Historical Events on March 1

Events 1 - 200 of 284

  • 752 BC Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.
  • 86 BC Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
  • 293 Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

317 Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 492 St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 492 St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 705 John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 743 Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
  • 918 Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1260 Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus
  • 1382 Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
  • 1420 Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
  • 1457 The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
  • 1562 Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
  • 1565 Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 1587 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
  • 1591 Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henri IV
  • 1593 The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1628 Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

King Charles I
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1634 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • 1642 Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
  • 1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets
  • 1711 "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
  • 1780 Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
  • 1781 Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
  • 1784 E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 1785 Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
  • 1790 1st US census authorized
  • 1792 US Presidential Succession Act passed
  • 1796 1st National Meeting in the Hague
  • 1803 Ohio becomes 17th state of the Union
  • 1809 Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 1811 Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
  • 1811 French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
  • 1815 Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
  • 1831 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise
  • 1840 Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
  • 1843 5th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard Vanguard wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 US President John Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas

10th US President John Tyler
10th US President
John Tyler
  • 1847 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1848 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard Chandler wins
  • 1852 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1854 SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbour with apprpx 480 passengers and crew; she was never seen again
  • 1854 German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
  • 1854 16th Grand National: John Tasker aboard Bourton wins
  • 1859 Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
  • 1864 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • 1864 Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
  • 1866 Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • 1867 Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
  • 1867 Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • 1869 Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
  • 1871 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • 1872 Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park
  • 1873 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
  • 1875 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 1876 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 1878 First winter ascent of Aneto
  • 1879 Library of Hawaii founded
  • 1886 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • 1890 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
  • 1893 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • 1896 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • 1904 England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia
  • 1909 1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
  • 1910 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
  • 1912 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs 1st (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • 1912 Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
  • 1913 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
  • 1913 US federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
  • 1914 Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • 1914 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1916 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • 1917 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
  • 1917 U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
  • 1919 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • 1920 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
  • 1920 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • 1920 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • 1921 Australia Cricket team complete 5-0 drubbing of England
  • 1921 Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
  • 1921 Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
  • 1923 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
  • 1924 Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
  • 1927 Bank of Italy becomes a National Bank
  • 1928 Paul Whiteman & orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12

  • 1932 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 The 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh is kidnapped from their home in East Amwell, New Jersey in what became known as the "Lindbergh kidnapping"

Aviation Pioneer and Author Anne Morrow Lindbergh
Aviation Pioneer and Author
Anne Morrow Lindbergh
  • 1933 Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
  • 1934 Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
  • 1934 Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1936 Boulder (Hoover) Dam fully completed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 The Hoover Dam is completed.

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1936 A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
  • 1937 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
  • 1937 Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
  • 1937 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
  • 1939 Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.
  • 1940 Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
  • 1941 Captain America first appears in comic book form, published by Timely Comics
  • 1941 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tenn
  • 1941 Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner
  • 1941 German troops invade Bulgaria
  • 1941 Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1942 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • 1942 Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
  • 1942 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • 1942 Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
  • 1942 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • 1943 Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • 1944 Massive strikes in northern Italian towns
  • 1944 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • 1945 British 43rd Division under Gen Hubert Essame occupies Xanten
  • 1945 Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
  • 1945 US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
  • 1946 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • 1946 Panama accepts its new constitution
  • 1947 International Monetary Fund begins operation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1949 The Browns, owners of Sportsman's Park, move to evict the Cardinals
  • 1949 Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1950 Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)
  • 1950 USSR issues golden roubles
  • 1952 Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigns
  • 1952 Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
  • 1953 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
  • 1953 KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • 1953 WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • 1953 WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1954 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 In spring training, baseballer Ted Williams breaks his collarbone

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • 1954 Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
  • 1954 US explodes Castle Bravo, 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll - most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US
  • 1955 Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
  • 1955 KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 1955 Pakistan v India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw
  • 1956 The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
  • 1957 "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 123 performances
  • 1957 KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
  • 1958 Gary Sobers 365* v Pak, 614 min, 38 fours, best Cricket before Lara
  • 1958 Sobers completes 446 stand for 2nd wicket with Conrad Hunte, 260
  • 1958 West Indies cricket team declares at stumps with a score of 3-790 vs Pakistan
  • 1958 Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
  • 1959 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament
  • 1961 Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corp

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay NY killing 95
  • 1962 Kresge Corporation openes the first Kmart store in Garden City, Michigan
  • 1962 US/British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
  • 1963 200,000 French mine workers strike
  • 1965 Australia suspends champion swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct
  • 1965 Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec)
  • 1965 WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
  • 1966 Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
  • 1967 Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain
  • 1967 US House of Representatives expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)
  • 1967 Queen Elizabeth Hall in London's South Bank Centre opens
  • 1967 WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1968 NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting
  • 1968 Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
  • 1968 Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
  • 1969 "Red, White, & Maddox" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 41 performances
  • 1969 After 88 weeks Sgt Pepper drops off the charts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium

Rocker Jim Morrison
Jim Morrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 NY Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1969 Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast
  • 1970 Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champion all-round ladies skater

Music releaseAlbum Release

1970 Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released

Murderer Charles Manson
Charles Manson
  • 1970 End of US commercial whale hunting
  • 1970 Kreisky's social democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
  • 1970 White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain
  • 1971 Bomb attack on the Capitol in Wash DC
  • 1971 Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
  • 1972 Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
  • 1972 David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones" premieres in NYC
  • 1972 KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1972 Two Catholic teenagers shot dead by the Royal Ulster Constabulary while 'joy riding' in a stolen car in Belfast
  • 1973 Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens
  • 1973 Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race

Music concertMusic Concert

1974 George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison
  • 1974 Ian & Greg Chappell make 264 partnership v NZ cricket at Wellington
  • 1974 Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
  • 1975 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
  • 1975 Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
  • 1975 Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.

Music awardsMusic Awards

1976 11th Academy of Country Music Awards: Conway Twitty and Loretta Lynn win

Singer-songwriter Loretta Lynn
Loretta Lynn
  • 1977 Bank of America adopts the name VISA for its credit cards