Birthdays in History on April 12

  • 599 BC Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism (d. 527 BC)
  • 812 Muhammad at-Taqi, Muslim Shia Imam (d. 835)
  • 1484 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (d. 1546)
  • 1500 Joachim Camerarius, [Liebhard Kammerer], German humanist
  • 1526 Marc-Antoine de Muret, French humanist, born in Muret
  • 1526 Muretus, French humanist (d. 1585)
  • 1550 Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford, English politician (d. 1604)
  • 1577 Christian IV of Denmark (d. 1648)
  • 1579 Francois de Bassompierre, marshal of France
  • 1695 Caspar Burman, historian/mayor (Utrecht Neth)
  • 1705 William Cookworthy, English chemist (d. 1780)
  • 1713 Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (d. 1796)
  • 1724 Lyman Hall, US physician (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1748 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)
  • 1764 Dirk van den Boetzelaer, regent of Holland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1777 Henry Clay, American politician known as "the Great Compromiser", born in Hanover County, Virginia (d. 1852)

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • 1791 Francis Preston Blair, newspaper editor (Washington Globe)
  • 1792 John George Lambton, statesman (1st Earl of Durham), born in London, England
  • 1793 Ferdinand I KLJM, the Good Natured, Emperor of Austria/king of Hungary
  • 1794 Germinal P Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (geometry)
  • 1796 George N. Briggs, 19th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1861)
  • 1799 Henri Druey, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
  • 1801 Henry de Cock, Dutch reformed vicar/secession leader
  • 1802 Francois MP Liberman, French relig leader (Congregation of Heart)
  • 1823 Aleksandr Ostrovsky, Russian playwright (Artists & Admirers)
  • 1831 Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter/sculptor
  • 1831 George Burgwyn Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831 Grenville Mellen Dodge, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1838 John Shaw Billings, US, librarian/army physician
  • 1848 José Gautier Benítez, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1880)
  • 1852 [Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician
  • 1856 William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen)
  • 1863 Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding School)
  • 1868 Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese naval commander (d. 1918)
  • 1869 Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer
  • 1871 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general/dictator (1936-41)
  • 1878 Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist
  • 1879 Frederick G Melcher, US, publisher/editor/founded children's book week
  • 1883 Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award)
  • 1884 Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)
  • 1894 Francisco H Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese general/president (1951-58)
  • 1898 Grantley H Adams, Premier of Barbados (1953-58) and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation (1958-62), born in St. Michael, British Windward Islands
  • 1901 Lowell Stockman, American representative (d. 1962)
  • 1902 Louis J M Beel, premier of Netherland (1946-48, 58-59)
  • 1903 Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist/UN advisor (Nobel 1969)
  • 1904 Harald James Penrose, pilot
  • 1907 Felix de Weldon, Austrian-born sculptor (d. 2003)
  • 1907 Hardie Gramatky, American author and animator (d. 1979)
  • 1908 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, president of Colombia
  • 1908 John T Hughes, Bishop to Forces
  • 1908 Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American Air Force pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1910 Jorgen Rausch, German philosopher/author (End of the Playboys)
  • 1911 Darrell A Amyx, US archaeologist (Greek Ceramics)
  • 1911 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization Engineer (d. 1976)
  • 1912 Georges Franju, France, director (Judex, L'homme sans visage)
  • 1912 Harold Maguire, British air marshal
  • 1913 Keiko Fukuda, martial artist, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2013)
  • 1914 Armen Alchian, American economist
  • 1915 Emil [Theodore] Petaja, US, sci-fi author (Star Mill, Tramontane)
  • 1916 Beverly Cleary, American writer
  • 1916 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (d. 2007)
  • 1918 18th earl of Derby, English landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1919 Lady Ricketts, CEO (National Association of Citizens' Advice Bureaux)
  • 1919 Maurice Girodias, French publisher
  • 1919 Wilson Charles Geoffery Baldwin, hero
  • 1920 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • 1921 Alfred Mabbs, British archivist (Public Records Office), born in London (d. 2009)
  • 1923 E C Meade, British chartered accountant
  • 1924 Julius Moormann, student/resistance fighter (WW II)
  • 1924 Peter Safar, Austrian physician (d. 2003)
  • 1925 Johnny Jordan, England, cameraman (You Only Live Twice) [or Feb 7]
  • 1927 Patrick Meehan, Scottish petty criminal, wrongly convicted of murder
  • 1928 Brooklyn Supreme, Belgium, stallion, heaviest known horse (1450 kg)
  • 1930 Patrick Edmund Pery, 6th Earl of Limerick, Irish peer and public servant
  • 1930 Lou A de Graaf, Dutch asst secretary of Social Affairs (VDA)
  • 1930 Uwe Kitzinger, President (Templeton College, Oxford)
  • 1930 Manuel Neri, American artist
  • 1932 Jack Gelber, US, playwright (Connection, Apple)
  • 1932 Dennis Banks, American activist
  • 1932 Lakshman Kadirgamar, Sri Lankan politician (d. 2005)
  • 1935 Wendy Savage, obstetrician/gynaecologist
  • 1936 Kennedy A Simmonds, premier (St Kitts & Nevis, 1983-95)
  • 1937 Igor Volk, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz T-12) and test pilot, born in Zmiiv, Ukraine (d. 2017)
  • 1937 Raymond Ceulemans, Belgian world champ billiards player
  • 1939 Alan Ayckbourn, playwright, born in London, England
  • 1940 John Hagee, American pastor and televangelist
  • 1942 Bill Bryden, theatre director
  • 1944 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Hilary Nicolle, educationist
  • 1945 Lee Jong-wook, Korean Director-General of the WHO (d. 2006)
  • 1947 Tom Clancy, Baltmore Maryland, American author
  • 1947 Antonin Kratochvil photographer
  • 1948 Joschka Fischer, Foreign Minister of Germany
  • 1949 Scott Turow, American writer
  • 1950 Kari Palaste, Finnish architect
  • 1950 Flavio Briatore, Italian businessman and F1 team principal (Renault F1)
  • 1950 Joyce Banda, President of Malawi (2012-2014), born in Malemia, Nyasaland
  • 1973 J. Scott Campbell, American comic book artist
  • 1981 Jaspreet Singh, businessman