Historical Events on 17th October

  • 415 Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
  • 532 Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 733 Battle at Tours (Poitiers): Charles Martel's Frankish and Burgundian forces beat those of al-Andalus under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi halting Islamic influence (date disputed)

BattleBattle of Interest

1346 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1387 Swells convent Windesheim initiated
  • 1404 Cosma de' Migliorati elected Pope Innocentius VII
  • 1448 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
  • 1456 The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
  • 1483 Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
  • 1556 Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1651 Future King Charles II flees from England

BattleExecution

1660 Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.

King Charles I
King
Charles I
  • 1662 Charles II of Great Britain sells Dunkirk to France for 2.5 million livres (320,000 English pounds)
  • 1691 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 1720 Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour," premieres in Paris
  • 1740 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia
  • 1777 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
  • 1781 Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
  • 1787 Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
  • 1797 Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
  • 1800 Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
  • 1806 Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
  • 1808 Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 1814 London Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
  • 1825 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
  • 1829 Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
  • 1829 1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser
  • 1831 Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
  • 1850 Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
  • 1855 Bessemer steelmaking process patented
  • 1860 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park Snr shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club, Scotland
  • 1862 Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • 1868 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • 1871 Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
  • 1876 Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
  • 1877 Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1878 After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1885 Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1894 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
  • 1896 Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1899 Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
  • 1904 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1912 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1916 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
  • 1917 1st British bombing of Germany
  • 1918 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • 1918 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • 1919 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
  • 1920 Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
  • 1921 Belgium's public library law goes into force
  • 1922 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • 1923 Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
  • 1927 Ban Johnson, in failing health, retires as AL president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 American gangsta Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Albert Einstein arrives in US, a refugee from Nazi Germany

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1934 "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
  • 1935 Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics

Film release premierFilm Release

1939 "Mr. Smith Goes to Washington", starring Jimmy Stewart and Jean Arthur, is released

  • 1940 German occupiers issue identity cards
  • 1941 1st US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
  • 1943 Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
  • 1943 Burma railway completed, built by allied POWS and Asian labourers for the Japanese army
  • 1945 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan PerĂ³n
  • 1951 Egyptian army fires on British troops
  • 1954 Philadelphia Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
  • 1955 Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
  • 1956 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • 1956 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt

Film release premierFilm Premier

1956 "Around the World in 80 Days", based on the book by Jules Verne, directed by Michael Anderson and starring David Nivon and Cantinflas premieres in New York

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • 1957 "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • 1957 Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
  • 1957 Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature

Author Albert Camus
Author
Albert Camus
  • 1957 II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
  • 1959 "Billy Barnes Revue" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 87 performances
  • 1959 Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
  • 1959 Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
  • 1960 "Tenderloin" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 216 performances
  • 1960 US & Britain sign accord for nuclear sub bases
  • 1961 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • 1961 Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
  • 1961 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • 1962 Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship
  • 1963 "Jennie" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 82 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Yanks fire Manager Yogi Berra

MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra
MLB Catcher and Manager
Yogi Berra
  • 1965 "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" opens in NYC for 280 performances
  • 1965 WBMG TV channel 42 in Birmingham, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 "Hair" premieres on Broadway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Barbra Streisand stars on "Belle of 14th Street" special on CBS

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1967 Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue
  • 1967 Pete Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Film release premierFilm Release

1968 "Bullitt" directed by Peter Yates and starring Steve McQueen and Jacqueline Bisset is 1st released

  • 1969 NY Nets move from Comack to Island Garden, Hempstead NY
  • 1969 Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
  • 1969 Soyuz 7 returns to Earth
  • 1970 Anwar Sadat sworn in as president of Egypt
  • 1971 Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens
  • 1971 Judy Rankin wins LPGA Quality-First Golf Classic
  • 1971 Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 68th World Series
  • 1971 It is estimated today that approximately 16,000 households were withholding rent and rates for council houses as part of the campaign of civil disobedience against internment organised by the Social Democratic and Labour Party, Northern Ireland
  • 1972 1st time Islanders shut-out-5-0 vs Penguins
  • 1972 Bob Randall's "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premieres in NYC
  • 1972 Chuck Berry's "My Ding-a-ling," is #1
  • 1972 The Ulster Defence Association open fire on the British Army in several areas of Belfast
  • 1973 OPEC oil ministers agree to use oil weapon in Arab-Israeli War, mandate cut in exports, and recommend embargo against unfriendly states
  • 1974 "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closes at Playhouse NYC after 1065 per
  • 1974 NBA New Orleans Jazz begin a 28 game road losing streak
  • 1974 Washington Capitals 1st NHL home victory, beating Chicago 4-3
  • 1974 Oakland A's beat LA Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 71st World Series makes A's only team other than Yanks to win 3 straight series
  • 1975 1st Space Shuttle main engine test at National Space Tech Labs, Miss
  • 1975 UN passes resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism"
  • 1976 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1976 Coldest World Series game Yankees vs Cincinnati, 39 degrees F (until 1997)
  • 1977 Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
  • 1977 West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers
  • 1978 NY Islanders start a streak of 23 undefeated games at home (15-0-8)
  • 1978 NY Yankees beat Dodgers, 4 games to 2 in 75th World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 President Jimmy Carter signs bill restoring US citizenship to Jefferson Davis

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1978 Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
  • 1979 "Beatlemania" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 920 performances
  • 1979 D Bautista of Mexico completes 20,000 m walk in record 1:20:06.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Mother Teresa of India, awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 76th World Series
  • 1979 US President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating Department of Education
  • 1980 1st-class debut of Mike Whitney, NSW v Qld (2-52 & 1-39)
  • 1981 32nd Formula One WDC: Nelson Piquet wins by one point
  • 1982 1st live orch on commerical network since 1954 (National Symphony)
  • 1982 Robin Yount is 1st to have 2 4-hit games in a World Series
  • 1982 Sam Shepard's "True West" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1983 Nobel prize for economy awarded to Gerard Debreu
  • 1983 STS-9 vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB due to SRB nozzle problem
  • 1984 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
  • 1985 French author Claude Simon wins the Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1985 Lou Piniella named NY Yankee manager
  • 1986 US Senate approved immigration bill prohibiting hiring of illegal aliens & offered amnesty to illegals who entered prior to 1982
  • 1986 Yitzak Rabin forms Israeli government
  • 1987 "Late Nite Comic" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 1987 1st indoor World Series game (Minnesota Metrodome)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 US First Lady Nancy Reagan undergoes a modified radical mastectomy

US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan
  • 1988 31 reported dead as Ugandan jetliner crashes in fog near Rome
  • 1988 Dallas Green replaces Lou Pinella as manager of NY Yankees
  • 1988 Lyndon LaRouche pleads innocent to fraud, conspiracy indictment
  • 1988 Phillip Morris announces $11 Billion tender offer for Kraft
  • 1988 Rockin Robin beats "Sensational" Sherri Martel for WWF woman's title
  • 1988 Traveling Wilbury's 1st release "Handle With Care"
  • 1989 Earthquake in SF (6.9) cancels 3rd game of World Series, kills 67

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 "Jackie Mason - Brand New" opens at Neil Simon NYC for 216 performances

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1990 "Les Miserables," opens at Imperial Theatre, NY & His Majesty's Theatre, Perth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Green Day singer Billie Joe Armstrong drops out of school to pursue a career in music

  • 1991 Angel Cordero is 3rd jockey to win 7,000 horse races
  • 1991 News anchor Bree Walker Lampley files an FCC complaint that LA radio KFI-AM personally attacked her by discuss her having a disformed baby

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Pitts Penguin Paul Coffey sets NHL defenseman scoring record with 1,053 career points (309 goals & 744 assists)

NHL Star Paul Coffey
NHL Star
Paul Coffey
  • 1991 MLB National League Championship: Atlanta Braves beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 4 games to 3
  • 1992 1st World Series with non-US team, Toronto loses 3-1 to Braves
  • 1993 Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA World Championship of Women's Golf
  • 1994 Beth Daniel wins LPGA World Championships of Women's Golf

Music concertMusic Concert

1994 Billy Joel performs opening concert at Cleveland's Gund Arena

Pianist, songwriter, and composer Billy Joel
Pianist, songwriter, and composer
Billy Joel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Kapil Dev's final one-day international (v West Indies)

Cricketer Kapil Dev
Cricketer
Kapil Dev
  • 1995 Keith Moore sentenced to 6 years for robbing Sting of $9,000,000
  • 1995 MLB American League Championship: Cleveland Indians beat Seattle Mariners, 4 games to 2
  • 1996 "Taking Sides," opens at Atkinson Theater NYC
  • 1996 MLB National League Championship: Atlanta Braves beat St. Louis Cardinals, 4 games to 3
  • 1998 At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline.
  • 2000 Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack
  • 2000 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Seattle Mariners, 4 games to 2
  • 2003 The pinnacle was fitted on the roof of Taipei 101, a 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, allowing it to surpass the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 50 meters (165 feet) and become the World's tallest highrise.
  • 2003 Eunuchs in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh float the political party Jiti Jitayi Politics.
  • 2005 "The Colbert Report", hosted by Stephen Colbert first airs on US TV
  • 2006 The United States population reaches 300 million

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2007 The Dalai Lama receives the United States Congressional Gold Medal

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 2012 Exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb discovery orbiting Alpha Centauri announced (later thought to be a false finding)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2012 Lance Armstrong loses a host of endorsements in the wake of his doping scandal

Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor
Lance Armstrong
  • 2012 Tens of thousands protest austerity measures in Greece
  • 2013 59 people are killed in a wave of attacks on Shia Muslims in Iraq