Historical Events on 20th June

  • 451 Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France
  • 1212 French & Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo
  • 1214 The University of Oxford receives its charter
  • 1530 German Parliament joins to Augsburg together
  • 1547 Count Philip van Hessen captured
  • 1567 Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique
  • 1582 Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
  • 1591 Mauritius & Willem van Nassau occupy Devente
  • 1631 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates.
  • 1632 Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
  • 1633 Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore
  • 1656 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • 1675 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan & Wampanoag indians form anti-English front under Metacom
  • 1756 Black Hole of Calcutta - 146 British soldiers imprisoned in small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die
  • 1756 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1779 Battle of Stone Ferry
  • 1782 Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America & the bald eagle as its symbol
  • 1787 Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States.
  • 1789 Tennis Court Oath (for a new constitution) in France made at Versailles
  • 1791 King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
  • 1819 320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • 1825 Coronation of Charles X, the last Bourbon king of France
  • 1826 Siam and Britain sign trade/peace treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She ruled for 63 years ending in 1901

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1840 Samuel Morse patents his telegraph

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse
  • 1855 Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin
  • 1862 Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
  • 1863 1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Greencastle, Pennsylvania
  • 1863 West Virginia admitted as 35th US state of the Union
  • 1864 Battle of Kinston, NC, & Battle of Abingdon, VA
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburgs, VA - in trenches
  • 1864 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs Georgia
  • 1866 Italy declares war on Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 US President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1871 Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Miss
  • 1874 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • 1888 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • 1895 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • 1895 Nicaragua, El Salvador & Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • 1896 10th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Juliette Atkinson (6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2)
  • 1900 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • 1900 Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route
  • 1901 Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a US college
  • 1907 1st Portland Rose festival held in Portland, Oregon
  • 1909 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)
  • 1910 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • 1911 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) incorporates (NY)
  • 1912 NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice)
  • 1912 NY Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12
  • 1913 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • 1913 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • 1914 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
  • 1915 German offensive in Argonne
  • 1919 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • 1919 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
  • 1919 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • 1919 33rd U.S. Women's National Championship: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Marion Zinderstein (6-1, 6-2)
  • 1920 Yanks win protest of 1-0 White Sox win & game is replayed
  • 1921 11.5" (29.2 cm) of rainfall, Circle, Montana (state record)
  • 1921 At the Imperial Conference in London, V.S. Srinivasa Sastri puts forward a case for the granting of full citizenship rights to Indians in South Africa and other British colonies
  • 1926 Mordecai W Johnson becomes 1st black president of Howard University

Sport awardGolf Major

1930 65th British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 291 at Hoylake Hoylake

Golfer Bobby Jones
Golfer
Bobby Jones
  • 1931 Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • 1932 A's Roger Cramer gets 6 consecutive hits in a game (repeats in 1935)
  • 1936 Jesse Owens of US sets 100 meter record at 10.2
  • 1939 Test flight of 1st rocket plane using liquid propellants

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1940 Joe Louis TKOs Arturo Godoy in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1941 German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on US battleship Texas
  • 1942 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
  • 1942 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • 1943 Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded in Chacago
  • 1943 Detroit race riot kills 35
  • 1943 German round up Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1943 New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km dia)
  • 1943 Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track & field championship in NY
  • 1944 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1944 Heavy storm hits the Channel
  • 1944 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • 1944 Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
  • 1944 US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
  • 1944 US troops occupy Biak
  • 1946 NYC transit begins using PA system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act
  • 1948 "Toast of the Town" hosted by Ed Sullivan premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1948 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • 1948 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • 1948 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • 1949 Central Intelligence Agency Act passes
  • 1950 Dutch Air Force base Tjililitan given to Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Joe DiMaggio's 2,000th hit, Yanks beat Indians 8-2

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1951 Cleve Indian Bobby Avila hits 3 HRs, double & single vs Red Sox
  • 1953 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Western Golf Open
  • 1955 "Almost Crazy" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 1956 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 At Detroit's Briggs Stadium, Mickey Mantle hits 2 Billy Hoeft pitches into right center field bleachers (no else hits 1 there)

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1958 NZ all out 47 v England at Lord's, Laker 4-13, Lock 5-17

Film tv awardsTelevision Awards

1960 12th Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Robert Stack & Jane Wyatt win

Actress Jane Wyatt
Actress
Jane Wyatt
  • 1960 Federation of Mali (& Senegal) becomes independent of France

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1960 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson
  • 1963 1st Mayor's Trophy Game (New York), Mets beat Yankees 6-2
  • 1963 Beatles form "Beatles Ltd" to handle their income
  • 1963 US & USSR agree to set up "Hot Line"
  • 1964 64th US Golf Open: Ken Venturi shoots a 278 at Congressional CC MD
  • 1965 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open
  • 1966 66th US Golf Open: Billy Casper shoots a 278 at Olympic CC in SF
  • 1966 Sheila Scott completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Muhammad Ali convicted of refusing induction into armed services

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1967 Phillies Larry Jackson beats NY Mets for 18th straight time
  • 1968 Jim Hines becomes 1st person to run 100 meters in under 10 seconds
  • 1968 Catholic Irish Civil rights activists protest against discrimination in the allocation of housing by illegally occupying a house in Caledon, County Tyrone
  • 1968 Austin Currie, then Nationalist Member of Parliament (MP) at Stormont, and a number of other people, protest discrimination in the allocation of housing by 'squating' (illegally occupying) in a house in Caledon, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 150,000 attend Newport '69, Jimi Hendrix gets $120,000 to appear

Rock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix
Rock Guitarist
Jimi Hendrix

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Georges Pompidou sworn in as President of France

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1969 Breakaway white Rhodesia agrees to race separation
  • 1970 "Ray Stevens Show" debuts on NBC-TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 British government of Edward Heath forms (with Margaret Thatcher in the Cabinet)

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1970 Oriole's Brooks Robinson get his 2,000 career hit, a 3 run HR
  • 1971 Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Heritage Golf Open
  • 1972 Secret Meeting Between IRA and British Officials held
  • 1973 Chicago's Cy Acosta is 1st AL pitcher to bat since DH rule (strikeout)
  • 1973 Juan Peron returns from exile to Argentina after 18 years
  • 1973 SF Giants Bobby Bonds sets NL record with 22 lead off HRs
  • 1973 Ezeiza massacre in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Snipers fire upon left-wing Peronists. At least 13 are killed and more than 300 are injured.

Film release premierFilm Release

1974 "Chinatown", starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway, is released

Film release premierFilm Release

1975 "Jaws", based on the book by Peter Benchley, directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Roy Scheider is released

Director Steven Spielberg
Director
Steven Spielberg
Jaws Novelist Peter Benchley
Jaws Novelist
Peter Benchley
  • 1976 76th US Golf Open: Jerry Pate shoots a 277 at Atlanta AC in Duluth Ga
  • 1976 Carl Fugate, Starkweather accomplice, paroled
  • 1976 Joanne Carner wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Classic
  • 1976 Disney's River Country opens at Bay Lake (closed 2001)
  • 1976 UEFA European Championship: Czechoslovakia defeat West Germany 5-3 in penalties after drawing 2-2 during regular time in Belgrade

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Menachem Begin forms Israeli government

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1977 Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez
  • 1978 1st 6 teams of Women's Pro Basketball League (WBL) granted-Iowa, NJ, Milwaukee, Chicago, Minnesota & Dayton
  • 1980 "Blues Brothers" with Dan Akwoyd & John Belushi opens in 594 theaters
  • 1980 California Angels Freddie Patek, hits 3 HRs & double to beat Red Sox 20-2
  • 1980 Roberto Duran takes WBC welterweight title from Sugar Ray Leonard at Olympic Stadium in Montreal by unanimous decision
  • 1981 Guitarist Gerry Cott quits Boomtown Rats
  • 1981 Mudjahedin uprises against Iran regime

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 55 days for infection

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Sport awardGolf Major

1982 82nd US Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 282 at Pebble Beach GL Calif

Golfer Tom Watson
Golfer
Tom Watson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Pete Rose is 5th to appear in 3,000 games (Cobb, Musial, Aaron, Yaz)

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose

Sport awardGolf Major

1983 83rd US Golf Open: Larry Nelson shoots a 280 at Oakmont CC PA

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Larry Nelson
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Larry Nelson
  • 1983 NY Yankee Bobby Murcer retires
  • 1983 Iran moves into northern Iraq (casualties top 13,800 in ten days)
  • 1984 Oakland A's Dave Kingman hits his 3rd grand slam & 14th lifetime
  • 1984 Amber Kvanli, of Minnesota, crowned America's Junior Miss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Drs at Bethesda Naval remove 2 small benign polyps from Reagan's colon

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Jim Fregosi replaces Tony La Russa as White Sox manager

Baseball Manager Tony La Russa
Baseball Manager
Tony La Russa
  • 1987 Chuti Tiu, 17, of Wisconsin, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1987 1st Rugby World Cup: New Zealand beats France 29-9 in Auckland
  • 1988 Coup in Haiti: Henri Namphy overthrows Leslie Manigat, general assembly dissolved
  • 1988 Curtis Strange wins US Open golf tournament
  • 1988 NYC WABC-AM becomes flagship radio station of NJ Devils
  • 1988 Price is Right model Janice Pennington is knocked out by a TV camera
  • 1988 WABC officially becomes the NJ Devils new home radio
  • 1988 Supreme Court upholds a law that made it illegal for private clubs to discriminate against women & minorities
  • 1990 40,000-50,000 die in a (7.6) earthquake in Iran

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Nelson Mandela lands in NYC to begin a tour of US

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1990 Asteroid Eureka is discovered.
  • 1991 The Bundestag (German parliament) decides to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.
  • 1992 Kelly Saunders is 2nd female baseball PA announcer (Balt Orioles)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Dino Ciccarelli is traded by the Washington Capitals to the Detroit Red Wings

NHL Star Dino Ciccarelli
NHL Star
Dino Ciccarelli
  • 1993 47th NBA Championship: Chicago Bulls beat Phoenix Suns, 4 games to 2
  • 1993 93rd US Golf Open: Lee Janzen shoots a 272 at Baltusrol GC NJ
  • 1993 Tammie Green wins LPGA Rochester International Golf Tournament
  • 1994 94th US Golf Open: Ernie Els shoots a 279 at Oakmont CC in Oakmont Pa
  • 1994 Bomb attack on Islamic temple in Mashad Iran (70 killed)
  • 1994 Howard Stern begins 30-minute (Radio) TV show on E! cable network

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 OJ Simpson arraigned on murder of Nicole Simpson & Ronald Goldman

NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal OJ Simpson
NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal
OJ Simpson
  • 1994 US Fairchild Hospital Air Force Base massacre, former gunman kills 5 and injures 22
  • 1995 Space probe Ulysses begins 2nd passage behind the Sun
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 78 (Columbia 20), launches into space
  • 1996 The Venezuelan Congress approves deals which allow foreign oil companies to explore and produce oil in Venezuela for the first time since the country's 1975 nationalization of the oil industry
  • 1997 Negotiators announce agreement in principle with tobacco industry

Sport awardGolf Major

1999 99th US Golf Open: Payne Stewart shoots a 279 at Pinehurst CC

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Payne Stewart
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Payne Stewart
  • 2004 104th US Golf Open: Retief Goosen shoots a 276 at Shinnecock Hills GC NY
  • 2006 60th NBA Championship: Miami Heat beat Dallas Mavericks, 4 games to 2
  • 2010 110th US Golf Open: Graeme McDowell shoots a 284 at Pebble Beach GL CA
  • 2010 "Despicable Me" directed by Pierre Coffin and Chris Renaud with voices by Steve Carrell and Jason Segel premieres at the Moscow Film Festival
  • 2011 1st Critics' Choice Television Awards: Modern Family wins Best Comedy Series, Mad Men wins Best Drama Series
  • 2012 Western Libyan tribal clashes kill 105 people and injure 500
  • 2012 A Syrian fighter pilot lands in Jordan and defects from the Syrian uprising
  • 2013 Miami heat defeat San Antonio Spurs to win the NBA Finals 4-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 LeBron James is named NBA finals MVP for the second straight year

Basketball Player LeBron James
Basketball Player
LeBron James
  • 2013 67th NBA Championship: Miami Heat beat San Antonio Spurs, 4 games to 3
  • 2015 Heat wave peaks in southern Pakistan, goes on to kill about 2,000 people from dehydration and heat stroke
  • 2015 1000 humanoid robots named "Pepper" sell out in under a minute ($1,600 each) in Japan, according to its creator SoftBank Robotics Corp.
  • 2016 China's super computer tally overtakes the US; Chinese 93 petaflop Sunway TaihuLight is world's No. 1
  • 2016 Rome elects its first female Mayor Virginia Raggi (Five Star Movement) and its youngest at 37