Birthdays in History on April 1

  • 1220 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
  • 1283 Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
  • 1543 François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)
  • 1578 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1657)
  • 1610 Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
  • 1640 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
  • 1647 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
  • 1697 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
  • 1753 Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
  • 1755 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • 1765 Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1776 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain
  • 1785 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • 1807 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
  • 1809 Willem Ruys J Dz, Dutch ship owner

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1815 Otto von Bismarck, German chancellor (1866-90) who helped unify Germany, born in Schönhausen, Prussia (d. 1898)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1817 Johannes J van Oosterzee, Dutch theologist
  • 1823 Simón Bolívar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1914)
  • 1834 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • 1843 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • 1847 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
  • 1852 Edward Austin Abbey, American painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • 1854 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • 1856 Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)
  • 1858 Arnold Aletrino, Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
  • 1858 Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
  • 1864 Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
  • 1865 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 1866 Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist
  • 1868 Edmond Rostand, French poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
  • 1869 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • 1875 Edgar Wallace, English novelist/playwright/journalist (Terror)
  • 1878 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • 1880 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • 1885 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
  • 1887 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • 1897 Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
  • 1898 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
  • 1898 Roger Bastide, French sociologist
  • 1898 William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
  • 1899 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • 1900 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • 1902 Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
  • 1904 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, born in Alcoy (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)
  • 1905 Gaston Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
  • 1911 Ferdinand J Kranenburg, Dutch Secretary of Defense (soc dem)
  • 1919 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1922 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)

  • 1924 Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1925 Sala Burton, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, American sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2011)

Sci-Fi Author Anne McCaffrey
Sci-Fi Author
Anne McCaffrey
  • 1928 Dimitri Frenkel Frank, Dutch writer/director (Hadimassa)
  • 1929 Milan Kundera, Czech poet and writer (Joke, Unbearable Lightness of Being), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1929 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator
  • 1931 Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Deputy)
  • 1931 Charles Price, American Businessman and diplomat, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Dan Flavin, US minimalist sculptor
  • 1933 Stan Weston, American toy licensing agent, had concept for G.I. Joe, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Vladimir Posner, Russian/French/American journalist who represented and explained the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, born in Paris
  • 1935 Larry McDonald, American politician (d. 1983)
  • 1936 Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician, president of the Confederation in 1989 and 1996 (d. 1998)
  • 1940 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1942 Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, American sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)
  • 1946 William Frederick Fisher, MD/astronaut (STS 51-I), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1946 Arrigo Sacchi, Italian football coach
  • 1947 Alain Connes, French mathematician
  • 1949 Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman
  • 1950 Ed[uardus] HTM Nijpels, Dutch minister of Environment (VVD)
  • 1950 Leonard van Spirit, Dutch-British food magnate
  • 1950 Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1951 John Philip Abizaid, U.S. Army General, former CENTCOM commander
  • 1952 Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)
  • 1952 Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher
  • 1953 Barry Sonnenfeld, director (Get Shorty, Men in Black), born in NYC, New York
  • 1955 Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor
  • 1957 Peter Deutsch, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1962 Dave Ulliott, English poker player
  • 1966 Chris Evans, English disc jockey
  • 1973 Rachel Maddow, American radio personality and political analyst
  • 1979 Ivano Balić, Croatian handballer
  • 1981 Aimee Chan, Miss Hong Kong 2006
  • 1987 Ding Junhui, Chinese snooker player