Historical Events on 23rd March

Events 1 - 200 of 204

  • 1026 Koenraad II crowns himself king of Italy
  • 1066 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1153 Treaty of Konstanz between Frederick I "Barbarossa" & Pope Eugene III

Holy Roman Empire Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Empire
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1174 Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow.
  • 1490 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishneh Torah", a code of Jewish religious law is published
  • 1534 Aragonese legal code formally recognised
  • 1568 Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
  • 1579 Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
  • 1593 English Separatist Puritans John Greenwood and Henry Barrowe tried and sentenced to death on the charge of devising and circulating seditious books
  • 1630 French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
  • 1657 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III lands at Firth of Forth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1743 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London

  • 1752 Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1782 "Les Liaisons dangereuses" by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos is published by Durand Neveu
  • 1794 Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
  • 1794 Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808 Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1821 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1832 British Parliament passes reform bill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
  • 1839 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
  • 1840 Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
  • 1848 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1849 Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1858 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Phila)
  • 1861 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1862 Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • 1864 Encounter at Camden AR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1868 University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • 1877 38th Grand National: Mr Fred Hobson aboard Austerlitz wins
  • 1879 War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
  • 1880 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • 1881 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 1881 Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
  • 1888 50th Grand National: George Mawson aboard Playfair wins
  • 1889 Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
  • 1889 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.
  • 1889 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • 1896 Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chénier" premieres in Milan
  • 1896 The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels.
  • 1901 Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
  • 1903 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
  • 1908 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
  • 1910 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway)
  • 1915 Zion Mule Corp forms
  • 1917 Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US
  • 1918 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • 1918 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • 1918 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • 1918 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • 1918 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River
  • 1919 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. It's original members were Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky.

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1920 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • 1921 Germany announces it will be unable to meet its Great War reparation payments
  • 1922 1st airplane lands at the US Capitol in Washington, D.C.
  • 1922 KMJ-AM in Fresno CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WEW-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
  • 1923 82nd Grand National: Capt. Tuppy Bennett aboard Sergeant Murphy wins
  • 1925 Tennessee becomes 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution
  • 1926 NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Pitt Pirates, 6-4 in 2 games
  • 1929 1st telephone installed in White House
  • 1930 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1930 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
  • 1934 US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
  • 1934 93rd Grand National: Gerry Wilson aboard Golden Miller wins
  • 1936 Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Physician Joseph Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, the first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope

  • 1937 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • 1938 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers
  • 1940 1st radio broadcast of "Truth or Consequences" on CBS
  • 1940 All-India-Muslim League calls for a Muslim homeland
  • 1940 The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
  • 1942 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • 1942 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • 1942 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • 1943 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • 1944 Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
  • 1944 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives
  • 1945 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • 1945 Largest operation in WWII's Pacific War, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa
  • 1945 Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
  • 1946 8th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NC 43-40
  • 1948 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • 1949 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premieres in NYC
  • 1950 "Great to Be Alive" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 52 performances
  • 1950 22rd Academy Awards - "All The King's Men", Broderick Crawford & Olivia De Havilland win
  • 1950 Sophocles Venizelos forms liberal Greek government
  • 1950 UN World Meteorological Org established
  • 1950 Frances Farmer is released from Western State Hospital
  • 1951 Wages in France increase 11%
  • 1952 Rangers with less than 14 minutes to go blow a 6-2 lead, losing 7-6 to Chicago Black Hawks. Mosienko scores 3 times in 21 seconds
  • 1956 18th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats Iowa 83-71
  • 1956 Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day)
  • 1956 Sudan becomes independent
  • 1957 19th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: NC beats Kansas 54-53 (3 OTs)
  • 1957 US army sells last homing pigeons
  • 1960 Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1962 JFK visits SF
  • 1962 Nawab of Pataudi captains India cricket v WI age 21 years 77 days
  • 1962 Wake Forest coach "Bones" McKinney becomes 2nd person to play & coach
  • 1962 William DeWitt buys Cin Reds for $4,625,000
  • 1963 25th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Loyola beats Cin 60-58 (OT)
  • 1963 Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter" premieres in Berlin
  • 1963 8th Eurovision Song Contest: Grethe and Jorgen Ingmann for Denmark win singing "Dansevise" in London
  • 1964 UNCTAD 1 world conference opens in Geneva
  • 1965 Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young)
  • 1965 Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
  • 1966 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic & Anglican Church
  • 1968 30th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats NC 78-55
  • 1968 Rev Walter Fauntroy, is 1st non-voting congressional delegate from DC

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1969 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Port Charlotte Golf Invitational

LPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth
LPGA Golfer
Kathy Whitworth
  • 1969 Rally for Decency (Miami)
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept simplified divorce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Evel Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars

Motorcycle Daredevil Evel Knievel
Motorcycle Daredevil
Evel Knievel
  • 1972 NY Yanks agree to continue playing ball in the Bronx
  • 1973 After a 5½ year run soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ends
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Yoko Ono is granted permanent residence in USA

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1975 Sue Roberts wins LPGA Bing Crosby International Golf Classic
  • 1976 International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying)
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1979 Larry Holmes TKOs Osvaldo Ocasio in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes
  • 1979 Wings release "Goodnight Tonight"
  • 1980 Border completes 150 in each inning of Test Cricket v Pakistan

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1980 Donna Caponi Young Pro-Am wins LPGA National Golf Tournament

LPGA Golfer Donna Caponi
LPGA Golfer
Donna Caponi
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 Shah of Iran arrives in Egypt
  • 1981 US Supreme Court upholds law making statutory rape a crime only for men
  • 1981 US Supreme Court rules states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls sought abortions
  • 1982 Guatemala military coup under gen Rios Montt, president Romeo Lucas flees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Isle's Mike Bossy's 20th career hat trick-4 goals

Ice Hockey Great Mike Bossy
Ice Hockey Great
Mike Bossy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 US President Ronald Reagan introduces Strategic Defense Initiative ("Star Wars")

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 Andrea Schone skates ladies world record 3 km (4:20.91)
  • 1984 Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa won by J Torvill & Chris Dean (GRB)
  • 1984 Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Underhill & Paul Martini (CAN)
  • 1984 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Katarina Witt (GDR)
  • 1984 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
  • 1985 Space Shuttle Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-D mission
  • 1985 Julian Lennon's 1st concert (San Antonio Texas)
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 6th Golden Raspberry Awards: Rambo: First Blood Part II wins
  • 1986 Heavyweight Trevor Berbick KOs Pinklon Thomas
  • 1986 Penny Pulz wins LPGA Circle K Tucson Golf Open
  • 1987 Soap "Bold & Beautiful" premieres
  • 1987 US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf
  • 1987 West Germany SPD chairman Willy Brandt resigns
  • 1989 2 Utah scientists claim they have produced fusion at room temperature
  • 1989 Joel Steinberg sentenced to 25 yrs for killing his adopted daughter
  • 1990 Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound & pay $50,000 in restitution for 1989 oil spill
  • 1991 20 Tornadoes kill 5 in Tennessee
  • 1991 Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.12m)
  • 1991 1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 & Mont beats Birmingham 20-5
  • 1992 Florida Marlins begin selling tickets
  • 1993 Belgian government of Dehaene, resigns
  • 1993 NY Knicks & Phoenix Suns get into a major brawl
  • 1994 Amy Fisher's lover Joey Buttafuoco is released from jail after 4 months & 9 days
  • 1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10 km (11:28)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Last day of Test cricket for Kapil Dev

Cricketer Kapil Dev
Cricketer
Kapil Dev
  • 1994 Russian Airbus A-310 crashes in Siberia (74-75 killed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 802 goals scored

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky
  • 1994 Richard Jacobs buys naming rights to Indians new ball park at Gateway for $13.8 million (renamed Jacobs Field)
  • 1995 "How To Succeed in Business..." opens at R Rodgers NYC for 548 performances
  • 1995 Dollar equals 88.41 yen (record)
  • 1996 Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
  • 1997 "Mandy Patinkin in Concert" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC
  • 1997 17th Golden Raspberry Awards: Striptease wins

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1997 Betsy King wins LPGA Standard Register PING

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1997 Phil Mickelson wins Bay Hill Golf Invitiational

Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Phil Mickelson
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner
Phil Mickelson
  • 1997 Wrestlemania XIII in Chicago, Undertaker beats Psycho Sid for title
  • 1997 wins Standard Register PING

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1998 70th Academy Awards - "Titanic", Jack Nicholson & Helen Hunt win

  • 1999 Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 "Livin' la Vida Loca" sung by Ricky Martin released - goes on to sell over 8 million copies

Singer/Actor Ricky Martin
Singer/Actor
Ricky Martin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Joe Sakic records his 400th career goal and becomes the Quebec Nordiques/Colorado Avalanche all-time leading point scorer

NHL Legend Joe Sakic
NHL Legend
Joe Sakic
  • 2001 The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
  • 2002 22nd Golden Raspberry Awards: Freddy Got Fingered wins
  • 2003 In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

2003 75th Academy Awards - "Chicago," Adrien Brody & Nicole Kidman win

Actress Nicole Kidman
Actress
Nicole Kidman
  • 2004 Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions holds its first conference in Hyderabad, India.
  • 2005 The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube.
  • 2005 A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers.
  • 2006 The Federal Reserve discontinues publishing M3 money supply.
  • 2007 Burnley Tunnel catastrophe occurs in Melbourne, Australia.
  • 2007 Iranian Navy seize Royal Navy personnel in Iraqi waters.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 After some initial hesitation, Emma Watson signs on to appear as Hermione in the final three Harry Potter films

Actress Emma Watson
Actress
Emma Watson