Historical Events on 27th March

  • 196 BC Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.
  • 1309 Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.
  • 1329 Pope John XXII issues his 'In Agro Dominico' condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1513 Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon and his expedition 1st sight Florida

Explorer and  Conquistador Juan Ponce de León
Explorer and Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León
  • 1599 Robert Devereux becomes lt-general of Ireland
  • 1613 The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1625 Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne

King Charles I
Charles I
  • 1642 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1668 English king Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company

  • 1708 Pretender to the English throne James III flees to Dunkirk
  • 1709 Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
  • 1713 Spain loses Menorca and Gibraltar to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht
  • 1721 France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid
  • 1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
  • 1790 The modern shoelace (string and shoe holes) invented in England
  • 1794 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • 1794 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.
  • 1802 Treaty of Amiens-French Revolutionary War ends
  • 1808 Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

1814 Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Sticks, part of the Creek Indian tribe near Dadeville, Alabama

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1836 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland, Ohio)
  • 1841 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC
  • 1848 John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 1849 Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1855 Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner
  • 1860 M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1863 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1865 Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
  • 1866 Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
  • 1866 President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment
  • 1868 The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • 1871 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • 1873 34th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Disturbance wins
  • 1879 Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • 1881 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire, in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.
  • 1884 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 1885 47th Grand National: Mr Ted Wilson aboard Roquefort wins
  • 1890 A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
  • 1896 58th Grand National: Mr David Campbell aboard The Soarer wins
  • 1900 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • 1903 65th Grand National: Percy Woodland aboard Drumcree wins
  • 1906 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1908 70th Grand National: Henry Bletsoe aboard Rubio wins
  • 1910 Fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312
  • 1912 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.
  • 1914 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)
  • 1914 76th Grand National: Bill Smith aboard Sunloch wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1915 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid

  • 1918 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania.
  • 1920 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
  • 1924 Canada recognizes USSR
  • 1924 New French government of Poincaré begins
  • 1925 84th Grand National: Maj. John Wilson aboard Double Chance wins
  • 1928 KGB-AM in San Diego CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1928 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • 1929 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1929 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
  • 1930 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1931 Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
  • 1931 John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
  • 1931 90th Grand National: Bob Lyall aboard Grakle wins
  • 1932 De Bataven soccer team forms in Gendt
  • 1933 Farm Credit Administration (US) authorized
  • 1933 Japan leaves League of Nations
  • 1933 Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett
  • 1936 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • 1936 95th Grand National: Mr. Fulke Walwyn aboard Reynoldstown wins
  • 1937 Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
  • 1938 The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • 1939 1st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: U of Oregon beats OH State 46-33

Film-release-premierFilm Premier

1940 "Rebecca" based on the book by Daphne du Maurier, directed by Alfred Hitchcock and starring Laurence Olivier and Joan Fontaine premieres in Los Angeles (Best Picture 1941)

  • 1941 Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1941 Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
  • 1942 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • 1942 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

1942 Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1943 Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1943 Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

Comedian Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
  • 1943 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia
  • 1944 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1944 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
  • 1944 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo
  • 1944 Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
  • 1945 7th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NYU 49-44

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1945 DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 Ella Fitzgerald & Delta Rhythm Boys record "It's Only a Paper Moon"

Jazz Musician Ella Fitzgerald
Jazz Musician
Ella Fitzgerald

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
  • 1945 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • 1948 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1948 Just 11 days after being released from prison, Billie Holiday plays in front of a sold-out crowd at Carnegie Hall

Jazz Musician Billie Holiday
Jazz Musician
Billie Holiday

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1950 Jazz pianist, Erroll Garner's solo concert (Cleve OH)

Jazz Pianist Erroll Garner
Jazz Pianist
Erroll Garner
  • 1950 Netherlands recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1950 WHAS TV channel 11 in Louisville, KY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 13th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Kansas 68-58

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1951 Frank Sinatra records "I'm a Fool to Want You"

Singer/Actor Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1952 Failed assassination attempt of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
German Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1952 Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records
  • 1952 "Singin' in the Rain", a musical comedy starring Gene Kelly, Donald O'Connor and Debbie Reynolds, is released
  • 1953 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • 1955 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours & Pajama Game win

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1955 Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut (Goodyear Playhouse)

  • 1955 WPRI TV channel 12 in Providence, RI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 French commandos land in Algeria
  • 1956 US seizes US communist newspaper "Daily Worker"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1957 29th Academy Awards - "Around World in 80 Days", Ingrid Bergman, Yul Brynner win

  • 1958 CBS Labs announce new stereophonic records
  • 1958 Havana Hilton opens

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1958 Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1960 Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Royal Crown Golf Open
  • 1961 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • 1961 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • 1962 Ann Jellicoe's "Knack" premieres in London
  • 1962 Archbishop Rummel ends race segregation in New Orlean Catholic school

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 Jacques Plante ties record winning 6th NHL Vezina trophy

NHL Goalie Jacques Plante
NHL Goalie
Jacques Plante
  • 1963 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
  • 1964 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)
  • 1964 Earthquake strikes Alaska, 8.4 on Richter scale, 118 die
  • 1964 Great Train Robbers sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars
  • 1964 UN troops arrive in Cyprus
  • 1965 119th Grand National: Mr. "Tommy" Smith aboard Jay Trump wins
  • 1966 Anti Vietnam war demonstrations in US, Europe & Australia
  • 1966 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Louise Suggs Delray Beach Golf Invitational
  • 1968 Japanese Trade & Cultural Center (Japan Center) dedicated in SF

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1968 Suharto officially succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
  • 1969 Black Academy of Arts & Letters forms in Boston
  • 1969 Launch of Mariner 7, flies 2,190-mi above southern Mars
  • 1970 Ringo releases his 1st solo album "Sentimental Journey"
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 33rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Villanova 68-62 UCLA wins their 5th consecutive NCAA basketball title
  • 1971 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) holds its first Annual Conference in the Ulster Hall in Belfast
  • 1972 Adolph Rupp retires after 42 years of coaching U of Kentucky
  • 1972 Venera 8 launched to Venus
  • 1972 Ulster Vanguard organise industrial strike against the imposition of direct rule on Northern Ireland by Westminster
  • 1973 Dennis Amiss out for 99 v Pakistan, 3rd 99 in Test Cricket
  • 1973 Jerry Garcia (Grateful Dead) stopped for speeding & LSD possession

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1973 45th Academy Awards - "The Godfather", Marlon Brando & Liza Minnelli win Marlon Brando turns down Oscar for best actor in support of Indians

  • 1976 Delta States beat Immaculata, 69-64, for AIWA basketball title
  • 1976 Washington, D.C. underground Metro opens
  • 1977 583 die in aviation's worst disaster KLM-Pan Am 747 crash on Tenerife
  • 1977 Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Kathryn Crosby/Honda Civic Golf Classic
  • 1978 40th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Duke 94-88
  • 1978 Bob Fosse's "Dancin'" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1,774 performances
  • 1978 Rutles "All You Need is Cash" is shown on British TV
  • 1979 US Supreme Court rules 8-1 that cops can't randomly stop cars
  • 1980 "Happy New Year" opens at Morosco Theater NYC for 17 performances
  • 1980 "Reggae" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • 1980 Elevator in Vaal Reef S Afr gold mine crash 1900m down (23 die)
  • 1980 Mount St Helens becomes active after 123 years
  • 1980 The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.
  • 1981 John Lennon single "Watching the Wheels" released posthumously in UK
  • 1982 "Best Little Whorehouse..." closes at 46th St NYC after 1577 performances
  • 1982 Imran takes 14-116 for cricket match v Sri Lanka at Lahore
  • 1982 Randy Holt sets Wash Cap record of 34 penalty minutes

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

1983 Larry Holmes beats Lucien Rodriguez in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes
WBC Heavyweight Champion
Larry Holmes

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1983 Neil Simon's "Brighton Beach Memoirs" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1984 Andrew Lloyd Webber/Richard Stilgoe's "Starlight Express" premieres

  • 1984 Beginning of "tanker war": over the next 9 months, 44 ships, including Iranian, Iraqi, Saudi Arabian and Kuwaiti tankers, are attacked by Iraqi or Iranian warplanes or damaged by mines

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1985 Billy Dee Williams receives a star on Hollywood Walk of Fame

  • 1986 Disney-MGM Studio Tour ground breaking
  • 1987 President Habre's troops reconquer Faya Largeau Chad
  • 1988 Ice Dance Championship at Budapest won by Bestemianova & Bukin (URS)
  • 1988 Ice Pairs Championship at Budapest won by E Valova & O Vasiliev (URS)
  • 1988 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Budapest won by Katarina Witt (GDR)
  • 1988 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Budapest won by Brian Boitano (USA)
  • 1988 Ok-Hee Ku wins Standard Register Turquoise Classic Golf Tournament
  • 1988 Wrestlemania IV at Trump Plaza, "Macho Man" Savage pins Ted Dibiase
  • 1989 1st African American soap opera, "Generations" premieres on NBC-TV
  • 1989 Delhi beat Bengal by innings & 210 to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
  • 1990 Bus accidentally touches high voltage wire in Karagpur India; 21 die
  • 1990 NSW beat Queensland by 345 runs to win Sheffield Shield Final
  • 1990 The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.
  • 1991 NCAA bans U of Minn football team from postseason play in 1992
  • 1991 New Kid Donnie Wahlberg, arrested on arson charges in Kentucky

Hall-of-fameHall of Fame

1991 Scotty Bowman inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame as a "builder" of the game

NHL Coach Scotty Bowman
NHL Coach
Scotty Bowman
  • 1992 Bruce Springsteen releases "Human Touch" & "Lucky Town"
  • 1993 Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People's Republic of China.
  • 1994 23rd Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Donna Andrews
  • 1994 Church in Piedmont Alabama collapses in tornado, 19 killed
  • 1994 Ice Dance Championship at Chiba Japan won by Gritschuk & Platov (RUS)
  • 1994 Ice Pairs Championship at Chiba won by Shishkova/Vadim Naumov (RUS)
  • 1994 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Yuka Sato (JPN)
  • 1994 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
  • 1994 The Eurofighter takes its first flight in Manching, Germany.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1995 67th Academy Awards - "Forrest Gump", Jessica Lange & Tom Hanks win

Actor Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
  • 1996 "State Fair" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 118 performances
  • 1997 "Young Man From Atlanta" opens at Longacre NYC for 85 performances
  • 1997 Martin Luther King's son meets James Earl Ray, his father's killer
  • 2000 Phillips explosion of 2000 kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas.
  • 2002 Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.
  • 2004 HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander class frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
  • 2006 The United Nations Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.
  • 2009 Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails killing at least 99 people.
  • 2013 12 people are killed in the Philippines after a mini-tornado causes a boat to capsize
  • 2014 UN General Assembly condemns Russia's annexation of Crimea
  • 2015 Russia's Soyuz TMA-16M launches to deliver three crew members to the international space station to research the long-term effects of micro gravity
  • 2134 32nd recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet