Historical Events on 28th October

Event of interestEvent of Interest

306 Mark Aurelius Valerius Maxentius proclaimed emperor of Rome

Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
Maxentius

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

312 Emperor Constantine the Great beats rival Maxentius">Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor Maxentius
Roman Emperor
Maxentius
  • 969 Byzantine troops occupy Antioch (in modern Syria)
  • 1061 Emperor disposes of bishop Cadalus & Pope Honorius II
  • 1422 Charles V's son succeeds him as king Charles VII of France
  • 1467 Battle at Brustem: Charles the Stoute beats the Luikenaars

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1516 Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
  • 1531 Battle of Amba Sel: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
  • 1538 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola
  • 1574 Prince Willem of Orange installs university
  • 1595 Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1612 Robert Dowland appointed court luitist of King James I

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1628 Hugenot bulwark La Rochelle surrenders to Cardinal Richelieu
  • 1636 Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts) founded
  • 1646 First Protestant church assembly for American indians (Massachusetts)
  • 1664 The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1726 "Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift is published by Benjamin Motte in London

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1740 Ivan VI becomes Tsar of Russia [OS=Oct 17]
  • 1746 Peruvian cities of Lima & Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die
  • 1776 Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ
  • 1790 New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1834 The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
  • 1846 Pioneers suffer blizzard in Sierra Nevada; 42 die
  • 1848 The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
  • 1858 R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06
  • 1863 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • 1864 Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1864 Second Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends with 1554 casualties
  • 1864 Battle of Wauhatchie, TN
  • 1867 Maimonides College in Pennsylvania is first Jewish college in the US
  • 1882 Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1890 Last NL-AA World Series game Bkln ties Louisville 3 games & 1 tie
  • 1891 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, "Pathetique"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & Premier Botho zu Eulenburg

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1900 After over 5 months second Olympic games in Paris, France, close
  • 1904 St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
  • 1906 Belgian-British "Union Minière du Haut Katanga" mining company created in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo
  • 1908 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries
  • 1911 Bill Dobbie of Calgary Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
  • 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • 1914 Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates
  • 1915 Richard Strauss' Alpensymfonie, premieres in Berlin
  • 1916 Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • 1919 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Wilson's veto
  • 1921 First American gubernatorial recall election is held in South Dakota. Governor Lynn Frazier loses to Ragnvald A. Nestos.
  • 1921 Amsterdam's Tuschinski movie theater opens
  • 1922 First US coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924 French-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 1924 White Sox beat NY Giants 8-4 in Dublin, less than 20 fans attend

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 M.de Bruin, a quarry man and miner, discovers an infant fossil skull in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Popularly known as the Taung child, Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species called Australopithecus africanus (The Southern Africa Ape).

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • 1927 Josip Broz (Tito) begins 7 months jail sentence in Croatia
  • 1927 KLM-plane "Homing Pigeon" leaves Neth-Indies after 1st regular flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Bradman scores 131 NSW v Queensland, 212 mins, 14 fours

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1928 Indonesian child laws enforced in Bahasa Indonesia
  • 1929 Dow Jones plummets 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64
  • 1934 Brooklyn & Pittsburgh play a penalty free NFL game
  • 1935 Sidney Kingsley's "Dead End" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938 Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • 1939 Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 1939 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland
  • 1940 Greece successfully resists Italy's attack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Florence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Film release premierFilm Premier

1941 "How Green Was My Valley" based on the novel by Richard Llewellyn, directed by John Ford and starring Walter Pidgeon and Maureen O'Hara premieres in New York (Best Picture 1942)

Film director John Ford
Film director
John Ford
  • 1942 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • 1942 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
  • 1943 U-220 sinks
  • 1944 Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1946 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
  • 1948 Flag of Israel is adopted
  • 1949 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1951 2nd Formula One WDC: Juan Manuel Fangio wins by six points
  • 1952 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Women's Texas Golf Open
  • 1953 Bud Grant of Winnipeg Blue Bombers intercepts 5 passes (record)
  • 1953 Red Barber, resigns as Dodger sportscaster to join Yankees
  • 1954 Major league owners vote down sale of A's to a Phila syndicate
  • 1954 N Richard Nash' "Rainmaker" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Nobel Prize for Literature is awarded to Ernest Hemingway

  • 1955 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty
  • 1956 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus
  • 1957 WMVS TV channel 10 in Milwaukee, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1958 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, elected Pope, taking name John XXIII

  • 1958 Pete Runnels wins Comeback Player of Year (avg went from .230 to .322)
  • 1959 Buffalo Bills enter AFL
  • 1959 Jean Genet's "Les Negres" premieres in Paris
  • 1961 "Fiorello!" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 796 performances
  • 1961 Ground broken for Municipal (Shea) Stadium for NY Mets
  • 1962 NY Giant YA Tittle passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash Redskins (49-34)
  • 1962 Radio Moscow reports nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1962 Cuban missile crisis: US President JFK receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement

First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Nikita Khrushchev
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1965 Gateway Arch (630' (190m) high) completed in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI proclaims Jews not collectively guilty for crucifixion
  • 1966 Belgium's Gaston Roelants runs 12-4/5 miles in 1 hour
  • 1970 NBA Cleveland Cavaliers 1st home game, lose to San Diego 110-99
  • 1970 US/USSR sign an agreement to discuss joint space efforts
  • 1971 Great Britain becomes 6th nation to have a satellite (Prospero) in orbit
  • 1971 John & Yoko record "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in NYC
  • 1972 "Mother Earth" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1973 Elmore Smith of Lakers blocks 17 shots in a game (NBA record)
  • 1973 Sharon Miller wins LPGA Corpus Christi Civitan Golf Open
  • 1974 1st time 2 Islanders hat trick in same game-MacMillian & Westfall
  • 1974 Luna 23 launched (landing on Moon)
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 Calvin Murphy (Houston) begins NBA free throw streak of 58 games
  • 1975 Cleveland Metroparks assume operating responsibilities for Zoo
  • 1975 Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976
  • 1976 Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (NY Yankees)
  • 1976 Train collision at Goes Neth, 7 die
  • 1978 Don Ritchie runs world record 100k (6:10:20)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Bobby Orr scores his last career NHL goal (vs Detroit Red Wings)

Ice Hockey Legend Bobby Orr
Ice Hockey Legend
Bobby Orr
  • 1978 NBC's premiere of Kiss' acting debut, "Kiss Meets The Phantom of the Park" TV film
  • 1979 Dick Howser (best Yank mngr win-lost pct .636) replaces Billy Martin
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 Edward M McIntrye elected 1st black mayor of Augusta Georgia
  • 1981 NY Yankee George Frazier loses 3 World Series games
  • 1982 NASA launches RCA-E
  • 1982 Spain's socialists win/communists lose elections
  • 1984 14th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:29:30
  • 1984 15th NYC Marathon won by Orlando Pizzolato in 2:14:53
  • 1984 Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Nichirei Cup Team Match Golf Tournament
  • 1985 Ravi Ratnayeke takes 8-83 for Sri Lanka v Pakistan
  • 1986 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM changes call letters to KKOB
  • 1986 KOB-TV in Albuquerque NM's final transmission
  • 1986 The centennial of the Statue of Liberty's dedication is celebrated in New York Harbor.
  • 1988 Jurors award $147,000 to Tacoma parishioner seduced by her minister
  • 1988 Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen gives $10 million to University of Washington library
  • 1989 Oakland A's sweep SF Giants in earthquake/BART series
  • 1992 Lee Jang Rim predicts that today would be the end of the world!
  • 1993 Cleveland Metroparks lease Brookside Park from Cleveland for 99-years
  • 1993 Dutch Antilles government of Liberia-Peters resigns
  • 1994 Japanese space probe Sakigake passes Earth for 3rd time
  • 1995 Atlanta Braves beat Cleveland Indians in 6 games in World Series
  • 1995 Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Cigar, Desert Stormer, Inside Information, My Flag, Northern Spur, Ridgewood Pearl, Unbridled's Song
  • 1995 11th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats England 16-8
  • 1995 7th College Football Holy War: Notre Dame beats Boston College 20-10 in South Bend
  • 1996 Goa upset Karnataka to win their 1st Ranji Cricket Trophy game ever
  • 1997 NBA announces hiring of Dee Kantner & Violet Palmer as 1st women to officiate a major-league all-male sports league
  • 1998 An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.

Film release premierFilm Release

2001 The indie cult hit "Donnie Darko", starring Jake Gyllenhaal, is released

  • 2005 Plame affair: Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney's chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
  • 2006 Funeral service for the peace of the executed at Bykivnia forest, outside of Kiev, Ukraine, with reburial of 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s - early 1940s.
  • 2007 MLB World Series: Boston Red Sox defeat Colorado Rockies to win 4-0
  • 2008 In the UK, 500,000 mortgage holders are left in negative equity after house prices drop 15% since the previous summer
  • 2009 The 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing kills 117 and wounds 213.
  • 2009 NASA successfully launches the Ares I-X mission, the only rocket launch for its later-cancelled Constellation program.
  • 2011 MLB World Series: St. Louis Cardinals defeat Texas Rangers to win 4-3
  • 2012 Syrian ceasefire collapses and 128 people are killed in ongoing civil war violence
  • 2012 15 people are killed and 33 injured by a series of Baghdad car bombings
  • 2012 Sebastian Vettel wins the 2012 Formula One Indian Grand Prix
  • 2012 MLB World Series: San Francisco Giants defeat the Detroit Tigers to win 4-0
  • 2012 Pablo Sandoval is named MLB 2012 World Series MVP.
  • 2014 Kansas City Royals defeat the San Francisco Giants 10–0 in the 6th game to tie the 2014 World Series 3-3
  • 2015 World Heath Organization ranks Tuberculosis alongside HIV as world's deadliest infectious diseases, killing 1.2 million (2014)
  • 2015 Longest ever 1st game of Baseball World Series (5h 9min), Kansas City Royals defeat New York Mets 5-4, also joint longest by innings
  • 2015 Research indicating Plague dates back to the Bronze age in skeletons 5,783 years old, published by University of Copenhagen team in "Cell"
  • 2015 Third Republican presidential candidates debate run by CNBC in Boulder, Colorado