Historical Events on 7th October

  • 3761 BC The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar (Proleptic Julian calendar).
  • 336 Pope Saint Mark's death ends his reign as Catholic Pope leaving the papacy vacant

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1492 Columbus misses Florida when he changes course

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1506 Pope Julius II & France occupy Bologna

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1513 Battle of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
  • 1520 1st public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain
  • 1542 Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast
  • 1571 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroys Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece
  • 1637 Prince Frederik Henry occupies Breda
  • 1690 English attack Quebec under Louis de Buade
  • 1702 British/Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
  • 1714 People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar Neth
  • 1737 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft & kill 300,000 (Bengal, India)
  • 1763 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north & west of Alleghenies to white settlement
  • 1765 Stamp Act Congress convenes in NY
  • 1777 Americans beat British in 2nd Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • 1780 British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
  • 1806 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood
  • 1816 1st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
  • 1825 Miramichi Fire, disaster in New Brunswick
  • 1826 Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
  • 1828 The Greek city of Patras is liberated by the French expeditionary force in Peloponnese under General Maison.
  • 1840 Willem I resigns as king of Netherlands
  • 1856 Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book & newspapers
  • 1864 -Oct 13th) Battle of Darbytown Road, VA
  • 1864 Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor, Brazil - CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
  • 1868 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • 1870 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • 1871 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • 1879 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • 1882 1st World Series (game 2), Chicago (NL) beats Cincinnati (AA) 2-0
  • 1886 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • 1891 31st British Golf Open: Hugh Kirkaldy shoots a 166 at St Andrews
  • 1900 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
  • 1904 NY Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
  • 1907 France's Henri Farman flies 30m in a biplane
  • 1908 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • 1908 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • 1912 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1913 Henry Ford institutes moving assembly line

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1916 Georgia Tech, coached by John Heisman, defeat Cumberland 222-0, the most lopsided score in the history of college football

Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach John Heisman
Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach
John Heisman
  • 1916 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
  • 1919 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • 1919 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 KLM, Royal Ducth Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • 1922 First radio link, WNJ (Newark) & WGY (Senectady) link for World Series
  • 1922 Landis insists Game 4 of World Series be played despite heavy rain
  • 1922 Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
  • 1923 Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
  • 1924 Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms
  • 1926 Actress Theo Mann-Master resigns from stage
  • 1926 Italian Great Fascist Council forms
  • 1927 Yank Herb Pennock retires 1st 22 Pirates in World Series game

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1928 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1928 Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia
  • 1929 Ramsay MacDonald is first British premier to address US Congress
  • 1931 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
  • 1933 NY Giants beat Washington Senators, 4 games to 1 in 30th World Series
  • 1935 Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 32nd World Series
  • 1935 Himmler/Hess/Heydrich inspect the concentration camp at Dachau
  • 1936 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel
  • 1937 Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1938 Germany requires all Jewish passports be stamped with letter J
  • 1940 Reds Bucky Walters is 1st pitcher in 14 years to homer in World Series
  • 1940 World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
  • 1941 German army occupies Viarma, USSR
  • 1942 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • 1942 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing harbor (Neth)
  • 1942 Maxwell Andersons "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 US & British government announce establishment of United Nations
  • 1942 Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal, to become wrestling champ
  • 1943 Weill/Perelman/Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1944 Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1944 Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
  • 1944 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • 1945 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
  • 1946 Charles Ives' 2nd string quartet premieres
  • 1947 Larry MacPhail resigns as Yank GM after final game of World Series
  • 1949 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
  • 1950 NY Yankees sweep Philadelphia Phillies in 47th World Series
  • 1950 US forces invade Korea by crossing 38th parallel
  • 1950 Walter Bedell Smith replaces Roscoe H Hillenkoetter as 4th CIA head

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1950 Whitey Ford wins his 1st World Series game 5-2

MLB Pitcher Whitey Ford
MLB Pitcher
Whitey Ford
  • 1950 William H Jackson becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1950 Yanks win 13th world championship sweeping Phillies

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1951 David Ben-Gurion forms 3rd Israeli government

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1952 NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 3 in 49th World Series

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1952 First "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)

Radio and Television Personality Dick Clark
Radio and Television Personality
Dick Clark
  • 1952 Yankees tie their own record of 4 consecutive World Series wins
  • 1953 Bill Veeck tells Browns stockholders he faces bankruptcy unless they drop their suit to block his move to Baltimore, they comply
  • 1954 Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of the Muslim Brothership, arrested in Egypt
  • 1954 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem
  • 1955 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1955 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1956 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Open
  • 1957 KOAC TV channel 7 in Corvallis, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1957 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Invitational

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • 1958 Potter Stewart appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1958 US manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury
  • 1959 "Happy Town" opens at 84th St Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1959 Far side of Moon seen for 1st time, compliments of USSR's Luna 3
  • 1960 "Route 66" premieres

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1960 2nd JFK & Richard Nixon debate

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Film-release-premierFilm Release

1960 Stanley Kubrick's "Spartacus", starring Kirk Douglas, is released

Film Director Stanley Kubrick
Film Director
Stanley Kubrick
Actor Kirk Douglas
Actor
Kirk Douglas
  • 1961 "Bye Bye Birdie" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 607 performances
  • 1961 15th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Chicago 3-1 at Chicago
  • 1962 8th LPGA Championship won by Judy Kimball
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Bobby Baker resigns as Senate Democratic secretary
  • 1963 Hurricane Flora hits Haiti & Dominican Republic, kills 7,190

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1963 JFK signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 NY Yankees make 14th appearance in last 16 & 29th in 61 World Series
  • 1965 Charles Linster does 6,006 consecutive push-ups
  • 1965 50 mph gust helps Robert Mitera ace 447-yd 10th hole at Miracle Hills, Omaha, Nebr to score world's longest straight hole-in-one
  • 1967 Beatles turn down $1 million NY concert offer by Sid Berstein
  • 1967 Rolf Hochhuth's "Soldaten" premieres in West Berlin
  • 1968 Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system
  • 1968 Rioting continues in Derry, Northern Ireland after Royal Ulster Constabulary put down civil rights march two days earlier
  • 1969 WJMN TV channel 3 in Escanaba, MI (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 T McNally's "Where has Tommy Flowers gone?" premieres in NYC
  • 1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Brian Faulkner meets with British Prime Minister Edward Heath; they agree to send an additional 1,500 British Army troops to Northern Ireland

Film-release-premierFilm Premier

1971 "The French Connection" directed by William Friedkin and starring Gene Hackman, Roy Scheider and Fernando Rey premieres in the US (Best Picture 1972)

  • 1972 1st season game at Nassau Coliseum, Flames-3, Islanders-2
  • 1973 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Lincoln-Mercury Golf Open
  • 1973 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • 1973 24th Formula One WDC: Jackie Stewart wins by 16 points
  • 1974 German Democratic Republic amends constitution
  • 1975 Players' Association files a suit on behalf of Dodgers' Andy Messersmith
  • 1975 US decides John Lennon won't be deported due to UK pot conviction
  • 1975 MLB National League Championship: Cincinnati Reds beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 3 games to 0
  • 1975 MLB American League Championship: Boston Red Sox beat Oakland Athletics, 3 games to 0
  • 1977 Guitarist Steve Hackett quits Genesis
  • 1977 USSR adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • 1978 LA Dodgers win the pennant
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1978 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 1
  • 1978 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Kansas City Royals, 3 games to 1
  • 1979 "1940's Radio Hour" opens at St James Theater NYC for 105 performances
  • 1979 "Eubie!" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 439 performances
  • 1979 Cleveland Browns' Dino Hall sets club records with 9 kickoff returns
  • 1979 Debbie Massey wins LPGA Wheeling Golf Classic
  • 1979 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1979 Frank Mahovlich formally retires from the NHL after a failed comeback attempt with the Detroit Red Wings

NHL Legend Frank Mahovlich
NHL Legend
Frank Mahovlich
  • 1979 30th Formula One WDC: Jody Scheckter wins by four points
  • 1980 Belgium 3rd government of Martens resigns

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1981 Hosni Mubarak becomes acting-president of Egypt

Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak
Egyptian President
Hosni Mubarak
  • 1981 In 1st Eastern Division championship Yanks beat Brewers 5-3
  • 1982 Olof Palme forms Swedish government
  • 1982 Musical "Cats" opens at Winter Garden Theater on Broadway NYC and runs for nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.
  • 1984 Striking umps return for Game 5 of NLCS, SD Padres win pennant

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1984 Walter Payton passes Jim Brown as NFL's career rushing leader

NFL Running Back Walter Payton
NFL Running Back
Walter Payton
NFL Legend Jim Brown
NFL Legend
Jim Brown
  • 1984 MLB National League Championship: San Diego Padres beat Chicago Cubs, 3 games to 2
  • 1985 21st Space Shuttle Mission (51-J)-Atlantis 1 lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1985 KHQ-AM in Spokane Wash's final transmission
  • 1985 Lynette Woodward, chosen as 1st woman on Harlem Globetrotters
  • 1985 PLO terrorists sieze Italian cruise liner Achille Lauro
  • 1986 First edition of new British newspaper "Independent" published

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1986 Steve Yzerman is named captain of the Detroit Red Wings, a title he would hold for over 1,300 games

NHL Legend Steve Yzerman
NHL Legend
Steve Yzerman
  • 1988 Jim Fregosi is fired as manager of White Sox
  • 1988 Latvian flag raised in Riga for first time since annexation by USSR
  • 1988 Lou Piniella is fired as manager of Yankees for 2nd time
  • 1988 WNBC 660 final transmission, WFAN moves from 1050 to 660 & WUKQ begins on 1050 at 5:30 PM (NYC radio)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 Howard Stern's US Open Sores Tennis match

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 Rickey Henderson steals a record 8 bases in a play off (5 games)

MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson
MLB Outfielder
Rickey Henderson

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1990 Beth Daniel wins LPGA Centel Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Beth Daniel
LPGA Golfer
Beth Daniel
  • 1990 Israel begins handing out gas masks to its citizens
  • 1991 Child star Adam Rich arrested for stealing hypodermics
  • 1991 Scorecard Harry, Space Appeal & Cafe Lex in 9th race at Belmont, creating 2nd triple dead heat in NY thoroughbred racing history
  • 1991 Law Professor Anita Hill accuses Supreme nominee Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriate comments to her
  • 1992 Tampa Bay Lightning become 1st NHL expansion team to win opener (7-2)
  • 1993 "Les Miserables," opens at Meralco Theatre, Philippines
  • 1993 "She Loves Me" opens at Atkinson Theater NYC for 294 performances
  • 1993 Massive Muslim demonstrate in Xining China PR, 12 killed
  • 1993 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Toni Morrison
  • 1994 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1994 Faud Guliyev appointed premier of Azerbijan
  • 1994 Ingvar Carlsson forms Swedish government
  • 1994 Lu Bin swims female 200m medley world record (2:11.57)
  • 1995 Boston's Fleet Center opens, NY Islanders & Boston Bruins tie at 4-4
  • 1995 Mariners rally from 5-0 to force Game 5 of Division Series vs Yankees
  • 1998 Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, is found tied to a fence after being savagely beaten by two young adults in Laramie, Wyoming.
  • 2000 The last ever competitive soccer match at Wembley Stadium is a 1-0 defeat of England by Germany and the last goal was scored by Liverpool's Dietmar Hammann. The match was Tony Adams' 60th at Wembley setting the record for most appearances at the stadium.
  • 2001 The U.S. invasion of Afghanistan starts with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.
  • 2001 Crude oil resumes flowing through the trans-Alaska pipeline after workers welded shut a bullet hole that caused 260,000 US gallons of oil to spill out

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2003 Gray Davis is recalled as Governor of California, three years before the official end of his office term. Film star Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected Governor.

Actor, Body Builder & Politician Arnold Schwarzenegger
Actor, Body Builder & Politician
Arnold Schwarzenegger
  • 2003 American gubernatorial recall election is held in California. Governor Gray Davis is recalled and Arnold Schwarzenegger becomes governor.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2004 King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates.

King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk
King of Cambodia
Norodom Sihanouk

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2009 A digital version of psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung's 'Red Book' is published 48 years after his death and contains personal notes on his subconscious during the period in which he developed his principal theories

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Psychiatrist
Carl Jung
  • 2012 13 people are killed after a Sudanese military aeroplane crashes near Khartoum
  • 2012 Sébastien Loeb wins the World Rally Championship for the ninth consecutive year
  • 2013 Mulatu Teshome becomes president of Ethiopia
  • 2013 James Rothman, Randy Schekman and  Thomas C. Südhof win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work on transport systems in cells
  • 2014 Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura win the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics for inventing blue light emitting diodes
  • 2014 Spanish nurse diagnosed with Ebola, the first case outside west Africa

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2015 US President Barack Obama apologies to Doctors without Borders President and the President of Afghanistan for the bombing of a hospital in Kunduz

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
  • 2015 Nobel prize in Chemistry awarded to Tomas Lindahl (Sweden), Paul Modrich (US) and Aziz Sancar (Turkey) for work on cells DNA repair