Historical Events on 19th March

  • 1227 Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
  • 1279 A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.
  • 1452 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome
  • 1524 Giovanni de Varrazano, a Florentine explorer in the service of King Francis I of Frances, lands around area of Carolinas
  • 1540 Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
  • 1563 Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
  • 1571 Spanish troops occupy Manila
  • 1628 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England
  • 1644 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor
  • 1682 Nationally Council accept independence of French church
  • 1687 Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
  • 1702 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England
  • 1748 Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize north American colonies
  • 1775 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
  • 1775 Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement
  • 1799 Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
  • 1803 Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar
  • 1822 Boston, Mass, incorporated as a city
  • 1831 1st US bank robbery (City Bank, NY/$245,000)
  • 1859 Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 1861 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
  • 1863 The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • 1864 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
  • 1866 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 1870 The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
  • 1877 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • 1880 41st Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • 1880 42nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • 1882 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona
  • 1883 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1885 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • 1892 3 brothers Hearne play in same Test Cricket England v South Africa (Cape Town)
  • 1895 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • 1897 Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game
  • 1906 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich
  • 1907 18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record)
  • 1910 6th Australasian Championships: Rodney Heath beats Horace Rice (6-4, 6-3, 6-2)
  • 1914 Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
  • 1915 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
  • 1917 US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees
  • 1918 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • 1918 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • 1920 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • 1921 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1925 Angelo G Roncalli (later Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop

  • 1927 Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin
  • 1928 "Amos & Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)
  • 1930 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
  • 1931 Nevada legalizes gambling
  • 1932 The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
  • 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • 1937 Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
  • 1937 96th Grand National: Evan Williams aboard Royal Mail wins
  • 1938 Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
  • 1940 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
  • 1940 French government of Daladier falls
  • 1941 Jimmy Dorsey & orchestra record "Green Eyes" & "Maria Elena"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1942 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • 1943 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
  • 1943 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • 1943 Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1943 In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round

World Middleweight Boxing Champion Jake LaMotta
World Middleweight Boxing Champion
Jake LaMotta
  • 1944 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • 1945 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • 1945 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
  • 1946 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
  • 1946 Nicolai Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as president of USSR
  • 1947 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1947 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1948 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1949 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tn
  • 1950 5th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Babe Didrikson-Zaharias
  • 1950 City College of NY defeats Bradley to win the NIT
  • 1951 Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny" published

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1953 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1953 25th Academy Awards - "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley Booth win (1st time televised)
  • 1954 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1954 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • 1954 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 1954 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1954 Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings v England
  • 1955 17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats La Salle 77-63
  • 1956 Biggest NBA margin of victory - Minn Lakers-133, St Louis Hawks-75
  • 1957 Indians reject Boston's offer of $1 million for Herb Score
  • 1958 Britain's first planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's inbakesr street, London
  • 1958 Gary Sobers completes a century in each innings for WI vs. Pakistan
  • 1959 "1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 84 performances
  • 1960 "Redhead" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 455 performances
  • 1960 22nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ohio State beats California 75-55
  • 1962 "All American" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances
  • 1962 Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1964 Sean Connery's 1st day of shooting on "Goldfinger"

