Today's Birthdays in History

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  • 1358 Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, Japanese shogun, born in Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan (d. 1408)
  • 1525 Steven Borough, English explorer, born in Northam, Devon, England (d. 1584)
  • 1593 Matthew Merian, the Elder, engraver/bookseller
  • 1599 Francesco Borromini, Italian architect (d. 1667)
  • 1612 Mark Zuesius Boxhorn, Dutch historian
  • 1613 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician (east facade of the Louvre), born in Paris, France
  • 1644 Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (d. 1710)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1694 Henry Pelham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1743-54) who introduced the Gin Acts, born in Laughton, England (d. 1754)

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham
  • 1711 Qianlong Emperor of China (d. 1799)
  • 1725 Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, designed & built 1st automobile
  • 1725 Robert Clive, English explorer/founder (British empire in India)
  • 1729 Christian G Heyne, German archaeologist
  • 1738 Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (d. 1789)
  • 1744 Frederick Willem II, king of Prussia (1786-97)
  • 1764 Fletcher Christian, English Bounty mutineer (d. 1793)
  • 1766 Armand-Emmanuel, duc de Richelieu, French PM (1815-18, 1820-21)
  • 1773 Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (d. 1856)
  • 1780 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer (d. 1801)
  • 1782 Charles Robert Maturin, Irish playwright and novelist (d. 1824)
  • 1793 Felicia Dorothea Hermans, poet
  • 1796 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (d. 1875)
  • 1798 Henri Scheffer, painter
  • 1798 JBAL Leonce Elie de Beaumont, French mine engineer/geologist
  • 1805 Henry P Scholte, Dutch/US vicar/founder (Pella colony in Iowa)
  • 1807 Alfred Vail, American Inventor, early telegraph pioneer, and financial backer to Samuel Morse, born in Morristown New Jersey
  • 1822 Adolph von Steinwehr, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Blankenburg, Brunswick, Germany (d. 1877)
  • 1823 Thomas John Wood, American Major General (Union Army), born in Munfordville, Kentucky (d. 1906)
  • 1829 William Michael Rossetti, civil servant
  • 1832 William Le Baron Jenney, US, architect/"father of skyscraper"
  • 1839 Karl A von Zittel, German geologist/paleontologist (Libya)
  • 1839 [Wilhel]Mina JPR Kruseman, writer/feminist
  • 1843 Thomas Chrowder Cham Mattoon Illinois, American Geologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1843 Melville Reuben Bissell, Hartwick New York, American inventor (carpet sweeper)
  • 1846 Wladimir Köppen [Vladimir Köppen], German Meteorologist and Climatologist who mapped and classified the climatic regions of the world (Köppen climate classification system), born in St. Petersburg, Russia
  • 1852 Cornelis J Snijders, supreme commander of Dutch Navy (1910-18)
  • 1852 Hans Vaihinger, German philosopher (Nietzsche Philosophy)
  • 1862 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1945)
  • 1867 Evgenii Miller, Russian counter-revolutionary (d. 1938)
  • 1872 Charles Blake Cochran, impresario
  • 1877 Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary, president (1924-28)
  • 1879 Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer and labor leader, Father of the Philippine National Language and Grammar (d. 1963)
  • 1881 Lu Xun, Chinese writer (d. 1936)
  • 1884 Cornelis "Kees" Boeke, Dutch educationalist
  • 1886 John Howard Lawson, scriptwriter/playwright
  • 1889 George Douglas Howard Cole, socialist/novelist
  • 1889 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator (d. 1930)
  • 1896 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, born in Moscow (d. 1970)
  • 1896 Sandro Pertini, president Italy

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897 William Faulkner, American author (Sound & Fury-Nobel 1949), born in New Albany, Mississippi (d. 1962)

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1898 Robert Brackman American artist (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Ernst von Salomon, German writer (Kette Der Tausend Kraniche)
  • 1903 Olive Ann Beech, American businesswoman (Co-Founder of Beech Aircraft Company), born in Waverly, Kansas (d. 1993)
  • 1903 John Everett Allen, US businessman
  • 1903 Mark Rothko, [Marcus Rothkovich], US, painter (Green on Blue)
  • 1904 Columbus O'Donnell Iselin, American oceanographer, born in New Rochelle, New York
  • 1905 Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), born in Zavaliv, Ukraine (d. 1992)
  • 1906 Madeleine Bourdouxhe, writer
  • 1906 Phyllis Pearsall, British painter and writer (A to Z Map Company), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1907 Robert Bresson, France, director (Pickpocket, Mouchette)
  • 1909 Florizel A Glasspole, governor-gen of Jamaica (1973-91)
  • 1911 Eric Williams, 1st Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (People's National Movement: 1962-81), born in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (d. 1981)
  • 1913 David Hunt, British diplomat/quiz winner

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 Ethel Rosenberg, American Communist, born in NYC, New York

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1920 Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet director (Destiny of a Man, War and Peace), born in Belozerka, Ukraine (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Remy C, de Kerckhove, Flemish poet
  • 1921 Robert Muldoon, premier NZ (1975-84)/chairman (IMF)
  • 1922 Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (d. 1992)
  • 1925 William Edgar Mitchell, physicist
  • 1925 Paul MacCready, engineer/inventor (1st man-powered aircraft)
  • 1926 Jack Hyles, Baptist pastor (d. 2001)
  • 1929 Kevin White, American politicians (Mayor of Boston, 1968-1984), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Herbert Heckmann, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1999)
  • 1931 Patrick WIlliam Walker, British astrologer
  • 1931 Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian poet (d. 2005)
  • 1933 Adolfo Suarez, premier of Spain (1976-81), (d. 2014)
  • 1934 John S Bull, astronaut, born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1934 Struther Arnott, professor (St Andrew University)
  • 1936 Edward Jones, UK military rep to NATO
  • 1939 David Mann, (Rep-D-Ohio)
  • 1939 Leon Britain, British politician, vice president (Commission of European Communities)
  • 1940 Timothy Severin, author/explorer
  • 1941 Vivian Stern, director (Nacros)
  • 1943 Robert Gates, American Secretary of Defense
  • 1944 Doris Matsui, American politician
  • 1945 Kathleen Brown, state treasurer (D-California, 1991- )
  • 1949 Jerry F Costello, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • 1952 Gloria Jean Watkins, American scholar
  • 1956 Jamie Hyneman, American visual effects technician
  • 1958 Eamonn Healy, Irish chemist
  • 1963 Keely Shaye Smith, correspondent (Unsolved Mysteries)
  • 1964 Gary Ayles, British racing driver
  • 1967 Lezlie Lund, Tolna ND, Miss ND-America (1991)
  • 1968 Johan Friso, prince of Orange-Nassau, Netherlands
  • 1968 John Worsfold, Australian rules football coach
  • 1977 Mike Krahulik, Illustrator
  • 1983 Terrance Pennington, National Football League guard, born in Los Angeles, California