Historical Events on September 17

Events 1 - 200 of 238

  • 642 Arab forces under Amr ibn al-'As conquer Alexandria and destory the library

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1156 Emperor Frederick Barbarossa issues the 'Privilegium Minus' decree, which elevated Austria to a duchy.

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1176 At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule.
  • 1394 Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
  • 1462 The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
  • 1562 Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
  • 1584 Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma
  • 1595 Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henri IV as king of France
  • 1598 Netherland sailors discover Mauritius
  • 1631 Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf of Sweden defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
  • 1644 French troops occupy Mainz
  • 1678 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • 1683 Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria
  • 1691 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
  • 1730 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1737 Georg-August University opens in Göttingen
  • 1745 Edinburgh occupied by Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart (aka the Young Pretender or Bonny Prince Charlie)
  • 1776 The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
  • 1778 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
  • 1787 Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1787 US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1809 Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
  • 1819 First whaling ship arrives in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Charles Darwins lands on Chatham in Galapagos archipelago

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • 1850 Great fire in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton

MurderMurder of Interest

1859 James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary

Squatter James Donnelly
Squatter
James Donnelly
  • 1861 First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).
  • 1862 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War 23,110 die in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
  • 1862 Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky, US Col J Wilder surrenders city
  • 1862 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • 1863 Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
  • 1864 American Civil War: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
  • 1871 Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
  • 1872 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • 1873 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
  • 1876 Race riots in South Carolina
  • 1897 3rd US Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago GC in Wheaton Ill
  • 1899 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
  • 1900 Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
  • 1900 Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • 1900 USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign
  • 1901 Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry
  • 1901 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
  • 1902 US protests anti-semitism in Romania
  • 1903 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Playing as "Sullivan" Columbia University jr Eddie Collins debuts with A's

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • 1908 Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
  • 1909 Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • 1911 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min
  • 1912 Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn & hits 4 singles
  • 1914 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 1916 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 The Red Baron [Manfred von Richthofen], WWI flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1920 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
  • 1920 National Football League organizes in Canton, Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Prof Football Association
  • 1922 Cyclist Piet Moeskops becomes world sprint champ
  • 1922 Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
  • 1923 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • 1924 Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
  • 1926 Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco

  • 1927 47th U.S. Men's National Championship: Rene Lacoste beats Bill Tilden (11-9, 6-3, 11-9)
  • 1928 Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
  • 1928 Pitcher Ray Boggs hits 3 batters in 1 inning
  • 1928 48th U.S. Men's National Championship: Henri Cochet beats Francis Hunter (4-6, 6-4, 3-6, 7-5, 6-3)
  • 1929 British troops begin withdrawal from occupied Germany
  • 1931 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • 1931 Operetta "Victoria & Her Husband" premieres in London
  • 1931 Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 RCA Victor releases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th)

  • 1934 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switz & Portugal vote no)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina chosen 2nd President of Philippines

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • 1937 1st NFL game in Washington, D.C.; Redskins beat NY Giants 13-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1939 German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • 1939 Poland's President Ignacy Mościck and Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski flee to Romania
  • 1939 Soviet Union invades Eastern Poland, taking 217,000 Poles prisoner
  • 1939 Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6

Sport awardTennis Open

1939 59th U.S. Men's National Championship: Bobby Riggs beats Welby van Horn (6-4, 6-2, 6-4)

Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Bobby Riggs
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion
Bobby Riggs

Sport awardTennis Open

1939 53rd U.S. Women's National Championship: Alice Marble beats Helen Jacobs (6-0, 8-10, 6-4)

Tennis Champion Alice Marble
Tennis Champion
Alice Marble
  • 1940 Nazis deprive Jews of possessions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Cards' Stan Musial makes his major league debut, going 2-for-4

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • 1941 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • 1941 The New Zealand Labour Party abolishes the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)
  • 1943 Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
  • 1943 World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
  • 1944 Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem Neth
  • 1946 "Gypsy Lady" opens at Century Theater NYC for 79 performances
  • 1946 "If the Shoe Fits" opens at Century Theater NYC for 20 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • 1947 James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US Secretary of Defense
  • 1948 KCOP TV channel 13 in Los Angeles/Hollywood, CA (IND) begins
  • 1948 WLS TV channel 7 in Chicago, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
  • 1949 8th Ryder Cup: US beats Europe, 7-5 at Ganton GC, England
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
  • 1949 WFAA TV channel 8 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 3rd Cannes Film Festival: "The Third Man" directed by Carol Reed wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1950 San Francisco 49ers (formerly AAFC) play 1st NFL game, lose 21-17
  • 1951 "Borscht Capades" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 90 performances
  • 1951 Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
  • 1952 "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"
  • 1953 1st successful separation of Siamese (conjoined) twins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Ernie Banks becomes Chicago Cubs 1st black player

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

1954 Rocky Marciano KOs Ezzard Charles in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard Charles
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Ezzard Charles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 "The Lord of the Flies" by William Golding is published by Faber and Faber in London

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding
  • 1955 "Ankles Aweigh" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 176 performances
  • 1955 Future Hall of Famer Oriole Brooks Robinson goes 2-4 in his 1st game
  • 1956 Black students enter Clay Ky elementary school
  • 1956 Yanks clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year
  • 1956 Television is first broadcast in Australia.
  • 1957 KETV TV channel 7 in Omaha, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 Scott Crossfield takes X-15 up for 1st powered flight
  • 1957 Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Two male attorneys "stand in" as actress Sophia Loren & producer Carlo Ponti wed by proxy in Juarez, Mexico

Actress Sophia Loren
Actress
Sophia Loren
  • 1957 The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1959 59th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus

  • 1959 Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
  • 1959 Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan & Korea
  • 1960 "Vintage '60" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes US banks

Sport awardTennis Open

1960 80th U.S. Men's National Championship: Neale Fraser beats Rod Laver (6-4, 6-4, 9-7)

Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver

Sport awardTennis Open

1960 74th U.S. Women's National Championship: Darlene Hard beats Maria Bueno (6-4, 10-12, 6-4)

Tennis Player Darlene Hard
Tennis Player
Darlene Hard
Tennis Champion Maria Bueno
Tennis Champion
Maria Bueno
  • 1961 Minnesota Vikings' 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Fran Tarkenton plays his first NFL Game against the Chicago Bears, coming off the bench to lead the Vikings to a 37-13 victory, also becoming the only QB to throw four touchdown passes in his first career game

Quarterback Fran Tarkenton
Quarterback
Fran Tarkenton
  • 1962 Justice Dept files 1st suit to end segregation in public schools
  • 1962 US space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts
  • 1963 "The Fugitive" starring David Janssen premieres on ABC TV
  • 1963 Train struck makeshift bus full of migrant workers, killing 32
  • 1964 "Bewitched" premieres on ABC TV
  • 1964 Beatles are paid a then record $150,000 for a concert (Kansas)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Mickey Mantle gets hits #1999, 2000 & 2001 & his 450th HR

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1964 Supremes release "Baby Love"
  • 1965 WPHL TV channel 17 in Philadelphia, PA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1965 CBS premiere of WWII sitcom "Hogan's Heroes"
  • 1966 Cleve pitchers set AL record striking out 19 batters in 1st 9 innings
  • 1967 "Mission Impossible" premieres on CBS-TV
  • 1967 Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH)
  • 1967 New Orleans Saints 1st NFL game, they lose to LA Rams 27-13
  • 1967 Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Shirley Englehorn Golf Invitational
  • 1968 Gaylord Perry (Giants) no-hits St Louis Cardinals, 1-0
  • 1968 Zond 5 completes circumnavigation of Moon
  • 1970 Jordan launches offensive against guerrilla army
  • 1970 WSWP TV channel 9 in Grandview, WV (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 "M*A*S*H," premieres on NBC TV
  • 1972 BART begins passenger service in SF
  • 1972 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Quality First Golf Classic
  • 1972 Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
  • 1974 Courageous (US) beats Southern Cross (Aust) in 23rd America's Cup
  • 1975 Rollout of 1st space shuttle orbiter Enterprise (OV-101)
  • 1976 Amnesty International receives Erasmus-prize
  • 1976 NASA publicly unveils space shuttle Enterprise in Palmdale, Calif

Music releaseAlbum Release

1976 Ringo Starr releases "Ringo's Rotogravure" album

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • 1977 22nd Ryder Cup: US, 12½-13½ at Royal Lytham & St Annes England
  • 1977 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1977 Dave Kingman hits his 1st Yankee homer, Reggie hits 2 more
  • 1977 Fleetwood Mac's "Rumors" is #1 for 19th straight week
  • 1978 30th Emmy Awards: All in the Family, Ed Asner & Sada Thompson win
  • 1978 Begin, Sadat & Carter sign Camp David accord
  • 1978 Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Golf Tournament
  • 1978 Red Sox finally beat Yanks in Sept 1978, 7-3
  • 1979 Pietro Mennea runs world record 200 m (19.72")

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1979 Royals' George Brett is 6th to have 20 doubles/triples/HRs in a season

MLB Third Baseman George Brett
MLB Third Baseman
George Brett

Film release premierFilm Premier

1980 "Divine Madness" starring Bette Midler, premieres

Actress/Singer Bette Midler
Actress/Singer
Bette Midler
  • 1980 Iraq under Saddam Hussein signs accord with Algeria
  • 1980 South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae Jung sentenced to death
  • 1980 Oak A's Rick Langford is removed with 2 outs in 9th inning ending his consecutive complete-game streak at 22
  • 1980 Iraq breaks 1975 treaty with Iran and proclaims sovereignty over Shatt al-Arab waterway
  • 1981 Fernando Valenzuela sets NL rookie record with 8th shutout of season
  • 1982 NJ Devils 1st exhibition game, beating Caps 3-1 in Hershey Pa
  • 1983 Chicago White Sox clinch their 1st-ever AL West championship
  • 1983 Vanessa Williams (NY), 20, crowned 56th Miss America 1984, 1st black
  • 1983 8th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Big Chill" directed by Lawrence Kasdan wins the People's Choice Award

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Brian Mulroney sworn in as Canada's 18th Prime Minister, succeeding John Turner

18th Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney
18th Prime Minister of Canada
Brian Mulroney
17th Prime Minister of Canada John Turner
17th Prime Minister of Canada
John Turner
  • 1984 Dwight Gooden ties record of 32 strikeouts in consecutive games

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1984 Reggie Jackson is 13th to hit 500 HRs

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1985 Soyuz T-14 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
  • 1986 Bomb attack in Paris, 6 killed
  • 1986 Marina Stepanova of USSR sets 400m hurdle woman's record (52.94)
  • 1986 Mets clinch NL East Championship
  • 1986 US Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice
  • 1987 Philadelphia celebrates 200th anniversary of Constitution

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1987 Pope John Paul II arrives in San Francisco, meets with AIDS patients, and embraces an AIDS infected child

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1988 24th Olympic games open at Seoul, Korea
  • 1988 Jeff Reardon becomes 1st to record 40 or more saves in both AL & NL
  • 1988 13th Toronto International Film Festival: "Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown" directed by Pedro Almodovar wins the People's Choice Award
  • 1989 -21] Hurricane Hugo, kills 85 in Charleston SC
  • 1989 41st Emmy Awards: LA Law, "Cheers", Dana Delany & Candice Bergen win
  • 1989 Beth Daniel wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
  • 1989 Hurricane Hugo begins 4 day sweep through Caribbean, killing 62