Historical Events on 23rd March

Events 1 - 200 of 204

  • 1026 Koenraad II crowns himself king of Italy
  • 1066 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1153 Treaty of Konstanz between Frederick I "Barbarossa" & Pope Eugene III

Holy Roman Empire Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Empire
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1174 Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow.
  • 1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishneh Torah" published
  • 1534 Aragonese legal code formally recognised
  • 1568 Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
  • 1579 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1593 English Separatist Puritans John Greenwood and Henry Barrowe tried and sentenced to death on the charge of devising and circulating seditious books
  • 1630 French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
  • 1657 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III lands at Firth of Forth

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1743 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London

  • 1752 Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later
  • 1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war
  • 1782 "Les Liaisons dangereuses" by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos is published by Durand Neveu
  • 1794 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • 1794 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1808 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1832 British Parliament passes reform bill

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
  • 1839 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
  • 1840 Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
  • 1848 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1849 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
  • 1857 Elisha Otis' 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, NYC)
  • 1858 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Phila)
  • 1861 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1862 Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • 1864 Encounter at Camden AR

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1865 General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1867 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1868 University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • 1877 38th Grand National: Mr Fred Hobson aboard Austerlitz wins
  • 1879 War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
  • 1880 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • 1881 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 1881 Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
  • 1888 50th Grand National: George Mawson aboard Playfair wins
  • 1889 Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
  • 1889 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.
  • 1889 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • 1896 Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chénier" premieres in Milan
  • 1896 The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels.
  • 1901 Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
  • 1903 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
  • 1908 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
  • 1910 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway)
  • 1912 Dixie Cup invented
  • 1915 Zion Mule Corp forms
  • 1917 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US
  • 1918 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • 1918 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • 1918 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • 1918 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • 1918 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River
  • 1919 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1919 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1919 Moscow's Politburo/Central Committee forms
  • 1920 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • 1921 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • 1922 1st airplane lands at the US Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 KMJ-AM in Fresno CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WEW-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
  • 1923 82nd Grand National: Capt. Tuppy Bennett aboard Sergeant Murphy wins
  • 1925 Tennessee becomes 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution
  • 1926 NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Pitt Pirates, 6-4 in 2 games
  • 1929 1st telephone installed in White House
  • 1930 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1930 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1931 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1933 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
  • 1934 US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
  • 1934 93rd Grand National: Gerry Wilson aboard Golden Miller wins
  • 1936 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1936 Physician Joseph Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, the first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • 1937 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • 1938 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers
  • 1940 1st radio broadcast of "Truth or Consequences" on CBS
  • 1940 All-India-Muslim League calls for a Muslim homeland
  • 1940 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1942 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • 1942 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • 1942 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • 1943 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • 1944 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • 1944 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • 1945 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • 1945 Largest operation in Pacific War (WWII), 1,500 US Navy ships bomb Japanese island of Okinawa
  • 1945 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
  • 1946 8th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NC 43-40
  • 1948 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • 1949 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premieres in NYC
  • 1950 "Great to Be Alive" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 52 performances
  • 1950 22rd Academy Awards - "All The King's Men", Broderick Crawford & Olivia De Havilland win
  • 1950 Sophocles Venizelos forms liberal Greek government
  • 1950 UN World Meteorological Org established
  • 1950 Frances Farmer is released from Western State Hospital
  • 1951 Wages in France increase 11%
  • 1952 Rangers with less than 14 minutes to go blow a 6-2 lead, losing 7-6 to Chicago Black Hawks. Mosienko scores 3 times in 21 seconds
  • 1956 18th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats Iowa 83-71
  • 1956 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day)
  • 1956 Sudan becomes independent
  • 1957 19th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: NC beats Kansas 54-53 (3 OTs)
  • 1957 US army sells last homing pigeons
  • 1960 Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1962 JFK visits SF
  • 1962 Nawab of Pataudi captains India cricket v WI age 21 years 77 days
  • 1962 Wake Forest coach "Bones" McKinney becomes 2nd person to play & coach
  • 1962 William DeWitt buys Cin Reds for $4,625,000
  • 1963 25th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Loyola beats Cin 60-58 (OT)
  • 1963 Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter" premieres in Berlin
  • 1963 8th Eurovision Song Contest: Grethe and Jorgen Ingmann for Denmark win singing "Dansevise" in London
  • 1964 UNCTAD 1 world conference opens in Geneva
  • 1965 Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young)
  • 1965 Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
  • 1966 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic & Anglican Church
  • 1968 30th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats NC 78-55
  • 1968 Rev Walter Fauntroy, is 1st non-voting congressional delegate from DC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1969 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Port Charlotte Golf Invitational

LPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth
LPGA Golfer
Kathy Whitworth
  • 1969 Rally for Decency (Miami)
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept simplified divorce

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1972 Evel Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • 1972 NY Yanks agree to continue playing ball in the Bronx
  • 1973 After a 5½ year run soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ends
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1973 Yoko Ono is granted permanent residence in USA

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1975 Sue Roberts wins LPGA Bing Crosby International Golf Classic
  • 1976 International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying)
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

1979 Larry Holmes TKOs Osvaldo Ocasio in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes
  • 1979 Wings release "Goodnight Tonight"
  • 1980 Border completes 150 in each inning of Test Cricket v Pakistan

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1980 Donna Caponi Young Pro-Am wins LPGA National Golf Tournament

LPGA Golfer Donna Caponi
LPGA Golfer
Donna Caponi
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 Shah of Iran arrives in Egypt
  • 1981 US Supreme Court upholds law making statutory rape a crime only for men
  • 1981 US Supreme Court rules states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls sought abortions
  • 1982 Guatemala military coup under gen Rios Montt, president Romeo Lucas flees

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1982 Isle's Mike Bossy's 20th career hat trick-4 goals

Ice Hockey Great Mike Bossy
Ice Hockey Great
Mike Bossy

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1983 US President Ronald Reagan introduces Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars")

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 Andrea Schone skates ladies world record 3 km (4:20.91)
  • 1984 Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa won by J Torvill & Chris Dean (GRB)
  • 1984 Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Underhill & Paul Martini (CAN)
  • 1984 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Katarina Witt (GDR)
  • 1984 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
  • 1985 Space Shuttle Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-D mission
  • 1985 Julian Lennon's 1st concert (San Antonio Texas)
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 6th Golden Raspberry Awards: Rambo: First Blood Part II wins
  • 1986 Heavyweight Trevor Berbick KOs Pinklon Thomas
  • 1986 Penny Pulz wins LPGA Circle K Tucson Golf Open
  • 1987 Soap "Bold & Beautiful" premieres
  • 1987 US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf
  • 1987 West Germany SPD chairman Willy Brandt resigns
  • 1989 2 Utah scientists claim they have produced fusion at room temperature
  • 1989 Joel Steinberg sentenced to 25 yrs for killing his adopted daughter
  • 1990 Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound & pay $50,000 in restitution for 1989 oil spill
  • 1991 20 Tornadoes kill 5 in Tennessee
  • 1991 Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.12m)
  • 1991 1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 & Mont beats Birmingham 20-5
  • 1992 Florida Marlins begin selling tickets
  • 1993 Belgian government of Dehaene, resigns
  • 1993 NY Knicks & Phoenix Suns get into a major brawl
  • 1994 Amy Fisher's lover Joey Buttafuoco is released from jail after 4 months & 9 days
  • 1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10 km (11:28)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1994 Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1994 Last day of Test cricket for Kapil Dev

Cricketer Kapil Dev
Kapil Dev
  • 1994 Russian Airbus A-310 crashes in Siberia (74-75 killed)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1994 Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 802 goals scored

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
  • 1994 Richard Jacobs buys naming rights to Indians new ball park at Gateway for $13.8 million (renamed Jacobs Field)
  • 1995 "How To Succeed in Business..." opens at R Rodgers NYC for 548 performances
  • 1995 Dollar equals 88.41 yen (record)
  • 1996 Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1997 "Mandy Patinkin in Concert" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
  • 1997 17th Golden Raspberry Awards: Striptease wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 Betsy King wins LPGA Standard Register PING

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 Phil Mickelson wins Bay Hill Golf Invitiational

Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Phil Mickelson
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner
Phil Mickelson
  • 1997 Wrestlemania XIII in Chicago, Undertaker beats Psycho Sid for title
  • 1997 wins Standard Register PING

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1998 70th Academy Awards - "Titanic", Jack Nicholson & Helen Hunt win

  • 1999 Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1999 "Livin' la Vida Loca" sung by Ricky Martin released - goes on to sell over 8 million copies

Singer/Actor Ricky Martin
Ricky Martin

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2000 Joe Sakic records his 400th career goal and becomes the Quebec Nordiques/Colorado Avalanche all-time leading point scorer

NHL Legend Joe Sakic
NHL Legend
Joe Sakic
  • 2001 The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
  • 2002 22nd Golden Raspberry Awards: Freddy Got Fingered wins
  • 2003 In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2003 75th Academy Awards - "Chicago," Adrien Brody & Nicole Kidman win

Actress Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
  • 2004 Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions holds its first conference in Hyderabad, India.
  • 2005 The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube.
  • 2005 A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers.
  • 2006 The Federal Reserve discontinues publishing M3 money supply.
  • 2007 Burnley Tunnel catastrophe occurs in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 2007 Iranian Navy seize Royal Navy personnel in Iraqi waters.