Historical Events on 8th October

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

314 Battle at Cibalae: Roman emperor in the west Constantine beats emperor in the eas tLicinius

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 451 Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens
  • 876 Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bald
  • 1075 Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.
  • 1085 San Marcos minstery in Venice initiated

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1480 Great standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which resulted in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and eventual disintegration of the Horde.

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1492 Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1600 San Marino adopts constitution
  • 1604 Supernova "Kepler's nova" first sighted
  • 1625 Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz
  • 1633 Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government
  • 1690 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1712 French privateer Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
  • 1740 Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1769 Captain James Cook lands in New Zealand (Poverty Bay)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1775 Officers decide to bar slaves & free blacks from Continental Army
  • 1806 British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
  • 1813 Treaty of Ried between Bayern & Austria
  • 1815 Joachim Murat's forces land at Pizzo, Italy
  • 1818 Two English boxers are first to use padded gloves

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1821 The government of General José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1822 First eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1835 Charles Darwin reaches James Island, Galapagos archipelago, on HMS Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1840 First Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 1856 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
  • 1860 Telegraph line between LA & SF opens
  • 1862 Battle of Perryville, KY- Confederate invasion halted

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1862 Otto Von Bismarck becomes chancellor of the German Empire

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • 1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • 1871 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • 1871 Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
  • 1873 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • 1879 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • 1886 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
  • 1887 Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
  • 1888 28th British Golf Open: Jack Burns shoots a 171 at St Andrews
  • 1892 Sergei Rachmaninoff first performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
  • 1895 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • 1896 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
  • 1897 Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera
  • 1898 First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • 1903 J M Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
  • 1904 1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY)
  • 1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates first 'permanent wave' for hair in London
  • 1908 NY Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920)
  • 1909 Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
  • 1912 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • 1915 Battle of Loos WWI, almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed
  • 1915 Phillies win their 1st & only World Series game before 1980, beating Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1917 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1918 American soldier Sgt Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
  • 1922 NY Giants beat Yankees, 4 games to 0, with a tie in 19th World Series
  • 1924 British Labour government of Ramsay MacDonald falls to Conservatives
  • 1927 NY Yankees sweep Pirates in 24th World Series
  • 1927 Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)
  • 1928 Cole Porter & E Ray Goetz' musical "Paris" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 Eastern Soccer League forms in USA
  • 1928 Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.
  • 1929 A's Howard Ehmke (7-2) sets World Series record striking out 13 Cubs
  • 1929 Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan/drives out H Ghazi
  • 1930 Phila A's beat St Louis Cards, 4 games to 2 in 27th World Series
  • 1932 The Indian Air Force is established.
  • 1933 Coit Tower dedicated in San Francisco as a monument to firefighters
  • 1933 Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Charles Lindbergh's son

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1938 G Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • 1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
  • 1939 NY Yankees sweep Reds in 36th World Series, 4th straight WS win
  • 1940 Cin Reds beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3, in 37th World Series
  • 1940 German troops occupies Romania
  • 1941 Building at Concentration Camp Birkenau begins
  • 1942 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1942 Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launch their weekly radio show

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • 1943 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • 1944 "The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1944 Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres

Composer Samuel Barber
Composer
Samuel Barber

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1945 Microwave oven patented

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1946 Kwo-less-shrew selects Gen Chiang Kai-shek as President of China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1946 Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
  • 1950 4th NHL All-Star Game: Detroit beat All-Stars 7-1 at Detroit
  • 1950 Cleveland Browns play Pittsburgh for 1st time, beat Steelers 30-17
  • 1951 "Music in the Air" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 56 performances
  • 1951 Ford C Frick replaces Happy Chandler as 3rd commissioner of baseball Warren C Giles becomes president of baseball's National League
  • 1952 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • 1952 Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1953 Birmingham Alabama, bars Jackie Robinson's Negro-White All-Stars from playing there Robinson gives in & drops white players from his group

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • 1953 WTAP TV channel 15 in Parkersburg-Marietta, WV (NBC) begins
  • 1955 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • 1956 Don Larsen, NY, pitches only perfect World Series game, vs Brooklyn
  • 1957 Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
  • 1957 Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
  • 1957 Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
  • 1957 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1958 Braves Eddie Mathews strikes out for World Series record 11th time
  • 1958 Dr Ake Senning installs first pacemaker (Stockholm)
  • 1958 KCMT TV channel 7 in Alexandria, MN (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 "At the Drop of a Hat" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 216 performances
  • 1959 Conservatives win British general election
  • 1959 LA Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series
  • 1960 3rd Rugby League World Cup: Great Britain beats Australia 10-3
  • 1960 Bobby Richarson hits a World Series grand slammer

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1961 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Bill Brannin's Swing Parade Golf Tournament

LPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls
LPGA Golfer
Betsy Rawls
  • 1961 US Constellation crashes at Richmond Virginia, 74 die
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • 1961 12th Formula One WDC: Phil Hill wins by one point
  • 1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • 1962 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • 1962 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about a NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
  • 1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
  • 1964 Gilroy Roberts becomes first US chief engraver to retire (than die)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1964 Ringo Starr takes & passes his driving test

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1965 Muslims in Jakarta set fire to PKI-headquarters
  • 1965 Post Office Tower opens in London, tallest building in England
  • 1965 Once-Hertogenbosch soccer team FC de Bosch forms
  • 1965 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1966 Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yds (54, 54, 52)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1967 Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1968 Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly Britsh HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina
  • 1969 The opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1970 Soviet author Alexander Isayevich Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1970 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1971 John Lennon releases his megahit "Imagine"

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 "From Israel with Love" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1972 Harold Carmichael begins NFL streak of 127 consecutive game receptions
  • 1972 In Game 2 of ALCS, A's Bert Campaneris fires his bat at Det pitcher
  • 1972 Lerrin LaGrow Campy, who had been hit by a pitch, is fined & suspended
  • 1972 23rd Formula One WDC: Emerson Fittipaldi wins by 16 points

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1973 NLCS game 3 brawl between Cins' Pete Rose & NY Met Bud Harrelson

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1973 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • 1973 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • 1974 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • 1976 Sex Pistols sign with EMI
  • 1977 Largest baseball crowd in Penns, 64,924 see Dodgers beat Phillies 4-1 in 4th NL championship game (Dodgers win pennant)
  • 1977 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 1
  • 1978 Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
  • 1978 Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1978 29th Formula One WDC: Mario Andretti wins by 13 points

Racing Car Driver Mario Andretti
Racing Car Driver
Mario Andretti
  • 1979 "Sugar Babies" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 1208 performances

Music-awardsMusic Awards

1979 13th Country Music Association Award: Willie Nelson, Kenny Rogers & Barbara Mandrell wins

Country Singer Willie Nelson
Country Singer
Willie Nelson
Country Singer Kenny Rogers
Country Singer
Kenny Rogers
  • 1979 J McHugh & A Malvin's musical "Sugar Babies" premieres in NYC

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1980 After playing two shows at the Madison Square Garden, Bob Marley collapsed in Central Park while jogging, brought to Sloan-Kettering Hospital

Reggae Musician Bob Marley
Reggae Musician
Bob Marley
  • 1980 British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro
  • 1980 USSR & Syria sign peace treaty
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1981 USAC appeals panel restores disputed Indy 500 victory to Bobby Unser

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1981 President Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford & Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1982 NJ Devils 1st victory, beating NY Rangers 3-2 at Meadowlands
  • 1982 Poland bans Solidarity & all labor unions
  • 1983 1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
  • 1983 Washington Capitals 1st NHL overtime game losing to NY Islanders 8-7
  • 1983 MLB National League Championship: Philadelphia Phillies beat Los Angeles Dodgers, 3 games to 1
  • 1983 MLB American League Championship: Baltimore Orioles beat Chicago White Sox, 3 games to 1
  • 1984 18th Country Music Association Award: Alabama wins
  • 1984 NBC's premiere of TV made "The Burning Bed", based on Francine Hughes
  • 1985 "Rembrandt & Hitler or Me" premieres in Amsterdam
  • 1985 Alain Boubil/Herbert Kretzner's "Les Miserables" premieres in London
  • 1985 Little Richard seriously injured in a car accident
  • 1986 Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0
  • 1986 RUN DMC calls for a day of peace among LA street gangs
  • 1988 Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
  • 1988 Jay Howell ejected in NLCS game 3 for having pine tar on his glove
  • 1989 Oakland beats Toronto, 4-3 in Game 5, to advance to the World Series
  • 1989 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Toronto Blue Jays, 4 games to 1
  • 1990 24th Country Music Association Award: George Strait wins
  • 1990 Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
  • 1990 US doctors Joseph E Murray & E Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize
  • 1991 The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
  • 1992 Nobel Prize for literature is given to West Indies poet Derek Walcott
  • 1992 Ottawa Senators 1st NHL game
  • 1992 Pioneer Venus Orbiter (1st Venus orbiter-1978), crashes into Venus

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1993 Howard Stern releases his 1st book "Private Parts"

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1993 UN lifts remaining economic sanctions against South Africa
  • 1994 6th College Football Holy War: Boston College beats Notre Dame 30-11 in Chestnut Hill
  • 1994 BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Aleta Sill

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1995 Dolphin's Dan Marino breaks Tarkenton's NFL career completions record

Hall of Fame NFL Quarterback Dan Marino
Hall of Fame NFL Quarterback
Dan Marino
  • 1995 Edgar Martinez drives home tying & winning runs to rally Mariners to 6-5 win in bottom of 11th to beat Yankees & win AL Division Series
  • 1998 Oslo Gardermoen airport opening after the close down of Fornebu.
  • 1999 New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2001 U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 2001 A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2003 Peter Agre and Roderick MacKinnon win the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes

Molecular biologist Peter Agre
Molecular biologist
Peter Agre
  • 2005 The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC.
  • 2011 Irish professional darts player Brendan Dolan plays 1st perfect 9 dart game on TV in semi-final against James Wade at PDC World Darts Championship in Dublin
  • 2012 35 people are killed by a Nigerian military bomb struck a convoy in Maiduguri

Electoral-defeatElectoral Victory

2012 Hugo Chávez is re-elected as president of Venezuela for a fourth term

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 2012 Mustafa A.G. Abushagur, the first elected Libyan Prime Minister, is voted out of office by the Libyan parliament

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2012 John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka win the 2012 Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work on reprogramming end stage cells to become pluripotent

Developmental biologist John B. Gurdon
Developmental biologist
John B. Gurdon
Physician Shinya Yamanaka
Physician
Shinya Yamanaka
  • 2013 Peter Higgs and François Englert win the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on the origin of the mass of subatomic particles
  • 2014 The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra is awarded the $1 million Birgit Nilsson Prize
  • 2014 Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2015 Actress and singer Selena Gomez reveals she has Lupus

Singer and Actress Selena Gomez
Singer and Actress
Selena Gomez
  • 2015 Nobel prize for Literature awarded to Belarusian journalist and author Svetlana Alexievich