • 1204 King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.

BattleBattle of Interest

1215 Beijing, under control of Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing

Great Khan of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan
Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan
  • 1283 Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market
  • 1283 Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
  • 1459 Pope Pius II opens congress of Mantua
  • 1485 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
  • 1495 First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1526 Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1533 Anne Boleyn crowned queen of England

  • 1562 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I & Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
  • 1568 Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood
  • 1608 Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-government
  • 1638 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass
  • 1641 France & Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1649 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • 1657 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
  • 1660 Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1670 English King Charles II & French King Louis XIV sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

King Charles II
Charles II
The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1676 Battle of Öland: allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, during the Scanian War (1675–79)
  • 1679 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
  • 1746 French troops conquer Antwerp
  • 1774 Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • 1789 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
  • 1792 Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • 1794 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • 1796 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from US
  • 1796 Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • 1808 1st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
  • 1809 Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • 1813 Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1834 HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • 1835 6th national black convention (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Charles Darwin returns to Capetown

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1843 It snows in Buffalo & Rochester NY & Cleveland Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1845 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1855 US adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 1857 Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published.
  • 1861 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
  • 1861 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
  • 1861 Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA
  • 1861 US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
  • 1862 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Slavery abolished in all US possessions
  • 1864 -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
  • 1864 Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
  • 1864 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool.
  • 1866 General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • 1866 Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • 1868 Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
  • 1868 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • 1869 Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Thomas Edison granted his first patent for an electric vote machine (U.S. Patent 90,646)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1872 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
  • 1877 Society of American Artists forms
  • 1877 US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
  • 1879 Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed serving with British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War. He is buried in Farnborough, Hampshire.
  • 1880 1st pay telephone installed
  • 1880 US census at 50,155,783
  • 1881 Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
  • 1886 The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
  • 1888 California gets its 1st seismograph
  • 1890 US census at 62,622,250
  • 1893 Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1898 Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
  • 1899 Cricket test debut of Wilfred Rhodes & Victor Trumper in Grace's last
  • 1900 British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
  • 1902 Blue-White United soccer team of Amsterdam forms
  • 1905 Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
  • 1907 -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)
  • 1908 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
  • 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
  • 1910 SC Enschede soccer team forms in Enschede
  • 1911 1st US group insurance policy written, Passaic, NJ
  • 1911 1st Inter-Empire Championships close in London
  • 1912 Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
  • 1913 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • 1915 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
  • 1916 German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • 1917 Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
  • 1918 Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
  • 1918 White Sox losing 5-4 against NY Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1919 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • 1920 RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
  • 1920 Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • 1921 Race riot in Tulsa Oklahoma (21 whites & 60 blacks killed)
  • 1922 Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Over 50,000 Fascists gather for a meeting in Bologna where Mussolini warns that he will lead a full-scale revolt against a government favoring 'anti-Fascist reaction'

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1923 NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1925 Lou Gehrig replaces Wally Pipp (1st of record 2130 consecutive games)

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1926 Ignacy Mocicki elected president of Poland
  • 1927 Peace Bridge between US & Canada opens
  • 1930 Alphense Boys soccer team forms in Alphen on Rhine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Bradman scores cricket 191 Australia v Hampshire, 240 mins, 26 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1930 35th Men's French Championships: Henri Cochet beats Bill Tilden (3-6, 8-6, 6-3, 6-1)

Sport awardTennis Open

1930 35th Women's French Championships: Helen Wills Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-2, 6-1)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • 1931 Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
  • 1932 Lunteren soccer team forms in Lunteren
  • 1933 Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
  • 1934 AFC '34 soccer team forms in Alkmaar
  • 1935 Driving test & license plates introduced in England
  • 1935 Yanks set solo HR record with 6 beat Boston 7-2
  • 1936 "Lux Radio Theater" moved from NYC to Hollywood
  • 1936 Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
  • 1936 41st Men's French Championships: Gottfried von Cramm beats Fred Perry (6-0, 2-6, 6-2, 2-6, 6-0)
  • 1936 41st Women's French Championships: Hilde Sperling beats Simonne Mathieu (6-3, 6-4)
  • 1937 Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0
  • 1937 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
  • 1938 Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters
  • 1939 1st boxing match to be televised, Lon Nova defeats Max Baer
  • 1939 1st night game at Phil's Shribe Park (Pirates 5, Phillies 2)
  • 1939 British submarine "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
  • 1939 Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
  • 1940 Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Major General Bernard Montgomery returns to London

