Historical Events on 27th October

Event of interestEvent of Interest

312 Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross.

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 625 Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 710 Saracen invasion of Sardinia.
  • 939 Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
  • 1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
  • 1523 English troops occupy Montalidier, France
  • 1553 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.
  • 1605 Spanish army under General Spinola occupies Wachtendonk
  • 1627 English assault on French Il de Ré

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1644 Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies

King Charles I
Charles I
  • 1651 English troops occupy Limerick, Ireland
  • 1676 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1682 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is founded.
  • 1688 King James II dismissses premier Robert Spencer
  • 1702 British troops plunder St Augustine, Florida
  • 1775 US Navy forms as the Continental Navy
  • 1780 Samuel Williams and the first U.S. astronomical expedition to record an eclipse of the sun observes the event at Penobscot Bay
  • 1787 Federalist letters start appearing in New York newspapers
  • 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo provides free navigation of Mississippi
  • 1806 The French Army enters in Berlin.
  • 1810 US annexes West Florida from Spain
  • 1830 Major-General Baron D Chasse bombs Antwerp (Belgium revolution)
  • 1838 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
  • 1863 Dutch railway to Harlingen opens
  • 1864 Battle of Boydton Plank Road, VA (Burgess' Mill, Southside Railroad)
  • 1864 2nd Battle of Fair Oaks, Va near Richmond
  • 1864 Confederate ship Albemarle torpedoed and sunk by a spar torpedo mounted on a steam launch
  • 1864 Siege of Petersburg, VA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Garibaldi marches on Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871 Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • 1884 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC
  • 1886 Musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain" performed in Russia
  • 1893 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Ga & Charleston SC
  • 1896 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
  • 1901 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes"
  • 1904 First New York subway opens - IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), fare set at one nickel (Bkln bridge-145 & Bdwy)
  • 1907 The first trial of the so called Eulenberg Affair, which will rock the highest circles of Germany, ends
  • 1913 President Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • 1914 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 1915 Andrew Fisher is replaced as Labour Prime Minister by William 'Billy' Hughes, who will advocate a more active role for Australians in the war
  • 1916 1st published reference to "jazz" appears (Variety)
  • 1916 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • 1917 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US
  • 1919 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • 1919 US Congress sign Volstead Act
  • 1920 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • 1920 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins
  • 1922 1st commemoration of Navy Day (USA)
  • 1922 Dutch 2nd Chamber votes for child labor laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 In Italy, Liberal Luigi Facta resigns in the face of threats from Mussolini that 'either the Government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome'

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924 The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
  • 1925 Water skis patented by Fred Waller
  • 1927 Queen Wilhelmina opens Meuse-Waal Canal in Nijmegen
  • 1931 Chuhei Numbu of Japan, sets then long jump record at 26' 2½"
  • 1933 Valentin Boreyko, Russia, rower (Oly Gld 1960), (d. 2012)
  • 1935 SDAP & NVV launchs "Plan for Work" in Utrect Netherlands
  • 1938 DuPont announces its new synthetic polyamide fiber will be called "nylon"
  • 1941 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
  • 1941 Nazi's directs gypsy ghetto in Belgrade
  • 1942 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • 1944 Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation
  • 1944 Tito reaches free Belgrade
  • 1945 "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 1945 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • 1946 Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 "You Bet Your Life" with Groucho Marx premieres on ABC radio

Comedian Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
  • 1947 WMAR TV channel 2 in Baltimore, MD (NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Albert Camus' "L'etat de Siege" premieres in Paris

Author Albert Camus
Albert Camus
  • 1948 Israel recaptures Nizzanim in Negev
  • 1948 Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).
  • 1950 Paul Creston's 3rd Symphony "Triumph of St Joan" premieres
  • 1952 "My Darlin' Aida" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 89 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 WISN TV channel 12 in Milwaukee, WI (ABC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Walt Disney's 1st TV show, "Disneyland", premieres on ABC

Animator Walt Disney
Walt Disney
  • 1954 Benjamin O. Davis Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
  • 1955 Argentine peso devalued
  • 1955 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo
  • 1957 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • 1957 WOWL TV channel 15 in Florence, AL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 WPTA TV channel 21 in Fort Wayne, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 Gen Ayub Khan succeeds Iskander Mirza as president of Pakistan
  • 1958 WEDU TV channel 3 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
  • 1960 AL admits LA & Washington to the league
  • 1960 Singer Ben E King records "Spanish Harlem" & "Stand By Me"
  • 1961 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • 1961 American Basketball League starts play
  • 1961 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of UN
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1962 "Beyond the Fringe" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 673 performances
  • 1962 Black Saturday - Russian nuclear missile crisis in Cuba
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry's most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
  • 1963 Bob Simpson completes 359 for NSW v Qld at Gabba
  • 1963 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Phoenix Thunderbirds Golf Tournament
  • 1964 "Ben Franklin in Paris" opens at Lunt Fontanne NYC for 215 performances
  • 1964 Congo rebel leader Christopher Gbenye holds 60 Americans & 800 Belgians
  • 1965 WCFT TV channel 33 in Tuscaloosa, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1966 UN deprives South Africa of Namibia
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1967 4 people from Baltimore pour blood on selective service records
  • 1967 Expo 67 closes in Montreal, Canada
  • 1967 NLF leaves People's Republic of South-Yemen
  • 1968 19th Olympic games close at Mexico City, Mexico

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1968 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA River Plantation Golf Invitational

LPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth
LPGA Golfer
Kathy Whitworth
  • 1969 Nobel prize for economy awarded to John Tinbergen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization knowns as Nader's Raiders

Political Activist Ralph Nader
Political Activist
Ralph Nader
  • 1969 St Vincent & Grenadines gains associated status with Britain
  • 1970 "Light, Lively & Yiddish" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 87 performances
  • 1971 Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire
  • 1971 Gerard Newe becomes the first Catholic to serve in any Northern Ireland government since 1920; Newe was appointed to try to improve community relations
  • 1972 Golden Gate National Recreation Area created
  • 1972 OPEC approves plan providing for 25 percent government ownership of all Western oil interests operating within Kuwait, Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia
  • 1973 1st time Islanders beat Rangers-3-2
  • 1973 Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6
  • 1974 Chantal Langlace runs female world record marathon (2:46:24)
  • 1975 Covers of both Time & Newsweek picture rock singer Bruce Springsteen
  • 1977 Amsterdam businessman M Caransa kidnapped
  • 1977 NASA launches space vehicle S-200
  • 1978 Begin & Sadat win Nobel Peace prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1979 Islanders score 2 goals within 6 seconds 3 goals within 44 seconds
  • 1979 St Vincent & Grenadines becomes independent of UK (Natl Day)
  • 1979 Voluntary Euthanasia Society publishes how-to-do-it suicide guide
  • 1980 Astros owner John McMullen replaces GM Tal Smith with Al Rosen
  • 1980 Dave Gryllis sets world bicycle speed record of 94.37 kph
  • 1981 Andrew Young, former UN Ambassador, elected mayor of Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1981 The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.
  • 1982 China announces its population at 1 billion people plus
  • 1982 IBM ROM is capable of EGA graphics
  • 1984 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 Wash State's Rueben Mayes sets col football rec of 357 yards rushing
  • 1985 15th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:28:34
  • 1985 16th NYC Marathon won by Orlando Pizzolato in 2:11:34
  • 1985 Anthony Carter begins NFL streak of 100+ consecutive game receptions
  • 1985 Billy Martin is fired by Yankees for 4th time
  • 1985 Hurricane Juan ravages US Gulf states & east coast, 49 die
  • 1985 KC Royals beat St Louis Cards, 4 games to 3 in 82nd World Series
  • 1985 Thieves steal 9 paintings, including 5 Monet's & 2 Renoir's
  • 1986 NY Mets beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 83rd World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 Paul McCartney release "Pretty Little Head"

Musician & member of the Beatles Paul McCartney
Musician & member of the Beatles
Paul McCartney
  • 1986 The United Kingdom government deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
  • 1987 Lucas Mangopes Democratic Party wins Bophuthatswana elections
  • 1987 Peter Shaffer's "Lettice & Lovage" premieres in London
  • 1987 South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution
  • 1988 "Les Miserables" opens at Forrest Theatre, Philadelphia
  • 1988 "ET" released to home video (14 million presold)
  • 1988 Larry Flynt paid hitman $1M to kill Hefner, Guccione & Sinatra
  • 1990 "Michael Feinstein in Concert" closes at Golden NYC after 30 performances
  • 1990 Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Bayakoa, Fly So Free, In The Wings, Meadow Star, Royal Academy, Safely Kept, Unbridled
  • 1990 Supreme Soviet of Kirghiz SSR chooses Askar Akayev as republic's first president.
  • 1991 "Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" closes at Broadhurst NYC after 9 performances
  • 1991 "Homecoming" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 49 performances
  • 1991 John Brodie wins Security Pacific Senior Golf Classic
  • 1991 Minnesota Twins beat Altanta Braves 1-0 in 10 to win World Series in 7
  • 1992 Don Baylor appointed 1st manager of Colorado Rockies
  • 1992 Fox is to launch Tuesday night network TV, rescheduled to Decemeber
  • 1992 Great Britain issues postage stamp on 100th anniversary of JRR Tolkien
  • 1992 Tipper Gore (wife of future VP) admits to covering clock on her VCR with black tape so she wouldn't have to watch it blink
  • 1993 Howard Stern's radio show begins broadcasting in El Paso Texas
  • 1995 Contract finalizing Cleveland Browns' move to Balt is signed
  • 1995 Meyrick Pringle takes cricket hat-trick in England tour game at Soweto
  • 1995 Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.
  • 1996 US beats Japan, 21½-14½, at Nichirei International Golf Tournament
  • 1997 Dow Jones crashes record 554 pts to 7161
  • 1997 Intel Corp buys Digital Equipment for $700 million
  • 1997 Microsoft argues it should be "free from government interference"
  • 1997 US releases a redesigned $50 bill
  • 1999 Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.
  • 1999 MLB World Series: New York Yankees defeat Atlanta Braves to win 4-0
  • 2001 13th College Football Holy War: Boston College beats Notre Dame 21-17 in Chestnut Hill
  • 2002 Anaheim Angels defeat San Francisco Giants 4-3 in baseball's World Series championship, MVP: Troy Glaus, Anaheim
  • 2002 The ITV Network aired a constant regional service for the last time in England and Wales, but LWT lost its identity completely. All companies (except UTV, Channel, Scottish TV & Grampian TV) formed the national ITV1 with regional references only before regional programmes.
  • 2004 The Boston Red Sox win the World Series for the first time in 86 years
  • 2005 Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.
  • 2006 MLB World Series: St. Louis Cardinals defeat Detroit Tigers to win 4-1
  • 2008 The banking group BNP Paribas states that Australia is in a risky position with regards to the global financial crisis as foreign liabilities accounted for 60% of the nation's GDP
  • 2011 The Royal Australian Navy announces that they discovered the wreck of a World War II submarine in Simpson Harbour, Papua New Guinea during Operation RENDER SAFE - it is likely to be Japanese.
  • 2011 MLB World Series Game 6: St. Louis Cardinal 3B David Freese hits game-tying 2 run triple with 2 outs in the 9th and then hits walk-off home run in the 11th
  • 2012 46 people are killed and 123 injured in Iraq after a series of attacks and bombs
  • 2012 Thousands demonstrate in Madrid against proposed budget cuts
  • 2013 38 people are killed in a series of car bombings in Bagdhad, Iraq
  • 2013 18 people are killed by a roadside bomb in Afghanistan
  • 2013 Giorgi Margvelashvili wins the Georgian Presidential election in a landslide victory
  • 2015 American soccer star Abby Wambach announces her retirement