Birthdays in History on April 14

  • 1336 Emperor Go-Kōgon of Japan (d. 1374)
  • 1572 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician (d. 1632)
  • 1578 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621)
  • 1592 Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher
  • 1629 Christian Huygens, Holland, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings)
  • 1668 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General (d. 1741)
  • 1714 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • 1721 William August duke of Cumberland, English army leader

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1738 William Cavendish-Bentinck, British 3rd Duke of Portland, Whig Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), born in Nottinghamshire, (d. 1809)

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • 1741 Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1762 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect/archaeologist
  • 1788 David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas (d. 1870)
  • 1797 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77)
  • 1803 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter
  • 1809 George W Vreede, Dutch lawyer/politician
  • 1813 Junius S Morgan, US, merchant/philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • 1818 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, queen of Hanover (d. 1909)
  • 1820 Harry Thompson Hays, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1827 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer/ambassador in Abyssinia
  • 1832 James Hewett Ledlie, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)
  • 1857 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1861 Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
  • 1862 Pyotr A Stolypin, premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 1866 Anne Sullivan, US teacer, educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • 1868 Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • 1872 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Indian-born Islamic scholar and translator (d. 1953)
  • 1874 Count Alexander, of Athlone, gov-gen (South-Africa/Canada)
  • 1877 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar
  • 1879 James Branch Cabell, American novelist/essayist (Restless Heads)
  • 1881 Anton Wildgans, Austrian writer/director (Burg Theater)
  • 1882 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
  • 1886 Edward C Tolman, US psychologist (behaviorism)
  • 1886 Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • 1889 Efim D Bogoljubov, Russian chess player
  • 1891 B. R. Ambedkar [Baba Saheb], Indian politician, jurist (architect of the Constitution of India) and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement, born in Mhow, India (d. 1956)
  • 1892 Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian
  • 1897 Barbara Wootten, U.K. baroness
  • 1901 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Menachem A Schneerson, rebee (head of Lubavitcher Jews)
  • 1904 Reinout W van Bemmelen, Dutch geologist
  • 1904 Sonia Gaskell, Russian/Neth choreographer
  • 1905 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer/CEO (Philips)
  • 1905 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • 1907 Francois "Doc" Duvalier, dictator of Haiti
  • 1907 Otto F A H van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden)/MP (KVP)
  • 1912 Robert Doisneau, photographer
  • 1917 Marvin Miller, American labor activist, (d. 2012)
  • 1920 John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice
  • 1921 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), born in Oakland, California (d. 2016)
  • 1923 William Darling, journalist
  • 1925 Abel Muzorewa, bishop/premier (Rhodesia)
  • 1926 Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • 1929 William Edgar Thornton, Faison NC, MD/astronaut (STS-8, 51-B, sk:49)
  • 1930 George W Gekas, (Rep-R-PA, 1983- )
  • 1934 Fredric Jameson, American philosopher, cultural theorist
  • 1935 Erich von Däniken, Zofingen, Aargau, Swiss writer (Chariots of the Gods)
  • 1936 Frank Serpico, American policeman
  • 1938 Gloria Dean Randle Scott, educator/pres (Beaumont College)
  • 1941 Anatoli Pavlocich Fyodorov, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • 1942 Björn Rosengren, Swedish politician
  • 1943 Clarice Elaine Gaylord, director of research grants (EPA)
  • 1943 Yvonne Vriens-Auerbach, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1945 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa
  • 1946 Tom Monteleone, US writer (Dark Star & Illumination)
  • 1948 Chester G Atkins, (Rep-D-MA)
  • 1948 Ty Grimes, rocker (Capt Beefheart Band Drums
  • 1948 Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1949 DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
  • 1950 Francis Collins, American scientist
  • 1953 Irina Rudolfovna Pronina, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1953 David Buss, Evolutionary psychologist
  • 1954 Bruce Sterling, US, sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)
  • 1966 André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
  • 1967 Marla Wynne, Easton Penn, Miss Penn-America (1991) (top 10)
  • 1969 Vebjørn Selbekk, Norwegian journalist
  • 1971 Peter Gibson, American writer
  • 1975 Anderson Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1979 Randal McCloy, Survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster
  • 1983 William Yaw Obeng, Arena Football League lineman