Birthdays in History on April 22

  • 1357 Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433)
  • 1451 Isabella I, of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Columbus
  • 1610 Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italy, lawyer/Pope (1689-91)
  • 1640 Mariana Alcoforado, Portugal, nun
  • 1682 Willem I Kerricx the Young, Flemish architect/sculptor/painter
  • 1690 John Carteret, Earl Granville (C), English chief minister (1722-42)
  • 1707 Henry Fielding, English novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
  • 1711 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
  • 1724 Immanuel Kant, Konigsberg Germ, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)
  • 1744 James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • 1766 Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
  • 1773 Jean V baron de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader
  • 1775 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 1799 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1812 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1816 Philip James Bailey, English poet (Festus)
  • 1816 Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
  • 1818 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823 Alfred Gibbs, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1868)
  • 1827 William Hopkins Morris, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Alexander McDowell McCook, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832 Julius Sterling Morton, Nebraska, (Gov-Neb), started Arbor Day
  • 1839 August W Eichler, German botanist
  • 1840 Odilon Redon, French painter (d. 1916)
  • 1844 Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
  • 1852 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • 1853 Alphonse Bertillon, France, anthropologist, devised crime ID system
  • 1854 Henri-Marie Lafontaine, Belgium, international lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • 1863 Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
  • 1864 Phil May, Wortley Yorkshire, cartoonist
  • 1866 Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)
  • 1868 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1872 Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • 1873 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, US, novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942)
  • 1878 Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
  • 1881 Alexander Kerensky, Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917)
  • 1884 John van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Died Sept 3, 1992)
  • 1889 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • 1889 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
  • 1891 Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891 Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1891 Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Megan Lloyd George, English politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 [Julius] Robert Oppenheimer, head of Manhattan (A-bomb) Project, born in NYC, New York

Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1905 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
  • 1907 Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1909 Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1909 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Eric Scowen, physician
  • 1910 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1914 Charles Hubert Sisson, author/poet (Christopher Homm)
  • 1914 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Jan de Hartog, Dutch/English writer (Holland's Glory)
  • 1914 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)
  • 1915 Lord Airedale, British Lord (social democrat)
  • 1916 Earl of Oxford & Asquith, governor (Seychelles)
  • 1917 Leo Abse, Welsh politician and biographer, born in Cardiff (d. 2008)
  • 1917 Sidney Nolan, Australia, painter/illustrator (Ned Kelly)
  • 1917 Yvette Chauviré, French ballerina, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1919 Donald Cram, US, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1920 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological/poet (Misery of the Word)
  • 1922 Richard C Diebenkorn Jr, US, painter (Ocean Park Paintings)
  • 1923 Paula Fox, US children's books author (Poor George)
  • 1923 Peter Bowring, CEO (C T Bowring)
  • 1925 Christopher Ball, Oxford, warden (Keble College)
  • 1926 James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist/architect/knight
  • 1929 Geoffrey Marshall, Provost (Queen's College, Oxford)
  • 1929 Margaret Pereira, forensic scientist
  • 1929 Michael Atiyah, educator (Trinity College - Cambridge England)
  • 1929 Robert Wade-Gery, diplomat/exec director (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
  • 1929 Victoria Opoku-Ware, Ghanaian queen
  • 1931 Henk Gortzak, Dutch MP (CPN/PSP)
  • 1931 Ronald Hynd, British choreographer (English National Ballet)
  • 1933 John A Llewellyn, Cardiff Wales, astronaut
  • 1933 Robin Hutton, merchant banker
  • 1934 David Ratford, diplomat
  • 1934 John K Barlow, English rubberplanter/financier/multi-millionaire
  • 1934 Nico Ladenis, British restauranteur (Nico at 90)/=
  • 1934 Edward Portman, 9th Viscount Portman, British landowner and multimillionaire (d. 1999)
  • 1935 Christopher Ball, linguist/warden (Keble College-Oxford)
  • 1937 Bobbi Fiedler, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- )
  • 1937 David Summerscale, head master (Westminster School England)
  • 1938 Adam Raphael, English journalist and author
  • 1939 John Chilcot, civil servant
  • 1939 John Foley, Bristish Lieutenant General
  • 1940 Peter Goldstein, joint founder (Superdrug)
  • 1943 Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • 1944 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • 1945 Alan Dukes, Irish president (Fine Gael
  • 1945 Donald Graham, US businessman (Graham Holdings Company, Facebook)
  • 1945 Gielijn Escher, Dutch postage stamp artist
  • 1945 Robert Key, MP/British undersecretary for National Heritage
  • 1946 Archy Kirkwood, MP (L-D)
  • 1946 Dectuplets, Bacacay Brazil, 8 males & 2 females
  • 1946 John Waters, director (Hairspray)
  • 1946 Louise Harel, Quebec politician
  • 1950 Lewis Biggs, curator (Tate Gallery-North Liverpool)
  • 1951 Ana María Shua, Argentine poet
  • 1957 Ethel White, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1957 Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister
  • 1960 Mart Laar, Estonian statesman
  • 1960 Randall L. Stephenson, American business executive
  • 1962 Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
  • 1971 Daisuke Enomoto, Japanese people space tourist
  • 1980 Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour