Historical Events on 2nd September

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

44 BC Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.

Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

44 BC The first of Cicero's Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
Cicero
Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

31 BC Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian's forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra">Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra
  • 911 Viking-monarch Oleg of Kiev-Russia signs treaty with Byzantines

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1192 Sultan Saladin and King Richard the Lionheart of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade

1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria Saladin
1st Sultan of Egypt and Syria
Saladin
King Richard the Lionheart
King
Richard the Lionheart
  • 1519 1st Battle of Tehuacingo, San Salvador vs Mexico
  • 1537 King Christian III publishes "Ordinance on the Danish Church"
  • 1644 , Cornwall: Robert Devereux's infantry surrenders
  • 1649 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
  • 1666 Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed
  • 1686 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • 1732 Pope Clement XII renews anti-Jewish laws of Rome
  • 1743 Britain/Austria/Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • 1752 Last Julian calendar day in Britain and British colonies (no Sept 3-Sept 13th)
  • 1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress
  • 1792 September Massacres of the French Revolution: In Paris rampaging mobs slaughter 3 Roman Catholic bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
  • 1796 Jews of the Netherlands are emancipated
  • 1806 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valley Switz, kills 500

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1807 The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1839 Salon of Varietes opens in Amsterdam
  • 1856 Tianjing's struggle Incident in Nanjing, China.
  • 1859 Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
  • 1859 A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1864 Union General William T. Sherman captures and burns Atlanta during US Civil War

  • 1867 1st Girl School opens in Haarlem Neth
  • 1870 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
  • 1882 2nd U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats Clarence M. Clark (6-1, 6-4, 6-0)
  • 1885 In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • 1894 -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
  • 1894 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • 1897 "McCal" magazine first published
  • 1898 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • 1898 Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • 1900 Telegraph use between Germany & US begins
  • 1900 A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1901 VP Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1902 "A Trip To The Moon", the first science fiction film, released

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

1908 Tommy Burns KOs Bill Lang in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Tommy Burns
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Tommy Burns
  • 1909 King Edward VII signs South Africa Act
  • 1911 Joao Chagas forms Portuguese government
  • 1913 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • 1914 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • 1914 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • 1917 Deutsche Vaterlands Partei formed by admiral Tirpitz
  • 1919 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • 1919 Italy agress to general voting right/proportional representation
  • 1919 National Commission recommends a best-of-9 World Series
  • 1920 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • 1922 President Ebert declares "Deutschland Uber Alles" the German national anthem
  • 1924 Rudolf Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
  • 1924 44th U.S. Men's National Championship: Bill Tilden beats Bill Johnston (6-1, 9-7, 6-2)
  • 1926 Italy signs treaty with Yemen

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1927 Rumour starts that Yankee Lou Gehrig will be traded to Tigers

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1929 Unilever forms by merger of Margarine Union & Lever Bros
  • 1929 WOR (NYC) ends affiliation with CBS radio network
  • 1930 1st non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hrs)
  • 1935 A hurricane slams Florida Keys killing 423
  • 1936 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
  • 1937 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1940 23rd PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Hershey CC Hershey Pa

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson
  • 1940 Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated
  • 1941 Academy copyrights Oscar statuette
  • 1942 German troops enter Stalingrad
  • 1944 Belgium's Emissie bank closes
  • 1944 During WW II, George H W Bush ejects from a burning plane

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 US leaders meet in Belgium

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1945 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day)

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1945 V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends)
  • 1946 Johnny Neun replaces Bill Dickey as Yankee manager
  • 1946 Nehru forms government in India
  • 1949 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)
  • 1951 Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
  • 1952 Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
  • 1954 Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
  • 1954 WTVD TV channel 11 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 KCRA TV channel 3 in Sacramento, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Collapse of a rail bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
  • 1956 Orioles trailing Red Sox 8-0 come back to win 11-10 in 9 innings
  • 1956 Washington-Jackson cable line replaced by bus service
  • 1956 7th Formula One WDC: Juan Manuel Fangio wins by three points
  • 1957 1st edition newspaper the Ware Time (in Suriname), 1,700 die
  • 1957 Milwaukee Braves' Frank Torre scores 6 runs in 1 game
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Hendrik Verwoerd appointed PM of South Africa
  • 1958 KAYS TV channel 7 in Hays, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 Minn announces $9 million bond issue to improve Metropolitan Stadium
  • 1958 National Defense Education Act was signed
  • 1958 U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1959 US President Eisenhower arrives in Paris

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1960 Tamara & Irina Press (USSR) become 1st sisters to win olympic gold
  • 1960 William Walton's 2nd Symphony, premieres
  • 1960 The first election of the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration, in history of Tibet. The Tibetan community observes this date as the Democracy Day.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1962 Stan Musial's 3,516th hit moves over Tris Speaker into 2nd place

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Alabama Gov George C Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee HS
  • 1963 CBS & NBC expand network news from 15 to 30 minutes

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1963 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Idaho Centennia Golf Tournament

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1964 Indonesian paratroopers lands in Malaysia
  • 1964 Norman Manley scores 2-consecutive holes-in-one at Del Valley, Cal

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1965 Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits his 400th HR (off Curt Simmons)