  • 1965 Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
  • 1965 Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000 guilders
  • 1965 Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania
  • 1965 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, was discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.
  • 1966 "Pousse Cafe" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 3 performances
  • 1966 28th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Texas Western beats Ky 72-65
  • 1966 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
  • 1967 French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
  • 1967 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St Petersburg Orange Golf Classic
  • 1968 Howard University students seize administration building
  • 1969 British invade Anguilla
  • 1969 Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
  • 1969 The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up.
  • 1970 W German chancellor & E German premier meet
  • 1971 Phila 76ers outscore Cincinnati Royals 90-8 in 1 half
  • 1972 "To Live Another Summer" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 173 performances
  • 1972 Carol Mann wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
  • 1972 India & Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
  • 1972 LA Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts
  • 1973 Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency"
  • 1974 Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
  • 1975 "Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1975 Penn is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1977 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)
  • 1978 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
  • 1978 Sally Little wins LPGA Kathryn Crosby/Honda Civic Golf Classic
  • 1979 US House of Representatives begins live TV broadcasts via C-SPAN
  • 1981 -21] Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time
  • 1981 2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
  • 1981 Buffalo Sabres beat Toronto Maple Leafs 14-4
  • 1982 National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
  • 1982 Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the U.K..
  • 1984 "Kate & Allie" premieres
  • 1984 John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of New York
  • 1984 KSD-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA
  • 1984 Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River
  • 1984 Pitcher Denny McLain indicted on charges of racketeering
  • 1984 STS 41-C vehicle moves to launch pad
  • 1985 "Spin Magazine" begins publishing
  • 1985 NSW wins cricket Sheffield Shield by beating Queensland by 1 wicket
  • 1985 Senate votes 55-45, to authorize production of the MX missile
  • 1987 Bonnie Blair skates ladies' world record 500 m (39.43 sec)
  • 1987 Fred Currey acquires Greyhound Bus Company
  • 1987 Hassanali inaugurated as president of Trinidad & Tobago
  • 1987 PTL leader Jim Bakker resigns after sex scandal with Jessica Hahn
  • 1987 Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 3 km (4:16.85)
  • 1988 2 British soldiers lynched in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1988 Yvonne van Gennip skates un-official world record 10 km (15:25.25)
  • 1989 Boeing B-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight
  • 1989 Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by M Klimova & S Ponomarenko (USSR)
  • 1989 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by E Gordeeva & S Grinkov (USSR)
  • 1989 Lori Garbacz wins Circle K LPGA Golf Open Tucson
  • 1989 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
  • 1989 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)
  • 1990 1st world ice hockey tournament for women held (Ottawa)
  • 1991 KC Royals announce they are putting Bo Jackson on waivers
  • 1991 Sacramento Kings set NBA record of 29 consecutive road loses

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1991 St Louis Blues Brett Hull is 3rd NHLer to score 80 goals in a season

NHL Legend Brett Hull
NHL Legend
Brett Hull

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1991 NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona Not recognizing Martin Luther King Day

Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1991 Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by nearly half
  • 1992 "Master Builder" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • 1992 Britain's Prince Andrew & Sarah, Duchess of York, announce separation
  • 1993 Ice Dance Championship in Prague won by M Usova & A Zhulin (RUS)
  • 1993 Ice Pairs Championship in Prague won by I Brasseur & L Eisler (CAN)
  • 1993 US Supreme Court Justice Byron R White announced plans to retire
  • 1994 2,500 kilograms of cocaine intercepted in Zeewolde, Netherlands
  • 1994 Lara scores 167 for WI v England at Georgetown
  • 1994 Largest omelette (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan
  • 1994 NJ Devils club record 41st win of the season
  • 1995 "Translations" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 25 performances
  • 1995 "Uncle Vanya" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 29 performances
  • 1995 5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway
  • 1995 Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new telephone area code 520
  • 1995 Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450)
  • 1995 Finnish Social Democratic Party wins parliamentary election
  • 1995 Laura Davis wins LPGA Standard Register PING Golf Tournament

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1995 Michael Jordan rejoins Chicago Bulls after 17 months, beats Pacers

Basketball Superstar Michael Jordan
Basketball Superstar
Michael Jordan
  • 1995 NBA NY Knicks beat NY Nets in 100th meeting (Knicks 53 Nets 47)
  • 1995 Neil Marshall skates world record 3 km (3:54.08)
  • 1997 Ice Pairs won by Mandy Woetzel & Ingo Steuer (GER)
  • 1997 Major League Baseball announces 5 year/$50M deal with Pepsi
  • 1997 US Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments
  • 1998 "Ah Wilderness!" opens at Vivian Beaumont theater
  • 2001 The Bank of Japan issued a monetary policy known as quantitative easing, which stimulated the Japanese economy after the burst of the dot-com bubble.
  • 2002 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities.
  • 2003 Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion
  • 2004 A truck and a bus crash head-on in √Ą√§nekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
  • 2004 A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
  • 2004 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2006 On the weekend of his 84th birthday, Fred Shuttlesworth gives his final sermon in front of 300 people at the Greater New Light Baptist Church

Civil Rights Activist Fred Shuttlesworth
Civil Rights Activist
Fred Shuttlesworth
  • 2008 GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye was briefly observed on this day.
  • 2012 Wendy's overtakes Burger King to become the second best selling hamburger chain
  • 2013 27 people are killed and 14 are injured in a bus crash in Maharashtra, India
  • 2013 16 people are killed by mudslides in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 2013 NASA's Mars rover Curiosity discovers further evidence of water-bearing minerals
  • 2014 Russia captures the Ukrainian naval base in Sevastopol
  • 2014 Israel sends airforce against Syrian military units involved in an attack yesterday on an Israeli patrol in the Golan Heights