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
  • 1941 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, in Burlington, Kansas (state 24-hr record)
  • 1941 British troops occupy Bagdad, Iraq
  • 1941 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1941 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation
  • 1941 NY Giant Mel Ott hits his 400th HR & his 1,500th RBI
  • 1943 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • 1943 Pirates Rip Sewell 1st throws his dew-drop (eephus) ball in a game
  • 1944 Gen Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth
  • 1944 Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
  • 1945 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • 1946 78th Belmont: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8
  • 1946 Spijkenisse soccer team forms in Spijkenisse
  • 1946 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and politician convicted of war crimes, is executed.
  • 1947 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • 1947 Photosensitive glass developed
  • 1948 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • 1949 1st magazine on microfilm offered to subscribers (Newsweek)
  • 1949 British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
  • 1949 KSL TV channel 5 in Salt Lake City, UT (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 Microfilm copies of "Newsweek" magazine 1st offered
  • 1950 WKZO (now WWMT) TV channel 3 in Kalamazoo, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1951 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)
  • 1951 International Cheese treaty signed
  • 1952 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cross Country Weathervane Golf Tournament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index

Writer André Gide
André Gide
  • 1952 51st Men's French Championships: Jaroslav Drobny beats Frank Sedgman (6-2, 6-0, 3-6, 6-4)
  • 1952 51st Women's French Championships: Doris Hart beats Shirley Fry (6-4, 6-4)
  • 1953 KMJ (now KSEE) TV channel 24 in Fresno, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 WDAY TV channel 6 in Fargo, ND (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)
  • 1955 Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
  • 1957 1st US runner breaks 4 minute mile (Don Bowden) [see May 5, 1956]
  • 1957 56th Men's French Championships: Sven Davidson beats Herbert Flam (6-3, 6-4, 6-4)
  • 1957 56th Women's French Championships: Shirley Bloomer beats Dorothy Knode (6-1, 6-3)
  • 1958 Belgian christian-democrats win parliamentary election

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1958 Charles de Gaulle elected premier of France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1958 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Gatlinburg Golf Open
  • 1959 2-time champ Monterrey Mexico barred from 1959 Little League competition for using players outside predetermined geographical area
  • 1959 Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)
  • 1960 "Finian's Rainbow" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1960 WDTV TV channel 5 in Clarksburg-Weston, WV (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
  • 1962 Oscar 2 (ham radio satellite) launched into Earth orbit
  • 1962 Roda JC soccer team reforms in Kerkrade
  • 1962 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 40,420 m
  • 1963 "El Watusi" by Ray Barreto hits #17

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Jomo Kenyatta becomes 1st Prime Minister of Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1964 Kenya becomes a republic and Jomo Kenyatta its President
  • 1965 A Penzias & R Wilson detect 3°K primordial background radiation
  • 1965 coal mine explosion in Fukuoka Japan kills 236
  • 1966 2,400 persons attend White House Conference on Civil Rights

Music concertMusic Concert

1966 George Harrison is impressed by Ravi Shankar's concert in London

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison
Musician Ravi Shankar
Ravi Shankar
  • 1966 Joaquin Balaguer elected president of Dominican Republic
  • 1966 Shortwave station Radio NY Worldwide changes calls from WRUL to WNYW
  • 1967 Beatles release Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band in the US & goes gold
  • 1967 Mayor-council form of government instituted for Washington, D.C.
  • 1968 100th Belmont: Gus Gustines aboard Stage Door Johnny wins in 2:27.2
  • 1968 Simon & Garfunkel's "Mrs Robinson" hits #1
  • 1969 Tobacco advertising is banned on Canadian radio & TV
  • 1970 "Everything Is Beautiful" by Ray Stevens hits #1
  • 1970 Com Bowie Kuhn reprimands Astro Jim Bouton for writing "Ball Four"
  • 1970 Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days
  • 1970 Tigers Al Kaline collides with another player & swallows his tongue
  • 1971 "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown" opens at Golden NYC for 31 performances
  • 1971 Ed Sullivan's final TV show on CBS
  • 1972 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 15th Symphony, Dutch premieres in West Berlin
  • 1972 Tswanaland becomes Bophuthatswana in South Africa
  • 1972 West German police arrest Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader
  • 1972 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • 1973 George Harrison's "Living in the Material World" goes gold
  • 1973 Greek Pres Papadopoulos asks for "parliamentary presidential republic"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Paul McCartney & Wings release "Live & Let Die"

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney
Musician & member of the Beatles
Paul McCartney
  • 1973 Eight OPEC countries raise price of petroleum by 11.9 percent
  • 1974 "My Girl Bill" by Jim Stafford hits #12
  • 1974 Bundy victim Brenda Ball disappears from Burien, Wash
  • 1974 Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincs kills 28 in UK
  • 1974 The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine.
  • 1974 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia