Historical Events on 3rd March

Events 1 - 200 of 261

78 - Origin of Saka Era (India)
468 - St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
493 - Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England
1409 - Austrian civil war ends
1431 - Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV
1575 - Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1585 - The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
1627 - Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
1634 - 1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
1638 - Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Inverness Castle
1776 - American commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau, Bahamas
1791 - 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
1791 - Congress establishes US Mint
1794 - 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
Mughal Emperor AkbarMughal Emperor Akbar 1794 - Richard Allen founded African Methodist Episcopal Church
1801 - 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
1803 - 1st impeachment trial of a US federal judge, John Pickering, begins
1803 - Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
1805 - Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
1812 - US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
1813 - Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
1815 - US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
1817 - Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi
1820 - Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
1835 - Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
1837 - Congress increases US Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1837 - US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
1838 - Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada
1841 - 3rd Grand National: Mr A. Powell aboard Charity wins
1842 - 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
1842 - 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
1843 - Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
1845 - 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
1845 - US Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
1845 - Florida becomes 27th state of the Union
1847 - US Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
1847 - 9th Grand National: Denny Wynne aboard Mathew IRE wins
1849 - Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
1849 - Territory of Minnesota organizes
1849 - US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress
1851 - Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
1852 - 14th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Miss Mowbray wins
1853 - Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
1853 - US Assay Office in NYC authorized
1855 - US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
1855 - US Congress authorizes registered mail
1857 - Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
1861 - Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs [OS=Feb 19].
1862 - Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
1863 - US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
1863 - 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln 1863 - Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1863 - Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
1863 - Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
1863 - Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
1863 - Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
1863 - Idaho Territory forms
1865 - US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
1865 - Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
1869 - University of South Carolina opens to all races
1869 - 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins
1871 - US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
1871 - US Congress establishes the civil service system
1873 - US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
1873 - US Congress & government raise own salary, retroactively
1873 - Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
1875 - 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
1875 - US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
Composer Georges BizetComposer Georges Bizet 1875 - Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
1877 - Rutherford Birchard Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president
1878 - Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
1879 - 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
1879 - US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior
1882 - NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
1883 - Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
1885 - 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
1885 - American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
1885 - US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
1885 - US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
1887 - American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
Author Helen KellerAuthor Helen Keller 1887 - Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller
1891 - US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
1891 - US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
1891 - The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
1892 - 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova, Penn
1893 - Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
1893 - US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Dept of Agriculture
1894 - "NY Atlantis" 1st Greek-language publication in US begins
1894 - 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns
1899 - Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
1899 - George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy
1900 - US Steel Corporation organizes
1901 - US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Dept of Commerce
1903 - North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm IIGerman Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II 1904 - Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
1905 - US Forest Service forms
1905 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts
1906 - Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
1909 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3
1910 - Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can be devoted full time to being a philanthropist
1911 - 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri
1913 - Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC
1915 - US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics(NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA
Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller JrFinancier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr 1917 - US Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
1917 - Mexico and the USA renew diplomatic relations
1918 - Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
1918 - Facing pressure from internal counterrevolutionary forces and an external German offensive, the Bolsheviks are forced to signs the harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
1919 - 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
1919 - Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
1920 - Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
1921 - Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
1921 - The Asiatic Inquiry Commission, established by the South African Government, proposes a system of voluntary repatriation and segregation of Indians and prohibits Indians from buying agricultural land in a specified area along the coast
1922 - Italian fascists occupy Fiume & Rijeka
1922 - WWJ-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions
1923 - Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
1923 - US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague
1924 - German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
1924 - Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock" premieres in Dublin
1926 - International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)
1931 - "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution
1931 - Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
1933 - German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
1933 - Mount Rushmore dedicated
1933 - NYC premiere of "King Kong" starring Fay Wray
Gangster John DillingerGangster John Dillinger 1934 - John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol
1935 - Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
1936 - Clarence Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v South Africa
1937 - Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
1938 - American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
1939 - In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.
1940 - Artie Shaw records "Frenesi" on RCA Victor label
1941 - Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Hermann Goering in Berlin
1942 - 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
1943 - Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
1943 - F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet" premieres in NYC
Nazi Politician Hermann GoeringNazi Politician Hermann Goering 1943 - Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy
1944 - 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony
1945 - Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters
1945 - RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
1945 - Roermond & Venlo, Netherlands, liberated
1945 - US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
1945 - US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
1946 - US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1946 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1950 - 3 months as National-American Football League takes back NFL name
1951 - Bill Mikvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 pts
1952 - Puerto Rico approves their 1st self written constitution
1953 - Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1953 - Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
1955 - Elvis Presley makes his 1st TV appearance on a broadcast of radio show "Louisiana Hayride"
1956 - Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel"
1956 - Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2)
1956 - Indonesian government of Harahap resigns
1956 - Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
1956 - Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
1957 - Corry Brokken wins Eurovision Song festival with "Just as then"
1957 - Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Springs won by Markham & Jones (GRB)
1957 - Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
1957 - Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins (USA)
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1957 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1957 - Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss (US)
1958 - KTVU TV channel 2 in Oakland-San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast
1958 - Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
1959 - 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
1959 - British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
1959 - SF Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park
1960 - 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5")
1961 - King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
1962 - British Antarctic Territory forms
1963 - Senegal adopts constitution
1965 - The Temptations' "My Girl" reaches #1
1965 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
Singer-songwriter Neil YoungSinger-songwriter Neil Young 1966 - Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al)
1966 - James Goldman's "Lion in Winter" premieres in NYC
1966 - Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guinee
1966 - Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms
1966 - Twister hits Jackson Miss; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die
1966 - WRFT (now WVFT) TV channel 27 in Roanoke, VA (IND) begins broadcasting
1967 - Grenada gains partial independence from Britain
1967 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game)
1968 - "Here's Where I Belong" opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC
1968 - Greek, Portuguese & Spanish embassies bombed in the Hague
1968 - Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts
1968 - In a blockbuster trade, the Toronto Maple Leafs send hall of fame forward Frank Mahovlich to the rival Detroit Red Wings
NHL Hall of Famer Frank MahovlichNHL Hall of Famer Frank Mahovlich 1969 - Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)
1971 - South African Broadcasting Corp lifts its ban on the Beatles
1971 - Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa
1972 - Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, & Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia
1973 - "Shelter" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 31 performances
1973 - White Sox Dick Allen signs 3 year contract for record $750,000
1974 - "Sextet" opens at Bijou Theater NYC for 9 performances
1974 - Despite Billy Harris' hat trick Islanders lose 3-4
1974 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1974 - World's worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris (346 die)
1975 - "Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 104 performances
1975 - Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana

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