Historical Events on 19th November

  • 461 St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 615 Pope Deusdedit/Adeodatus I elected to succeed Boniface IV
  • 1302 Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree "Unam sanctam"
  • 1367 League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1521 Battle at Milan: Emperor Karel V's/pontifical/Spanish/German troops beat France & occupy Milan
  • 1523 Giulio de' Medici chosen as Pope Clemens VII
  • 1530 Augsburg] Emperor Karel I enables Edict of Worms
  • 1544 Pope Paul III opens council of Trente
  • 1620 Mayflower reaches Cape Cod & explores the coast
  • 1621 Rabbi Isaiah b Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
  • 1644 First protestant ministry society in New England
  • 1700 Battle at Narva: Swedish King Karel XII defeats Russians
  • 1794 Jakobin Club forms in Paris
  • 1794 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1805 Lewis & Clark reach Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross continent
  • 1816 Warsaw University is established.
  • 1824 Storm causes St Petersburg flood, killing 10,000
  • 1835 A ship carrying 500 armed Maori from Ngati Tama and Ngati Mutunga arrives on the Chatham Islands; those Moriori (indigenous people of the Chatham Islands) that are not killed are enslaved
  • 1837 Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens

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1850 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • 1861 Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
  • 1861 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1863 US President Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning; "Four score & seven years ago..."
  • 1872 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals

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1873 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • 1873 James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation
  • 1879 National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • 1881 A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
  • 1885 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • 1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dying Detective" (BG)
  • 1893 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • 1894 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap)
  • 1894 Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • 1895 Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • 1896 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire" (BG)
  • 1903 Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
  • 1905 The steamer "Hilda" sinks in the English Channel (100 people drown)
  • 1906 London selected to host 1908 Olympics
  • 1909 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • 1910 Ferenc Molnàr's "Tester" premieres in Budapest

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1911 NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers).

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • 1919 US Senate rejects (55-39) Treaty of Versailles & League of Nations
  • 1922 Demonstration for a French Language University in Ghent
  • 1923 Béla Bartòk's "Tancsuite" premieres
  • 1923 The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures
  • 1926 British mine strikes after 28 weeks ends

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1926 Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Politburo in the Soviet Union

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1932 Joe Kershalla scores 71 points in a college football game

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1932 Shaft & Thyssen demand Hitler become German chancellor

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • 1939 Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship
  • 1940 Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450

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1942 Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Niederlanden"

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • 1942 Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
  • 1943 U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean

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1944 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Bradman scores 119 South Australia v Victoria, 183 mins, 8 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1947 200" mirror arrives at Mt Palomar
  • 1949 Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco

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1950 US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

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1951 Roy Campanella named NL MVP on his 30th birthday

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH
  • 1952 Spain joins UNESCO
  • 1952 Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe
  • 1953 US Supreme Court rules (7-2) baseball is a sport not a business

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US VP Richard Nixon visits Hanoi

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1955 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 National Review publishes its first issue.
  • 1957 Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1958 First 2 F-27 Fokker's Friendships delivered on Aer Lingus
  • 1959 "Rocky & His Friends" debuts on ABC
  • 1959 Ford Motors cancels its poorly received Edsel model
  • 1960 Mickey Vernon is hired as 1st manager of new Washington team
  • 1961 Houston George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Titans (49-13)

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1962 Fidel Castro accepts removal of Soviet weapons

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 KOET (now KULC) TV channel 9 in Ogden, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1962 SN Behrman's "Lord Pengo" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Todor Zjivkov becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • 1965 ABC radio begins weekly "Vietnam Update" report
  • 1965 Kellogg's Pop Tarts pastries created
  • 1966 Mad Dog Vachon beats Dick The Bruiser in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1967 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Pensacola Ladies' Golf Invitational
  • 1967 The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
  • 1968 Military coup in Mali, president Modibo Keita flees
  • 1968 Yankees pitcher Stan Bahnsen wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 1969 Apollo 12's Conrad & Bean become 3rd & 4th humans on Moon
  • 1969 WENY TV channel 36 in Elmira, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Golden Gate Park Conservatory becomes a Cal state historical landmark
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 Disney World's Fort Wilderness opens
  • 1972 "Ambassador" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 9 performances
  • 1972 "Dear Oscar" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 1972 Gershwin Theater (Uris) opens at 1633 Broadway NYC
  • 1972 KFIZ TV channel 34 in Fond du Lac, WI suspends broadcasting
  • 1972 Willy Brandts SPD wins West German election
  • 1972 Leader of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) Seán MacStiofáin is arrested in Dublin
  • 1973 Elections in Suriname, premier Sedney's PNP doesn't win a chair
  • 1973 New York stock market takes sharpest drop in 19 years
  • 1975 Reds 2nd baseman Joe Morgan is named NL MVP

Film release premierFilm Release

1975 "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" based on book by Ken Kesey, directed by Milos Forman and starring Jack Nicholson and Louise Fletcher is released (Best Picture 1976)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 George Harrison releases "This Song"

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • 1976 Patty Hearst is freed on $15 million bail
  • 1976 Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal.
  • 1977 -21] Egyptian president Sadat visits Israel
  • 1977 Canuck's Ron Sedlbauer fails on 3rd penalty shot against Islanders
  • 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel
  • 1977 Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1978 Gavaskar gets twin cricket tons for India for 2nd time
  • 1978 "The Miracle at the Meadowlands", Eagles Herman Edwards returns a fumble for a touchdown with 31 seconds left to give Philadelphia a 19-17 victory over the rival New York Giants
  • 1978 28th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Cale Yarborough wins

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1979 Astros sign Nolan Ryan, to record 4 year, $4.5 million contract

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1979 Chuck Berry released from prison on income tax evasion

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1980 CBS TV bans Calvin Klein's jean ad featuring Brooke Shields

Supermodel & Actress Brooke Shields
Supermodel & Actress
Brooke Shields
  • 1981 U.S. Steel agrees to pay $6.3 million for Marathon Oil

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1983 Edmonton Oilers beat NJ Devils, 13-4, Wayne Gretzky calls the Devils "a Mickey Mouse organization"

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky

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1983 Jari Kurri becomes the first (and only) Finnish player to score five goals in a game

NHL Star Jari Kurri
NHL Star
Jari Kurri
  • 1984 Liquid gas tank in Mexico City explodes; 334 die
  • 1984 NY Met Dwight Gooden, 20, is youngest to be named NL Rookie of Year
  • 1985 Herb Gardner's "I'm Not Rappaport" premieres in NYC

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1985 US President Reagan & Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for first time

General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Gorbachev
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1985 In the largest civil verdict in US history, Pennzoil wins $10.53 billion judgement against Texaco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Phillies 3rd baseman Mike Schmidt wins NL MVP

MLB Third Baseman Mike Schmidt
MLB Third Baseman
Mike Schmidt
  • 1986 Tina Howe's "Coastal Disturbances" premieres in NYC
  • 1987 France performs nuclear test
  • 1989 US beats Trinidad, 1-0 qualifing for 1990 world soccer cup finals it was US' 1st qualification since 1950
  • 1989 39th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Rusty Wallace wins
  • 1990 Greyhound files reoganization plan so they can be traded publically

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Pittsburgh's Barry Bonds wins NL MVP

MLB Legend Barry Bonds
MLB Legend
Barry Bonds
  • 1990 Pop duo Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award after it is learned they did not sing on their award-winning "Girl You Know Its True" album

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Balt Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken wins his 2nd AL MVP

MLB Legend Cal Ripken Jr
MLB Legend
Cal Ripken Jr
  • 1992 "3 From Brooklyn" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • 1993 Algerian Muslim fundamentalists uprising, 27 killed
  • 1993 Curacaose vote to remain part of Dutch Antilles
  • 1994 Aishwarya Rai, 21, of India, crowned 44th Miss World
  • 1994 Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson for the third time
  • 1994 59th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 21-14 in Birmingham
  • 1995 "Beatle Anthology" premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1995 "Sacrilege" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 21 performances
  • 1995 "School for Scandal" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 23 performances
  • 1995 83rd CFL Grey Cup: Balt Stallions defeats Calgary Stampeders, 37-20
  • 1995 CNET lauches www.shareware.com
  • 1995 Keelin Curnuck, 23, Ms Venus Swimwear 1994, crowned Miss NY USA
  • 1995 Suicide bomber blasts into Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, kills 16
  • 1996 "God Said, Ha!," opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 22 performances
  • 1996 "Sex & Longing" closes at Cort Theater NYC
  • 1996 Albert Belle, signs record five-year, $55 million with White Sox
  • 1996 Space Shuttle STS 80 (Columbia 21), launches into space
  • 1996 The case of the Port Arthur massacre comes to trial.
  • 1996 Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
  • 1996 The 12.9 km Confederation Bridge, joining Borden-Carleton, Prince Edward Island and Cape Jourimain, New-Brunswick is completed and becomes the longest bridge over ice covered waters in the world
  • 1997 "Eugene Onegin" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
  • 1997 "Old Neighborhood" opens at Booth Theater NYC
  • 1997 STS 87 (Columbia 24) launches into orbit
  • 1997 In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They would go on to become the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2007.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for $71.5 million USD.

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1998 Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1999 Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
  • 1999 In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.
  • 2005 70th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 28-18 in Auburn
  • 2006 94th CFL Grey Cup: BC Lions defeats Montreal Alouettes, 25-14

Film release premierFilm Release

2010 "Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1" the 7th film based on the books by J. K. Rowling is released worldwide.

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 2010 New Zealand suffers its worst mining disaster since 1914 when the first of four explosions occurs at the Pike River Mine; 29 people are killed
  • 2011 21st College Football Holy War: Notre Dame beats Boston College 16-14 in South Bend
  • 2013 23 people are killed by a suicide bombing attack on the Iranian Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon