Historical Events on May 31

Events 1 - 200 of 220

  • 1279 BC Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
  • 70 Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1223 Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River - Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.

Great Khan of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan
Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan
  • 1417 Jacoba of Bavaria becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen
  • 1495 Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League
  • 1531 "Women's Revolt" in Amsterdam: wool house in churchyard aborted
  • 1564 Battle on Gotland: Lübeck & Denmark beat Sweden
  • 1578 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England, to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fools gold, used to pave streets in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Statesman/Philosopher
Francis Bacon
  • 1634 The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • 1659 Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • 1665 Jerusalem's rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah
  • 1669 Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
  • 1696 John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius
  • 1727 France, Britain & Netherlands sign accord of Paris
  • 1744 French troops conquer Kortrijk
  • 1759 The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.
  • 1790 US copyright law enacted
  • 1790 Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
  • 1813 In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
  • 1821 Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • 1836 HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
  • 1837 Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • 1847 Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
  • 1849 Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
  • 1853 Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance
  • 1859 Philadelphia A's organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
  • 1861 Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
  • 1861 Mint at New Orleans closes
  • 1862 Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
  • 1864 Raid at Morgan's Kentucky
  • 1868 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
  • 1868 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
  • 1870 Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
  • 1870 E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
  • 1875 Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
  • 1878 German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
  • 1878 US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation
  • 1879 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1879 Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • 1880 League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
  • 1883 French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • 1884 Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
  • 1889 Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn
  • 1891 Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
  • 1893 Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)
  • 1899 -June 5] Conference of Bloemfontein fails
  • 1899 Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
  • 1900 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
  • 1900 Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
  • 1900 Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
  • 1900 US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
  • 1901 At the opening of the Greek National Assembly, Prince George, High Commissioner of Crete, asks it to endorse the union of Crete with Greece; the proposal is later rejected
  • 1902 Australia Cricket all out 36 v England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever
  • 1902 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
  • 1902 Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1906 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid
  • 1907 Taxis 1st began running in NYC
  • 1908 Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
  • 1909 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)
  • 1910 Cape of Good Hope becomes part of Union of South Africa
  • 1910 Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to NYC
  • 1910 Union of South Africa declares its independence from the United Kingdom
  • 1911 RMS Titanic launched in Belfast
  • 1912 US marines land on Cuba
  • 1913 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
  • 1913 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
  • 1914 Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleve Indians, 6-1
  • 1915 An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
  • 1915 Indianapolis 500: Ralph DePalma wins in 5:33:55.619 (144.583 km/h)
  • 1916 Battle of Jutland (Skagerrak): naval battle between British Grand Fleet and German High Seas Fleet: over 8,500 die in this inconclusive slaughter - although the German fleet never put to sea again.
  • 1916 British battle cruiser HMS Invincible explodes, killing all but 6 (Battle of Jutland)
  • 1919 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
  • 1919 Indianapolis 500: Howdy Wilcox wins in 5:40:42.930 (141.703 km/h)
  • 1920 Indianapolis 500: Gaston Chevrolet wins in 5:38:31.901 (142.617 km/h)
  • 1921 Suffy McInnis (1st base) begins an errorless string of 1,700
  • 1923 China & USSR exchange diplomats
  • 1923 The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.
  • 1924 China recognizes the USSR
  • 1926 Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
  • 1926 Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia
  • 1926 Indianapolis 500: Frank Lockhart wins in 5:12:48.768 (154.343 km/h)
  • 1927 Tiger 1st baseman Johnny Neun makes an unassisted triple play
  • 1928 1st aerial crossing of Pacific takes off from Oakland
  • 1928 Charlie Hallows scores his 1,000th run of Cricket season
  • 1929 Atlantic City Convention Center opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Bradman gets his 1,000th run of the English Cricket season

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1930 Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium
  • 1930 Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth
  • 1931 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
  • 1931 36th Men's French Championships: Jean Borotra beats Christian Boussus (2-6, 6-4, 7-5, 6-4)

Sport awardTennis Open

1931 36th Women's French Championships: Cilly Aussem beats Betty Nuthall (8-6, 6-1)

Tennis Player Betty Nuthall
Tennis Player
Betty Nuthall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Babe Ruth grounds out in his final at bat

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1935 7.7 magnitude earthquake hits Quetta in Balochistan, British Raj (Pakistan) killing approx 50,000
  • 1937 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
  • 1937 Brooklyn Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
  • 1937 German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain
  • 1937 Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:24:07.861 (182.789 km/h)
  • 1938 Bill Edrich scores his 1,000th run of cricket season, all at Lord's

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Major General Bernard Montgomery leaves Dunkirk

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Winston Churchill flies to Paris to meet with French Marshal Philippe Pétain who announces he is willing to make a separate peace with Germany

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 -June 1) 32.0 cm rain falls on Burlington Kansas (state record)
  • 1941 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale
  • 1941 British troops evacuate Crete
  • 1941 German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools
  • 1941 A Luftwaffe air raid in Dublin, in neutral Ireland, claims 38 lives.

Sport awardGolf Major

1942 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City NJ

Golfer Sam Snead
Golfer
Sam Snead
  • 1942 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
  • 1942 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (722,666 tons)
  • 1943 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • 1943 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
  • 1943 42 U-boats sunk by the Allies this month
  • 1944 Allied breakthrough in Italy
  • 1947 79th Belmont: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.6
  • 1947 Communists seize power in Hungary
  • 1947 Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft Deposit & Perryville Md, kills 53
  • 1947 Italian government of Gasperi forms
  • 1948 Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
  • 1948 Indianapolis 500: Mauri Rose wins in 4:10:23.286 (192.822 km/h)
  • 1949 31st PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Hermitage CC Richmond VA
  • 1949 Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60' pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don't, & stays 117 days)
  • 1950 Indianapolis 500: Due to rain, race shortened to 345 miles, Johnny Parson wins
  • 1950 Laker takes 14-12-2-8 in Test Cricket trial
  • 1951 Netherlands & South Africa sign cultural accord
  • 1953 Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
  • 1953 WSUN TV channel 38 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1954 Indianapolis 500: Bill Vukovich wins in 3:49:17.261 (210.567 km/h)
  • 1955 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
  • 1955 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to rail strike
  • 1955 US Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Mickey Mantle HR just misses clearing Yankee Stadium's roof

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1957 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • 1958 Dick Dale invents "surf music" with "Let's Go Trippin"
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Bikini Island (atmospheric tests)
  • 1958 57th Men's French Championships: Mervyn Rose beats Luis Ayala (6-3, 6-4, 6-4)
  • 1958 57th Women's French Championships: Zsuzsi Kormoczy beats Shirley Bloomer (6-4, 1-6, 6-2)
  • 1959 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Cavalier Golf Open
  • 1961 Arthur Michael Ramsey appointed the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1961 Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1961 Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
  • 1961 Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
  • 1961 6th European Cup: Benfica beats Barcelona 3-2 at Bern
  • 1962 "Tell It To Groucho" last airs on CBS-TV
  • 1962 The West Indies Federation dissolves.
  • 1964 Charles Schmid kills first Pied Piper victim
  • 1964 Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
  • 1964 SF Giants beat NY Mets, 8-6, in 23 innings (2nd game) (7 hrs 32 mins)
  • 1965 Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indy
  • 1965 Indianapolis 500: Jim Clark wins in 3:19:05.370 (242.506 km/h)
  • 1965 12th National Film Awards (India): "Charulata" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1967 Bayern Munchen of West Germany wins 7th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rangers of Scotland 1-0 in Nuremberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt wins in 3:18:24.211 (243.344 km/h)

Racing Car Driver A. J. Foyt
Racing Car Driver
A. J. Foyt
  • 1968 Movie star James Stewart retires from the US Air Force after 27 years of service, and is promoted to major general by President Reagan
  • 1969 "Dear World" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 132 performances
  • 1969 "Gitarzan" by Ray Stevens peaks at #8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 John Lennon and Yoko Ono record "Give Peace a Chance"

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Stevie Wonder releases "My Cherie Amore"

Singer-Songwriter Stevie Wonder
Singer-Songwriter
Stevie Wonder
  • 1970 At 03:23 PM, Yungay Peru levelled by 7.75 earthquake (50-70,000 die)
  • 1970 KDUB TV channel 40 in Dubuque, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA O'Sullivan Ladies' Golf Open
  • 1971 WDXR (now WKPD) TV channel 29 in Paducah, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 16th European Cup: Ajax beats Internazionale 2-0 at Rotterdam
  • 1973 Glenn Turner scores his 1,000th run of English cricket season
  • 1974 Israel & Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 "Goodtime Charley" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 104 performances
  • 1975 Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition
  • 1976 Loudest PA (76 KW) for Who's Quadrophenia in London
  • 1977 "Beatlemania" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 920 performances
  • 1977 Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani becomes heir apparent to throne of Qatar
  • 1977 Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed
  • 1979 "I Remember Mama" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 108 performances
  • 1979 Radio City Music Hall (NYC) reopens
  • 1980 "Love Stinks" by J. Geils Band peaks at #38
  • 1980 Police & youthful rebels battle in Zurich
  • 1981 Cathy Reynolds wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championship
  • 1982 "Best Little Whorehouse in Texas" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 63 performances
  • 1983 37th NBA Championship: Philadelphia 76ers sweep LA Lakers in 4 games
  • 1984 57th National Spelling Bee: Daniel Greenblatt wins spelling luge
  • 1984 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Viv Richards hits 189* (170 balls) v England, ODI cricket record
  • 1985 41 tornadoes hit Northeast US, killing 88
  • 1985 Guatemala adopts constitution
  • 1985 New Orleans Saints are sold for $70,204,000
  • 1985 Tornadoes in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York State & Canada kill 88 & injured more than 1,000
  • 1985 Tornado outbreak in United States and Canada sees 41 tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Ontario, leaving 76 dead
  • 1985 Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.
  • 1987 Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
  • 1987 Saul Ballesteros drives 3 golf balls off Mt McKinley, Alaska
  • 1987 Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 3
  • 1989 "Rambling with Gambling" 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (NYC)
  • 1989 1st International Rock Awards
  • 1989 1st presentation of rock 'n' roll Elvis awards
  • 1989 Speaker of US House of Representatives Jim Wright resigns
  • 1990 63rd National Spelling Bee: Amy Marie Dimak wins spelling fibranne
  • 1990 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Dana Miller-Mackie
  • 1990 NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 3rd victim, Joseph Ponce

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

1990 Seinfeld starring Jerry Seinfeld, debuts on NBC as Seinfeld Chronicles

Comedian Jerry Seinfeld
Comedian
Jerry Seinfeld