Historical Events on May 23

Events 1 - 200 of 207

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1059 Henri I crowns his son King Philip I (called the Amorous) of France

King of France King Philip I
King of France
King Philip I
  • 1275 King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
  • 1420 Jews of Syria & Austria expelled
  • 1421 Jews of Austria imprisoned & expelled

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1430 Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the English

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1493 King Charles VIII & Maximilian I of Austria signs Peace of Senlis
  • 1536 Pope Paul III installs Portuguese inquisition
  • 1544 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognizes king Christian III of Denmark
  • 1555 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
  • 1568 Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen: Dutch rebels beat Spanish, thousands killed
  • 1568 The Netherlands declare independence from Spain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1576 Tycho Brahe given Hveen Island to build Uraniborg Observatory

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe
  • 1609 Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place.
  • 1611 Matthias von Habsburg chosen king of Bohemia
  • 1618 2nd Defenestration of Prague; beginning of 30 Years War. Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary thrown out of window - they were not seriously injured by the 70 foot fall.
  • 1644 Johan Mauritius van Nassau resigns as head of Civil rights activists
  • 1647 Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1660 King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England

  • 1667 King Afonso VI of Portugal flees


1701 Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and of murdering William Moore.

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1706 Battle of Ramillies: John Churchill (1st Duke of Marlborough) defeats French; 17,000 killed
  • 1750 Carlo Goldoni's "Il Bugiardo" premieres in Mantua
  • 1774 Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1788 South Carolina becomes 8th state to ratify US constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1813 South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
  • 1844 Declaration of Bab (Baha'i festival) ('Azamat 7, 1)
  • 1853 Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • 1861 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
  • 1861 Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1863 Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
  • 1864 Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
  • 1865 -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)
  • 1865 Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Jesse James gang robs bank in Richmond, Missouri (2 die, $4,000 taken)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1873 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
  • 1873 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • 1873 Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
  • 1876 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
  • 1878 Atty John Henry Smyth named US minister to Liberia
  • 1882 6" of snow falls in eastern Iowa
  • 1883 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
  • 1883 Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players
  • 1884 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5
  • 1887 1st transcontinental train arrives in Vancouver, BC
  • 1894 William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
  • 1898 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
  • 1900 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • 1901 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
  • 1901 Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
  • 1901 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1903 1st automobile trip across US from San Francisco to NY, ended April 1
  • 1903 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
  • 1907 The single chamber Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
  • 1908 Dirigible explodes over SF Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed
  • 1908 Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President Taft

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1915 Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I
  • 1916 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • 1917 Dutch 2nd Chamber approves 1908 conscription draft
  • 1918 King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • 1920 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • 1921 "Shuffle Along" 1st black musical comedy, opens in NYC
  • 1922 "Abie's Irish Rose" 1st of over 2,500 performances
  • 1922 Harry Greb gave Gene Tunney his only professional boxing defeat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • 1923 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
  • 1926 Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard
  • 1926 Lebanese constitution forms under French mandate
  • 1928 Bomb attack on Italian embassy in Buenos Aires, 22 die
  • 1931 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • 1932 Sir Hubert Ferdinand Opperman sets 24 hr record of 860 mi, 367 yds
  • 1934 The Auto-Lite Strike culminates in the "Battle of Toledo", a five-day melée between 1,300 troops of the Ohio National Guard and 6,000 picketers.
  • 1935 1st scheduled night game postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
  • 1939 British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949
  • 1939 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • 1940 1st great dogfight between Spitfires and Luftwaffe

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1941 Joe Louis beats Buddy Baer on DQ in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • 1941 Rudolf Harbig runs world record 1k (2:21.5)
  • 1943 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
  • 1944 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • 1944 Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front
  • 1944 Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead
  • 1944 Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941
  • 1945 British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz
  • 1945 German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British
  • 1945 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44
  • 1945 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary
  • 1947 PC Hooft prize forms for literature

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1948 Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1948 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel
  • 1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany proclaimed (Republic Day)
  • 1949 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
  • 1951 Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London
  • 1951 Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet signed in Beijing, formally establishes Chinese sovereignty over Tibet
  • 1953 78th Preakness: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 1:57.8
  • 1953 WHIZ TV channel 18 in Zanesville, OH (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, SF
  • 1958 US schools 1st use Cliff's Notes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Mao Zedong starts "Great leap forward" movement in China

Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Revolutionary
Mao Zedong
  • 1958 Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
  • 1959 "Party with Comden & Green" closes at John Golden NYC after 44 performances
  • 1960 "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1960 "Got A Girl" by The Four Preps hits #24
  • 1960 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina
  • 1960 WGTV TV channel 8 in Athens-Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • 1960 WRCA radio changes call letters back to WNBC (NYC)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1962 Joe Pepitone 2nd Yankee to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning (Joe DiMaggio)

MLB First Baseman and Outfielder Joe Pepitone
MLB First Baseman and Outfielder
Joe Pepitone
  • 1962 OAS leader general Raoul Salan sentenced to life
  • 1962 Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7
  • 1962 15th Cannes Film Festival: "Keeper of Promises" directed by Anselmo Duarte wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1963 NBC purchases 1963 AFL championship game TV rights for $926,000
  • 1963 16th Cannes Film Festival: "The Leopard" directed by Luchino Visconti wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1964 Dale Greig runs female marathon world record (3:27:45)
  • 1965 Franz Jonas elected president of Austria
  • 1965 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
  • 1965 Pontoon ferry overturned on Shire River Malawi, kills 150
  • 1966 The Beatles release "Paperback Writer"
  • 1967 Government bans submarines near South Africa
  • 1968 AC Milan of Italy win 8th European Cup Winner's Cup against Hamburger SV of West Germany 2-0 in Rotterdam
  • 1968 Beatles open 2nd Apple Boutique at 161 New Kings Road, London
  • 1969 BBC orders 13 episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus
  • 1969 Lauwerszee Dike in Holland closes
  • 1969 The Who release rock opera "Tommy"
  • 1969 22nd Cannes Film Festival: "If..." directed by Lindsay Anderson wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1970 Grateful Dead's 1st performance outside US (England)
  • 1970 SD Padres beat SF Giants 17-16 in 15 innings
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test (underground)
  • 1970 A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.
  • 1971 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Suzuki Golf Internationalionale
  • 1971 Rock group Iron Butterfly disbands
  • 1974 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Italian Red Brigade officer Mario Sossi freed
  • 1975 28th Cannes Film Festival: "Chronicle of the Years of Fire" directed by Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1976 Amy Alcott wins '76 LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1977 Benin adopts its constitution
  • 1977 US Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell
  • 1977 Moluccan extremists hold 105 schoolchildren & 50 others hostage on a hijacked train in Neth, children released May 27, siege ends June 11
  • 1978 AL approves transfer of Red Sox to Jean Yawkey for $15M
  • 1978 General strike in Peru
  • 1979 "Kids Are All Right" premieres
  • 1979 1st edition of "Wisden Cricket Monthly"
  • 1979 Rocker Tom Petty files chapter 11 bankruptcy
  • 1979 West-Germany elects Karl Carstens president
  • 1980 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Neil Burton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 33rd Cannes Film Festival: "All That Jazz" directed by Bob Fosse and "Kagemusha" directed by Akira Kurosawa jointly awarded the Palme d'Or

Film director, screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film director, screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa
  • 1981 Barcelona fascists take 200 people hostage
  • 1981 NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 501
  • 1982 BBC warns Britain will bomb Argentina
  • 1982 Cathy Morse wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Classic
  • 1982 Colin Wilson rides a surfboard 294 miles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Pope John Paul II declares "Peerke" Donders a saint

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1983 Radio Moscow announcer Vladimir Danchev praises Afghanistan Muslims standing up to Russia; he is removed from the air
  • 1984 Detroit Tigers win AL record tying 16th straight road game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom", 2nd in the film series, directed by Stephen Spielberg, produced by George Lucas and starring Harrison Ford, opens in the US

Actor Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
Film Director George Lucas
Film Director
George Lucas
Director Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
  • 1984 37th Cannes Film Festival: "Paris, Texas" directed by Wim Wenders wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1986 US & Western Europe veto heavier sanctions against South Africa
  • 1988 Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990
  • 1988 41st Cannes Film Festival: "Pelle erobreren" directed by Bille August wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1989 3rd American Comedy Award: Paula Poundstone
  • 1989 Angela Visser, 22, of Holland, crowned 38th Miss Universe
  • 1989 Lincoln Square in Bronx named
  • 1989 Cleve loses & drop to 21-22, this is the latest a sub .500 team is in 1st place (AL East)
  • 1989 42nd Cannes Film Festival: "Sex, Lies, and Videotape" directed by Steven Soderbergh wins the Palme d'Or
  • 1990 Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion
  • 1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,856.26
  • 1990 NY Yankees hit 6 home runs to beat Minnesota Twins 12-0
  • 1990 34th European Cup: Milan beats Benfica 1-0 at Vienna
  • 1991 Last Cubans troops leave Angola
  • 1991 Phillie Tommy Greene no-hits Mont Expos, 2-0
  • 1991 San Diego Sockers win 4th consecutive Major Soccer League championship
  • 1991 US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion
  • 1992 NY Yankees play in their 4th straight extra inning game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 US President George H. W. Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1992 NHL Prince of Wales Conference Final: Pittsburgh Penguins beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 0
  • 1993 Val Skinner wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
  • 1994 270 pilgrims die in the bustle round Mina, Saudi-Arabia
  • 1994 Roman Herzog elected President of Germany
  • 1994 "Star Trek The Next Generation" finale airs this week in syndication

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 47th Cannes Film Festival: "Pulp Fiction" directed by Quentin Tarantino wins the Palme d'Or

Film Director & Screenwriter Quentin Tarantino
Film Director & Screenwriter
Quentin Tarantino
  • 1995 47th time opposing pitchers hit HRs, K Foster (Cubs)/M Freeman (Rocks)
  • 1996 Fred Norris of the Howard Stern show changes his name legally to Eric
  • 1997 "King David" closes at New Amsterdam Theater NYC
  • 1997 Mel Karmazin replaces Peter Lund as CEO of CBS TV
  • 1998 The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes.
  • 1999 52nd Cannes Film Festival: "Rosetta" directed by Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne wins the Palme d'Or

Music releaseAlbum Release

2000 Eminem releases 3rd studio album 'The Marshall Mathers LP', is fastest ever selling studio album (Grammy - Best Rap Album 2001)

Rapper Eminem
  • 2001 9th UEFA Champions League Final: Bayern Munich beats Valencia (1-1, 5-4 on penalties) at Milan
  • 2002 The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
  • 2003 The Euro exceeds its initial trading value as it hits $1.18 for the first time since its introduction in 1999.
  • 2003 NHL Eastern Conference Final: New Jersey Devils beat Ottawa Senators, 4 games to 3
  • 2004 Part of Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport's Terminal 2E collapses, killing four people and injuring three others.
  • 2006 41st Academy of Country Music Awards: Kenny Chesney, Sara Evans & Keith Urban win
  • 2007 15th UEFA Champions League Final: Milan beats Liverpool 2-1 at Athens