Historical Events on 31st March

Events 1 - 200 of 201

1084 - Anti-pope Clemens crowns German King Hendrik IV as Holy Roman Emperor
1146 - Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.
1492 - Queen Isabella & King Ferdinand of Aragon issue Alhambra Decree expelling Jews from Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon
1504 - France & Spain sign ceasefire
1521 - Ferdinand Magellan takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus, Philippines
1547 - Henry II succeeds Francois I as king of France
1644 - Pope Urbanus VIII & duke of Parma signs Peace of Ferrara
1651 - Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru
1657 - English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines
1667 - France & England sign anti-Dutch military accord
1683 - Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey
1717 - A sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provoked the Bangorian Controversy.
English Military and Political Leader Oliver CromwellEnglish Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1745 - Jews are expelled from Prague
1796 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont" premieres in Weimar
1808 - French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
1814 - Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
1822 - The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
1831 - Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
1831 - Quebec & Montreal incorporated
1841 - 1st performance of Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B
1849 - Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF
1850 - US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
1854 - Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
1861 - Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (US Civil War)
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1862 - Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
1863 - Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
1865 - Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
1865 - Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg
1866 - The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.
1868 - Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
1870 - 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
1877 - British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
1877 - Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Aust v Eng MCG
1877 - The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.
1880 - 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
1883 - 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
1883 - Utrecht begins water pipe system
Cricketer Fred SpofforthCricketer Fred Spofforth 1885 - Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
1889 - 300m high Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris - built for the Exposition Universelle. Tallest man-made structure for 41 years
1900 - At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
1903 - Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (NZ)
1905 - Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there
1905 - 67th Grand National: Frank Mason aboard Kirkland wins
1906 - GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
1907 - Romanian Army puts down Moldavian farmers' revolt
1909 - Baseball rules players who jump contracts are suspended for 5 years
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm IIGerman Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II 1909 - Gustav Mahler conducts NY Philharmonic for his 1st time
1909 - In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
1916 - Dutch government ends all military engagements
1917 - US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands
1918 - 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect
1919 - Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
1920 - British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
1921 - British coal miners goes on strike
1922 - KFI-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions
1922 - Prince Hendrik opens trade fair building in Amsterdam
1923 - 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs
1923 - French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
1923 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games
1924 - Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
1924 - London public transport strike ends
1925 - WOWO-AM, Ft Wayne Indiana begins radio transmission (500 watts)
1926 - German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands
1930 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next thirty eight years.
1932 - 150 wild swans die in Niagara waterfall
1932 - Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine
1933 - 1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Ga)
1933 - Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1933 - German Republic gives power to Hitler
1934 - Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
1935 - Fusahige Suzuki runs world record marathon (2:27:49)
1939 - Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany
1939 - "The Hound of Baskervilles", starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson for the first time, is released
1940 - Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
1941 - Ground broken for Union Square Garage, SF
1943 - Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC
1943 - US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
1944 - Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
1945 - 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
1945 - Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen
1945 - Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams 1945 - US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
1946 - Belgian government of Spaak resigns - shortest ever Belgian government
1946 - Belgian government of Acker forms
1946 - The first election is held in Greece after World War II.
1948 - Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
1949 - Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
1951 - US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea
1953 - US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
1953 - UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjoeld secretary-general
1954 - US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs established
1954 - USSR offers to join NATO
1955 - Collie Smith scores 104 on cricket debut WI v Aust, Kingston
1955 - US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington closes Chase National (3rd largest bank) & Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merge to form Chase Manhattan
1958 - US Navy forms atomic sub division
1958 - USSR suspends nuclear weapons tests, & urges US & Britain to do same
1959 - Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India
1960 - Gore Vidal's "Best Man" premieres in NYC
1961 - Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
1961 - 8th National Film Awards (India): "Anuradha" wins the Golden Lotus
1962 - 116th Grand National: Fred Winter aboard Kilmore wins
1963 - LA ends streetcar service after 90 years
1964 - Pres Jango Goulart of Brazil chased out of office by military
1965 - US ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam
1965 - Iberia Airlines Convair 440 crashed into the sea on approach to Tangier killing 47 of 51 occupants.
1966 - 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC
1966 - Labour Party under Harold Wilson win British parliamentary election
1966 - USSR launches Luna 10, 1st lunar orbiter
Rock Guitarist Jimi HendrixRock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix 1967 - 1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London)
1968 - LBJ announces he will not seek re-election
1968 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Palm Beach County Golf Open
1968 - Pirate Radio Station Pegaus (NZ) begins transmitting
1968 - Seattle's AL club is named Pilots
1969 - George Harrison & Patti Boyd are fined £250 each for illegal drugs
1970 - Federal bankruptcy court allows Seattle Pilots to be sold to Milwaukee
1970 - Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit
1970 - Following an Orange Order parade, intense riots erupt on the Springfield Road in Belfast; violence lasts for three days, and the British Army used CS gas for the first time in large quantities
1971 - South Africa national debt hits 5.45 billion
1971 - William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison 1972 - Official Beatles Fan Club closes down
Royal Navy sailors lining up for their daily rum rationRoyal Navy sailors lining up for their daily rum ration

1972 - Final day of the rum ration in the Royal Canadian Navy
1973 - Flyers score 8 goals in 1 period vs Islanders, on 60 shots
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad AliHeavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali 1973 - Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision
1973 - 127th Grand National: Brian Fletcher aboard Red Rum wins
1975 - 37th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Kentucky 92-55
1975 - John Wooden's final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs
1976 - Cleveland Cavaliers clinch their 1st ever NBA playoff bearth
1976 - NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator
1977 - Michael Cristofer's "Shadow Box" premieres in NYC
1978 - USSR launches Kosmos 1000 navigational satellite
1978 - Wings release "London Town" album
1979 - The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).
1979 - 133rd Grand National: Maurice Barnes aboard Rubstic wins
1979 - 24th Eurovision Song Contest: Gali Atari and Milk and Honey for Israel wins singing "Hallelujah" in Jerusalem
WBC Heavyweight Champion Larry HolmesWBC Heavyweight Champion Larry Holmes 1980 - Larry Holmes TKOs Leroy Jones in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1980 - Mike Weaver KOs John Tate in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1980 - President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry
1980 - The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets due to bankruptcy and debt owed to creditors.
1981 - 1st Golden Raspberry Awards: Can't Stop the Music wins
1981 - 53rd Academy Awards - "Ordinary People", Robert De Niro & Sissy Spacek win
1982 - Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil
1982 - Rock group Doobie Brothers split up
1983 - Earthquake in Colombia kills some 5,000 people
1983 - Marsha Norman's "'night, Mother" premieres in NYC
1984 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
Actor Robert De NiroActor Robert De Niro 1984 - 138th Grand National: Neale Doughty aboard Hallo Dandy wins
1985 - 15th Easter Seal Telethon raises $27,400,000
1985 - 4th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Old Dominion beats Ga 70-65
1985 - El Salvador's Pres Duartes' Christian-Democrats win election
1985 - Wrestlemania I at Madison Square Garden NY, Hogan & Mr T beat Piper & Orndorf
1986 - 167 die when Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashes
1986 - 48th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Louisville beats Duke 72-69
1986 - English Hampton Court palace destroyed by fire, 1 dead
1986 - Six metropolitan county councils are abolished in England.
1987 - 49th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Syracuse 74-73
1988 - Last East Limburg coal mine closes in Gent Belgium
1988 - NY Islanders celebrate Denis Potvin night
NHL Star Denis PotvinNHL Star Denis Potvin 1988 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for "Beloved"
1989 - Donald Trump purchases Eastern's Northeast Shuttle
1990 - "Carol & Company" starring Carol Burnette premieres on NBC-TV
1990 - Dionisio Castro cycles world record 20km (57:18.4)
1990 - Riots began in London over the new poll tax laws
1991 - 10th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Virginia 70-67
1991 - 20th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
1991 - Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years
1991 - Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix Az
1991 - Georgian SSR votes on whether to remain in the Soviet Union
1991 - Musical "Will Rogers Follies" premieres in NYC
1991 - Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves
NHL Legend Brett HullNHL Legend Brett Hull 1991 - St Louis Blues Brett Hull scores his 86th goal
1991 - The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement - Hadas in Kuwait.
1992 - Delhi beat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
1992 - UN Security Council voted to ban flights & arms sales to Libya
1994 - James Farentino pleads no contest to stalking ex-girl Tina Sinatra
1994 - Walkway from Cleveland's Tower City to Jacobs Field officially opens
1994 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.
1995 - 1st game at Coors Stadium Colo (replacement Rockies beat Yanks 4-1)
1995 - Bombay beat Punjab on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
1995 - Federal judge orders injunction to end baseball strike
1996 - "Getting Away With Murder" closes at Broadhurst NYC after 17 perfs
1996 - "Midsummer Night's Dream" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 66 perfs
1996 - 15th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Georgia 83-65
1996 - 1st Opening Day in history in March takes place in Seattle
LPGA Golfer Patty SheehanLPGA Golfer Patty Sheehan 1996 - 25th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Patty Sheehan
1996 - Karnataka defeat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
1996 - Radio Canada International's final shortwave broadcast
1996 - Space Shuttle STS 76 (Atlantis 16), lands
1996 - Wrestlemania XII - Shawn Michaels beats Brett Hart for WWF title
1997 - "Daytime to Remember" a series showing old soaps premieres on ABC-TV
1997 - Pioneer 10 ends its mission
1997 - 59th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Arizona beats Kentucky 84-79 (OT)
1998 - Tampa Bay Devil Rays 1st game they host Detroit Tigers
1999 - "10 Things I Hate About You", a modernization of Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew, starring Julia Stiles and Heath Ledger, is released
2002 - 21st NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Oklahoma 82-70
Actress Julia StilesActress Julia Stiles 2004 - In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.
2007 - In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour.
2008 - Aloha Airlines, a bankrupt airline, permanently ends passenger service
2012 - Fiji Floods kill 2 people and force thousands to be evacuated
2013 - 14 Boko Haram suspects are killed in a Nigerian Army raid
2013 - 11 people are killed in flooding at Port Louis, Mauritius

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