Historical Events on 21st March

  • 630 Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem.
  • 717 Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.
  • 1188 Accession to the throne of Japan by emperor Antoku.
  • 1349 3,000 Jews killed in Black Death riots in Efurt, Germany
  • 1413 Henry V becomes King of England.
  • 1421 Battle of Beauge-French beat English
  • 1492 Alonzo Pietro, pilot, sailed with Columbus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 King James I addresses English House of Commons

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1681 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London
  • 1702 Queen Anne addresses English parliament
  • 1788 Fire destroys 856 buildings in New Orleans Louisiana
  • 1788 Olaudah Equiano (aka Gustavus Vassa), a freed slave, petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans
  • 1791 Capt Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in USN
  • 1804 Civil Code of Napoleon adopted in France
  • 1821 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1824 Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1826 Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premiered in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin & Mariano Gonzales meet at Portillo Pass

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1844 Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
  • 1844 The original date predicted by William Miller of Massachusetts for the return of Christ and the end of the world.
  • 1857 Earthquake hits Tokyo killing around 107,000 people
  • 1859 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
  • 1859 Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 1860 US extradition treaty with Sweden
  • 1863 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • 1864 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • 1865 Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
  • 1866 US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • 1868 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC

CommunicationHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

1871 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • 1871 32nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • 1872 33rd Grand National: John Page aboard Casse Tete wins
  • 1885 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • 1888 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • 1890 Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
  • 1899 British & French accord over West Africa
  • 1902 64th Grand National: David Read aboard Shannon Lass wins
  • 1907 US sends troops to Honduras to halt the Nicaraguan army takeover
  • 1909 Moran & MacFarland (US) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
  • 1909 Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • 1913 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • 1914 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • 1914 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • 1916 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • 1917 Loretta Walsh becomes US Navy's 1st female Petty Officer
  • 1918 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • 1921 Walter Kerr Theater (Ritz, CBS, NBC, ABC) opens at 223 W 48th St NYC
  • 1922 KGW-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
  • 1924 1st foreign language course broadcast on US radio (WJZ, NYC)
  • 1924 Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
  • 1925 Edinburgh's Murreyfield Stadium officially opens
  • 1925 Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijrah calendar
  • 1925 The Butler Act, a Tennessee statue, is passed prohibiting the teaching of evolution
  • 1927 Guomindang Army conquerors Shanghai as British marines flee
  • 1931 KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • 1931 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1931 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Hitler, Goering, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning & top army meet in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
  • 1934 Babe Didrikson pitches an inning in an A's-Dodgers exhibition game Walks 1, hits the next guy, 3rd guy hits into triple-play
  • 1935 Jean Anouilh's "Y avait un presonnier" premieres in Paris
  • 1935 Persia is officially renamed Iran
  • 1937 Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
  • 1939 Nazi-Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1941 Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 13 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1942 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • 1943 Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
  • 1943 Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Gen Eisenhower postpones invasion of the soth of France until after Normandy

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
  • 1945 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • 1945 Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
  • 1946 Kenny Washington signs with Rams, 1st black NFLer since 1933
  • 1946 UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)
  • 1947 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Pres Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1947 Test Cricket debut of Bert Sutcliffe, NZ v England at Christchurch
  • 1948 "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio
  • 1949 WTVJ TV channel 4 in Miami, FL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1952 "3 Wishes for Jamie" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 94 performances
  • 1952 -22] Tornadoes in Ark, Tenn, Mo, Miss, Ala & Ky cause 343 deaths
  • 1952 31 storms crosses 6 states killing 340 in South-Central US
  • 1952 Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend 1st rock & roll concert ever
  • 1953 NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
  • 1954 KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, MT (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus joining Greece
  • 1955 Brooklyn Bulletin ask Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums"
  • 1956 28th Academy Awards - "Marty", Anna Magnani & Ernest Borgnine win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Tennessee Williams' "Orpheus Descending" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1958 1st presentation of West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award
  • 1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1959 "Juno" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • 1959 21st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: California beats W Va 71-70
  • 1959 113th Grand National: Michael Scudamore aboard Oxo wins
  • 1960 Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa & outlaws ANC
  • 1961 Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)
  • 1961 The Beatles' first appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool
  • 1962 A bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds
  • 1962 Bekkers of Bosch makes TV speech in Neth for birth control
  • 1962 Dutch RC bishop Beckers declares himself in favor of birth control
  • 1962 Philadelphia retires pitcher Robin Roberts' # 36

CommunicationClosure of Alcatraz

1963 Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay closed

  • 1963 David Hendon & Douglas Cross' musical premieres in London
  • 1964 26th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Duke 98-83
  • 1964 Beatles' "She Loves You" single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks
  • 1964 UCLA completes undefeated NCAA basketball season (30-0)
  • 1964 118th Grand National: Willie Robinson aboard Team Spirit
  • 1964 9th Eurovision Song Contest: Gigliola Cinquetti for Italy wins singing "Non ho l'eta" in Copenhagen
  • 1965 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama

Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Clergyman and Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
  • 1966 US preme Court reverses Mass ruling that "Fanny Hill" is obscene
  • 1968 "Royals" chosen as the name of new KC AL franchise
  • 1968 Hill, Hawkins & Coghill's musical premieres in London
  • 1968 Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases
  • 1968 Portuguese socialist Mario Soares banished to Sao Tomé
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 32nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Jacksonville 80-69
  • 1970 Vinko Bogataj crashes during a ski-jumping championship in Germany; his image becomes that of the "agony of defeat guy" in the opening credits of ABC's Wide World of Sports.
  • 1970 1st San Diego Comic-Con International opens at U.S. Grant Hotel
  • 1970 15th Eurovision Song Contest: Dana for Ireland wins singing "All Kinds of Everything" in Amsterdam
  • 1971 Gavaskar scores 1st of his 34 Test Cricket tons, 116 at Georgetown
  • 1971 Jan Ferraris wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
  • 1971 Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2"
  • 1971 WCPB TV channel 28 in Salisbury, MD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 US Supreme Court rules states can't require 1-yr residency to vote

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Frank Mahovlich becomes 5th NHLer to score 500 goals

NHL Legend Frank Mahovlich
NHL Legend
Frank Mahovlich
  • 1974 Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall
  • 1975 Ethiopia abolishes its monarchy after 3,000 years
  • 1978 Padres fire Al Dark (2nd manager ever fired during spring training)
  • 1978 San Francisco passes its-and U.S.'-most comprehensive homosexual rights bill
  • 1979 Egyptian Parliament unanimously approve peace treaty with Israel
  • 1980 On TV show Dallas, J.R. is shot
  • 1982 "Little Johnny Jones" opens & closes at Alvin Theater NYC
  • 1982 Jerry Pate celebrates golf win by jumping into the water hazard
  • 1982 Movie "Annie" premieres
  • 1982 Nancy Lopez wins LPGA J&B Scotch Pro-Am Golf Tournament
  • 1983 Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled
  • 1984 Border scores 100* v WI Trinidad after 98* in 1st cricket innings
  • 1984 NFL owners passed the infamous anti-celebrating rule
  • 1984 Part of Central Park is named Strawberry Fields honoring John Lennon
  • 1984 Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan

Hall of fameHall of Fame

1985 Arthur Ashe is nominated for the Internatinal Tennis Hall of Fame

Tennis Player Arthur Ashe
Tennis Player
Arthur Ashe
  • 1985 Bloodbath at Langa (Uitenhage) South-Africa, 19 killed
  • 1986 199.22 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Kania skates ladies world record 500 m (39.52 sec) & 3 km (4:18.02)
  • 1986 Pittsburgh Associates buy Pittsburgh Pirates for $218 million
  • 1987 PSV sells soccer player Ruud Gullit to AC Milan (Ÿ17 million)

Music awardsMusic Awards

1988 23rd Academy of Country Music Awards: Hank Williams Jr, Randy Travis, and Reba McEntire win

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Hank Williams Jr
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Hank Williams Jr
  • 1989 1st sea test of Trident 2 missile self-destructs, Cape Canaveral, Florida
  • 1990 "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 149 performances
  • 1990 "Normal Life" starring Moon Unit & Dweezil Zappa premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1990 "Sydney" starring Valerie Bertinelli premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1990 Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president
  • 1991 27 lost at sea when 2 US Navy anti-submarine planes collide
  • 1991 Largest wrestling crowd in Japan (64,500) at Tokyo Dome
  • 1991 Tatsumi Fujinami beats Ric Flair for NWA wrestling championship
  • 1991 UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq
  • 1992 2nd WLAF season begins
  • 1992 Pakistan scores 6-264 to overhaul NZ in exciting World Cup semi
  • 1993 Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Pope John Paul II declares Duns Scotus, a saint

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1993 South Africa White Wolves kill 5 year old black girl

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1994 66th Academy Awards - "Schindler's List", Tom Hanks & Holly Hunter win

Actor Tom Hanks
Actor
Tom Hanks
  • 1994 Anne P Sidamon-Eristoff named chairwoman of Museum of National History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Dudley Moore arrested for hitting girlfriend

Actor, Comedian and Jazz Musician Dudley Moore
Actor, Comedian and Jazz Musician
Dudley Moore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Wayne Gretzky ties Gordie Howe's NHL record of 801 goals

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 NJ officially dedicates the Howard Stern Rest Area along Route 295

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1995 NYC agrees to sell its 2 owned radio stations (WNYC AM & FM)
  • 1996 "Night of the Iguana" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • 1997 Ice Dance won by Oksana Grishuk & Evgeny Platov (Rus)
  • 1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1999 71st Academy Awards - "Shakespeare in Love", Roberto Benigni & Gwyneth Paltrow win

  • 2002 In Pakistan, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh along with three other suspects are charged with murder for their part in the kidnapping and killing of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
  • 2002 Schoolgirl Amanda Dowler is abducted in broad daylight on her way home from Heathside School in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England
  • 2004 In Malaysia, the 11th Federal and State elections are held, returning the ruling coalition Barisan Nasional to power with an increased majority.
  • 2006 Immigrant workers constructing the Burj Dubayy in Dubai, The United Arab Emirates and a new terminal of Dubai International Airport join together and riot, causing $1M in damage.
  • 2012 Five former Guatemalan paramilitaries are sentenced to 7,710 years in jail for their role in the Plan de Sanchez massacre in 1982
  • 2012 Greek Parliament votes in favour of an international bailout deal
  • 2013 12 people are killed and 30 are injured by a car bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2013 42 people are killed and 84 are injured by a bombing in a mosque in Damascus, Syria
  • 2013 At least 45 people drown and 60 are missing after a Nigerian boat sinks off the shore of Gabon
  • 2013 24 people are killed and 100 are injured by a tornado and hail storm in southern China
  • 2013 A barter dispute loses control and results in 10 people being killed, 20 injured, and 4 mosques being burnt to the ground in Myanmar
  • 2013 The European Space Agency reveals new data that indicates that the universe is 13.82 billion years old
  • 2013 Martin Gould defeats Ali Carter to win the snooker 2013 Championship League
  • 2014 Russia formally annexes Crimea amid international condemenation