Historical Events on 3rd March

Events 1 - 200 of 266

  • 78 Origin of Saka Era (India)
  • 468 St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
  • 493 Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
  • 1284 Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England
  • 1409 Austrian civil war ends
  • 1431 Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1575 Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar
  • 1585 The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
  • 1627 Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
  • 1634 1st tavern in Boston (Mass) opens (Samuel Cole)
  • 1638 Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
  • 1776 American commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau, Bahamas
  • 1791 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
  • 1791 Congress establishes US Mint
  • 1794 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
  • 1794 Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • 1801 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • 1803 1st impeachment trial of a US federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • 1803 Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
  • 1805 Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
  • 1812 US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • 1813 Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 1815 US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • 1817 Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi
  • 1820 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
  • 1835 Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
  • 1837 Congress increases US Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1838 Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada
  • 1841 3rd Grand National: Mr A. Powell aboard Charity wins
  • 1842 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • 1842 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
  • 1843 Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • 1845 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • 1845 US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • 1845 Florida becomes 27th state of the Union
  • 1847 US Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
  • 1847 9th Grand National: Denny Wynne aboard Mathew IRE wins
  • 1849 Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
  • 1849 Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • 1849 US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
  • 1851 Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • 1852 14th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Miss Mowbray wins
  • 1853 Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
  • 1853 US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • 1855 US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
  • 1855 US Congress authorizes registered mail
  • 1857 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
  • 1861 Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs [OS=Feb 19].
  • 1862 Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • 1863 US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
  • 1863 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • 1863 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1863 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • 1863 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • 1863 Idaho Territory forms
  • 1865 US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
  • 1865 Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
  • 1869 University of South Carolina opens to all races
  • 1869 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins
  • 1871 US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • 1871 US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • 1873 US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
  • 1873 US Congress & government retroactively raise own salaries
  • 1873 Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
  • 1875 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • 1875 US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1875 Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)

Composer Georges Bizet
Composer
Georges Bizet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Rutherford Birchard Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1878 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • 1879 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
  • 1879 US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior
  • 1882 NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
  • 1883 Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • 1885 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • 1885 American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • 1885 US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
  • 1885 US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
  • 1887 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • 1891 US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
  • 1891 US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
  • 1891 The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
  • 1892 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova, Penn
  • 1893 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
  • 1893 US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Dept of Agriculture
  • 1894 "NY Atlantis" 1st Greek-language publication in US begins
  • 1894 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns
  • 1899 US Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
  • 1899 George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy
  • 1900 US Steel Corporation organizes
  • 1901 US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Dept of Commerce
  • 1903 North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1905 US Forest Service forms

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1905 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

  • 1906 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
  • 1909 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can be devoted full time to being a philanthropist

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • 1911 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri
  • 1913 Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington, D.C.
  • 1915 US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics(NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA
  • 1917 US Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
  • 1917 Mexico and the USA renew diplomatic relations
  • 1918 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • 1918 Facing pressure from internal counterrevolutionary forces and an external German offensive, the Bolsheviks are forced to signs the harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • 1919 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
  • 1919 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • 1920 Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
  • 1921 Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
  • 1921 The Asiatic Inquiry Commission, established by the South African Government, proposes a system of voluntary repatriation and segregation of Indians and prohibits Indians from buying agricultural land in a specified area along the coast
  • 1922 Italian fascists occupy Fiume & Rijeka
  • 1922 WWJ-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
  • 1923 US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague
  • 1924 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • 1924 Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock" premieres in Dublin
  • 1926 International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)
  • 1931 "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
  • 1931 Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
  • 1933 German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
  • 1933 Mount Rushmore dedicated
  • 1933 NYC premiere of "King Kong" starring Fay Wray

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
  • 1935 Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
  • 1936 Clarence Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v South Africa
  • 1937 Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • 1938 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1940 Artie Shaw records "Frenesi" on RCA Victor label

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Hermann Goering in Berlin

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1942 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • 1943 Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
  • 1943 F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1945 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
  • 1945 Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
  • 1945 US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
  • 1945 US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
  • 1946 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1946 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1950 3 months as National-American Football League takes back NFL name
  • 1951 Bill Mikvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 pts
  • 1952 Puerto Rico approves its 1st self-written constitution
  • 1953 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • 1953 Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Elvis Presley makes his 1st TV appearance on a broadcast of radio show "Louisiana Hayride"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1956 Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel"
  • 1956 Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2)
  • 1956 Indonesian government of Harahap resigns
  • 1956 Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
  • 1956 Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
  • 1956 3rd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Wake Forest, 76-64
  • 1957 Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Springs won by Markham & Jones (GRB)
  • 1957 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
  • 1957 Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins (USA)

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1957 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1957 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss (US)
  • 1957 2nd Eurovision Song Contest: Corry Brokken for Netherlands wins singing "Net als toen" in Frankfurt
  • 1958 KTVU TV channel 2 in Oakland-San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1958 Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
  • 1959 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
  • 1959 British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
  • 1959 SF Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park
  • 1960 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5")
  • 1961 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
  • 1962 British Antarctic Territory forms
  • 1962 9th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Wake Forest beats Clemson, 77-66
  • 1963 Senegal adopts a new constitution
  • 1965 The Temptations' "My Girl" reaches #1
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al)

Singer-songwriter Neil Young
Singer-songwriter
Neil Young
  • 1966 James Goldman's "Lion in Winter" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guinee

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1966 Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms
  • 1966 Twister hits Jackson Miss; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die
  • 1966 WRFT (now WVFT) TV channel 27 in Roanoke, VA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Grenada gains partial independence from Britain
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game)
  • 1968 "Here's Where I Belong" opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC
  • 1968 Greek, Portuguese & Spanish embassies bombed in the Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts

NHL Legend Jean Beliveau
NHL Legend
Jean Beliveau

Hall of fameHall of Fame

1968 In a blockbuster trade, the Toronto Maple Leafs send hall of fame forward Frank Mahovlich to the rival Detroit Red Wings

NHL Legend Frank Mahovlich
NHL Legend
Frank Mahovlich
  • 1969 Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)
  • 1971 South African Broadcasting Corp lifts its ban on the Beatles
  • 1971 Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, & Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1973 "Shelter" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 31 performances
  • 1974 "Sextet" opens at Bijou Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • 1974 Despite Billy Harris' hat trick Islanders lose 3-4

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1974 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth
LPGA Golfer
Kathy Whitworth
  • 1974 World's worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris (346 die)
  • 1975 "Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 104 performances
  • 1975 Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana