Historical Events on 30th June

Events 1 - 200 of 256

  • 296 St Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 350 Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the usurper Magnentius, in Rome.
  • 833 Louis, king of Austria, crowned
  • 949 Otto I the Great gives away bishopdpric of Utrecht "foreestrecht"
  • 1294 Jews are expelled from Berne, Switzerland
  • 1371 Arnold II of Horne chosen bishop of Utrecht
  • 1397 Denmark, Norway & Sweden sign Union of Kalmar under Queen Margaretha
  • 1422 Battle of Arbedo between the Duke of Milan and the Swiss cantons.

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1520 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés take gold from Aztecs

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1520 The Spaniards are expelled from Tenochtitlan.
  • 1528 Burgundian army occupies Utrecht
  • 1548 Emperor Charles V orders Catholics to become Lutherans

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1559 King Henry II of France is seriously injured in a jousting match against Gabriel de Montgomery.

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1596 English/Dutch fleet reach Cadiz

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1598 King Philip II moves to Escorial palace

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1607 Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
  • 1643 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1648 French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
  • 1651 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory.
  • 1688 Whig Lords questions prince William III of Orange on Protestantism
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head: French under Tourville beat Dutch/English fleet
  • 1700 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
  • 1722 Hungarian Parliament condemns Emperor Karel VI's Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1734 Russian army occupies Danzig
  • 1741 Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
  • 1755 Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place.
  • 1794 Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio
  • 1815 US naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
  • 1834 Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
  • 1851 Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • 1859 Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope

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1860 Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1861 CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
  • 1862 Battle at Nelson's Farm/Glendale/Frayser's Farm, Virginia: Confederate assault attack. 6th day of 7 days battles US Civil War
  • 1862 Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • 1863 Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
  • 1863 Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • 1863 Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • 1865 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
  • 1870 Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
  • 1871 Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • 1876 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full stolen goods
  • 1881 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
  • 1893 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered
  • 1894 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • 1894 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • 1896 W S Hadaway patents electric stove
  • 1898 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”
  • 1899 Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick Eng v Australia at Headingley
  • 1900 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • 1902 Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • 1905 The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • 1905 In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • 1905 Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5
  • 1906 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

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1906 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

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1908 Boston's Cy Young's 2nd no-hitter, beats NY Highlanders, 8-0

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • 1908 Tunguska Event: a giant fireball most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet impacts in Siberia
  • 1909 Jack Johnson fights Tony Ross to no decision in 6 for hw boxing title
  • 1910 Russia absorbs Finland
  • 1910 27th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats Dora Boothby (6-2 6-2)
  • 1910 34th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Anthony Wilding beats A Gore (6-4 7-5 4-6 6-2)
  • 1911 Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
  • 1911 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri closes
  • 1911 51st British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 303 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • 1913 NY Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Phillies 11-1
  • 1913 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup

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1914 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 22nd US Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club MINN
  • 1916 General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits"
  • 1918 Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
  • 1921 The South African Reserve Bank is established.
  • 1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • 1924 England score 2-503 in day's play v South Africa at Lord's
  • 1925 Charles Jenkins is granted the U.S. patent for Transmitting Pictures over Wireless (early television)
  • 1927 Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
  • 1927 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
  • 1928 Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards

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1929 33rd US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 294 at Winged Foot CC NY

Golfer Bobby Jones
Golfer
Bobby Jones
  • 1930 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady NY

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1930 Don Bradman scores 254 for Australia at Lord's v England, 320 mins, 25 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1933 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism/war
  • 1933 Card's Dizzy Dean strikes out 17 Cubs to win 8-2
  • 1933 US Assay Offices in Helena Mon, Boise Id & Salt Lake City Utah closes

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1934 "Night of Long Knives" - Hitler stages bloody purge of Nazi party

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
  • 1934 NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions
  • 1935 Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
  • 1935 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 1936 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees
  • 1936 Haile Selassie asks League of Nations for sanctions against Italy

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1936 Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published

  • 1938 Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
  • 1938 Final game at Phila's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phils 14-1
  • 1939 Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
  • 1940 "Brenda Starr" cartoon strip, by Dale Messick, 1st appears
  • 1940 58 U-boats (284,000 ton) sunk this month
  • 1940 US Fish & Wildlife Service forms
  • 1940 German troops begin the invasion of the undefended Channel Islands.
  • 1941 61 U-boats (310,000 ton) sunk this month
  • 1941 Pro-Nazi group declares Ukraine independence
  • 1941 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine.
  • 1942 144 U boats (700,000 ton) sunk this month
  • 1942 Col-gen Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • 1942 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • 1942 US bombs Celebes & Timor

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1943 Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1944 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • 1944 French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
  • 1944 Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces.
  • 1945 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins
  • 1948 Cleve Indian Bob Lemon no-hits Detroit Tigers, 2-0
  • 1948 Last British troops leave Israel
  • 1948 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)
  • 1949 Dutch troops evacuate Jakarta
  • 1950 US Gen MacArthur visits front in South Korea/asks for US troops
  • 1951 "Victor Borge Show" last airs on NBC-TV
  • 1951 NAACP begins attack on school segregation & discrimination
  • 1952 "Guiding Light" soap opera moves from radio to TV
  • 1952 Hussein Sirri Pasha forms Egyptian government
  • 1953 1st Chevrolet Corvette manufactured
  • 1954 Largest check: Internal US Treasury check at $4,176,969,623.57
  • 1954 Yank pitcher Tom Morgan ties record by hitting 3 batters in 1 inning This was also Bobby Brown's last game; he retired to become a doctor
  • 1955 "Johnny Carson Show" debuts on CBS-TV
  • 1956 "Pipe Dream" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 245 performances
  • 1956 "Shangri-La" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 21 performances

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1956 Lenin's politics testament (1923) published in Moscow

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1956 United DC-7 & TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128
  • 1958 "No Chemise, Please" by Gerry Grenahan peaks at #24
  • 1958 Dutch government of Drees ends obligatory dismissal of married teachers
  • 1959 During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time
  • 1960 US stops sugar import from Cuba
  • 1960 Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium
  • 1961 Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
  • 1961 NASA Explorer Micrometeoroid research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1962 17th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Murle Lindstrom
  • 1962 French Foreign Legion leaves Algeria
  • 1962 LA Dodger Sandy Koufax no-hits NY Mets, 5-0
  • 1962 Premier Ben Khedda disbands Algerian Liberation Army fighters
  • 1962 Rwanda & Burundi become independent
  • 1963 Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of RC Church

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1963 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Carvel Ladies Golf Open

LPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth
LPGA Golfer
Kathy Whitworth
  • 1963 Ciaculli massacre: A car bomb, intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco, kills seven police and military officers near Palermo.
  • 1963 International Labour Organisation excludes South Africa from its two-day meeting because of its apartheid policies
  • 1964 Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit
  • 1964 Last UN troops leave Congo
  • 1965 NFL grants Atlanta Falcons a franchise
  • 1966 Beatles land in Tokyo for a concert tour
  • 1966 Leopoldville Congo is renamed Kinshasa
  • 1966 Richard Helms promoted from deputy director to 8th director of US Central Intelligence Agency
  • 1966 Test cricket debut of Derek Underwood, v WI Trent Bridge, wicketless
  • 1966 Vice Adm William F Raborn Jr, USN, ends term as 7th director of CIA

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1967 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr. named 1st black astronaut

  • 1967 Moise Tsjombe kidnapped to Algeria
  • 1967 Phillies Cookie Rojas pitches, plays 9th position since joining Phils
  • 1968 East German Communist Party leader Walter Ulbricht receives "Order of October Revolution"
  • 1968 Gaullists win French parliamentary election, 358 of 458 seats
  • 1968 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
  • 1969 Derek Clayton of Australia sets Marathon record at 2:08:34
  • 1969 Spain cedes Ifni to Morocco
  • 1969 In South Africa, General Laws Amendment Bill is passed; the Bill contains far-reaching provisions and restrictions affecting the administration of justice and the disclosure of evidence
  • 1970 Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium opens, Braves beat Reds 8-2
  • 1971 Ohio becomes 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, thus ratifying 26th amendment
  • 1972 One leap second is added to the UTC time system; also 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985
  • 1972 Cincinnati Reds are 11 games back in NL, & go on to win pennant
  • 1972 Ulster Defence Association (UDA) begin to organise its own 'no-go' areas (this is a response to the continuation of Republican 'no-go' areas and fears about concessions to the IRA)
  • 1973 "Burns & Schreiber Comedy Hour" TV Variety; debut on ABC
  • 1973 Biggest US tanker "Brooklyn" christened (230,000 ton)
  • 1973 Observers aboard Concorde jet observe 72-min solar eclipse
  • 1974 2nd du Maurier Golf Classic (Peter Jackson Classic): Carole Jo Skala
  • 1974 Petty thief Peter Leonard sets fire to cover burglary that torches "Gulliver's" nightclub killing 24 (Port Chester NY)
  • 1974 Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects to west
  • 1975 Bundy victim Shelley Robertson disappears in Colorado

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1975 Heavyweight Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Bugner in Malaysia

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1975 University of California reports galaxy 3C123 at 8 billion light years distance
  • 1976 John Walker of NZ sets record for 2000 m, 4:51.4

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1977 Jimmy Carter cans B-1A bomber later "B-1's the B-52"

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1977 Marvel Comics publish "Kiss book" tributing rock group Kiss
  • 1977 US Railway Post Office final train run (NY to Wash DC)
  • 1977 Yankee DH Cliff Johnson hit 3 consecutive HRs in Toronto
  • 1978 Giants' Willie McCovey becomes 12th to hit 500 HRs
  • 1978 Larry Doby becomes manager of Chicago White Sox
  • 1979 "Got To Go Disco" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1979 Johnny Rotten & Joan Collins appear together on BBC TV's Juke Box Jury
  • 1980 West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt visits Moscow
  • 1981 China's Communist Party condemns late Mao Zedong's policy
  • 1981 Zwelakhe Sisulu, President of the Black Media Workers Association of South Africa, is detained
  • 1982 "Lena Horne: Lady, Music" closes at Nederlander NYC after 333 performances
  • 1982 Federal Equal Rights Amendment fails 3 states short of ratification
  • 1982 Orbiter Challenger (OV-099) rolled out at Palmdale
  • 1982 NJ NHL franchise officially named Devils by fan balloting, runner-up names are Blades, Meadowlanders & Americans
  • 1984 Failed coup by cocaine growers in Bolivia
  • 1984 Last sixpence minted in Great-Britain (in use since 1551)
  • 1984 Longest pro football game, LA Express beats Mich Panthers 27-21 in USFL playoffs, games lasts 93 minutes 33 seconds

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1984 Pierre Trudeau officially steps down as Prime Minister of Canada after serving two separate terms for a total of 15 years

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1985 "The King & I" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 191 performances
  • 1985 39 remaining hostages from Flight 847 are freed in Beirut