Historical Events on 1st March

Events 1 - 200 of 277

752 BC - Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.
86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
293 - Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy
317 - Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares
492 - St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
492 - St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
705 - John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
743 - Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
918 - Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
1260 - Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus
1382 - Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
1420 - Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
1457 - The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
Roman Emperor Constantine the GreatRoman Emperor Constantine the Great 1562 - Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
1565 - Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1587 - Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
1591 - Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henri IV
1593 - The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.
1628 - Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.
1633 - Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
1634 - Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
1642 - Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
French Explorer Samuel de ChamplainFrench Explorer Samuel de Champlain 1692 - Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets
1711 - "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
1780 - Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
1781 - Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
1784 - E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
1785 - Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
1790 - 1st US census authorized
1792 - US Presidential Succession Act passed
1796 - 1st National Meeting in the Hague
1803 - Ohio becomes 17th state
1809 - Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
1811 - Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
1811 - French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
1815 - Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
1840 - Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
1843 - 5th Grand National: Tom Olliver aboard Vanguard wins
1845 - President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
1847 - Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
1848 - 10th Grand National: Capt. Josey Little aboard Chandler wins
1852 - Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
1854 - SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor & is never seen again
1854 - German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
1854 - 16th Grand National: John Tasker aboard Bourton wins
1859 - Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
1864 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
1864 - Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
1866 - Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
1867 - Howard University, Washington, D.C., chartered
1867 - Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
1869 - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
1871 - J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
1872 - Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park
1873 - E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
1875 - Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
1876 - Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
1878 - First winter ascent of Aneto
1879 - Library of Hawaii founded
1886 - The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
1890 - 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
1893 - Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
1896 - Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia
Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri BecquerelPhysicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel 1896 - Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.
1904 - England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia
1909 - 1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
1910 - 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
1912 - U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs 1st (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
1912 - Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
1913 - 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
1913 - US federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
1914 - Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
1914 - The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
1916 - Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
1917 - 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
1917 - U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
1919 - The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
1920 - Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
1920 - Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
1920 - Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
1921 - Australia Cricket team complete 5-0 drubbing of England
1921 - Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
1921 - Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
1923 - Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
1924 - Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
1927 - Bank of Italy becomes a National Bank
1928 - Paul Whiteman & orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records
Aviator Charles LindberghAviator Charles Lindbergh 1932 - Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12
1932 - 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.
1932 - The 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh is kidnapped from their home in East Amwell, New Jersey in what became known as the "Lindbergh kidnapping"
1933 - Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
1934 - Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
1934 - Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1936 - The Hoover Dam is completed.
1936 - A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
31st US President Herbert Hoover31st US President Herbert Hoover 1937 - 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
1937 - Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
1937 - US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
1939 - Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.
1940 - Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
1941 - Captain America first appears in comic book form, published by Timely Comics
1941 - 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tenn
1941 - Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner
1941 - German troops invade Bulgaria
1941 - Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
1942 - 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
1942 - Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
1942 - J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
1942 - Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
1942 - Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
1942 - Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
1943 - Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
1944 - Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns
1944 - U-358 sinks in Atlantic
1945 - British 43rd Division under Gen Essame occupies Xanten
1945 - Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph StalinConference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1945 - FDR announces success of Yalta Conference
1945 - US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
1946 - British government nationalizes and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
1946 - Panama accepts its new constitution
1947 - International Monetary Fund begins operation
1949 - Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ
1949 - The Browns, owners of Sportsman's Park, move to evict the Cardinals
1949 - Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
1950 - Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan
1950 - Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)
1950 - USSR issues golden rubles
1952 - Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigns
1952 - Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shekChinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek 1953 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1953 - KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
1953 - WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
1953 - WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
1954 - 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members
1954 - In spring training, baseballer Ted Williams breaks his collarbone
1954 - Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
1954 - US explodes Castle Bravo, 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll - most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US
1955 - Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
1955 - KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
Baseball Player Ted WilliamsBaseball Player Ted Williams 1955 - Pakistan v India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw
1956 - The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
1957 - "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 123 perfs
1957 - KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
1958 - Gary Sobers 365* v Pak, 614 min, 38 fours, best Cricket before Lara
1958 - Sobers completes 446 stand for 2nd wicket with Conrad Hunte, 260
1958 - West Indies cricket declare at stumps score of 3-790 decl v Pakistan
1958 - Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.
1959 - Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
1959 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament
1961 - Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall
1961 - President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp
1962 - American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay NY killing 95
1962 - K-Mart opens
1962 - US/British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
1963 - 200,000 French mine workers strike
1965 - Australia suspends champ swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct
1965 - Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec)
1965 - WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
1966 - Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
1967 - Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain
1967 - US House of Representatives expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)
1967 - Queen Elizabeth Hall in the South Bank Centre opens in London
1967 - WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast
1968 - NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return
1968 - Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting
1968 - Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
1968 - Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
1969 - "Red, White, & Maddox" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 41 perfs
1969 - After 88 weeks Sgt Pepper drops off the charts
Rocker Jim MorrisonRocker Jim Morrison 1969 - Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium
1969 - NY Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires
1969 - Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast
1970 - Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champion all-round ladies skater
1970 - Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released
1970 - End of US commercial whale hunting
1970 - Kreisky's social democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
1970 - White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain
1971 - Bomb attack on the Capitol in Wash DC
1971 - Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
1972 - Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
1972 - David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones" premieres in NYC
1972 - KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting
NBA Legend Wilt ChamberlainNBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1972 - Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points
1972 - Two Catholic teenagers were shot dead by the Royal Ulster Constabulary while 'joy riding' in a stolen car in Belfast
1973 - Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens
1973 - Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race
1974 - George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November
1974 - Ian & Greg Chappell make 264 partnership v NZ cricket at Wellington
1974 - Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
1975 - 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
1975 - Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
1975 - Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.
1976 - 11th Academy of Country Music Awards: Conway Twitty and Loretta Lynn win
1977 - Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison 1977 - US extends territorial waters to 200 miles
1978 - "Timbuktu!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 243 performances

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