Birthdays in History on April 13

  • 1506 Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (d. 1546)
  • 1519 Catherine de' Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons
  • 1547 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain (d. 1568)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1570 Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator who was convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up the British Parliament, born in York, England (d. 1606)

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
  • 1573 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, queen consort of Sweden (d. 1625)
  • 1584 Albert VI of Bavaria (d. 1666)
  • 1593 Thomas Wentworth, earl of Strafford/Viceroy of Ireland, born in London, England
  • 1618 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (d. 1693)
  • 1626 Aert Jansz van Nes, Lt-admiral, baptised
  • 1648 Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon, French mystic (d. 1717)
  • 1729 Thomas Percy, English literary/bishop of Dromore

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1732 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London (d. 1792)

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
  • 1735 Isaac Low, delegate to the Continental Congress (d. 1791)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1743 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1747 Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans (d. 1793)
  • 1749 Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt, Dutch count/vice-admiral
  • 1756 Louis H J Condé, French prince
  • 1764 Laurent, Marquis de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal (d. 1830)
  • 1769 Thomas Lawrence, English painter (d. 1830)
  • 1771 Adam FJA van der Duyn, Dutch governor (South Holland)
  • 1771 Richard Trevithick, Cornwall, inventor (steam locomotive)
  • 1780 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (d. 1868)
  • 1784 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder
  • 1784 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal (d. 1877)
  • 1787 John Robertson, U.S. politician (d. 1873)
  • 1791 Félix PBOG earl de Merode, Belgian minister of War/Finance
  • 1802 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (d. 1896)
  • 1817 Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian/archivist (Brussels)
  • 1822 Leroy Augustus Stafford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1822 William Stephen Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1825 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and politician (d. 1868)
  • 1828 Joseph B Lightfoot, English theologist/bishop of Durham
  • 1832 James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (electricstatic generator)
  • 1832 Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), born in Ambato, Ecuador (d. 1889)
  • 1841 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, gov-gen (Neth East-Indies)
  • 1849 Enrique Jose Varona, Cuban sociologist/psychologist
  • 1850 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • 1851 Robert Abbe, American surgeon (d. 1928)
  • 1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Richard T Ely, US economist (Hard Times)
  • 1860 James Ensor, Flemish painter/etcher (De lampenjongen)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1908)

  • 1872 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • 1873 John W. Davis, American politician (d. 1955)
  • 1875 Ray Lyman Wilbur, U.S. university president and politician (d. 1949)
  • 1879 Edward Bruce, Director art projects (d. 1943)
  • 1883 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Pieter S Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer/premier in London (1940-45)
  • 1885 Georg Lukács, Hungarian-born philosopher and literary critic (d. 1971)

  • 1887 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)
  • 1889 Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)
  • 1890 Frank Murphy, American public servant (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)
  • 1891 Nella Larsen, African-American novelist (d. 1964)
  • 1892 Arthur Harris, Cheltenham, Marshal of the RAF

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish physicist (pioneered radar and radio direction finding), born in Brechin, Scotland (d. 1973)

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1895 Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)
  • 1899 Alfred Moser Butts, game inventor (Scrabble)
  • 1899 Alfred Schutz, Austrian/US architect/philosopher
  • 1900 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • 1901 René-Jean Pleven, French premier (1950-52)
  • 1901 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist (d. 1981)
  • 1902 Philippe de Rothschild, manager (Bordeaux Vineyard), born in Paris, France
  • 1904 Georges Yves Marie Congar, dominican Theologian cardinal
  • 1904 Sir David Robinson, British philanthropist and entrepreneur (d. 1987)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland (d. 1989)

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1907 Harold Stassen, W (Gov-R-Minn) perennial presidential candidate, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1909 Eudora Welty, Jackson Ms, novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973)
  • 1909 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, willife conservationist
  • 1909 Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish mathematician (d. 1984)
  • 1911 Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Roy Winsor, producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1913 Bernard Chacksfield, Air Vice-Marshal
  • 1915 Bert [Albert L F] Peleman, [Dirk Dyckmans], Flemish writer
  • 1915 R N Coote, Bishop (Colchester)
  • 1915 Stephan Hermlin, writer
  • 1915 Stephen Roberts, CEO (British Milk Marketing Board)
  • 1915 Tom Greenshields, sculptor
  • 1918 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, born in St Pauls Cray, Kent (2002)
  • 1919 Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist who opposed prayer in school and was murdered in 1995, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Roland Gaucher, French journalist
  • 1920 Liam Cosgrave, leader (Fine Gael Party)
  • 1920 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)
  • 1920 Claude Cheysson, French politician
  • 1921 Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, industrialist
  • 1921 James Wilson, British Lt-General
  • 1921 Maxwell Henley Harris, Australian poet/publisher (Gift of Blood)
  • 1922 John Braine, English novelist (Life at the Top)
  • 1922 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), born in Butiama, Tanganyika (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Jack Chick, American religious cartoonist (Chick tracts), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Frank Neville Hosband Robinson, physicist
  • 1926 John Spencer-Churchill, 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner
  • 1927 Lord Wedderburn of Charlton, QC, (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Rosa Joyce Plesters Brommelie, conservation scientist
  • 1928 Alan Clark, English politician (d. 1999)
  • 1930 Jeremiah Harman, British Judge "the kicking Judge"
  • 1931 Beverley Cross, playwright
  • 1932 Orlando Letelier, Chilean politician (d. 1976)
  • 1933 Ben Nighthorse Campbell, (Sen-D Colorado)
  • 1935 Kenneth Hayr, air marshal
  • 1937 Lanford Wilson, US playwright (Hot L Baltimore)
  • 1937 Peter M Harris, Official Solicitor (Supreme Court)
  • 1938 John Weston, British diplomat, representative for NATO (1992-95) and UN (1995-98)
  • 1939 Barbara-Rose Collins, (Rep-D-Michigan)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Seamus Heaney, Irish poet and playwright (Nobel Prize in Literature 1995), born in Castledawson, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland (d. 2013)

  • 1939 Wijnie Jabaaij, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1941 Michael Stuart Brown, American geneticist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 Ataol Behramoglu Turkish poet and writer.
  • 1943 Billy Kidd, American skier
  • 1944 Brian Pendleton, rocker (Pretty Things)
  • 1944 Charles Burnett, director (When it Rains, Glass Shield)
  • 1944 Michael Saunders, barrister
  • 1944 Susan Davis, American politician
  • 1945 Carlos Gimenez, Argentine/Venezuelan founder (Theater festival of Caracas)
  • 1946 Roy Loney, rocker (Flaming Groovies)
  • 1948 Peter [Piet] Swevel, American rocker (Looking Glass, Starz), (d. 1990)
  • 1948 Sue Doughty, British politician
  • 1948 Nam Hae-il, Chief of Naval Operations of Republic of Korea Navy
  • 1949 Jean-Jacques Favier, Kehl Germany, astronaut (STS 78)
  • 1949 Philippe Petit, Nemours France, juggler/aerialist
  • 1949 Christopher Hitchens, English author and columnist (Vanity Fair, New Statesman), born in Portsmouth, England (d. 2011)
  • 1951 Jack Quinn, (Rep-R-New York)
  • 1952 Ron Dittemore, American space administrator
  • 1952 David Drew, British politician
  • 1953 Stephen Byers, British politician (L), (MG Rover Group controversy), born in Wolverhampton
  • 1954 Barbara Roche, British politician (L), immigration minister
  • 1955 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, the governor of the Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda
  • 1955 Ole von Beust, Mayor of Hamburg
  • 1957 Amy Goodman, American activist, host of Democracy Now
  • 1960 Rudi Völler, German football coach
  • 1960 Bob Casey, Jr., Democratic U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
  • 1963 Gary Kasparov, Russian chess player, undisputed world champion (1985-93), born in Baku, Azerbaijan
  • 1965 Patricio Pouchulu, Argentinean architect
  • 1968 Margrethe Vestager, Danish politician and European Commissioner for Competition, born in Glostrup, Zealand
  • 1974 Ruben Östlund, Swedish director (The Square), born in Styrsö, Sweden
  • 1987 Brandon Hardesty, American internet entertainer
  • 1991 Dylan Francis Penn, daughter of Sean Penn & Robin Wright, born in Los Angeles, California