Birthdays in History on April 22

  • 1357 Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433)
  • 1451 Isabella I, of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Columbus
  • 1610 Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italy, lawyer/Pope (1689-91)
  • 1640 Mariana Alcoforado, Portugal, nun
  • 1682 Willem I Kerricx the Young, Flemish architect/sculptor/painter
  • 1690 John Carteret, Earl Granville (C), English chief minister (1722-42)
  • 1707 Henry Fielding, English novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
  • 1711 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
  • 1724 Immanuel Kant, Konigsberg Germ, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)
  • 1744 James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • 1766 Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
  • 1773 Jean V baron de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader
  • 1775 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 1799 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1812 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1816 Philip James Bailey, English poet (Festus)
  • 1816 Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
  • 1818 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823 Alfred Gibbs, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1868)
  • 1827 William Hopkins Morris, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Alexander McDowell McCook, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832 Julius Sterling Morton, Nebraska, (Gov-Neb), started Arbor Day
  • 1839 August W Eichler, German botanist
  • 1844 Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
  • 1852 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • 1853 Alphonse Bertillon, France, anthropologist, devised crime ID system
  • 1854 Henri-Marie Lafontaine, Belgium, international lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • 1863 Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
  • 1864 Phil May, Wortley Yorkshire, cartoonist
  • 1866 Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)
  • 1868 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1872 Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • 1873 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, US, novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942)
  • 1878 Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
  • 1881 Alexander Kerensky, Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917)
  • 1884 John van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Died Sept 3, 1992)
  • 1889 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • 1889 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
  • 1891 Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891 Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1891 Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Megan Lloyd George, English politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Robert Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist known as the father of the atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1905 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
  • 1907 Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1909 Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1909 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Eric Scowen, physician
  • 1910 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1914 Charles Hubert Sisson, author/poet (Christopher Homm)
  • 1914 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Jan de Hartog, Dutch/English writer (Holland's Glory)
  • 1914 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)
  • 1915 Lord Airedale, British Lord (social democrat)
  • 1916 Earl of Oxford & Asquith, governor (Seychelles)
  • 1917 Leo Abse, Welsh politician and biographer, born in Cardiff (d. 2008)
  • 1917 Sidney Nolan, Australia, painter/illustrator (Ned Kelly)
  • 1917 Yvette Chauviré, French ballerina, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1919 Donald Cram, US, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1920 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological/poet (Misery of the Word)
  • 1922 Richard C Diebenkorn Jr, US, painter (Ocean Park Paintings)
  • 1923 Paula Fox, American writer for children (The Slave Dancer) and adults, born in New York City (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Peter Bowring, CEO (C T Bowring)
  • 1925 Christopher Ball, Oxford, warden (Keble College)
  • 1926 James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist/architect/knight
  • 1929 Geoffrey Marshall, Provost (Queen's College, Oxford)
  • 1929 Margaret Pereira, English forensic scientist (Nicholls and Pereira method), born in Bexley (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Michael Atiyah, educator (Trinity College - Cambridge England)
  • 1929 Robert Wade-Gery, diplomat/exec director (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
  • 1929 Victoria Opoku-Ware, Ghanaian queen
  • 1931 Henk Gortzak, Dutch MP (CPN/PSP)
  • 1931 Ronald Hynd, British choreographer (English National Ballet)
  • 1933 John A Llewellyn, Cardiff Wales, astronaut
  • 1933 Robin Hutton, merchant banker
  • 1934 David Ratford, diplomat
  • 1934 John K Barlow, English rubberplanter/financier/multi-millionaire
  • 1934 Nico Ladenis, British restauranteur (Nico at 90)/=
  • 1934 Edward Portman, 9th Viscount Portman, British landowner and multimillionaire (d. 1999)
  • 1935 Christopher Ball, linguist/warden (Keble College-Oxford)
  • 1937 Bobbi Fiedler, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- )
  • 1937 David Summerscale, head master (Westminster School England)
  • 1938 Adam Raphael, English journalist and author
  • 1939 John Chilcot, civil servant
  • 1939 John Foley, Bristish Lieutenant General
  • 1940 Peter Goldstein, joint founder (Superdrug)
  • 1943 Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • 1944 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • 1945 Alan Dukes, Irish president (Fine Gael
  • 1945 Donald Graham, US businessman (Graham Holdings Company, Facebook)
  • 1945 Gielijn Escher, Dutch postage stamp artist
  • 1945 Robert Key, MP/British undersecretary for National Heritage
  • 1946 Archy Kirkwood, MP (L-D)
  • 1946 Dectuplets, Bacacay Brazil, 8 males & 2 females
  • 1946 John Waters, director (Hairspray)
  • 1946 Louise Harel, Quebec politician
  • 1950 Lewis Biggs, curator (Tate Gallery-North Liverpool)
  • 1951 Ana María Shua, Argentine poet
  • 1957 Ethel White, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • 1957 Donald Tusk, Polish Prime Minister
  • 1960 Mart Laar, Estonian statesman
  • 1960 Randall L. Stephenson, American business executive
  • 1962 Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
  • 1971 Daisuke Enomoto, Japanese people space tourist
  • 1980 Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour