Historical Events on June 18

  • 618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China.
  • 860 Rus Vikings attack Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1155 Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1178 Five monks at Canterbury report explosion on moon (only known observation)
  • 1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.
  • 1316 Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark & Luikse towns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529 Blackfriars begin: Henry VIII & Catharina of Aragon

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1538 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I
  • 1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII as king of Ireland
  • 1574 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580 States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship
  • 1583 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • 1629 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beat the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy
  • 1639 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1643 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn founds Philadelphia, US

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1757 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1767 Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.
  • 1778 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 1779 French fleet occupies St Vincent
  • 1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1815 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821 Opera "Der Freischutz" is produced (Berlin)
  • 1822 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1822 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey & Peter Poyas arrested in SC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave South-Africa

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1837 Spain gets new Constitution
  • 1863 After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
  • 1864 At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
  • 1872 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
  • 1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President
  • 1879 W H Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
  • 1887 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.
  • 1892 Macadamia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii
  • 1894 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 1898 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, NJ
  • 1898 4th US Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club Mass
  • 1898 12th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Marion Jones (6-3, 5-7, 6-4, 2-6, 7-5)
  • 1900 Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • 1900 Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
  • 1903 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in SF; arrives NY 3-mo later
  • 1906 6th Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Wimbledon (5-0)
  • 1908 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • 1909 Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women
  • 1910 16th US Golf Open: Alex Smith shoots a 298 at Philadelphia Cricket Club PA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1912 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1915 21st US Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol GC NJ
  • 1916 Yanks score in every inning but 8th to beat Indians 19-3 in baseball
  • 1924 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque
  • 1926 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1927 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2000 m: 5:24.6

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

Aviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart
Aviation Pioneer
Amelia Earhart
  • 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute held.
  • 1934 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • 1936 1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, WI
  • 1936 Polish parliament gives pres Ignacy Moscicki dictatorial power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Babe Ruth is signed as a Dodgers coach for the rest of the season

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Gen Charles de Gaulle on BBC tells French to defy Nazi occupiers

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1940 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs & chickens

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1940 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1941 Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 13 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1941 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st black ensign in US Navy
  • 1942 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • 1943 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • 1944 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • 1944 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • 1945 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
  • 1946 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim.
  • 1947 Cincinnati Red Ewell Blackwell no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0
  • 1948 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • 1948 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • 1948 Phillies pitching great Robin Roberts debut, loses 2-0 to Pirates
  • 1948 UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights
  • 1949 "Along Fifth Avenue" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 180 performances
  • 1950 Cleve Indians score 14 runs in 1st inning, beat A's 21-2
  • 1951 De Gaulle wins French parliamentary election
  • 1951 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences.
  • 1953 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • 1953 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • 1953 Eugene Stephens is 1st to get 3 hits & Red Sox score 17 runs in 1 Inning (7th) Red Sox beat Detroit 23-3
  • 1953 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1954 Pierre Mendèsforms French government
  • 1954 4th Berlin International Film Festival: "Hobson's Choice" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1955 "3 for Tonight" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances
  • 1956 Last of foreign troops leaves Egypt as British leave Suez Canal
  • 1957 John Diefenbacker (C) takes office as PM of Canada
  • 1959 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • 1959 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane.
  • 1959 New York City premiere of the film version of Kathryn Hulme's "The Nun's Story"
  • 1960 "Destry Rides Again" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 472 performances

Sport awardGolf Major

1960 60th US Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots 280 at Cherry Hills in Denver

  • 1960 Giants hire Tom Sheehan as baseball's oldest debuting manager (66)
  • 1961 CBS radio cancels Gunsmoke
  • 1961 KBMT TV channel 12 in Beaumont, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
  • 1963 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school
  • 1964 African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar

Sport awardGolf Major

1967 67th US Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots 275 at Baltusrol GC NJ

  • 1967 Houston Don Wilson no-hits Atlanta Braves, 2-0
  • 1967 Monterey International Pop Festival rocks Southern California
  • 1967 Susie Maxwell wins LPGA Milwaukee Jaycee Golf Open
  • 1968 Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale & rental of housing
  • 1969 A report published by the International Commission of Jurists on the British government's policy in Northern Ireland is critical of both the British government and the Northern Ireland government
  • 1970 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party
  • 1971 Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1972 72nd US Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 290 at Pebble Beach Calif
  • 1972 BEA Trident crashes after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
  • 1972 US Supreme Court, 5-3, confirms lower court rulings in Curt Flood case, upholding baseball's exemption from antitrust laws
  • 1972 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down
  • 1972 UEFA European Championship: West Germany defeat Soviet Union 3-0 in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and President Nixon

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1973 NCAA makes urine testing mandatory for participants
  • 1974 Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
  • 1975 Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs in a Red Sox 15-1 victory over Tigers
  • 1975 Gary Gilmour takes 6-14 in Cricket World Cup semi v England
  • 1975 NBC News & Information Service (24 hr news) premieres on radio
  • 1976 A Joseph William Turner watercolor auctioned for £340,000
  • 1976 St Louis Cards Lou Brock & Hector Cruz hit inside-the-park HRs
  • 1976 Bowie Kuhn voids A's sales, totaling $35 million, of Joe Rudi & Rollie Fingers to Red Sox, & Vida Blue to Yankees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Billy Martin & Reggie Jackson get into a dug out altercation

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • 1977 Sex Pistols Johnny Rotten & Paul Cook, beaten & robbed by London pub
  • 1977 Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, It was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
  • 1978 78th US Golf Open: Andy North shoots a 285 at Cherry Hill CC in Denver
  • 1978 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Bankers Trust Golf Classic
  • 1978 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
  • 1979 Billy Martin becomes Yankee manager (2nd time), replacing Bob Lemon
  • 1979 Sri Lanka beat India by 47 runs in Cricket World Cup upset
  • 1979 US President Carter & Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT II treaty limiting nuclear wepons
  • 1980 Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa
  • 1980 Mrs Shakuntala Devi mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • 1981 Kimberley Ann Smith, of NC, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1981 Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires (replaced by Sandra Day O'Connor, 1st woman on US Supreme Court)
  • 1981 Test cricket debut of Terry Alderman, v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1981 Vaccine to prevent hoof & mouth disease announced
  • 1981 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California.
  • 1982 ABC's All Talk radio network expands to 22 stations
  • 1982 Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote
  • 1983 "Pump Boys & Dinettes" closes at Princess Theater NYC after 573 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launches Sally Ride as 1st US woman in space

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1983 IRA's Joseph Doherty arrested in NYC
  • 1984 84th US Golf Open: Fuzzy Zoeller shoots a 276 at Winged Foot GC NY
  • 1985 Boston Red Sox Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs
  • 1986 De Havilland Twin Otter & Bell 206 helicopter collide, kills 25
  • 1986 Don Sutton becomes 19th pitcher to win 300 games
  • 1986 Heike Friedrich swims female world record 200m freestyle (1:57.55)
  • 1986 Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs v Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
  • 1986 US House of Representatives approves Bill to impose stricter sanctions on Apartheid South Africa
  • 1987 Charles Glass, ABC journalist, kidnapped in Lebanon
  • 1988 Jeff Hamilton, hits 8,000th Dodger home run
  • 1989 "Starmites" closes at Criter Ctr SR Theater NYC after 60 performances
  • 1989 89th US Golf Open: Curtis Strange shoots a 278 at Oak Hill CC NY
  • 1989 Comet Churyunov-Gerasimenko at perihelion
  • 1989 Laura Davies wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
  • 1990 After being undefeated in the 1982 FIFA World Cup Cameroon suffer their 1st loss. Soviet Union wins 4-0.
  • 1990 1st sudden death US Open Golf Championship is won by Hale Irwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in US

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 1991 Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80
  • 1991 SF Giant pitcher Dave Dravecky's cancerous left arm is amputated
  • 1991 Yankee pitchers pick-off 3 Toronto Blue Jays
  • 1992 Ottawa Senators make goalie Peter Sidorkiewicz their 1st draft
  • 1992 Tampa Bay Lightning make goalie Wendell Young their 1st draft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Expo's Dennis Martínez is 92nd to win 200 games

MLB Pitcher Dennis Martínez
MLB Pitcher
Dennis Martínez
  • 1993 Toru Takemitsu's "Archipelago" premieres in Aldeburgh England
  • 1994 Aleksander Popov swims world record 100m free style (48.21 sec)
  • 1994 Gay Games open in NYC
  • 1994 FIFA World Cup: US ties Switzerland 1-1 in their 1st game of 1994 football World Cup
  • 1995 95th US Golf Open: Corey Pavin shoots a 280 at Shinnecock Hills NY
  • 1995 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Rochester International Golf Tournament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts.

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski

Sport awardGolf Major

2000 100th US Golf Open: Tiger Woods shoots a 272 at Pebble Beach, California

Golfer Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
  • 2001 Protests occur in Manipur over the extension of the ceasefire between Naga insurgents and the government of India.
  • 2001 101st US Golf Open: Retief Goosen shoots a 276 at Southern Hills CC OK
  • 2003 Google launches AdSense, a program that enables website publishers to serve ads targeted to the specific content of their individual web pages, many of which like HistoryOrb.com go on to start their own publishing businesses
  • 2006 The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched.
  • 2006 106th US Golf Open: Geoff Ogilvy shoots a 285 at Winged Foot GC NY
  • 2012 15 people are killed and 40 injured in a suicide attack in Baquba, Iraq
  • 2012 2nd Critics' Choice Television Awards: Community wins Best Comedy Series, Homeland wins Best Drama Series
  • 2013 31 people are killed and 60 are injured by two suicide bombings in al-Qahira, Baghdad
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 30 are injured by a suicide bomb in Sher Garh, Pakistan
  • 2013 Russia passes a law banning foreign same-sex couples from adopting children

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Ian McKellen is awarded an honorary degree by Cambridge University, becoming a Doctor of Letters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Pope Francis blames human selfishness for global warming in his encyclical, named "Laudato Si (Be Praised), On the Care of Our Common Home"

Pope Francis
  • 2015 18 vigilantes are killed & 53 are injured after an accidental detonation of an explosive device in Monguno, Nigeria
  • 2016 Soyuz capsule returns to Earth 1st British International Space Station astronaut Tim Peake, Russian Yuri Malenchenko and American Timothy Kopra after 186 days