Historical Events on 12th October

Events 1 - 200 of 207

539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
638 - Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
642 - John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1165 - Rambam reaches Jerusalem
1216 - King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
1279 - Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
1285 - 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
1366 - King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
1398 - The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
1459 - Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated
1492 - Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
1492 - Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)
1504 - Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
1509 - Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
Founder of Protestanism Martin LutherFounder of Protestanism Martin Luther 1518 - Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
1549 - John Dudley earl of Warwick becomes English premier
1576 - Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor
1609 - Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London
1654 - The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100.
1659 - English Rump-government fires John Lambert & other generals
1711 - Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor
1729 - Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
1730 - Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
1773 - America's first insane asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia
1775 - US Navy forms
1776 - British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
Explorer of the New World Christopher ColumbusExplorer of the New World Christopher Columbus 1792 - First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
1798 - Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
1798 - Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
1815 - Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
1822 - Second eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
1823 - Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
1833 - Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
1836 - 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
1850 - First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
1853 - John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
1854 - Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute
1859 - Self-proclaimed Emperor of the USA, Emperor Norton issues edit abolishing the US Congress
Emperor of the USA Emperor NortonEmperor of the USA Emperor Norton 1860 - British & French troops capture Beijing
1861 - Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
1862 - JEB Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"
1862 - Maj Gen Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Conf troops in Missisippi
1862 - Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
1871 - US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
1872 - Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
1879 - British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
1881 - Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
1886 - Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
1886 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG)
1891 - Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
1892 - US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day
Union General George McClellanUnion General George McClellan 1898 - Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
1899 - South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
1900 - The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland
1901 - Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"
1903 - Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
1907 - Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 0 with 1 tie in 4th World Series
1913 - John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robertson blames McGraw & is fired
1914 - 1st battle at Ypres begins
The 1910 Model T FordThe 1910 Model T Ford

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1915 - Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
1915 - Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
1916 - Boston Red Sox beat Bkln Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series
1917 - The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale
1918 - Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
1920 - Cleve Indians beat Bkln Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
1920 - Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
1920 - Man O'War's last race & win
1920 - Soccer team Quick '20 forms
1923 - NY Giant's Casey Stengel HR beats Yanks 1-0 in World Series
1924 - Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
1925 - Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt26th US President Theodore Roosevelt 1925 - German-Russian trade agreement signed
1927 - Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
1928 - 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
1929 - Cubs blow 8-0 World Series lead, A's score 10 in 1 inning
1931 - 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
1933 - Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)
1933 - John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio
1933 - Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment
1935 - Cole Porters musical "Jubilee," premieres in NYC
1941 - Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
1942 - Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
American Gangster George 'Machine Gun' KellyAmerican Gangster George 'Machine Gun' Kelly 1942 - US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
1943 - US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
1944 - German army retreats from Athens
1948 - Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
1950 - "Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 644 performances
1952 - Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s v N Zone (Ind) his 1st fc cricket tons
1952 - KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - US & Greece signs peace treaty (US bases)
1955 - -13] Hurricane Hazel, kills 68 in Haiti
1956 - Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister
1957 - "Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances
1957 - "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 perfs
1957 - 1First commercial flight between California & Antartica
1957 - Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
1958 - CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1958 - WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 - At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
37th US President Richard Nixon37th US President Richard Nixon 1960 - JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate
1960 - Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session
1960 - Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The camera was rolling at that time.
1961 - "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 68 performances
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 - US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
1962 - Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
1963 - "Student Gypsy" closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 16 performances
1963 - Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
1963 - At 4 am, traffic on Bay Bridge is 1-way on each deck
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita KhrushchevFirst Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev 1964 - 1st time 3 people in space
1964 - KCSM TV channel 60 in San Mateo-SF, CA (PBS) begins
1964 - Launch of Voskhod 1, first 3 man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
1964 - WSBK TV channel 38 in Boston, MA (IND/ABC/CBS/NBC) begin
1964 - WUCM TV channel 19 in University Center, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Jimi Hendrix Experience forms with Jimi Hendrix, Noel Redding & Mitch Mitchell
1967 - St Louis Cards beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 64th World Series as Lou Brock steals a record 7 bases in 1 World Series
1968 - "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore NYC after 17 perfs
1968 - 19th Olympic games open at Mexico City, Mexico
1968 - Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
1968 - Norma Enriqueta Basilio Satelo is 1st woman to light Olympic flame
1969 - 1st time 5 people in space
1969 - KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KAPN
Rock Guitarist Jimi HendrixRock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix 1969 - KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, CA (IND) begins
1969 - Soyuz 7 is launched
1970 - Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
1971 - "Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 711 perfs
1972 - "Hurry, Harry" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 2 performances
1972 - 46 sailors injured in race riot on aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk
1972 - Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot
1972 - Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian north pole
1973 - Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
1973 - Juan Peron elected President of Argentina
1973 - Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as VP
1974 - 1st time Wash Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota
1975 - Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries
38th US President Gerald Ford38th US President Gerald Ford 1975 - Jacqueline Hansen runs women's world record marathon (2:38:19)
1975 - NASA launches space vehicle S-195
1976 - 4th Space Shuttle Enterprise, approach & land test (ALT) flight
1976 - Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party
1977 - "Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers
1977 - 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
1977 - Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
1977 - US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School
1978 - Representatives of Israel & Egypt open talks in Washington
1978 - Sid Vicious charged with murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen
1979 - Pressure in nucleus of tropical cyclone at Guam hits record 870 hpa
1979 - The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip.
Musician Sid ViciousMusician Sid Vicious 1980 - "Your Arm's Too Short to Box" closes at Ambassador NYC after 149 perfs
1980 - 7 stabbed at Blood, Sweat & Tears concert in LA
1980 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic
1981 - "Marlowe" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 48 performances
1981 - 15th Country Music Association Award: Barbara Mandrell & George Jones wins
1982 - 38.6 cm (15.2") of rainfall, Angoon Alaska (state record)
1982 - Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor getrs world sereis record 5 hits
1983 - 5225 Loral & 5424 Covington
1984 - IRA bombs hotel where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die
1985 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 61A mission
1985 - Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
1985 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
British Prime Minister Margaret ThatcherBritish Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher 1986 - California Angels within 1 pitch of pennant victory lose to Red Sox
1986 - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People's Republic of China
1987 - 21st Country Music Association Award: Hank William Jr wins
1987 - George Harrison releases "Got My Mind Set On You"
1987 - Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers for AL pennant
1987 - Oscar Arias (Costa Rican Pres) wins Nobel Peace Prize
1988 - George W H Bush & Michael Dukakis meet in 2nd debate
1988 - Israel & China sign trade deal, plan diplomatic relations
1988 - Pope John Paul II is the target of anti-papal heckling by Protestant leader Ian Paisley at a European Parliament meeting in Strasbourgh, France
1989 - Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Vikings for 12 players
1989 - Musical "Buddy" with Paul Hipp premieres in London
1990 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
264th Pope John Paul II264th Pope John Paul II 1991 - Boxer Hector Comacho arrested for driving while getting oral sex
1991 - Mike Lerch of Princeton ties NCAA record with 370 receiving yards
1991 - Statler Brothers Show premieres on TNN
1991 - Wrestler Rip Oliver forced to retire after being injured by Crush
1991 - Doug Flutie of BC Lions sets CFL passing record of 582 yards despite losing to Edmonton 45-38 in overtime
1992 - 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
1992 - Arecibo radio telescope begins Microwave search for occupied planets
1992 - Brett "Hitman" Hart beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title
1992 - Expo '92 closes in Seville Spain
1992 - Howard Stern radio show premieres in Albany NY (WQBK 103.5 & 103.9 FM)
1992 - Microwave Observing Project begins (seeking alien life)
1992 - Wash Redskin Art Monk sets NFL record with 820th reception
1993 - "Mixed Emotions" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 48 performances
1994 - Contact with Venus orbitter Magellan broken
1994 - Iranian Fokker F28 explode between Isfahan & Teheran: 66 killed
1995 - "Patti LuPone on Broadway" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 46 perfs
1997 - David Duval wins Michelob Championship at Kingsmill Golf Club
1997 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA Samsung World Championship
1997 - Transamerica Senior Golf
1997 - Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock.
1999 - Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
1999 - The Day of Six Billion: the proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born.
NHL Center Pat LaFontaineNHL Center Pat LaFontaine 1999 - Pat LaFontaine formally retires from the NHL due to lingering concussion problems
2000 - The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39
2002 - Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali's nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists
2003 - 54th Formula One WDC: Michael Schumacher wins by two points
2005 - The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Hǎishèng for five days in orbit.

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