Historical Events on 20th March

  • 141 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1345 Saturn/Jupiter/Mars-conjunction: thought "cause of plague epidemic"
  • 1525 Paris' parliament begins pursuit of Protestants
  • 1569 Duke van Alva leads "tenth penning" in Ponts the Cé
  • 1598 French King Henri IV & duke van Mercour sign treaty
  • 1600 The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden.
  • 1602 United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh
  • 1627 France & Spain sign accord for fighting protestantism
  • 1697 Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land"
  • 1739 Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.
  • 1760 Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings
  • 1800 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1800 Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1814 Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1816 US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions
  • 1833 US & Siam sign commercial treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • 1861 An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina.
  • 1863 Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
  • 1865 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC
  • 1865 Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1883 Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • 1885 John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
  • 1885 Yiddish theater opens in NY with Golldfaden operetta
  • 1886 1st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Mass
  • 1888 Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure "A Scandal in Bohemia"
  • 1888 The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • 1890 General Federation of Womans' Clubs founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1891 53rd Grand National: Mr Harry Beasley IRE aboard Come Away wins
  • 1892 54th Grand National: Capt. Roddy Owen aboard Father O'Flynn wins
  • 1896 Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens
  • 1896 Uprising in Matabeleland
  • 1897 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY
  • 1897 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
  • 1897 France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • 1900 US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.
  • 1902 France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London

  • 1911 National Squash Tennis Association forms (NYC)
  • 1911 Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC
  • 1914 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
  • 1916 Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
  • 1917 After the sinking of 3 more American merchant ships, US President Wilson meets with cabinet, who agree that war is inevitable
  • 1920 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • 1920 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • 1920 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • 1920 13th Australasian Championships: Pat O'Hara Wood beats Ronald Thomas (6-3, 4-6, 6-8, 6-1, 6-3)
  • 1921 Upper Silesia votes for amalgamation with Germany in a plebiscite that is 63% in favor
  • 1922 USS Langley is commissioned, US Navy's 1st aircraft carrier
  • 1922 WIP-AM in Philadelphia PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
  • 1923 Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
  • 1924 Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
  • 1924 Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Vanc Millionaires (PCHA) in 2
  • 1930 Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph
  • 1931 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
  • 1932 Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kara-Kalpak ASSR
  • 1933 Dachau, 1st Nazi concentration camp, completed
  • 1934 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
  • 1934 Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Phila A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1939 7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania
  • 1940 Paul Reynoud becomes French premier
  • 1941 Nazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn
  • 1942 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1942 Major German assault on Malta
  • 1942 Beginning of a period of heavy German air assault on Malta
  • 1943 German U-384 bombed & sinks
  • 1944 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
  • 1944 Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes
  • 1945 US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
  • 1947 180 tonne blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic
  • 1948 1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90
  • 1948 20th Academy Awards - "Gentleman's Agreement", L Young, R Colman win minutes by 2nd live televised musical Arturo Toscvanni on NBC
  • 1948 102nd Grand National: Arthur Thompson aboard Sheila's Cottage wins
  • 1951 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
  • 1951 Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded.
  • 1952 24th Academy Awards - "An American in Paris", Humphrey Bogart & Vivian Leigh win
  • 1952 Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan by US Senate
  • 1953 Senator Edwin C Johnson offers a bill to give clubs the sole
  • 1954 "King & I" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1246 performances
  • 1954 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76
  • 1954 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
  • 1955 KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 156-day strike against Westinghouse ends
  • 1956 E Ochab succeeds Beirut as 1st secretary of Polish CP
  • 1956 Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (USSR) explodes
  • 1956 Tunisia gains independence from France
  • 1956 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1956 Union workers ended a 156-day strike at Westinghouse Electric Corp
  • 1957 Britain accepts NATO offer to mediate in Cyprus, but Greece rejects it
  • 1958 50" snow across the Mason-Dixon line
  • 1958 Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting
  • 1958 Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission
  • 1962 Sjoukje Dijkstra becomes world champion figure skater
  • 1963 1st "Pop Art" exhibition (NYC)
  • 1964 ESRO established, European Space Research Organization
  • 1965 27th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Michigan 91-80
  • 1965 Venkataraghavan takes 8-72 v NZ at Delhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Civil and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height has her first column published in the weekly African-American newspaper called the "New York Amsterdam News"

Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height
Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist
Dorothy Height
  • 1965 10th Eurovision Song Contest: Serge Gainsbourg for Luxembourg wins singing "Poupee de cire, poupee de son" in Naples
  • 1966 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St Petersburg Women's Golf Open
  • 1967 The Supremes release "The Happening"
  • 1967 WOET (now WPTD) TV channel 16 in Dayton, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 LBJ signs a bill removing gold backing from US paper money

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1968 Military intervene in South-Yemen (leftist ministers resign)
  • 1969 Abebe Bikila's auto-accident, near Addis Ababa
  • 1969 US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970
  • 1971 Boston Bruins win 13th straight NHL game
  • 1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark resigns in protest at what he views as a limited security response by the British government
  • 1972 19 mountain climbers killed on Japan's Mount Fuji during an avalanche
  • 1972 S Mansholt succeeds Malfatti as chairman of European Committee
  • 1972 Donegall Street bombing: the Provisional Irish Republican Army detonate its first car bomb on Donegall Street in Belfast; four civilians, two RUC officers and a UDR soldier killed while 148 people were wounded

Hall of fameHall of Fame

1973 Roberto Clemente elected to Hall of Fame, 11 weeks after his death

Baseball Player Roberto Clemente
Baseball Player
Roberto Clemente
  • 1973 NBC TV premiere of pilot episode of "Police Story", based on Los Angeles Police Dept. Joseph Wambaugh's writings
  • 1976 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.70)
  • 1976 Patricia Hearst convicted of armed robbery
  • 1977 Communists/socialists win French municipal elections
  • 1977 Parisians elect former PM Jacques Chirac as 1st mayor in a century

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Premier Indira Gandhi loses election in India

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1978 Flyers' Rick MacLeash scores on 6th penalty shot against Islanders
  • 1979 Columbia flies on Shuttle carrier aircraft to Kennedy Space Center
  • 1980 The Mi Amigo ship containing England's pirate Radio Caroline sinks
  • 1980 US appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran
  • 1981 Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron sentenced to 8 years
  • 1981 Jean Harris sentenced 15-to-life for slaying of Scarsdale Diet Dr
  • 1982 1st-class debut of Richie Richardson, Leeward Is v Barbados
  • 1982 France performs nuclear test
  • 1982 Joan Jett & Blackhearts' "I Love Rock 'n' Roll" goes #1 for 7 wks
  • 1982 Rev A Treurnicht forms Conservative Party of South Africa
  • 1983 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
  • 1984 Andy Kaufman & Fred Blassie's "My Breakfast With Blassie" premieres
  • 1984 Senate rejects amendment to permit spoken prayer in public schools
  • 1985 Libby Riddles is 1st woman to win Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race
  • 1986 228 KPH gust of wind strikes Cairngorm (UK record)
  • 1986 Jacques Chirac forms French government
  • 1987 FDA approves sale of AZT (AIDS treatment)
  • 1987 NASA launches Palapa B2P
  • 1987 Soap opera "Capitol" final episode
  • 1987 Soviet filmmakers arrive in Hollywood for an entertainment summit
  • 1987 Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies' world record 5 km (7:20.36)
  • 1988 David Henry Hwang's "M. Butterfly," premieres in NYC

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1988 Laura Davies wins Circle K LPGA Tucson Golf Open

LPGA Golfer Laura Davies
LPGA Golfer
Laura Davies

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1988 Mike Tyson KOs Tony Tubbs in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1988 Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Baseball announces Reds manager Pete Rose is under investigation

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1989 Richard J Kerr replaces Robert M Gates as deputy director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 LA Lakers retires Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's #33

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Singer Gloria Estefan breaks her collarbone in a bus accident

  • 1991 Court awards Peggy Lee $3 million in suit against Disney

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records

King of Pop Michael Jackson
King of Pop
Michael Jackson
  • 1991 Supreme Court rules unanimously employers can't exclude women from jobs where exposure to toxic chemicals could potentially damage fetus
  • 1991 US forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland
  • 1992 Janice Pennington is awarded $1.3M for accident on Price is Right set

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Noriega's wife Felicidad arrested for stealing buttons from dresses

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1993 Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (36.02 sec)
  • 1993 IRA-bomb kills 3 year old in Warrington England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 "Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 performances

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1994 "Flowering Peach" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 41 performances
  • 1994 "No Man's Land" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 61 performances
  • 1994 14th Golden Raspberry Awards: Indecent Proposal wins
  • 1994 Brett Hart wins WWF championship at Wrestlemania X
  • 1994 El Salvador's 1st pres election following 12-year-old civil war
  • 1994 Laura Davies wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament
  • 1994 Mashonaland U-24 beat Matabeleland on 1st inn to win Logan Cup
  • 1994 Wrestlemania X at Madison Square Garden NY, Bret Hart pins Yokozuna
  • 1994 Zulu-king Goodwill Zwelithini founds realm in South Africa
  • 1995 Dow-Jones hits 4083.68 (record)
  • 1995 Poison Gas released in Tokyo subway 12 killed, 4,700 injured
  • 1995 Beatles song, "Baby It's You", with late John Lennon as lead singer, is released, 1st Fab Four single in more than 30 years
  • 1996 "Love Thy Neighbor" opens at Booth Theater NYC
  • 1996 Erik & Lyle Menendez found guilty of killing their parents
  • 1996 UK admits humans can catch CJD (Mad Cow Disease)
  • 1997 "Play On!" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 61 performances
  • 1997 Liggett admits cigarettes are addictive
  • 1997 Mens Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
  • 1999 Legoland California, the first and only Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California.
  • 1999 19th Golden Raspberry Awards: An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn wins
  • 2000 Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after a gun battle that leaves a Georgia sheriff's deputy dead.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Pope John Paul II visits Holy Land - Jordan, Israel, Palestine

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2001 Petrobras 36 Oil Platform, the world's largest oil rig, sinks with 400,000 US gallons of fuel and crude oil aboard, after suffering three explosions on March 15

Music awardsMusic Awards

2002 16th Soul Train Music Awards: The O'Jays, Dr. Dre & Alicia Keys wins

Singer-songwriter Alicia Keys
Singer-songwriter
Alicia Keys
Rapper Dr. Dre
Rapper
Dr. Dre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2004 Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming the party's first leader.

22nd Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper
22nd Prime Minister of Canada
Stephen Harper

Music awardsMusic Awards

2004 18th Soul Train Music Awards: R. Kelly, Janet Jackson, Outkast & Beyoncé win

R&B Singer R. Kelly
R&B Singer
R. Kelly
Singer Janet Jackson
Singer
Janet Jackson
Singer Beyoncé Knowles
Singer
Beyoncé Knowles
  • 2005 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years. One person is killed, hundreds are injured and evacuated.
  • 2006 Cyclone Larry makes landfall in eastern Australia, destroying most of the country's banana crop.
  • 2006 Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby.
  • 2010 56th National Film Awards (India): "Antaheen" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 2012 50 people are killed and 240 injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq
  • 2012 Disney movie John Carter records one of the largest losses in cinema history with a $200 million dollar write down
  • 2013 Pierre Deligne wins the 2013 Abel Prize in mathematics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 Barak Obama becomes the first US President to visit Cuba since 1928, arriving for a 2 day tour

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama