Historical Events on 11th October

  • 732 Battle at Tours: France under Karel Martel beat Moors
  • 1138 A massive earthquake struck Aleppo, Syria.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1521 Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1531 Battle at Kappel: Swiss Roman Catholic kantons beat protestant forces of Zurich
  • 1531 Huldrych Zwingli Swiss reformation leader is killed at the Battle at Kappel
  • 1540 Emperor Karel names his son Philip, Duke of Milan
  • 1573 Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy
  • 1614 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
  • 1634 the Burchardi flood — "the second Grote Mandrenke" killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
  • 1674 Pierre Corneille's "Surena" premieres in Paris
  • 1687 Hungary accepts Habsburgse sovereignty
  • 1698 France, England & Netherlands sign 1st Extermination treaty

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1726 Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1737 Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys half of Calcutta India
  • 1746 Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English/Austria/Neth armies
  • 1776 Brig Gen Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British
  • 1797 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): English navy defeats Dutch fleet

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1809 Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis
  • 1811 The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
  • 1852 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • 1861 Battle of Dumfries, VA (Quantico Creek)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
  • 1864 Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • 1864 Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1865 President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1865 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1868 Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1871 Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • 1873 Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
  • 1881 David Houston patents roll film for cameras
  • 1887 A Miles patents elevator
  • 1890 1st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4/5 secs, Wash DC)
  • 1890 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • 1895 Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
  • 1899 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • 1902 8th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City NY
  • 1902 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa & Australia
  • 1902 Lawrence Auchterlonie wins US Open golf tournament
  • 1906 White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game
  • 1906 San Francisco Board of Education orders segregation in separate schools of Japanese, Chinese, and Korean children sparking diplomatic crisis

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1911 Ty Cobb (AL) & Frank Schulte (NL) are 1st MVPs, each gets an auto

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • 1913 Phila A's beat NY Giants, 4 games to 1 in 10th World Series
  • 1914 German troops occupy Gent
  • 1915 Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
  • 1915 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell, and English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners
  • 1916 6th College Football Crab Bowl Classic; Navy beats Maryland 14-7 in College Park
  • 1918 Major Tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • 1919 First transcontinental air race ends
  • 1922 First woman FBI "special investigator" appointed (Alaska Davidson)
  • 1922 Turkey & Greece sign cease fire

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1923 Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a World Series game

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1923 German Mark falls to 10 billion per £, 4 billion per $
  • 1925 Belgian episcopelian sspeaks against Flemish activism
  • 1925 NY Giants play 1st NFL game, lose to Providence 14-0

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1927 Lou Gehrig named AL MVP (Babe Ruth (former winner) not eligible)

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1929 Sean O'Casey's "Silver Tassle" premieres in London

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1929 JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1930 Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
  • 1931 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
  • 1932 1st political telecast (Democratic National Committee) at CBS, NYC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1932 Stalin forces Zinoviev & Kamenev out of Communist Party

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1936 "Professor Quiz" first radio quiz show premieres

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1939 Albert Einstein informs FDR of possibilities of atomic bomb

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again
  • 1939 Gertrude Lawrence's "Skylark" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 NAACP organized Legal Defense & Education Fund
  • 1941 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
  • 1942 -Oct 12] Sea battle at Cape Esperance Guadalcanal
  • 1943 NY Yankees beat Cards 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, to become 1st team to win 10 World Series
  • 1944 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • 1944 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R

Film-release-premierFilm Release

1944 "Laura", starring Gene Tierney, is released

Actress Gene Tierney
Actress
Gene Tierney

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-shek vs Mao Zedong

Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Revolutionary
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1945 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • 1947 Brazil & Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 1948 "Love Life" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 252 performances
  • 1948 "Where's Chartev?" opens at St James Theater NYC for 792 performances
  • 1948 Cleve Indians beat Boston Braves, 4 games to 2 in 45th World Series
  • 1950 The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS
  • 1954 "On Your Toes" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 64 performances
  • 1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
  • 1955 All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
  • 1955 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
  • 1956 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • 1956 AL Pres Will Harridge bars Wash Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
  • 1958 "Goldilocks" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 161 performances
  • 1958 2nd US Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back
  • 1959 KTHI TV channel 11 in Fargo-Grand Forks, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)
  • 1960 Radio/TV executive John Fetzer buys a controlling interest of Detroit Tigers
  • 1961 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1962 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 2nd Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII

  • 1964 Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Hillside House Ladies' Golf Open
  • 1967 World Series record 3 consecutive HRs (Carl Yastremski, Reggie Smith, & Rico Petrocelli) by Red Sox
  • 1967 Yoko Plus Me art exhibit opens in London (the me is John Lennon)
  • 1968 Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
  • 1968 Billy Martin named manager of Twins
  • 1968 Panama revolts
  • 1969 -28] Rome: 2nd bishop synod

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1969 Blues artist Muddy Waters involved in a car crash that kills 3

Blues Musician Muddy Waters
Blues Musician
Muddy Waters
  • 1969 Soyuz 6 launched; Soyuz 7 & 8 follow in next 2 days
  • 1969 Three people shot dead during street violence in the loyalist Shankill area of Belfast
  • 1971 60th Davis Cup: USA beats Romania in Charlotte (3-2)
  • 1971 Brooks Robinson ties Series record, reaches base 5 straight times
  • 1971 Frank McGee becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • 1971 Switzerland recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1972 Panama adopts constitution
  • 1972 Prison uprising at Washington, D.C. jail
  • 1972 MLB National League Championship: Cincinnati Reds beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 3 games to 2
  • 1973 Oakland beats Baltimore 3 games to 2 to win AL pennant
  • 1973 Héctor José Cámpora is elected President of Argentina
  • 1973 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Baltimore Orioles, 3 games to 2
  • 1974 A's Catfish Hunter charge owner Charlie Finley with breach of contract

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1975 Islander's Bryan Trottier's 1st career hat trick

NHL Star Bryan Trottier
NHL Star
Bryan Trottier
  • 1975 "Saturday Night Live" premieres on NBC with George Carlin as host
  • 1976 10th Country Music Association Award: Mel Tillis wins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1976 Mao Zedong's widow Jiang Qing & "Gang of Four" arrested & charged with plotting a coup

Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong Jiang Qing
Chinese Communist & Wife of Mao Zedong
Jiang Qing
  • 1977 Soyuz 25 returns to Earth
  • 1978 Aristides Royo elected president of Panama
  • 1978 Belgium government of Tindemans resigns

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1978 Dodgers Bob Welch dramatically strikes out Reggie Jackson in 9th

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • 1979 "Most Happy Fella" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 53 performances
  • 1979 German DR frees dissidents Rudolf Bahro & Nico Hubner
  • 1979 Allan McLeod Cormack & Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan
  • 1980 Cosmonauts Popov & Ryumin set space endurance record of 184 days
  • 1980 Dallas Mavericks first game at Reunion Arena, beat San Antonio 103-92
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1981 Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic
  • 1981 LeRoy Irvin sets yards gained on punt returns record (207 yds)
  • 1981 Unknown rocker Prince opens for Rolling Stones at LA Coliseum
  • 1981 Yanks beat Brewers 7-3 & win only Eastern Championship Series

Music-awardsMusic Awards

1982 16th Country Music Association Award: Willie Nelson & Ricky Skagg

Country Singer Willie Nelson
Country Singer
Willie Nelson
  • 1982 English ship Mary Rose, which sank during an engagement with France in 1545, raised at Portsmouth, England
  • 1982 Riot in Amsterdam as tram catches fire
  • 1983 Last hand-cranked telephones US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial
  • 1984 1st space walk by US woman (Dr Kathryn D Sullivan)
  • 1984 August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom" premieres in NYC
  • 1984 NASA launches space vehicle S-208
  • 1984 VP candidates' debate - Geraldine Ferraro (D) & George H W Bush (R)
  • 1985 Atlantis (51-J) returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1985 President Reagan bans importation of South African Krugerrands

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1985 US intercepts Egyptian Boeing with Achille Lauro terrorists
  • 1986 Reagan & Gorbachev open talks at a summit in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 1987 200,000 gays march for civil rights in Washington
  • 1990 "Miser" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 93 performances
  • 1990 Center for Urban archaeology opens in NYC South Street Seaport Museum
  • 1990 Octavio Paz wins Nobel Prize for literature
  • 1990 Oil hits a record $40.42 per barrel
  • 1990 Libya's Qadhafi says Israel must be eliminated
  • 1990 UK Foreign Secretary Hurd says force would be used if Iraq does not withdrawal from Kuwait
  • 1991 Anita Hill testifies Clarence Thomas sexually harrased her
  • 1991 Chip Beck ties PGA lowest 18 hole score of 59
  • 1991 Televangelist Jimmy Swaggart seen soliciting a prostitute
  • 1992 1First 3-way US presidential debate (Bush-Clinton-Perot)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1992 Deion Sanders, plays for Atlanta Falcons (NFL) & Braves (Baseball)

NFL Legend Deion Sanders
NFL Legend
Deion Sanders
  • 1992 Toronto down 6-1 in 7th beats A's 7-6 in 11th in AL playoff
  • 1993 Norwegian Rushdie publisher William Nygaard injured in attack
  • 1993 US warship Harlan County anchors off Port-au-Prince Haiti
  • 1994 Russian ruble decreases to 3,926 rubles per dollar
  • 1994 Space shuttle STS-68 (Endeavour 7), lands

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1994 Nobel Prize in economics is awarded to John Harsanyi, John Nash and Reinhard Selten for their "pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"

Mathematician and Economist John Nash
Mathematician and Economist
John Nash
  • 1995 John Bobbitt has plastic surgery to increase his penis 3 inches
  • 1995 O J Simpson cancels a TV appearance on Dateline
  • 1996 Ford buys rights to named Detroit domed stadium for $40 million

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1997 Dennis Rodman returns from 2nd longest NBA suspension (11 games)

Basketball Player Dennis Rodman
Basketball Player
Dennis Rodman
  • 1998 A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40 people.
  • 2000 The 100th Space Shuttle mission (STS-92) is flown.
  • 2001 The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
  • 2002 A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2006 "30 Rock", starring Tina Fey, Alec Baldwin, and Tracy Morgan, debuts on NBC

Actress & Writer Tina Fey
Actress & Writer
Tina Fey
Actor Alec Baldwin
Actor
Alec Baldwin
  • 2012 A further 83 people are killed throughout Syria by the Syrian army
  • 2012 A US appeal court overturns a district court ruling banning the sale of Samsung

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2012 Mo Yan, a hallucinatory realist writer, wins the 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature

Novelist Mo Yan
Novelist
Mo Yan
  • 2013 10 people are killed and a hospital fire in Fukuoka prefecture, Japan
  • 2013 27 people are killed after a migrant boat sinks in the Channel of Sicily
  • 2013 The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons wins the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize
  • 2015 Nepal's parliament elects Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli, leader of the Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist party, as Prime Minister