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks
  • 1965 Treblinka trial in Dusseldorf ends
  • 1966 Mickey Wright wins LPGA Ladies' World Series of Golf
  • 1967 KUHI (now KSNF) TV channel 16 in Joplin, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1968 Jerry Lewis' 3rd Muscular Dystrophy telethon

Comedian Jerry Lewis
Comedian
Jerry Lewis

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1969 NY Yankee Joe Pepitone is reinstated

MLB First Baseman and Outfielder Joe Pepitone
MLB First Baseman and Outfielder
Joe Pepitone
  • 1969 Ralph Houk signs 3-year contract to manage Yankees at $65,000 a season
  • 1969 The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
  • 1970 1st tennis tie break at a Grand Slam (US Open) (9 pt sudden death)
  • 1971 Cesar Cedeno hits an inside-the-park grand slammer

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1971 Chris Evert & Jimmy Connors win their 1st US Open tennis matches

Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert
Tennis Legend Jimmy Connors
Tennis Legend
Jimmy Connors
  • 1971 NY's Electric Circus Club goes out of business
  • 1971 There are further Irish Republican Army bombs set off across the region, including one in Belfast which wrecked the headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party
  • 1972 Chicago White Sox Milt Pappas no-hits SD Padres, 1-0
  • 1972 Renate Stecher runs 100m European female record (11.07 sec)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1972 Rod Stewart's 1st #1 hit (You Wear it Well)

Singer Rod Stewart
Singer
Rod Stewart
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 The headquarters of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in Belfast is severely damaged by an IRA bomb
  • 1973 Billy Martin fired as manager of Tigers
  • 1973 Netherlands wins hockey world's championship
  • 1973 Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Charity Golf Classic
  • 1974 Jerry Lewis' 9th Muscular Dystrophy telethon

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1974 US President Gerald Ford signs Employee Retirement Income Security Act

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1978 Graham Salmon set worlds record for 100 meters by a blind man
  • 1978 John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1978 Reggie Jackson is 19th player to hit 20 HR in 11 straight years

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • 1979 "I Remember Mama" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 108 performances
  • 1979 79th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Mark O'Meara
  • 1980 John Arlott commentates on his last game, England v Australia at Lord's
  • 1981 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1981 38th Venice Film Festival: "Die bleierne Zeit" directed by Margarethe von Trotta wins Golden Lion
  • 1982 Rolling Stone Keith Richard's house burns down
  • 1983 Yitzhak Shamir (Herut) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israeli PM
  • 1984 "Zorba" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 362 performances

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1985 Betsy King wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King
  • 1985 Jerry Lewis' 20th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $33,100,000
  • 1986 Cathy Evelyn Smith sentenced to 3 years for death of John Belushi

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1987 Donald Trump takes out a full page NY Times ad lambasting Japan

Businessman & T.V. Personality Donald Trump
Businessman & T.V. Personality
Donald Trump
  • 1987 Kevin Bass is 1st NLer to switch hit HRs in a game twice in 1 season
  • 1987 Philips introduces CD-video
  • 1987 Trial begins in Moscow for West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Finland to Moscow, USSR
  • 1988 Amnesty International's Human Rights Now! tour begins in Wembley

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1989 Rev Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst

Minister and Civil Rights Activist Al Sharpton
Minister and Civil Rights Activist
Al Sharpton
  • 1990 "Grapes of Wrath" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 188 performances
  • 1990 Steve Allen, installed as a new abbot of Hartford St Zen Center, SF
  • 1991 Jerry Lewis' 26th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $45,071,657

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

1991 Pat Bradley wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic

LPGA Golfer Pat Bradley
LPGA Golfer
Pat Bradley
  • 1991 US officially recognizes independence of Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania
  • 1992 Nicaragua struck by earthquake/floodings; 118 die
  • 1992 US dollar valued at 156.50 guilder (record)
  • 1993 10th MTV Video Music Awards: Pearl Jam, En Vogue wins
  • 1993 Central African Republic ex-emperor Bokassa freed
  • 1993 Day of Peace in South Africa
  • 1994 Miguel Indurain bicycles world record time (53,040 km)

Sport-defeatBoxing Title Fight

1995 Frank Bruno beats Oliver McCall in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1995 Southern California begins using new area code 562
  • 1996 Jerry Lewis' 31st Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $49,200,000
  • 1996 Michelle McGann wins LPGA State Farm Rail Golf Classic
  • 1996 Soyuz TM-24, lands
  • 1996 A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Montreal Canada on CHOM 97.7 FM
  • 1997 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Toronto Canada on CILQ 107.1 FM
  • 1998 Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
  • 1998 The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.
  • 2007 11th World Championships in Athletics close at Osaka, Japan
  • 2008 54th National Film Awards (India): "Pulijanmam" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 2009 66th Venice Film Festival: "Lebanon" directed by Samuel Maoz wins Golden Lion
  • 2012 A decades-long ban on veiled female news presenters is lifted from State television in Egypt
  • 2012 15 people are killed by a car bomb attack at a refugee camp in Sbeineh, Palestine
  • 2015 Earth's trees number just over 3 trillion according to study in "Nature" by Thomas Crowther of Yale University

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

2015 US President Barak Obama becomes the first president to visit the Arctic Circle at Kotzebue, Alaska

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama