Historical Events on November 21

  • 164 BC Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem. This event is commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.
  • 235 St Anterus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 695 Pope Sergius names Willibrord as Archbishop Clemens of Friezen
  • 1272 Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.
  • 1317 Frederik of Sierck/Zyrick becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1620 Pilgrim Fathers reach America: Provincetown Harbor, Mass
  • 1620 Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims in Cape Cod, [O.S. Nov 11]
  • 1654 Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia
  • 1696 J Vanbrughe's "Relapse or Virtue in Danger" premieres in London
  • 1729 Netherlands signs Treaty of Seville
  • 1759 Battle at Maxen: Prussian army surrenders to Austrians
  • 1783 Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make 1st manned free balloon flight in a Montgolfier balloon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Andrew Jackson admitted to the bar

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1789 North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1794 Honolulu Harbor discovered
  • 1806 Decree of Berlin: Emperor Napoleon I bans all trade with England
  • 1813 Stettin surrenders to allied armies
  • 1818 Russia's Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • 1824 First Jewish Reform congregation forms, Charleston, SC
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors at Bay of San Carlos, Chile
  • 1837 Thomas Morris of Australia skips rope 22,806 times
  • 1847 Steamer "Phoenix" is lost on Lake Michigan, kills 200
  • 1848 Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto" premieres in Paris
  • 1848 Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
  • 1849 Friedrich Hebbel's "Der Rubin" premieres in Vienna
  • 1852 Duke U, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
  • 1864 -22] Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia
  • 1865 Shaw University forms in Raleigh NC
  • 1871 Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • 1871 The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
  • 1876 Skirmish between HM Stanley's expedition & natives
  • 1877 Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph) - first machine to play and record sound
  • 1880 Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG)
  • 1901 Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden
  • 1902 1st night football game, Philadelphia Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0
  • 1902 Baseball's Philadelphia Athletics & Phillies form pro football teams, joining Pitts Stars in 1st attempt at a National Football League
  • 1902 The Canadian government appoints a commission to consider revising, classifying, and consolidating the many public statutes passed over the years
  • 1905 1st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open
  • 1906 China prohibits opium trade
  • 1914 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • 1914 British army conquerors Bazra
  • 1916 HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Maxim Gorky calls Vladimir Lenin a blind fanatic/unthinking adventurer

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1918 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • 1918 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia Poland
  • 1918 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • 1920 Karel Capék's "Vec Makropulos" premieres in Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna, Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1921 The trial of the accused of the Bulhoek Massacre commences in South Africa
  • 1922 Rebecca L Felton (Ga) sworn in as first female US Senator

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin cancels Labour contract with USSR

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Red Grange plays final Univ of Illinois game, signs with Chicago Bears

NFL halfback Red Grange
NFL halfback
Red Grange
  • 1933 1st US ambassador to USSR, W.C. Bullitt, begins service
  • 1934 "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race

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1934 NY Yankees buy Joe DiMaggio from SF Seals (Pacific Coast League)

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1935 First commercial crossing of Pacific by plane (China Clipper)
  • 1935 Jean Giraudoux' "La Guerre de Troie n'Aura" premieres in Paris
  • 1937 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 5th Symphony premieres in Lenningrad
  • 1938 -24] Belgian king Leopold III visits Netherlands
  • 1938 Nazi forces occupy western Czechoslovakia & declared them German citizens
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers forbid building schools in Netherlands
  • 1941 German troops occupy Rostov-on-Don, Southern Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler names fieldmarshal Erich von Manstein commander of the newly-created Army Group Don (Heeresgruppe Don)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Tweety Bird, aka Tweety Pie, debuts in "Tale of Two Kitties"
  • 1943 7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany
  • 1944 Personnel & executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • 1945 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres
  • 1945 General Motors workers go on strike
  • 1946 Georgi Dimitrov elected premier of Bulgaria
  • 1946 Harry Truman becomes 1st US president to travel in a submerged sub
  • 1946 "Best Years of Our Lives", directed by William Wyler and starring Fredric March and Dana Andrew premieres in New York (Best Picture 1947)
  • 1947 Bill Longson beats Lou Thesz in St Louis, to win National Boxing Association world heavyweight title
  • 1949 Bill Veeck sells Indians for $22 million
  • 1952 1st US postage stamp in 2 colors (rotary process) introduced
  • 1952 Dodgers pitcher Joe Black wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1953 WKJG TV channel 33 in Ft Wayne, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce the "Piltdown Man" skull, one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, is a hoax.
  • 1955 Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Peron
  • 1955 KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Don Newcombe, wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Jack Benny (violin) & Richard Nixon (piano) play their famed duet

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1960 Bob Scheffing signs to manage Tigers after Casey Stengel turns it down
  • 1962 The Chinese People's Liberation Army declares a unilateral cease-fire in the Sino-Indian War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 US President John F. Kennedy flies to Texas (assassinated the next day)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 "Something More!" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 15 performances
  • 1964 "Zizi" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1964 Pope Paul VI signs 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council
  • 1964 World's longest suspension bridge "Verrazano Narrows" opens (NYC)
  • 1965 1st freighter arrives in Ashdod Port Israel
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Dutch government of Zijlstra forms
  • 1967 Phillip & Jay Kunz fly a kite a record 28,000 feet
  • 1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing."
  • 1968 Cin trades shortstop Leo Cardenas to Twins for pitcher Jim Merritt
  • 1968 Supremes & The Temptations release "I'm Gonna Make You Love Me"
  • 1969 KXIX (now KVCT) TV channel 19 in Victoria, TX (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 NY Knicks 1st game against Cleve Cavalier, Knicks win 102-94 at Madison Square Garden
  • 1970 17th National Film Awards (India): "Bhuvan Shome" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1971 NY Rangers scores a NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
  • 1971 Richard Baker becomes teacher of SF Zen Center
  • 1971 Indian troops partly aided by Mukti Bahini (Bengali guerrillas) defeat the Pakistan army in the Battle of Garibpur.
  • 1972 Red Sox Carlton Fisk wins AL Rookie of Year, Mets Jon Matlack wins NL

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Pete Rose (Cincinnati Reds) wins MLB's NL MVP

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1973 US President Richard Nixon's attorney, J Fred Buzhardt, reveals presence of 18½ minute gap in a White House tape recording related to Watergate
  • 1974 Freedom of Information Act passed by Congress over President Ford's veto
  • 1974 Birmingham pub bombings: 21 civilians killed when bombs explode at two pubs in Birmingham, England (deadliest attack in England during "the Troubles")
  • 1975 Linda McCartney drug charges in US are dropped

Film release premierFilm Premier

1976 "Rocky" directed by John G. Avildsen and starring Sylvester Stallone premieres in New York (Best Picture 1977)

Actor/Director Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
  • 1976 26th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Cale Yarborough wins
  • 1977 First flight of Concorde (London to New York)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Orioles 1st baseman Eddie Murray wins AL Rookie of Year

MLB First Baseman Eddie Murray
MLB First Baseman
Eddie Murray
  • 1978 Bob Horner of Braves wins NL Rookie of Year Award
  • 1979 Crowd at Islamabad, Pakistan attack US embassy, 1 dies
  • 1980 Dallas' "Who Shot JR?" episode (Kristen) gets a 53.3 rating (83 mill) in the US
  • 1980 Fire at MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas kills 84
  • 1980 Gene Michael named 25th Yank mgr, replacing Dick Howser, who resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 John Lennon and Yoko Ono pose nude for photographer Allan Tannenbaum

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1980 MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas in fire; 84 die
  • 1981 400,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against cruise missiles

Music release#1 in the Charts

1981 Olivia Newton-John's "Physical" single goes #1 & stays for 10 weeks

  • 1982 32nd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Darrell Waltrip wins
  • 1983 "Doonesbury" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 104 performances
  • 1986 Central African Republic adopts constitution
  • 1986 Suriname army leader Desi Bouterse massacres Moiwana village
  • 1987 Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Epitome, Ferdinand, Miesque, Sacahuista, Success Express, Theatrica, Very Subtle at Hollywood

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Law banning smoking on most domestic flights signed by US President George H. W. Bush

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush
  • 1989 TV cameras permitted in British House of Commons
  • 1990 Michael Milken is sentenced to 10 years for security law violations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 French President François Mitterrand voices support of a proposed UN resolution that would authorize the use of force in the Persian Gulf

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1991 Poetess Maria Elene Cruz Varela arrested in Cuba
  • 1992 Jan Karlsson swims world record 50m butterfly (23.80 sec)
  • 1992 Jani Sievinen swims world record 100m medley (53.78 sec)
  • 1992 Louise Karlsson swims world record 50m freestyle (31.19 sec)
  • 1992 Oregon Sen Bob Packwood issues apology for unwelcome sexual advances
  • 1992 Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson for the second time
  • 1993 "Cinderella" closes at New York State Theater NYC after 14 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 "Cyrano - The Musical" opens at Neil Simon Theater NYC for 137 performances

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1993 Neo-fascists MSI win 36% of municipal elections in Rome
  • 1994 1st-class cricket debut of Andrew Symonds (Queensland v NSW, SCG)
  • 1995 Dow Jones closes above 5,000 for 1st time
  • 1995 Israel grants jailed US spy Jonathan Pollard citizenship
  • 1995 New double Beatle CD released with new song "Free as a Bird"
  • 1996 "Rehearsal" opens at Criterion Theater NYC
  • 1996 A propane explosion at the Humberto Vidal shoe store and office building in San Juan, Puerto Rico kills 33.
  • 1998 63rd Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 31-17 in Birmingham
  • 1999 Elian Gonzalez, Cuban boy at the center of a heated 2000 controversy involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, departs from Cuba with his mother
  • 1999 51st NASCAR Sprint Cup: Dale Jarrett wins
  • 2002 NATO invites Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to become members.
  • 2004 The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, unleashing massive protests and controversy over the election's integrity.
  • 2004 Island of Dominica hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. Damage concentrated in the north and town of of Portsmouth. Also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one person is killed.
  • 2004 The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq's external debt.
  • 2004 92nd CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats BC Lions, 27-19
  • 2004 56th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Kurt Busch wins
  • 2006 Anti-Syrian Lebanese Minister and MP Pierre Gemayel is assassinated in suburban Beirut.

Music awardsMusic Awards

2006 33rd American Music Awards: Kelly Clarkson, Sean Paul & Rascal Flatts win

Music awardsMusic Awards

2010 37th American Music Awards: Lady Gaga & Justin Bieber win

Pop Star Justin Bieber
Pop Star
Justin Bieber
Singer-Songwriter Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
  • 2012 An Israel and Hamas ceasefire is negotiated
  • 2012 Chelsea Manager Roberto Di Matteo is sacked and replaced by Rafael Ben
  • 2013 31 people are killed by a truck bomb in northeaster Iraq
  • 2013 The Alabama parole board grants posthumous pardons to three members of the Scottsboro boys
  • 2013 54 people are killed after the roof of a supermarket collapses in Riga, Latvia