Birthdays in History on April 15

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1452 Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, sculptor, scientist and visionary, born in Vinci, Florence, Italy (d. 1519)

Painter, Scientist & Visionary Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, Scientist & Visionary
Leonardo da Vinci

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1469 Guru Nanak, Founder of the religion of Sikhism and the 1st Sikh Guru, born in Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi, Punjab, Pakistan (d. 1539)

Founder of Sikhism Guru Nanak
Founder of Sikhism
Guru Nanak
  • 1489 Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)
  • 1552 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (d. 1626)
  • 1588 Claudius Salmasius, [Claude Saumaise], French linguist
  • 1641 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician (d. 1722)
  • 1646 King Christian V of Denmark (d. 1699)
  • 1646 Pierre Poiret, French mystic (d. 1719)
  • 1682 John van Huysum, Dutch painter (flowers/fruit)
  • 1684 Catherine I, empress of Russia (1725-27)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1707 Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician (Euler's Constant), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1783)

Mathematician Leonhard Euler
Mathematician
Leonhard Euler
  • 1710 William Cullen, Scottish physician (d. 1790)
  • 1741 Charles Willson Peale, American painter remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution (George Washington), born in Chester, Province of Maryland (d. 1827)
  • 1766 Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher/critic
  • 1772 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist (d. 1844)
  • 1786 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1876)
  • 1793 Friedrich Struve, German founded dynasty of astronomers
  • 1794 Jean Pierre Flourens, French physiologist (d. 1867)
  • 1800 James Clark Ross, explorer (British Antarctic)
  • 1809 Hermann Gunther Grassmann, mathematician
  • 1812 Pierre-Etienne-Theodore Rousseau, painter
  • 1814 John Lothrop Motley, American historian/author (Rise of Dutch Rep)
  • 1820 Evander McNair, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • 1821 Emerson Brown Joseph, (Confederacy), (d. 1894)
  • 1822 Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana, American Major General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1905)
  • 1829 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon
  • 1832 Wilhelm Busch, German poet (d. 1908)
  • 1837 Horace Porter, Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1921)
  • 1841 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • 1843 Henry James, American/British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), (d. 1916)
  • 1850 John Munroe Longyear, American capitalist/bank president
  • 1858 Anton G O Ridder Van Rappard, Dutch painter/lithographer/etcher
  • 1858 Emile Durkheim, French sociologist (Division du travail social)
  • 1861 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • 1874 Johannes Stark, German physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)
  • 1874 George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)
  • 1875 Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker, Dutch playwright/novelist (Poverty)
  • 1878 Robert Walser, Swiss writer, born in Biel (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer (d. 1980)
  • 1882 Giovanni Amendola, Italian antifascist/editor-in-chief (Il Mondo)
  • 1883 Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)
  • 1885 Tadeusz Kutrzeba, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • 1886 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1888 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)
  • 1889 Asa Philip Randolph, labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union)
  • 1889 Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)
  • 1892 Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)
  • 1892 Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia (d. 1971)

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1895 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Gente in Aspromonte)
  • 1895 Clark McConachy, New Zealand billiards player (d. 1980)

  • 1896 Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Russian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1901 Joe Davis, English snooker/billiards-world champ (1927-46)
  • 1902 Fernando Pessa, Portuguese journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1903 Erich Arendt, writer [or Apr 16]
  • 1904 Arshile Gorky, Armenian Artist (d. 1948)
  • 1906 Susan Walker, vice CEO (WRVS)
  • 1907 Gerald Abrahams, author (Teach Yourself Chess), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1907 Nicholas Tinbergen, Neth/British biologist/zoologist (Nobel 1973)
  • 1910 Lord Grey of Naunton, chancellor (Ulster University)
  • 1911 Jacob Fresco, Dutch architect (Antilles Brewery/Autonomy Monument)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1912 Kim Il-sung, Founder, dictator and Supreme Leader of North-Korea (1948-94), born in Mangyongdae, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)

North Korean founder and dictator Kim Il-sung
North Korean founder and dictator
Kim Il-sung
  • 1912 Peter Menzies, CEO (British Electricity Council)
  • 1915 Elizabeth Catlett, sculptor and print maker (Mother and Child), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2012)
  • 1916 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1919 Clive Beadon, British RAF Wing Commander and pilot (WWII), born in Conoor near Poona, India (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Elizabeth Catelett, sculptor/lithographer
  • 1919 Meriol Trevor, novelist/biographer (Civil Prisoners)
  • 1920 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), born in Stuttgart
  • 1920 Thomas Szasz, psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Georgi Timofeyevich Beregovoi, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 3)
  • 1922 Harold Washington, 1st African American mayor of Chicago (D, 1983-87)
  • 1923 Douglas Wass, CEO (Equity & Law Life Assurance Company)
  • 1924 John Grigg, British historian
  • 1927 Abha Gandhi, servant to Gandhi
  • 1927 Robert Mills, American physicist (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Norma Merrick Sklarek, 1st African American woman architect in NY & Calif
  • 1928 Richard Evans, British diplomat
  • 1929 Adrian Cadbury, confectionery manufacturer (Cadbury) and author of report on Corporate Governance, (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Jocelyn Barrow, deputy chair person (British Broadcast Standards)
  • 1930 Elijah Barayi, head of South Africa union centre (COSATU)
  • 1930 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland
  • 1931 Tomas Tranströmer, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature - 2011), born in Stockholm (d. 2015)
  • 1932 David Bolton, director (British Royal United Service for Defense)
  • 1932 Nikolai Stepanovich Porvatkin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Boris Strugatski, USSR, sci-fi author (Tale of Troika)
  • 1936 Maurice Shock, rector (Lincoln College in Oxford)
  • 1936 Pen Sovann, 1st post-Khmer Rouge Cambodian Prime Minister (1981), born in Takéo (d. 2016)
  • 1937 Earl Russell, historian
  • 1938 Carles Marsden, professor (neurology)
  • 1938 Hso Khan Pha, Burmese politician
  • 1940 Jeffrey Archer, England, (Tory-Commons)/author (Matter of Honor)
  • 1940 Robert Lacroix, French Canadian professor of economics
  • 1941 Howard L Berman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • 1942 Francis X. DiLorenzo, American Catholic prelate
  • 1942 Kenneth Lay, American businessman (d. 2006)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Robert Lefkowitz, American physician (Nobel Prize for Chemistry), born in NYC, New York

Physician-scientist Robert Lefkowitz
Physician-scientist
Robert Lefkowitz
  • 1944 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), (d. 1996)
  • 1945 Jos van Rey, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1946 Wayne Gilchrest, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1947 Cristina Husmark Pehrsson, Swedish politician
  • 1951 Hansel, Cuba, spanish personality
  • 1951 Heloise II, columnist (Heloise's Helpful Hints)
  • 1951 John L Phillips, Ft Belvoir Va, PhD/astronaut
  • 1951 Marsha S Ivins, astronaut (STS 32, 46, 62, 81), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1952 Donald Harvey, American serial killer, healthcare worker who killed at least 37 patients, born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 2017)
  • 1955 Dodi Al-Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997)
  • 1956 Gregory J Harbaugh, astronaut (STS 39, 54, 71, 82), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1958 Dolores Gordon-Smith, British Writer
  • 1958 Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer
  • 1960 Marvin Clyde Goodwin, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1960 Philippe of Belgium, King of the Belgians (2013-), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1963 Bobby Pepper, American journalist
  • 1965 Soichi Noguchi, astronaut, born in Yokohama, Japan
  • 1967 Alt, Brazilian comic creator
  • 1981 Seth Wulsin, American artist