Historical Events on 13th October

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

54 Nero suceeds Claudius as Roman Emperor

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
  • 409 Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.
  • 1213 Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont & Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant
  • 1282 Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
  • 1307 French King Philip IV convicts templars because of heresy
  • 1483 Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible
  • 1492 English admiral Sir Edward Poynings' fleet occupies Lock
  • 1501 Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII sign Treaty of Trente
  • 1534 Alessandro Farnese elected as Pope Paul III
  • 1629 Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies
  • 1652 Prince of Condé flees Paris
  • 1659 Gen-major John Lambert drives out English Rump-government
  • 1660 Denmark king Frederik III makes coup
  • 1702 Dutch/English troops occupy Liège
  • 1710 English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
  • 1716 Hungarian Emperor Karel VI's troops occupy Temesvar

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1724 Jonathan Swift publishes last of Drapier's letters

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1760 Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin
  • 1773 The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
  • 1775 Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • 1792 "Old Farmer's Almanac" is 1st published
  • 1792 Washington lays cornerstone of Executive Mansion (White House)
  • 1812 Battle of Queenstown Heights, Brit beats US attempt to invade Canada
  • 1843 B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
  • 1845 Texas ratifies a state constitution
  • 1860 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1862 Bismarck's "Blood & Iron" speech

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • 1863 Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
  • 1864 Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
  • 1864 Battle of Dalton, GA - surrendered

BattleBattle of Interest

1864 Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid)

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby
  • 1864 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1870 Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • 1871 The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • 1881 Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
  • 1884 Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude
  • 1885 The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1890 The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
  • 1893 Vigilant (US) beats Valkyrie II (UK) in 9th America's Cup, in New York
  • 1896 First public screening of a motion picture in New Zealand
  • 1899 7,000 layid-off black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal
  • 1902 President Roosevelt threatens to start using army troops to work coal mines struck since 12 may; this brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration
  • 1903 Pilgrims beat Pirates 5 games to 3 in 1st World Series
  • 1903 Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" premieres in NYC
  • 1914 The Belgian government in exile installed at St Adresse at Le Havre
  • 1914 Boston Braves sweep Phila A's, 1st sweep in World Series history
  • 1914 Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask
  • 1914 Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa
  • 1915 Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 1 in 12th World Series
  • 1917 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • 1917 7th College Football Crab Bowl Classic: Navy beats Maryland 62-0 in Annapolis
  • 1920 World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders
  • 1921 NY Giants beat NY Yankees, 5 games to 3 in 18th World Series
  • 1923 Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital
  • 1924 Wahhabietes under Ibn Saudi take Mecca
  • 1930 New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP members in uniform
  • 1931 Musical "Everybody's Welcome" with T/J Dorsey premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Noel Coward's "Cavalcade" premieres in London
  • 1933 JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich" premieres in Paris
  • 1933 Soccer team STEVO forms in Geesteren
  • 1934 11th College Football Crab Bowl Classic: Navy beats Maryland 16-13 in Annapolis
  • 1936 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium
  • 1937 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, NYC
  • 1941 Nazis kill 11,000 Jewish children/old people
  • 1943 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 1944 Riga, capital of Latvia, freed
  • 1944 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen
  • 1947 "Kukla, Fran & Ollie" premieres
  • 1947 1st NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Toronto 4-3 at Toronto
  • 1949 "Touch & Go" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 176 performances

Film-release-premierFilm Premier

1950 "All About Eve" directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz and starring Bette Davis and Anne Baxter premieres (Best Picture 1951)

Actress Bette Davis
Bette Davis
  • 1953 Burglar alarm-ultrasonic or radio waves-patented-Samuel Bagno
  • 1954 RP Smith/M Shulman's "Tender Trap" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris
  • 1956 WAGM TV channel 8 in Presque Isle, ME (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins
  • 1957 German Democratic Republic recalls OstMark & issues new currency
  • 1958 Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of the "Miracle of the Sun".
  • 1960 Third presidential debate with Nixon in Hollywood & Kennedy in NY

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1960 Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1960 Pirate's Mazeroski's bottom of 9th lead off HR beats NY Yankees 10-9 in game 7 of 57th World Series
  • 1962 "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opens on Broadway, with Uta Hagen
  • 1963 "Beatlemania" is coined after Beatles appear at Palladium
  • 1963 15th Ryder Cup: US beats 23-9 at East Lake Country Club (Atlanta, Georgia, US)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1963 9th LPGA Championship won by Mickey Wright

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1964 At Plesman airport, Curacao, 125.5 mm rainfalls (record)
  • 1964 Voskhod 1 crew returns
  • 1966 173 US aircraft bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966 Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1967 CBS radio cancels "House Party"
  • 1968 Tinker Creek Gorge of Cleveland Metroparks is dedicated
  • 1969 1st time 7 people in space
  • 1969 Billy Martin (97-65) is fired as manager of AL West-winning Twins
  • 1969 Soyuz 8 is launched
  • 1970 Angela Davis arrested in NYC
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1970 A man dies in a premature bomb explosion in Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • 1971 1st World Series night game (Pittsburgh 4-Baltimore 3)
  • 1971 WTZH TV channel 24 in Meridian, MS (CBS) suspends broadcasting
  • 1972 "Hurry, Harry" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 2 performances
  • 1972 Aeroflot Il-62 crashes in large pond outside Moscow, 176 die
  • 1972 Commish Bowie Kuhn allows Bert Campaneris to play in World Series
  • 1972 Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountains, (passengers eat crash victims to survive, 16 of 45 rescued 2 months later)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1973 "Badlands" directed by Terrence Malick and starring Martin Sheen and Sissy Spacek debuts at the New York Film Festival

  • 1973 Jordan enters Yom Kippur war
  • 1973 Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Emily in for Carol"

Music-awardsMusic Awards

1975 9th Country Music Association Award: John Denver wins

Country Singer John Denver
Country Singer
John Denver

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1975 Rock vocal Neil Young undergoes throat surgery

Singer-songwriter Neil Young
Neil Young
  • 1976 A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
  • 1976 The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C..

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter answers callers' questions on National Public Radio

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties
  • 1978 Tiros N, US's 1st third generation weather satellite, is launched
  • 1978 Graig Nettles at 3rd makes many spectactular plays in WS game 3 as Guidry beats Dodgers, after trailing 2 games to 0 Yanks win next 4
  • 1980 14th Country Music Association Award: Barbara Mandrell, Emmylou Harris & George Jones wins
  • 1980 Unprovoked slayings of 6 blacks in Buffalo, NY

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1981 Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected president of Egypt

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1982 IOC Executive Committee approves the reinstatement of Jim Thorpe's gold medals from the 1912 Olympics

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • 1982 NJ Devils 1st short handed goal-Don Lever
  • 1983 Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1984 Blackhawk Bill Gardner scores on 10th penalty shot against Islanders
  • 1984 John Henry becomes 1st thoroughbred to win $6 million
  • 1984 STS 41-G mission; lands at Kennedy Space Center
  • 1985 "Sunday in the Park with George" closes at Booth NYC after 604 performances
  • 1985 Belgium premier Martens CVP wins parliamentary election
  • 1985 During NLCS, Cards rookie Vince Coleman is injured stretching before game as his left leg is caught in Busch Stadium's automated tarpaulin
  • 1986 20th Country Music Association Award: Reba McEntire wins
  • 1986 25th NY, NL appearance in World Series (Mets vs A's)
  • 1986 IOC announces baseball will become a medal sport in 1992
  • 1987 1st military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf)
  • 1987 Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1987 West Indies score 4-360 in 50 overs in Cricket World Cup v Sri Lanka
  • 1988 Concert at Masada ends Israel's 40th-anniversary festival
  • 1988 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Naguib Mahfouz
  • 1988 Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ's burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages
  • 1988 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1989 Bob Quinn resigns as NY Yankee VP/GM & replaced by Harding Peterson
  • 1989 Dow Jones down 190.58 points
  • 1990 First Russian Orthodox service in over 70 years held in St Basil's Cathedral, in Red Square, Moscow
  • 1990 Target Center in Minneapolis opens
  • 1991 Blue Jay Cito Gaston is 1st manager ejected in a playoff game
  • 1991 Minnesota Twins win AL pennant beating Toronto in 5 games
  • 1991 MLB American League Championship: Minnesota Twins beat Toronto Blue Jays, 4 games to 1
  • 1993 Greek government of Papandreou forms
  • 1993 Mighty Ducks win their 1st NHL game
  • 1993 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis & Michael Smith
  • 1993 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Russel Hulse & Joseph Taylor
  • 1993 Captured American Pilot Mike Durant is filmed in an interview in captivity by a CNN camera crew.
  • 1993 MLB National League Championship: Philadelphia Phillies beat Atlanta Braves, 4 games to 2
  • 1994 Earliest start of Sheffield Shield season (Queensland v Tasmania)
  • 1994 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Kenzaburo Oe
  • 1995 Joseph Rotblat awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1995 Pamela Anderson Lee, rush to hospital with flu like symptoms
  • 1996 "Big" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 193 performances
  • 1996 Annika Sorenstam wins Betsy King LPGA Golf Classic
  • 1996 NY Jet Nick Lowrey breaks Jan Stenerud NFL field goal record at 374
  • 1996 Yanks (3) & Orioles (3) combine to tie play off record of 6 HRs
  • 1996 47th Formula One WDC: Damon Hil wins by 19 points
  • 1996 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Baltimore Orioles, 4 games to 1
  • 1997 Andy Green's Jet-powered car reaches record 749.69 MPH
  • 1998 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Cleveland Indians, 4 games to 2
  • 1999 The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2002 53rd Formula One WDC: Michael Schumacher wins by 67 points

Formula 1 Racing Driver Michael Schumacher
Formula 1 Racing Driver
Michael Schumacher
  • 2002 MLB American League Championship: Anaheim Angels beat Minnesota Twins, 4 games to 1
  • 2007 17th College Football Holy War: Boston College beats Notre Dame 27-14 in South Bend
  • 2008 HM Treasury infused £37 billion ($64 billion, 47 billion euros) of new capital-bailout into Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc, Lloyds TSB and HBOS Plc, to avert a financial sector collapse.
  • 2010 The 2010 Copiapó mining accident in Copiapó, Chile comes to an end as all 33 miners arrive at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground awaiting rescue.
  • 2012 15 people are killed by a market suicide bombing in Darra Adam Khel, Pakistan
  • 2012 Gerhard Richter's Abstraktes Bild sells for $34 million, the highest sold artwork by a living artist
  • 2013 109 people are killed in a stampede on a bridge in  Datia district, Madhya Pradesh, India
  • 2015 Basketball player Lamar Odom is hospitalised after being found unconscious in a brothel in Nevada
  • 2015 Marlon James becomes first Jamaican to win the Man Booker Prize for his novel "A Brief History of Seven Killings"