Historical Events on 5th March

Events 1 - 200 of 207

  • 363 Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.
  • 1046 Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
  • 1179 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1496 English King Henry VII hands John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot
  • 1528 Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
  • 1558 Smoking tobacco introduced into Europe by Spaniard Francisco Fernandes
  • 1579 Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Astronomical work 'de Revolutionibus' by Nicolaus Copernicus placed on Catholic Forbidden index

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1623 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
  • 1645 Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • 1651 South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
  • 1684 Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
  • 1743 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
  • 1746 Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1750 1st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, NYC

  • 1766 Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 Boston Massacre (or the Incident on King Street ), British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Galvanised anti-British feelings

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1783 King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
  • 1784 Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, is named President of the Board of Trade.
  • 1793 French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
  • 1795 Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
  • 1795 Treaty of Basel - Prussia ends war with France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven's 4th Symphony in B

  • 1820 Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 1821 Monroe is 1st US president inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • 1824 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • 1840 2nd Grand National: Mr Bartholomew Bretherton aboard Jerry wins
  • 1841 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
  • 1842 Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
  • 1845 7th Grand National: Mr William Loft aboard Cure-All wins
  • 1848 Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • 1850 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
  • 1856 Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
  • 1856 Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1858 Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston
  • 1860 Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
  • 1862 Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • 1864 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge
  • 1868 Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele" premieres in Milan
  • 1868 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 1868 US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1894 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US
  • 1894 Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, becomes First Lord of the Treasury (the official title of the UK Prime Minister)
  • 1896 Italian premier Crispi resigns
  • 1896 Italian governor of Eritrea, Gen Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • 1897 American Negro Academy forms
  • 1899 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D
  • 1900 American Hall of Fame founded
  • 1903 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1907 1st radio broadcast of a musical composition aired
  • 1907 The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.
  • 1908 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
  • 1910 Ramon Inclan's "La Farsa Infantil de la Cabeza del Dragon" premieres
  • 1910 Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Ottawa Senators, 3-1
  • 1912 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • 1912 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • 1915 World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1919 Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC
  • 1921 The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
  • 1921 The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
  • 1922 "Nosferatu" premieres in Berlin
  • 1923 Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
  • 1924 Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
  • 1924 Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
  • 1924 King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
  • 1927 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property
  • 1928 Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick" premieres in Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
  • 1934 Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Tx)
  • 1935 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
  • 1936 Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1936 8th Academy Awards - "Mutiny on the Bounty", Victor McLaglen & Bette Davis wins

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis
  • 1942 Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • 1942 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 7th Symphony premieres in Siberia
  • 1942 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • 1943 Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
  • 1943 RAF bombs Essen Germany
  • 1944 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
  • 1945 Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US General George S. Patton
US General
George S. Patton
  • 1945 US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
  • 1945 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech (Fulton Missouri) popularizes the term and draws attention to division of Europe

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1946 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • 1948 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 Bradman plays his last innings in 1st-class cricket, gets 30

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1949 The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
  • 1952 Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea" premieres in London
  • 1953 6th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Sound Barrier" Best Film
  • 1954 "Girl in Pink Tights" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 115 performances
  • 1955 WBBJ TV channel 7 in Jackson, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 2nd ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Duke, 87-77
  • 1956 "King Kong" 1st televised
  • 1956 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
  • 1957 Eamon de Valera's Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland
  • 1957 Sgt Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)
  • 1958 Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1958 KDUH TV channel 4 in Scottsbluff-Hay Spring, NB (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1959 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • 1959 16th Golden Globes: The Defiant Ones, David Niven, & Susan Hayward win

CommunicationElvis Presley in the Army

1960 Elvis Presley ends 2-year hitch in US Army

  • 1960 Ice Dance Championship at Vancouver won by Denny & Jones (GRB)
  • 1960 Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
  • 1960 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Vancouver won by Alain Giletti (FRA)
  • 1960 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Vancouver won by Carol E Heiss (USA)
  • 1960 The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
  • 1960 7th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats Wake Forest, 63-59
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 19th Golden Globes: The Guns of Navarone, Maximilian Schell, & Geraldine Page win
  • 1963 Beatles record "From Me to You" & "Thank You Girl"

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1963 20th Golden Globes: Lawrence of Arabia, Gregory Peck, & Geraldine Page win

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
Actor Gregory Peck
Actor
Gregory Peck
  • 1964 Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen Jr, announces a baseball team is moving there
  • 1964 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest
  • 1965 1st performance of Walter Piston's 8th Symphony
  • 1965 Ernie Terrel beats Eddie Machen in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1965 March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
  • 1966 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die
  • 1966 Bob Seagren pole vaults 5.19m indoor world record
  • 1966 Player reps elect Marvin Miller, as exec dir of Players' Association
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 11th Eurovision Song Contest: Udo Jurgens for Austria wins singing "Merci, Cherie" in Luxembourg
  • 1966 13th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Duke beats NC State, 71-66
  • 1967 WEDN TV channel 53 in Norwich, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
  • 1969 Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris
  • 1969 Gustav Heinemann elected president of West Germany
  • 1969 Joe Orton's "What the Butler Saw" premieres in London
  • 1970 Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St NYC
  • 1970 Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
  • 1970 SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC
  • 1970 Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
  • 1970 "Airport" based on the book by Arthur Hailey, directed by George Seaton and starring Burt Lancaster and Dean Martin is released

Music releaseMusic Release

1971 "Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin is first played live at Ulster Hall, Belfast by Robert Plant, Jimmy Page, John Bonham and John Paul Jones.

Rock Vocalist Robert Plant
Rock Vocalist
Robert Plant
Musician John Paul Jones
Musician
John Paul Jones
Rock Star Jimmy Page
Rock Star
Jimmy Page
  • 1972 Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves communist party
  • 1973 Yankee pitchers Peterson & Kekich announce they swapped wives
  • 1974 "Candide" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 740 performances
  • 1974 Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot

Music awardsMusic Awards

1975 10th Academy of Country Music Awards: Merle Haggard and Loretta Lynn win

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Merle Haggard
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Merle Haggard
  • 1976 British pound falls below $2 for 1st time

Film tv awardsFilm and TV Awards

1977 3rd People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and Telly Savalas & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)

Actress Mary Tyler Moore
Actress
Mary Tyler Moore
Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
Actor John Wayne
Actor
John Wayne
  • 1977 24th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: North Carolina beats Virginia, 75-69
  • 1978 "Hello, Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 152 performances
  • 1978 Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, Calif
  • 1979 Voyager I's closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)
  • 1979 Iran resumes petroleum exports
  • 1980 Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49
  • 1981 Michael Stewart's musical "Bring Back Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC for 4 performances
  • 1981 Ice Dance Championship at Hartford won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (GRB)
  • 1981 Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva & I Lisovski (URS)
  • 1981 Men's Figure Skating Champions in Hartford won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
  • 1981 US government grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer
  • 1982 Gaylord Perry (with 297 wins) signs with Seattle Mariners
  • 1982 Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus sends back data

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 Bob Hawke (Labour) defeats PM Malcolm Fraser (Liberal) to win Australian general election

23rd Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke
23rd Australian Prime Minister
Bob Hawke
Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • 1983 NSW beat Western Australia by 54 runs to win Sheffield Shield
  • 1984 Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene
  • 1984 US accuse Iraq of using poison gas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 NY Islander Mike Bossy is 1st to score 50 goals in 8 straight seasons

Ice Hockey Great Mike Bossy
Ice Hockey Great
Mike Bossy
  • 1985 Mexican authorities find the body of US drug agent Enrique "Kike" Camarena Salaazar
  • 1985 38th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Killing Fields" Best Film, Wim Wenders Best Director
  • 1986 "Today" tabloid launched (Britain's 1st national colour newspaper); it folded in 1995
  • 1988 Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
  • 1989 19th Easter Seal Telethon raises $37,002,000
  • 1989 Blains McCallister wins Honda Golf Classic shooting 266
  • 1989 Elly Verhulst runs world record 3000 m indoor (8:33.82)
  • 1991 Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
  • 1991 Reggie Miller (Indiana) begins NBA free throw streak of 52 games
  • 1992 Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Boston Celtic Larry Bird undergoes backfusion surgery

NBA Legend Larry Bird
NBA Legend
Larry Bird
  • 1993 Fokker 100 crashes at Skopje Macedonia, 81 die
  • 1993 Marlins beat Astros 12-8 in their 1st spring training game
  • 1994 Dottie Mochrie wins Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Championship
  • 1994 Largest milkshake (1,955 gallons of chocolate-Nelspruit South Africa)
  • 1994 PBA National Championship won by David Traber
  • 1994 Singer Grace Slick arrested for pointing a gun at a cop
  • 1995 21st People's Choice Awards: Tom Hanks & Jodie Foster win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Tim Allen & Roseanne win (TV)
  • 1995 Estonia Centrumlinkse Coalition party wins parliamentary election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg

  • 1995 Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)
  • 1996 Earl Weaver & Jim Bunning, elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1997 Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox & Willie Wells for Hall of Fame
  • 1999 Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut.
  • 2001 In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
  • 2003 In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.
  • 2005 The Burkinabé Party for Democracy and Socialism holds its first National Convention.

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

2006 78th Academy Awards - "Crash", Philip Seymour Hoffman & Reese Witherspoon win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009 Moises Alou announces he will retire following the World Baseball Classic

MLB Outfielder Moises Alou
MLB Outfielder
Moises Alou
  • 2012 27 members of Iraq's security force are killed by gunmen disguised as police in Haditha
  • 2012 Tropical Storm Irina kills 65 in Madagascar
  • 2013 The Dow Jones surpasses its 2007 pre-financial crisis levels for the first time