Historical Events on 30th October

  • 637 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge.
  • 701 John VI of Greece begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 942 Alberic nominates Pope Marinus II (Martinus III)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1077 Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV gives the district of Stavoren to the bishop of Utrecht (Conrad, his former tutor)

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1340 Battle of Rio Salado Battle (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula
  • 1389 French King Charles VI visits pope Clemens VII
  • 1468 Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, occupies & plunders Liege
  • 1470 Wars of the Roses: Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle.
  • 1485 Henry VII of England crowned at Westminster Abbey
  • 1489 Peace of Tours, between emperor Maximilian I & Flemings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1502 Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut, India for the second time.

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama
  • 1503 Queen Isabella of Spain bans violence against indians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Church in England - a role formerly held by the Pope

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1611 Gustaaf II Adolf (17) becomes king of Sweden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1629 King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath

King Charles I
King
Charles I
  • 1697 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War
  • 1739 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkin's Ear [NS=Oct 19]
  • 1768 First Methodist church in North American colonies initiated (Wesley Chapel, NYC)
  • 1772 Captain Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown
  • 1851 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • 1864 Helena, Montana's capital, founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1868 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • 1871 Phila Athletics beat Chicago for 1st Natl Association baseball pennant
  • 1873 P T Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)
  • 1883 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • 1886 Great Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa
  • 1888 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • 1888 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month
  • 1893 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • 1894 Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • 1894 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).
  • 1896 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
  • 1899 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers beat lt-general White's army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1900 First-ever US auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in NYC
  • 1901 Battle at Bakenlaagte: lt-col Benson's unit vs Boers
  • 1903 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • 1911 Clark Griffith is named manager of Wash Senators
  • 1914 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers', begins
  • 1917 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration
  • 1918 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • 1918 WW I: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • 1919 Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of spitball
  • 1920 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 1922 Anxious to compete with the Yankees, the NY Giants pay $65,000 & 3 players for Jack Bentley (hits .349 & is 13-1 as pitcher in 1922)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Benito Mussolini forms government in Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1925 KUT-AM in Austin TX begins radio transmissions
  • 1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.
  • 1930 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship
  • 1931 W2XB TV channel 1 in NYC, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 A radio broadcast of H. G. Wells "The War of the Worlds", narrated by Orson Welles, allegedly causes a mass panic

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1939 USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard
  • 1940 Cole Porters musical "Panama Hattie" premieres in New York City

Film release premierFilm Premier

1940 Film premiere of "One Night in the Tropics" first film for Abbott and Costello Paterson New Jersey.

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • 1941 USS Reuben James torpedoed by Germans, even though US is not in war
  • 1942 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • 1942 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
  • 1943 Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN
  • 1943 Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukranian Front

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washinton DC

Composer Aaron Copland
Composer
Aaron Copland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • 1944 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 1944 Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II
  • 1944 Tholen Island (Netherlands) freed during WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • 1945 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • 1947 23 countries sign GATT agreement in Geneva
  • 1947 Darius Milhauds 3rd Symphony "Hymnus Ambrosianus," premieres in Paris
  • 1948 20 die & 6,000 made ill by smog in Donora, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Operation Hiram: Israelis take control of Galilee
  • 1949 "Lost in the Stars" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 281 performances
  • 1949 Kurt Weill & Maxwell Anderson's musical premieres in NYC
  • 1950 David Diamond's 3rd Symphony, premieres
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1952 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas
  • 1952 4th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Dr Albert Schweitzer & Gen George Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1954 US Defense Department announces elimination of all racially segregated regiments
  • 1954 1st use of 24-sec shot clock in pro basketball (Rochester vs Boston)
  • 1955 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • 1955 7th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • 1956 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad
  • 1956 Dodgers sell Ebbets Field to a real estate group. They agree to stay until 1959, with an option to stay until 1961
  • 1957 Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 11th Symphony premieres in Moscow
  • 1957 Soviet Union launches Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika
  • 1957 WLWI (now WTHR) TV channel 13 in Indianapolis, IN (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • 1957 WYTV TV channel 33 in Youngstown, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Guatemala's "La Hora" reports plan for invasion on Cuba
  • 1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
  • 1960 12th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Rex White wins
  • 1961 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba - most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated
  • 1961 UN unanimously elects U Thant acting secretary general after the death of Dag Hammarskjöld in a plane crash

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1963 Morocco & Algeria sign cease fire
  • 1963 Sandy Koufax wins NL MVP award
  • 1964 Tran Van Huong appointed premier of South Vietnam
  • 1965 Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Las Cruces Golf Open
  • 1965 Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1966 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Las Cruces Ladies Golf Open

LPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth
LPGA Golfer
Kathy Whitworth
  • 1966 16th NASCAR Sprint Cup: David Pearson wins
  • 1967 Arthur Allyn says White Sox will play 9 games in Milwaukee in 1968
  • 1967 Ferdinand Bracke bicycles world record time (48,093 km)
  • 1967 USSR Kosmos 186 & 188 make 1st automatic docking & Venmera 13 launch
  • 1968 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • 1968 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)
  • 1968 Queen Juliana opens IJ tunnel in Amsterdam
  • 1968 Jack Lynch, Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), meets with Harold Wilson, then British Prime Minister, in London, calling for the ending of partition as a means to resolve the unrest in Northern Ireland
  • 1969 WXPO (now WNDS) TV channel 50 in Manchester, NH (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1970 KVEW TV channel 42 in Kennewick, WA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 There are serious riots in the Catholic Ardoyne area of Belfast which last for three nights
  • 1970 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British Home Secretary Reginald Maulling to discuss matters related to reforms and security
  • 1972 Worst US rail accident in 14 years; 45 die in Chicago,Illinois
  • 1972 The Northern Ireland Office issues a discussion document 'The Future of Northern Ireland'; the paper states Britain's commitment to the union as long as the majority of people wish to remain part of the United Kingdom
  • 1972 Loyalist paramilitaries carry out a raid on Royal Ulster Constabulary station in County Derry, and steal 4 British Army Sterling sub-machine Guns
  • 1973 Tom Seaver becomes 1st non-20-game winner to win Cy Young award
  • 1973 The Bosporus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 California Angel Nolan Ryan throws fastest recorded pitch (100.9 MPH)

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1974 Catfish Hunter is named AL Cy Young Award

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Muhammad Ali KOs George Foreman in 8th round in Kinshasa Zaire ('The Rumble in the Jungle')

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1974 "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre" horror film premieres in Los Angeles
  • 1975 Giants pitcher John "the Count of" Montefusco wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 1975 John Bucyk, Boston, became 7th NHLer to score 500 goals
  • 1975 King Juan Carlos assumes power in Spain
  • 1975 NY Daily News runs headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead"
  • 1976 "Going Up" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 49 performances
  • 1976 Jane Pauley becomes news co-anchor of Today Show
  • 1976 Rev Joseph Evans elected president of United Church of Christ
  • 1977 Panama 747SP lands after polar flight around Earth in record 54:07
  • 1978 Laura Nickel & Curt Noll find 25th Mersenne prime, 2 ^ 21701-1
  • 1978 Uganda troops attack Tanzania
  • 1979 NASA launches space vehicle S-203
  • 1979 Richard Arrington, Jr. is elected the first African American mayor in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1980 Honduras & El Salvador settle their boundary dispute
  • 1980 NASA launches Flt Satcom-4
  • 1982 Portugal revises constitution
  • 1983 The first democratic elections are held in Argentina after seven years of military rule.
  • 1984 Tigers reliever Willie Hernandez wins AL Cy Young Award
  • 1985 22nd Space Shuttle Mission (61-A)-Challenger 9-launched
  • 1986 Discovery moves to OPF where more than 200 modifications are made
  • 1987 In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
  • 1988 2 gambling clubs & 1 player share 61.38 M California lotto jackpot

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1988 Beth Daniel wins Nichirei Ladies Cup US-Japan Team Golf Championship

LPGA Golfer Beth Daniel
LPGA Golfer
Beth Daniel
  • 1988 Jim Elliott (US) completes 24-hr paced outdoor race for 548.9 mi
  • 1988 NY Jets finally beat Pittsburgh Steelers for 1st time
  • 1989 August A Busch III becomes CEO of St Louis Cards
  • 1989 Smith Dairy at Orrville Ohio, makes largest milk shake (1,575.2 gal)
  • 1990 Britain and France complete the "Chunnel" under the English Channel
  • 1991 Colombian government negotiate with M-19-guerrilla
  • 1991 Mark Sauer becomes CEO of Pittsburgh Pirates
  • 1991 Mid East peace conference begins in Madrid Spain
  • 1992 MTA begins installing automated fare collection turnstiles
  • 1993 Toronto Maple Leafs lose 1st game of season after going 10-0-0
  • 1994 Leftist coalition wins Macedonian parliamentary election
  • 1994 Thomas Nicely reports bug in Intel's Pentium-processor on Internet
  • 1994 US wins Nichirei LPGA Golf International
  • 1995 Quebec Referendum votes to remain part of Canada
  • 1996 Exxon confirms that it is in talks with state-owned Qatar General Petroleum Corporation concerning the application of new technology to convert natural gas to petroleum products
  • 1997 "The Cherry Orchard" opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC
  • 1997 Shirley Allen, 51, held Illinois police off for 39 days captured
  • 2002 British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.

Film release premierFilm Premier

2003 "Wicked" premieres on Broadway at the Gershwin Theatre starring Idina Menzel and Kristin Chenoweth,

Actress/Singer Idina Menzel
Actress/Singer
Idina Menzel
  • 2005 The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.

Film release premierFilm Premier

2011 "The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn - Part 1" based on the book by Stephenie Meyer, directed by Bill Condon, starring Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattison, premieres at the Rome Film Festival

  • 2012 Walt Disney purchases Lucasfilm Ltd and its rights for Star Wars and Indiana Jones for $4.05 billion
  • 2013 44 people are killed after a bus catches fire in Mahbubnagar, India
  • 2013 MLB World Series: Boston Red Sox defeat St Louis Cardinals to win 4-2
  • 2014 Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks win the 2014 Japan Series