Birthdays in History on April 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

121 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180), born in Rome (d. 180)

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius
  • 570 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 1538 Giovanni P Lomazzo, Italian writer/poet (Trattato)
  • 1573 Marie de'Medici, Queen of France
  • 1637 Philip J van Lichtenbergh, Governor of Suriname, baptized
  • 1648 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706)
  • 1662 Maria Luisa of Orleans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1689)
  • 1707 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician
  • 1710 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1711 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1776)

Philosopher David Hume
Philosopher
David Hume
  • 1718 Esek Hopkins, US, 1st commander-in-chief (US Navy)
  • 1726 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter
  • 1774 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)
  • 1776 Joan M Kemper, Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book)
  • 1782 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, wife of Louis Phillip of Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1785 John James Audubon, American bird watcher and artist, born in Les Cayes, Haiti (d. 1851)

Ornithologist John James Audubon
Ornithologist
John James Audubon
  • 1787 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1798 Ferdinand Eugene Delacroix, French painter/lithograph/etcher (Journal)
  • 1798 James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)
  • 1801 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1808 Martha Finley, American children's book author (Elsie Dinsmore series), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1909)
  • 1812 Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant
  • 1820 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • 1826 George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872
  • 1827 Charles Edward Hovey, American lobbyist and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Erminnie Adelle Platt, US, ethnologist (Iriquois-English Dictionary)
  • 1839 Cyrus Hamblin, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1841 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian
  • 1856 Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
  • 1860 Alphonse M A J Ariëns, Dutch pastor
  • 1863 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Charles Haslewood Shannon, lithographer/painter
  • 1868 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere/Newspaper publisher
  • 1873 Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon)
  • 1878 Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
  • 1879 Owen Williams Richardson, England, physicist (Nobel 1928)
  • 1886 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (d. 1913)
  • 1888 Aleksandr Mikhailov, USSR, astronomer
  • 1889 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria, philosopher (Tractatus)
  • 1893 Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1898 Vicente Aleixandre, Spain, writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977)
  • 1900 Charles Richter, Ohio, Earthquakes seismologist (Richter scale)
  • 1903 Geoffrey Worthington, Air vice-marshall
  • 1904 Paul E "Cardinal" Leger, archbishop (Montreal)
  • 1905 Charles K Feldman, [Gould], American producer (Casino Royale), born in NYC, New York
  • 1907 Theun de Vries, writer (February; PC Hooft prize 1981)
  • 1910 Johan Doorn, Dutch journalist/resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper)
  • 1910 Tomoyuki Tanaka, director (Godzilla)
  • 1911 Marianne Hoppe, Rostock Germany (Bei Thea, Liebrauen)
  • 1912 A. E. van Vogt, Canada, sci-fi author (Wizard of Linn) (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Bernard Malamud, US, novelist (Fixer, Natural, Pulitizer 1967)
  • 1914 Horace Leonard Gold, Sci-Fi writer/editor
  • 1914 James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls/Columbia, Maryland)
  • 1916 Morris L West, Australia, novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman)
  • 1918 Jack Morpurgo, American Literature scholar (Leeds University)
  • 1921 Harry Knutton, Maj-Gen/dir-general (London City & Guilds Institute)
  • 1921 Margaret Gowing, professor (history, science)
  • 1922 James Holt, medieval historian
  • 1922 Margaret Scott, founder (Australian Ballet School)
  • 1922 Pol Bury, Belgian sculptor
  • 1922 Jeanne Sauvé, French Canadian politician (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Oliver Millar, Surveyor (Queen's Pictures)
  • 1925 Frank Hahn, British economist (Hahn's Problem), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1925 Michele Ferrero, Italian entrepreneur (Ferrero SpA - Nutella), born in Dogliani, Piedmont (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Michael Joughin, CEO (Scottish Hydro-Electric)
  • 1926 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Gordon Downey, British Comptroller General/Reader Rep (Independent)
  • 1929 Richard Mitchell, American author and professor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Justin Gosling, principal (St Edmund Hall Oxford)
  • 1932 Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1933 Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (d. 2005)
  • 1934 J Micheal McCloskey, environmentalist/chairman (Sierra Club)
  • 1936 Edward Cazalet, British High Court Judge
  • 1938 Willie Wood, Scottish bowls player, born in Haddington, East Lothian
  • 1939 Roger Buckley, British High Court Judge
  • 1942 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
  • 1943 Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect
  • 1944 David O'B Martin, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • 1944 Martha Rockwell, skier (Mount Washington), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1944 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
  • 1945 Sylvain Simard, Quebec politician
  • 1947 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust (d. 1995)
  • 1948 Gerry Sikorski, (Rep-D-MN, 1983- )
  • 1952 Popo Simon Molefe, secretary-general (South Africa UDF)
  • 1958 John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute
  • 1958 Jeffrey Guterman, American mental health counselor
  • 1966 Yoshihiro Togashi, Mangaka who created YuYu Hakusho
  • 1982 Joanne Gobure, Nauruan poet
  • 1982 Cooper Wallace, National Football League tight end
  • 1983 Jessica Lynch, American P.O.W.